Agricultural Science

Agricultural Science

Degrees offered: B.A., B.Agri, B.Sc., B.Sc.(Hons), B.Voc., Diploma, Dual Degree

What is Agricultural Science

As the culture of agriculture has prevailed in India for so long, the study about agriculture could help in the development of new variations of crops like pest-resistant crops. These variations could help in the better productivity of agriculture and hence better income for the people residing in the country. To get the deeper understanding about it, aspirants can study agricultural science.  

Agricultural science, as the name suggests, revolves around the learning about the methods and the techniques that are involved in the farming and the cultivation of the crops of various kinds.

Studying agriculture science will enhance the chances of the production of better variations of crops that yield more and take less time in growing. Agricultural science involves a variety of subjects that include the aspects of science, technology, and business altogether. It teaches to invent and to work on better quality of yield and crops and also to run a business based on agriculture. Candidates can take up this field of education at the undergraduate as well as the postgraduate level.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Agricultural Science

The eligibility criteria defined for the admission to the agricultural science courses is different as for the different colleges and different degree levels.

For undergraduate Agricultural Science Courses

  • The applicants are required to complete their 10+2 or equivalent education from an established educational institution in the country.

  • They are required to study Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics and Biology in Class 11 and Class 12.

  • They must obtain at least 55 percent aggregate in their class 12 to get admission in a good college.

For post-graduate agricultural science courses

  • The candidates are required to complete their graduation in a related field from a recognised institution in the country.

  • They must obtain at least 45-50 percent aggregate in their graduation and will also be required to sit through several entrance exams.

Agricultural Science Entrance Exam

The admission to the courses of agricultural sciences can either take place depending on the entrance exams that are conducted at the national, state or university level or can also be done by qualifying for the merit list as per the cut-off decided by the university depending on your scores of 10+2 or equivalent certificate. The following are some of the entrance exams that are carried out in the country to accept the students at the different universities for their agricultural courses.

ICAR AIEEA (All India Entrance Examination for Admission): This is a national level entrance test that is conducted to proceed with the admission of the students in various agricultural programs offered at different universities.

KEAM (Kerala Engineering, Agriculture and Medical): This is an entrance exam that is conducted in Kerala state to select the candidates for the Agricultural Engineering programs in the state universities.

MP PAT (Madhya Pradesh Pre-agriculture Test): This is an entrance test conducted in Madhya Pradesh to choose the candidates for the various different agricultural undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

Scope of Agricultural Science in India and Abroad

As the agricultural field is improving with time, the demand for trained professionals in the field of agriculture is surging. The educated and qualified professionals are required in the field so that they can spread awareness about the technologies that have been developed for the agricultural sciences and the changing patterns of variations of the crops. This is important as most of the people that are engaged in the agriculture sector are uneducated or not qualified enough to learn about the latest technologies themselves. The agriculture field offers job opportunities in a huge number of fields along with the option of self-employment. The scope of the agriculture sector is definitely not restricted to India only as there are many countries like Canada, USA, Australia, etc. that are giving visas and jobs to the qualified lot of the agriculture sector to help these nations with their agriculture and to give it a boon.

The average salary of a person engaged in the agriculture field in India ranges between Rs. 2 lakhs per annum to Rs. 6 Lakhs per annum. But if the person is able to take a job opportunity in the US or Canada, the agricultural scientists are paid highly in these nations. The average salary of a well-qualified agricultural scientist in the US is about $65,000 per annum, which is quite higher than what is offered in India.

