What is Botany

Botany is a branch of biology which is the in-depth, scientific study of plants life and their structures, properties, along with its characteristics and features. Botany includes the study of all plant-like living organisms including algae, fungi, ferns, mosses and actual plants as its basic focus. This course is aimed to help the individual learn about plants from micro to the macro level of plant-based life and their importance in our environment as a whole.

The Botany course, in particular, has several branches, such as plant ecology, plant pathology, forensic Botany, palaeobotany and archaeobotanical. In India, Botany is a popular choice in the science stream due to good future career opportunities. One can pursue a Botany course of study in an undergraduate and postgraduate degree- B.Sc. in Botany for undergraduate, M.Sc. in Botany for a postgraduate degree.

One can pursue the course degree of Botany in colleges like St. Xavier's in Mumbai, Fergusson College Pune, Lovely Professional University, Uttaranchal College of Science and Technology and in many more universities.  

Today, with environmental degradation being the core of the discussion, this course has gained popularity and attention among environmentalists as a way to understand the need and importance of plants and their existence.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Botany

The eligibility criteria for Botany  differ from university to university and the choice, of course, applied to.

For undergraduate degree

1.      Individuals must score a minimum of 50% on average and above for their 10+2.

2.      Candidates from any subject can seek admission, but individuals from science stream in 10+2 are preferred.

3.      Entrance exams may depend on the university applied to. Either merit-based or entrance exam score based.

For postgraduate degree

1.      Individuals must score a minimum of 50% on average and above in a bachelor's degree.

2.      Candidates with science stream in bachelor's degree (B.Sc.), and preferably B.Sc. in Botany for M.Sc. in Botanical studies.

3.      Admission is based either on the merit list, or entrance test score as per the requirement of the university applied to. 

Botany  Entrance Exams

The study of Botany in undergraduate and postgraduate degrees does not require entrance exams for most universities or Institutions, and the admission process is based on merit.

However, some universities conduct entrance exams and require a good score for admission in Botany.

1.IISER Aptitude Test

This entrance exam is conducted by the Indian Institute of Science Education and Research Aptitude Test for admissions in Botany in the Institution of an undergraduate and postgraduate degree. It is held every year for various science courses by the university.


BHU UET is an entrance exam for the undergraduate degree of various courses in Banaras Hindu University. It is held every once in a year to grant admissions in the university.

Scope of Botany in India and Abroad

The study of Botany offers a wide scope of future to its students in India as well as abroad.

Upon completion of the course, an individual may opt to go for higher studies or research field, or seeks a job at the subject related opportunities.

Many individuals, after pursuing a Bachelor's degree in Botany, can study M.Sc. in Botany or M.Sc. in environmental management for further studies.

One can study abroad as well for further studies due to bigger opportunities and many prestigious Institutions offering the course study.

A botanist can also work as a field scientist or scientific assistant in both the public and private sectors.

However, many environmental management-based companies are keener in recruiting students with this course degree. 

Course Fees Botany

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
B.Sc.(Hons) in Botany at Nilamani Mahavidyalaya, Balasore
B.Sc.(Hons) in Botany at Rairangpur College, Mayurbhanj
6.80 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Botany at Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi
6.92 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Botany at Punjab Agricultural University, Ludhiana
2.11 K
M.Sc. in Botany at Virudhunagar Hindu Nadars Senthikumara Nadar College, Virudhunagar
M.Sc. in Botany at Government Arts College, Salem
2.42 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Botany at Lovely Professional University, Phagwara
1.80 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Botany at Baba Ghulam Shah Badshah University, Jammu
35.00 K
Ph.D in Botany at Dahiwadi College, Dahiwadi
9.21 K
Ph.D in Botany at Government Dungar College, Bikaner
8.11 Lakhs
Ph.D in Botany at Bhupal Nobles University, Udaipur
30.00 K
Ph.D in Botany at North Orissa University, Baripada
40.00 K
M.Sc. in Botany at Techno Global University, Shillong
7.20 K
M.Sc. in Botany at Swami Sahajanand College, Jehanabad
1.35 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Botany at Manipal University, Jaipur
98.00 K
M.Sc. in Botany at Sardar Patel University, Vallabh Vidyanagar

Course Subjects

The course of Botany consists of many subjects, including the core courses given below.

