Geotechnical Engineering

Geotechnical Engineering

Degrees offered: Dual Degree, M.E /M.Tech., Ph.D

What is Geotechnical Engineering

An engineering discipline dedicated to the study of the Earth, Geotechnical Engineering defines soil properties and strength, as well as the mechanics of soil and rocks. It involves other important Earth materials like snow, clay, silt, and sand.

Geophysics, Geology and Hydrogeology- all these fields fall roughly under the Geotechnical Engineering umbrella.

Being a branch of engineering (Geotechnical Engineering is a branch of Civil Engineering), the discipline focuses on the use of scientific methods and engineering principles to interpret the characteristics of the ground to determine suitability for building and construction.

The practical aspect of this discipline is called Foundation Engineering, and the term Geotechnics describes both the theoretical and practical aspect of the subject. 

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Geotechnical Engineering

For Undergraduate

Candidates must have passed their Class 12th examination with minimum aggregate marks (most colleges require 50% on an average) with the core subjects Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics.

For Postgraduate

Candidates are eligible if they possess a degree in Bachelor of Technology (B.Tech)/Bachelor of Engineering (B.E.) in a relevant branch such as Geo-Informatics or Geo-Information Technology.

This, in addition to a good score in PG level entrance exams conducted by various state, private and central authorities ensure a candidate’s admission into a PG programme. 

Entrance Exams for Geotechnical Engineering


Interested students can apply to study Geotechnical Engineering in certain select institutes of India which offer the course programme. Some of the top entrance exams in India are: 

Joint Entrance Exam (JEE Main and JEE Advanced)- IIT-JEE is conducted in two stages- JEE Main and JEE Advanced. JEE Main is conducted by NTA twice a year for all the eligible aspirants to offer admission into undergraduate engineering courses. Candidates who qualify JEE Main are eligible to appear for JEE Advanced, conducted once a year, for admission into engineering courses in IITs and other premier institutes. With IIT-JEE scores, students can also apply to the institutes accepting JEE ranks/scores as admission criteria.

Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)- The top national-level entrance examination for postgraduate students, the GATE exam is highly competitive and allows the top scorers admission into the best engineering colleges (primarily the IITs) to study an M.E./M.Tech course. 

Maharashtra Common Entrance Test (MHT CET)- For admission into engineering colleges in Maharashtra, one must appear for this examination. One of the best colleges for studying Geotechnical Engineering- College of Engineering, Pune- accepts MHT CET scores for admission.

Apart from the above, students may also appear for entrance exams conducted separately by certain colleges such as:

SRM Institute of Science and Technology Joint Engineering Entrance Exam (SRMJEEE)- This is a university-level entrance exam conducted for both UG and PG levels (SRMJEEE and SRMJEEE PG respectively) to grant admissions into all SRM Group Institutes located in NCR- Ghaziabad, Sikkim, Amravati, Ramapuram Part- Vadapalani, Kattankulathur and Haryana. 

Scope of Geotechnical Engineering in India and Abroad

Geotechnical Engineering students are presented with a plethora of opportunities in the Civil Engineering profession. Professionals interested in the combination of geotechnical expertise and managerial skills can find themselves in high demand in the industry. 

With time, as more and more construction work is undertaken and completed, land space is shrinking rapidly. As a result, large and complex structures sometimes have to be built on weak grounds. It is the job of Geotechnical Engineering professionals to plan and execute the inspection of soil and the ground, laboratory testing of the same, and then interpret the results to propose construction and designs to minimize risk.

Obviously, in India, where development and expansion of many important cities have been going on for quite some time now, Geotechnical Engineering students are more in demand to deal with the intricacies of construction.

Both within the country and abroad, government and private sector job opportunities are plentiful. Firms involved in constructing public structures, commercial buildings and other structures recruit graduates in large numbers. Other firms which employ Geotechnical Engineering graduates are those involved in petroleum extraction and natural gas and mining. 

