What is Geology

Geology Course - Geology is the study of the physical structure, history and the substance of the earth. The dynamic and physical history of the earth, the components with which it is made comes under Geology. In addition to this, the history of the chemical and biological evolution of the earth is also included in the geological studies. Geology has a vast scope in the field of environmental protection, oil exploration and resource management.

There are several courses available in this field such as diploma courses, BSc in Geology, MSc in Geology, MSc in Petroleum Geology, Master in Geology in Earth, Science and Resource Management, M.Sc. Petroleum Geosciences and other integrated courses. The duration of the diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate course is 1, 3 and 2 years respectively. The course fee ranges between Rs 15, 000 to Rs 2 lakhs per annum. Students will be able to enrol themselves in the geology courses by appearing in the entrance exams or through merit list. The entrance exam includes Cochin University of Science and Technology - Common Admission Test, Banaras Hindu University, Osmania University Common Entrance Test and more. Read further to know the fee, admission process, career options, scope, average salary and more.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Geology

Students must fulfil the specific eligibility criteria in order to take admission in several Geology courses. Go through the eligibility criteria of diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate courses.

  • Diploma/ Undergraduate courses: Students must have passed Class 12 with the Science stream (Physics, Chemistry, Mathematics) with at least 55 per cent marks.

  • Postgraduate courses: Aspirants must have completed their Bachelor in Science with at least 55 per cent marks with the required subjects.

Students need to remember that they will have to appear for the entrance test apart from fulfilling the eligibility criteria mentioned above. Many renowned institutes such as BHU, Osmania University and more conduct the entrance test. On the other hand, several universities also admit students as per merit basis.

Scope of Geology in India and Abroad

Geology has a huge scope not just in India but abroad too especially in the area of research and development. Let us know more about the scope of this field in this section.

  • Students who have studied geology can work in government agencies, mining companies, consulting and petroleum companies which have a lot of scope.

  • Considering the handsome pay package offered in this field, it provides promising career options with job security and vast learning opportunities. 

  • On the other hand, aspirants can go ahead and pursue a PhD. The research field has a vast scope. They can be lecturers and scientists in the long run.

Course Fees Geology

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
6.12 K
B.Sc. in Geology at Sree Narayana College, Chempazhanthy
1.48 K
B.Sc.(Hons) in Geology at Government General Degree College, Gopiballavpur II
3.78 Lakhs
B.Sc. in Geology at Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad
10.58 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Geology at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur
4.40 K
M.Phil. in Geology at DBF Dayanand College of Arts and Science, Solapur
M.Sc. in Geology at Government Arts College, Salem
2.52 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Geology at Manav Rachna International Institute of Research and Studies, Faridabad
1.65 Lakhs
M.E /M.Tech. in Geology at National Institute of Technology Raipur
2.45 Lakhs
Ph.D in Geology at OPJS University, Rajgarh
4.80 K
Ph.D in Geology at Panjab University, Chandigarh
2.45 Lakhs
Ph.D in Geology at OPJS University, Rajgarh
1.82 Lakhs
Ph.D in Geology at National Institute of Technology Hamirpur
Data not available
17.00 K
M.Sc. in Geology at Bangalore University, Bangalore
Data not available
17.00 K
M.Sc. in Geology at Bangalore University, Bangalore

Course Subjects

Go through the Geology course syllabus for diploma, undergraduate and postgraduate programmes. It must be noted that every institute has a different curriculum. But students can get an idea about the subjects which are usually included in the courses related to this field. Know the common subjects of Geology in the following tables. 

Diploma in Geology Course Syllabus

  • Earth Science

  • Hydrogeology

  • Igneous Petrology

  • Indian Stratigraphy

  • Mineral Science

  • Remote Sensing and GIS

  • Structural Geology

  • Sedimentary Petrology

Undergraduate Geology Course Syllabus

Go through the syllabus of the undergraduate Geology course year-wise below.