1.      Microbiology

2.      Fungi and Plant viruses

3.      Pteridophytes, gymnosperms and palaeobotany

4.      Genetics and cytogenetics

5.      Plant ecology

6.      Plant physiology 

Careers in Botany

The study of Botany comes with a lot of career opportunities with regards to research, environment, ecology, plant analyst, conservation and much more.

The demand for individuals with Botany degrees has increased over time due to the rise in importance for protection and conservation of natural environments, and plants being the main priority of environmental management.

Many individuals with the right knowledge and skills in this field of study can even work at the United Nations for campaigns and research on environmental management with the help of conserving plant organisms and increasing their species in the future.

With a fight for climate change, the study of Botany will come in handy and serve as the root of saving and avoiding further worsening of climatic conditions.

One can work in a lot of fields with the study of Botany, from setting up their flower shops as a florist, to becoming an industrial biologist and many others.

Therefore, the career scope in Botany is wide, and with the environment and climatic issues being the prior concern globally, the future opportunities for Botany studies will increase and gain more attention.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Various job roles are available for students, in completion of the course study in Botany.

Job Profile

Job Description

Plant scientist

Mostly work in the field of agriculture development to increase crop yields, achieve greater production and fight pests that reduce farm products. They give suggestions and advice based on their research in the field of Botany studies.


Interpret and Analyse the relationship between plants and the environment. Providing others with the understanding of human and nature changes influence the ecosystem.

They also conduct a lot of research in the respective field of work.


Manage and maintain their flower shop by selling artistically combined flowers and plants of different species to its customers on all occasions.


Work in the laboratory for research and to make an in-depth study on different plant species by performing experiments.


Study and analyse plant life and organisms to understand their behaviour, composition, habitats and how they interact and impact the environment.

They perform tests, research and collect samples and present their findings through the study.


Top Recruiters

1.      Department of Agriculture

2.      Environmental Protection Agency

3.      Forest Service

4.      Nature Conservancy

5.      Seed company

6.      Horticulture Companies

7.      Companies Manufacturing medicinal drugs

8.      Biological Companies

9.       Flower Shop

Average Salary

The average salary of Botany course degree may differ as per degree achieved, skills, experience and expertise in the field of work.

Job role



Rs. 4 to 7 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Drug Developer

Rs. 5 to 7 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)


Rs. 4 to 8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Botanical Researcher

Rs. 4.5 to 8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)


Rs. 4 to 8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)


Rs. 4 to 7 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Required Skillset for Botany

An individual with a keen interest in the study of Botany or pursuing the course needs to have certain skills which will become beneficial in the field of study and future scope.

Being attentive to details, being research-oriented and possessing analytical skills, logical thinking, love for nature are the necessary skills required for this field of study.

Critical evaluation skills is also another important skill for an individual engaged in Botany studies.

The ability and enthusiasm towards learning about nature and their existence are expected by the university for Botany courses. 

Course Curriculum for Botany

Botany  course is keen on bringing out the sentimental of humans towards nature and the need for understanding plant lives and evaluating their existence, benefits for our environment and the need to preserve them.

The rise in importance of the environment and planting more trees has driven the necessity to understand the lives of plants of all types and gain knowledge on how to save them.

Botany subject makes science less boring and difficult for students and more interesting in learning about plants and nature as a whole.

It aims at bringing about more knowledge on the lives of plants with solutions on how to save as many plant species as possible in the future, with the help of thorough research from its students. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question: What is B.Sc. and M.Sc. in Botany?

Answer :

Bachelor of Science in Botany and master of science in Botany are the in-depth scientific study of plant life, its concepts, features and characteristics, and their impact on the environment, how they contribute to the betterment of natural environments and much more.

Question: What can I study after B.Sc. in Botany?

Answer :

For someone who wants to pursue higher studies, it will be wise to study M.Sc. in Botany or any science-related subjects. One can also seek for jobs or become a florist with a bachelor's degree in Botany.

Question: What can you do with a Botany degree?