Course Fees Geotechnical Engineering

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
12.77 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Geotechnical Engineering at BML Munjal University, Gurgaon
10.05 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Geotechnical Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology Madras
12.77 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Geotechnical Engineering at BML Munjal University, Gurgaon
11.36 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Geotechnical Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology Bombay
60.00 K
M.E /M.Tech. in Geotechnical Engineering at NIMS University, Jaipur
7.90 K
M.E /M.Tech. in Geotechnical Engineering at LD College of Engineering, Ahmedabad
6.00 Lakhs
M.E /M.Tech. in Geotechnical Engineering at PES University, Bangalore
4.98 Lakhs
M.E /M.Tech. in Geotechnical Engineering at Delhi Technological University, Delhi
3.60 Lakhs
Ph.D in Geotechnical Engineering at Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
1.82 Lakhs
Ph.D in Geotechnical Engineering at National Institute of Technology Hamirpur
5.04 Lakhs
Ph.D in Geotechnical Engineering at Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
1.82 Lakhs
Ph.D in Geotechnical Engineering at National Institute of Technology Hamirpur

Course Subjects

A typical M.Tech course in Geotechnical Engineering involves advanced versions of study of Bachelor’s level subjects, along with subjects exploring additional areas in the domain. Some of the main subjects taught throughout the course are as follows: 

  • Advanced Soil Mechanics

  • Advanced Engineering Mathematics

  • Advanced Foundation Engineering

  • Geotechnical Laboratory

  • Theoretical Soil Mechanics

  • Dynamics of Soil and Foundation

  • Computer Application in Engineering

  • Geotechnical Investigation Practice

  • Project Planning Management 

M.Tech. course curriculum includes a mandatory dissertation. 

Careers in Geotechnical Engineering

With a shortage of experienced professionals in the Geotechnical Engineering field, job prospects and job security at various levels in this profession are always good.

An entry-level Geotechnical Engineer, one who has not earned a Master’s degree, will have to seek their respective state’s professional engineer license to work as an engineer.

The path in this case usually begins at an engineering intern, then with sufficient experience, taking the professional exam.

With a Master’s degree in Geotechnical Engineering paired with additional work experience, aspirants can go on to become a senior Geotechnical Engineer or a senior Geotechnical Project Manager.

Geotechnical Engineers are accredited with intimate involvement in some of the most incredible building structures across the world, like the Burj Khalifa (the world’s tallest building) and the Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge (the world’s longest bridge).

Countless admirable feats of engineering can be seen across the world, ranging from impressive skyscrapers to the very buildings in which we live, work and study.

The construction field relies heavily on Geotechnical Engineers, which makes them indispensable to all kinds of firms involved in construction work, mining work, or anything that the Geotechnical domain covers.

Thereby, a Geotechnical Engineering professional’s career can be extremely lucrative and rewarding, with room for exponential growth.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Geotechnical engineers have a high job scope abound with many different job profiles that are concerned with different aspects of the field. Some of the common job profiles for which Geotechnical Engineering candidates are hired are (in no particular order):

Job Profile


Civil Engineer

Drawing up and studying blueprints, estimating the material costs and the expected length of the project, directing and guiding the building process, making sure that government regulations are adhered to

Site Civil Engineer

Directing and assessing a project, surveying the area of execution of a project, take care of government codes or environmental issues that require special attention, preparing reports on subsequent findings and consulting with others who are involved with the project

Technical Officer

Reviewing business structures to ensure proper functionality and flow of a business’s internet systems. They generally work in office environments, but occasionally need to venture into a systems or server area for monitoring and troubleshooting hardware.


Planning and organizing the geotechnical activities of the government and other agencies, responsible for supervising various departments from accounts payable to human resources, coordinating educational assignments for the staff, reviewing budgetary information, interpreting financial data, monitoring expense reports based on cost-benefit analyses on various programs

Business Analyst

Responsible for handling costs, assessments, needs and benefit analyses to incorporate existing technology into business strategies. Getting business needs from soliciting products, management, and dealing with enhancement requirements of end-users. Must be able to convert requests into workable solutions, work directly with clients, possess good communication skills, and troubleshoot fundamental technical issues.