Course Fees Agricultural Science

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
9.95 K
B.Sc. in Agricultural Science at Gochar Mahavidyalaya, Saharanpur
1.71 K
B.Sc.(Hons) in Agricultural Science at College of Agriculture, Tripura
32.89 Lakhs
B.Sc. in Agricultural Science at College of Agriculture and Allied Sciences, Pune
4.85 Lakhs
B.Sc.(Hons) in Agricultural Science at Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar
2.69 K
M.Sc. in Agricultural Science at Gochar Mahavidyalaya, Saharanpur
8.20 K
P.G.D in Agricultural Science at UP Rajarshi Tandon Open University, Allahabad
8.00 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Agricultural Science at Techno Global University, Shillong
3.00 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Agricultural Science at Shyam University, Dausa
20.43 K
Ph.D in Agricultural Science at SKN College of Agriculture, Jobner
14.00 K
Ph.D in Agricultural Science at Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi
4.10 Lakhs
Ph.D in Agricultural Science at Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
1.45 Lakhs
Ph.D in Agricultural Science at College of Agriculture, Ummedganj, Kota
17.00 K
Diploma in Agricultural Science at PSG College of Arts and Science, Coimbatore
6.06 K
Diploma in Agricultural Science at Anand Agricultural University, Anand
1.65 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Agricultural Science at Shri Ramswaroop Memorial University, Barabanki
1.16 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Agricultural Science at Chandra Shekhar Azad University of Agriculture and Technology, Kanpur

Course Subjects

As it can be seen that the field of agricultural sciences is quite vast, and there are several branches to choose from for the specialisation, the subjects involved in the different branches cannot all be mentioned below. So, the most popular subjects in the field of agricultural sciences have been listed below:

  • Sericulture

  • Agronomy

  • Plant Biochemistry

  • Agricultural Engineering

  • Principles of Plant Biotechnology

  • Agricultural Entomology

  • Agricultural Marketing, Trade and Prices

  • Breeding of Field and Horticulture Crops

  • Dairy and Food Engineering

  • Watershed Hydrology

  • Systems Engineering

  • Reservoir and Farm Pond Design

  • Environmental Engineering

  • Irrigation and Drainage Engineering

  • Crop Production Technology

  • Ground Water, wells and pumps

  • Food Packing Technology

  • Design and maintenance of greenhouse

  • Watershed planning management

  • Environmental studies

  • Theory of machines

  • Crop process and drying and storage engineering

  • Farm machinery and equipment

  • Soil and fluid mechanics

  • Technical English communication

  • Hydraulic drive and controls

  • Farm power and machinery management

  • Tractor systems and controls remote sensing and GIS applications

  • Production technology for agricultural machinery

  • Agricultural economies

Careers in Agricultural Science

Agriculture is a growing field with the government encouraging more individuals to participate in the field. The technology that has been integrated into this field has definitely increased the pace of the development of this field and have increased the job opportunities and the career prospects related to the agricultural field.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Agricultural Science Job Profiles

Candidates who have studied the agricultural sciences can take up any of the following jobs listed below. These are the most popular jobs that are taken up by the graduates and the post-graduates of agricultural sciences, but the job opportunities are not restricted to the below jobs only.

Job Profile

Job Description


Their job is to maintain and study the soil composition and crop production to increase the yield while retaining the health of the soil and the crop.

Soil engineer

Their job is to study the characteristics of the soil and to look for techniques and ideas to improve the soil quality for better production and fertility.

Agricultural officer

They are responsible for the maintenance of the agricultural land in the rural areas and to guide the farmers to increase their yield as per the season.

Food engineer

They are responsible for maintaining the food processing, packaging, and manufacturing, etc. at different production houses.

Plant Geneticist

Their job is to study the genetics of the plants and to experiment crossing different breeds of plants to produce better genetically modified plants.


They are responsible for implementing new and efficient ideas to improve the management of the land under cultivation.

Farm manager

Their responsibility is to manage the activities on the farm and to cater to the paperwork for the sales equipment, etc.

Crop specialist

Their job is to tell about the crops for the crop rotation, guide the farmers about the different crops for each season, etc. to maintain the fertility of the land and to increase the productivity.


Top Recruiters

The following listed are a few of the top recruiters for the graduates of the agricultural sciences:

1.      Agrotech Food

2.      Research labs

3.      ITC limited

4.      Government institutes

5.      Colleges

Required Skillset for Agricultural Science

The field of agricultural sciences is not only restricted to studying about the effective methods and techniques of the production of crops or crop patterns, but it also includes the inculcation of some special skills into the people before they can step into the work industry related to agriculture.