Answer :

An individual with a degree in Botany can pursue a wide range of career paths in government sector (food, agriculture, environment and conservation) or private companies as a consultant, analyst, research assistant, or in environmental management industries.

Question: How long does it take to become a botanist?

Answer :

The minimum requirement of a botanist is a bachelor's degree in Botany and for further expertise a master's degree in Botany. So, it takes 3 years to be a botanist and another 2 years to be a master botanist.

Question: Is Botany a good career?

Answer :

Botany is a great career choice for those plant lovers and a keen interest in life is organisms and for individuals wanting to serve as an environmentalist, plant biologist or plant scientist and botanist.

Questions related to Botany

Showing 934 out of 934 Questions

In 12 my subjects combination are biology chemistry nutrition and geography can I pursue botany zoology or biochemistry?

Ujjwal Kumawat 13th Jun, 2021

Dear Aspirant

I hope you are doing well

Now let me go through your question

Yes of course you can apply for it and you can go for basic sciences like zoology, botany or chemistry or even psychology and can get a bsc degree.  there are various courses which you can apply for example

B.Sc food science and nutrition

B.Sc Botany

B.Sc Zoology

B.Sc chemistry


B.A geography honour

B.Sc Biotechnology

B.Sc Bioinformatics

B.sc biochemistry



Diploma in nutrition and dietics

And more

I hope it will help you

Thank you


which course in bsc in agriculture has botany or biology bcoz I am not interested in that physics and chemistry plz answer me.........

Manasvini B 9th Jun, 2021

Hey Hemavathi ,

B.Sc in Agriculture is an undergraduation course that one can take PCB. It doesn't include physics however a few subjects will have a culmination of biology and chemistry in them. However , Agriculture is majorly a biology subject and I'm sure you'll like it.

To know more about the course , exams , eligibility go through this -


Here is the college list that are well renowned for Agriculture -


Good luck! Wish you a bright future ahead.


what is the scope for MSc in Forensic science ? I have finished my BSc in botany biochemistry and microbiology can i take Forensic science in my Msc

Anurag Khanna 1st Jun, 2021

Hello Aspirant,

Few years ago Forensic Science was not so updated and even known to many of people but nowadays in recent times it has been evolved and it plays very important roles in solving different types of crime. Majorly Government organizations are there for job opportunities in this field and it has huge scope in India as well as in foreign. Some top recruiters in the field of Forensic Science are :-

  • Police Departments
  • CBI
  • Government of India
  • Income tax Departments
  • Crime branch
  • Intelligence bureau
  • Government hospital
  • State medical colleges
  • HDFC
  • State bank of India
  • RBI
  • Army
  • Navy
  • Airforce

Some top colleges for Forensic Science are enlisted below :-

Lovely Professional University, Phagwara

Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University, Delhi

Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi

Integral University, Lucknow

Dr MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai

For complete list :-


For more details about Forensic Science course kindly check out the link given below :-


I hope this information helps you.

Good Luck!!


can i change my subject in msc if i have done bsc in botany ..while taking admission in IARI,PUSA,DELHI

ginnisachdeva02_9364270 Student Expert 26th May, 2021

Hi Geetika!

The courses you can choose after Bsc in Botany are:

  • MSc Botany
  • MSc biotechnology
  • Msc Microbiology
  • MSc horticulure

These are the courses whih you can choose if you have done undergraduation in botany. But you must check the eligibility of these courses in the college you are seeking admission.



maam/Sir, Im Soumili Bhattacharya studying BSc.(without honours) under CU and my subject combination is Zoology,Botany &Chemistry.So maam/sir my question is that how I should take my preperations for appearing Prelims? What is the process.Please kindly help me out maam/sir.

Suchayita Saha 21st May, 2021


You are under CU. Means Calcutta University student. Your subject is Science stream which is good. Now you want to apply prelim then it will be may any government examination UPSC or WBSC examination. But you didn't mention it above it's okay.

At first you need to download the syllabus of your examination. Then you have to prepare the basic mathematics and Aptitude. Which is most important. You have to focus on your English and english grammar. Then you have to study political science, sociology, history etc other subjects. And you have to aware of current affairs which are very important. You have to practice daily it will help you out in examination.

All the best.

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