Geotechnical Engineering Top Recruiters

In India, the top recruiters of Geotechnical Engineering graduates include highly prestigious companies/firms such as:

  • 3M

  • Microsoft

  • Accenture

  • Adobe

  • Amazon

  • Mu Sigma

  • ONGC

  • Infosys

  • ITC

  • Citigroup

  • Cadbury

  • TATA

  • Qualcomm

  • Oracle Financial

  • John Deere

  • Eaton Ltd

  • Barclays Bank

  • Morgan Stanley

Average Salary

The average salary of a Geotechnical Engineer, in any job profile, varies based on career trajectory and the organization or firm with which they work. However, an estimation of the average salary earned in each of the common job profiles are:

Job Profile

Average Annual Salary

Civil Engineer

Rs. 3.25 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Site Civil Engineer

Rs. 2.40 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Technical Officer

Rs. 6.14 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)


Rs. 7.75 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Business Analyst

Rs. 5.84 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Required Skillset for Geotechnical Engineering

Candidates aspiring for a career in Geotechnical Engineering must inculcate certain discipline-specific skills which are in high demand among top recruiters in the domain.

  • Laboratory Test Results- Experience in characterizing the index and shear strength properties of fly ash materials with the use of field data, and reviewing field data including field inspection reports and boring logs, assessment of concrete and soil laboratory test results, and designing of Geotechnical engineering projects. 

  • Technical Reports- Experience in verifying cross-sections, calculations pertinent to developing geological sections, and contour maps. Preparation/review of technical reports, supervision of drilling operations, preparation of proposals and technical reports for geotechnical engineering studies. 

  • Geotechnical Investigations- Planning and management of investigations and remedial measures in construction, planning and conducting of geotechnical investigations, and weekly and monthly site visits to construction projects. 

  • Foundation Design- Modeling and analysis of subsurface conditions for the foundation design of mid-rise to tall structures, preparation of preliminary foundation design reports and cost estimates, field investigation and field/lab testing. 

  • Water Samples- Experience in monitoring groundwater well installations, groundwater, surface water samples, collected soil, vapour and sediment. 

  • Slope Stability- Performing drilling investigations for slope stability estimation, supervising slope stabilization construction of concrete caisson piles and berms, performing static and seismic analysis of slope stability for earth-rock dam projects and transportation.

In addition to the above, skills in Ground Improvement, Site Investigations, Engineering Analysis, Subsurface Investigations and Exploration, Construction Materials, and Project Management. are essential to job recruiters in the Geotechnical Engineering domain. 

Course Curriculum for Geotechnical Engineering

Courses offered under Geotechnical Engineering at the UG level primarily include Soil Mechanics, Applications of Geotechnical Engineering, and Foundation Design.

At the PG level, important courses include Rock Mechanics, Ground Improvement Techniques, Foundation Dynamics, Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering, Soil-Structure Interactions, Plastic Equilibrium in Soils, Risk and Reliability in Geotechnical Engineering, so on and so forth. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question: Would a career as a Geotechnical Engineer suit me?

Answer :

You know a career in Geotechnical Engineering is suitable for you if:

  • You are interested in the technical details of how something works.

  • The prospect of working on-site rather than inside offices excites you.

  • You can draw basic sketches and have good documentation skills.

Question: What other skills should a Geotechnical Engineer have?

Answer :

Excellent communication skills are imperative to any field of engineering. Apart from this, Geotechnical Engineers are required to write a lot of technically accurate reports about site characterizations, analyses performed and their implications on the design- all of these in a manner that a non-technical reader will be able to grasp. 

In this profession, one must also be prepared to work outdoors a lot- this involves working in various weather and environmental conditions. A geotechnical engineer typically splits time between working outdoors and in an office, the latter part of work involving the use of specialized Geotechnical software programs and databases. This, in turn, means that they should have excellent computer skills, too.

Question: What is the difference between a Geologist and a Geotechnical Engineer?

Answer :

The speciality of a Geologist lies in the Earth’s crust and core in order and understanding the history of our planet, and how we fit in with the environment. 