  • Adaptability: The most important skill set for any job regardless of the field of work that you are applying is the ability to adapt. Whatever you learn in the class might not be directly applicable to the work scenario because the real situations are a far cry from the situations described in the books. Thus, you need to apply your brains to your work and adapt according to the climate, soil type, etc. to do your job properly.

  • Time management and organisation: When you work in the agriculture field, you need to cater to a lot of jobs like arranging the raw materials, checking the irrigation, distribution of crops, sowing of seed, harvesting, etc. You can cater to so many jobs altogether only if you are organised and have a plan according to the time management for different activities. These will help you to work properly in the right amount of time to yield the maximum crop in the right weather.

  • Interpersonal Skills: When you step into the field of agriculture, you will have to have the interpersonal skills imbibed in you because when you have to cater to a lot of activities together on your own, and you are the one who is there to give direction to the labourer, workers and the machines. You need to have good interpersonal skills to communicate properly with the people that are involved in the job with you.

  • Versed with technology: As the technology is advancing and taking over most of the activities to reduce the manpower used in agriculture, you need to be well versed with the new technology that comes into the market. The integration of the technology in the agricultural field has proved to bring about a boom in the production of the crops and has resulted in better yields and thus more income.

Course Curriculum for Agricultural Science

As mentioned earlier, agricultural sciences can be pursued at the undergraduate and the postgraduate level. However, there are several branches in the field of agriculture wherein you can take up your desired specialisations. The most popular agricultural science branches included in the curriculum are listed below:

  • Crop Production

  • Agricultural Economics

  • Entomology

  • Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry

  • Horticulture

  • Agriculture Statistics

  • Nematology

  • Plant Physiology

  • Food Production

  • Food and beverage service

  • Dairy Engineering

  • Poultry Farming

  • Livestock Production

  • Agricultural Engineering

  • Plant Pathology

  • Plant Breeding and Genetics

  • Agronomy

  • Extension Education

  • Seed Technology

  • Forestry

  • Agriculture Biotechnology

  • Agricultural Entomology

  • Dairy Technology

  • Fisheries Sciences

Questions related to Agricultural Science

Showing 7 out of 7 Questions

what is the fees per one year for agri course

Prajeet Mukherjee 21st Jul, 2020

Hello Meghana,

Fees varies from college to college in every respective college.

For example here is the details of few colleges:-







which agricultural course is best in tamilnadu

Mohit Gupta 18th Jul, 2020

Hello Aspirant,

Some of the best Agricultural course college in Tamilnadu are as follows:-

  • Agricultural Engineering College and Research Institute, TNAU, Trichy
  • Agricultural College and Research Institute, Coimbatore
  • Agricultural College and Research Institute, Killikulam
  • Agricultural College and Research Institute, Thanjavur

To know more colleges you may visit following link:-

Hope this information would be helpful for you.

All the best for your future.


Im unable to find the application form link in University website, University of Agricultural Science, Banglore. can you please send the link today because tomorrow is the last date to apply please thank you

Sikkandarbatcha M 27th Jun, 2020


Check the website once again today else you can contact them with the mobile numbers provided on the University website or you can mail them and ask your queries, they might help you. The link for the university website is given below

I hope it helps.


bvsc&ah or agbsc which is the best course

S. Saha Student Expert 26th Jun, 2020

Both the courses are best in their own way and have a wide scope of career opportunities. However, BSc Agriculture has more scopes in future compared to Veterinary sciences. Opening up your own clinic would cost more. Bsc agriculture has many higher studies options, BVSc also has higher studies option. But in terms of scope and furthur career option BSc agriculture would be good to choose. However, you can choose the one which suits you and in which you can put all your efforts.


how can i get admission in padannakkad agricultural college

Nikki Nair 10th Apr, 2020

Hello Aspirant

The eligibility for getting this college is that

You should have passed your 10+2 Intermediate schooling in science branch or any other valid university passing marksheet will fetch you admission in the college.

The admission is based on merit basis ,the higher your score the more chance you have to get into the college

for more details:


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