A Geotechnical Engineer, on the other hand, is an engineer with a geological background with a focus on using this expertise to design structural foundations that are best suited to the area’s geographical offerings.

Question: How much weightage does work experience carry in a career in Geotechnical Engineering?

Answer :

Geotechnical Engineering is a majorly practical field of work, “practice” contributes enormously to a professional’s ability to understand, analyze and make decisions better. 

When recruiting professionals for senior-level job roles, recruiters seek applicants with maximum experience because this is a career in which no amount of theoretical study can compensate for learning on the job. 

The more the experience one gains with each project, the more sound and capable one becomes of taking on more important responsibilities. 

Question: What are the career options available immediately after graduation?

Answer :

Most universities conduct campus placements in the final year of study of a BTech programme, during which many companies visit the campus with placement procedures that select eligible candidates for the job. In addition to this, one can either apply for off-campus company placements or pursue higher studies to open up more career paths for themselves in the future.

Questions related to Geotechnical Engineering

Showing 74 out of 74 Questions

which exams are needed after 12 and courses also after 12 to become geotechnical engineer?Also marks needes in each and every exam.

ayan mukherjee 4th May, 2021

Dear aspirant,

Interested students can apply to study Geotechnical Engineering in certain select institutes of India which offer the course programme. Some of the top entrance exams in India are: IIT-JEE is conducted in two stages- JEE Main and JEE Advanced.

For course details and all other stuffs you can check out the link given below-


I got 19099 rank in GATE 2021 Civil Engineering, My Category is OBC. Can I get seat in Geotechnical Engineering in Andhra University?

Manidipa Kundu Student Expert 6th May, 2021


see cutoff score changes every year and it varies with certain factors like number of applicants, questions difficulty level, seat matrix, students category and so on. admission to in andhra university is based on gate score or appgecet score, however based on gate score separate counselling is done and remaining seats are filled by appgecet score.

however right now it is very difficult to say about the possibility of admission since it also depends on number of candidates applied for that particular stream. do participate in the counselling process and also apply for others exam or counselling of as well.

To know about complete list of probable college name, psu calling chances based on your score, category please use Careers360 college predictor tool,


I have got a Score of 321 (Civil Engineering Paper) in GATE 2021. I belongs to OBC Category. I am interested in doing M.Tech in Geotechnical or Transportation Engineering. Which College can I expect for Admission?

Rishu Gupta 26th Mar, 2021

Hi Naga Praveen,

As per your score and previous year cutoff, the colleges you get in Geotechnical or Transportation Engineering in 4th or mop up round of counselling are:-

NIT Uttarakhand

NIT Agartala

NIT Hamirpur

NIT Srinagar

To know more about your chances of getting other colleges check out the PSU/college predictor link below:


Is there any entrance examination to get geotechnical engineering seat in anna university... main branch,chennai ?

Soham sengupta 26th Dec, 2020

Hello student

For admission in engineering of Anna University which is is at which is in Chennai the main branch.there is an entrance test for postgraduate PG admission in engineering that is TANCET and for  courses Barch can BTech there is an entrance test that is TNEA.

T a n c e t that is means for Tamil Nadu common entrance test for post graduation courses of Engineering. TNEA stands for Tamilnadu Engineering common entrance test

You have asked for geotechnical engineering of Anna University main branch Chennai admission. So I have to appear in the TNA whenever and when it is required the time and schedule of entrance test will be announced in the notification of the Anna university.

Hope this helps.


i got 44 rank in ts pgecet ,bc-d,im belongs to civil engineering, can i get seat in ou,jntu with transportation, geotechnical specialization ...

dandeharitha 16th Dec, 2020

Hello aspirant,

you have secured a decent rank and with such merit rank you have higher chance of getting a seat in Osmania University, Hyderabad and JNTU, Hyderabad based on 2018 cut off trends.The seacured by candidate who have ranks below 1000.So after the filling of seats through GATE if there are vacancies you will get any of these universities.

I hope this is helpful to you.


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