Year I:

  • Earth System Science

  • Environmental Science

  • Sedimentary Petrology

  • Metamorphic Petrology

  • Stratigraphy

Year II:

  • Stratigraphic Principles and Indian Stratigraphy

  • Palaeontology

  • Hydrogeology

  • Crystallography & Mineral Optics

  • Igneous Petrology

Year III:

  • Economic Geology

  • Geomorphology

  • Remote Sensing and GIS

  • Mineral Science

Year IV:

  • Engineering Geology

  • Economic Geology

  • Mining Geology

  • Environmental Geology

  • Exploration Geology

Postgraduate Geology Course Syllabus

Find the syllabus of the master’s programme in Geology below.

Semester I:

  • Mineralogy and Crystallography

  • Sedimentary Petrology

  • Structural Geology and Tectonics

  • Stratigraphy and Paleontology.

  • Structural Geology

  • Tectonics

Semester II:

  • Metamorphic Petrology

  • Geochemistry

  • Igneous Petrology

  • Metamorphic Petrology

  • Ore Geology

  • Instrumentation and Analytical Techniques

Semester III:

  • Geophysical Exploration

  • Hydrogeology

  • Fuel Geology

  • Geomorphology

  • Optical crystallography

Semester IV:

  • Computer Applications in Geology

  • Mining Geology

  • Statistical Geology

  • Magma: Its nature,  physics, factors affecting evolution and magma

  • Project Oriented Dissertation

Careers in Geology

There are numerous career opportunities available after completing undergraduate and postgraduate courses in the field of Geology. Students can go through this section to know the career options offered in this field.

Environmental Protection Companies: Aspirants can work in the environmental protection firms after completing a degree in the field of Geology. In this field, the nature of the job will include researching water and soil pollution and taking the required measures to fix the problem. Several environmental companies look for environmental consults who can help them to know the quality of the land and other related information.

Educational Institutes: After completing the education in the area of Geology, candidates can choose a teaching profession. They can prefer teaching in the institutes and universities and become lecturers or teachers. This will not only help them to serve society as teaching is one of the noblest professions but also let them earn well.

After completing the higher education in Geology and gaining a decent experience as a lecturer, aspirants can also teach the PhD and M.Phil students.

Research and Development: Students can also go ahead and do research in the field of Geology. They can prepare for various government examinations such as NET and prepare for the PhD programme. After completing the PhD, they can further do research and make their careers as scientists and geologists who analyse and study the components of Earth and discover new methodologies to keep the environment safe and healthy.

Petroleum and Mining Companies: Aspirants can also work in the petroleum and mining companies. The petroleum industry deals with extracting, mining, transporting and refining petroleum products. Candidates can work as Petroleum Engineers, laboratory manager, Energy Engineer, Energy Analyst and more after completing a postgraduate course in Geology from a renowned institute.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

After completing the courses in the field of Geology, aspirants can work as Geologist, Lecturers, Researchers, Environmental Consultant and more. Let us know in detail about these job profiles along with the top recruiting companies.

Geologist: After completing higher education in the field of Geology, aspirants can become geologists. A geologist is the one who researches about the solid, gaseous and liquid matters which constitutes the earth. Mostly, government agencies, mining companies, consulting and petroleum companies hire geologists. This job offers a lucrative pay package and has a very bright future in the coming years. 

Lecturers: Aspirants can become lecturers in the renowned universities after pursuing a course in Geology. It is advisable, that if they want to get into the teaching profession, they must pursue a PhD degree. This will acquaint them with the complete knowledge and help them get the opportunity of being a lecturer in the popular institution and do great in their careers ahead. This job profile also offers a decent salary package with the chances of a better package with experience.

Researchers: After pursuing a master’s degree in Geology, students can take up a PhD programme and go ahead in the research and development area. As a researcher of Geology, aspirants will be studying,  researching and analysing about the substance and components of Earth. Aspirants can do research for government laboratories, universities, environmental organisations and more.

Environmental Consultant: An environmental consultant is the one who undergoes the environmental assessment and works on the issues of soil contamination, air pollution and more. Many private and public sector companies hire an environmental consultant in order to help them to know the quality of land, conduct field surveys and establish the conditions for level of the pollution. Environmental consultants, therefore, help them to reduce pollution and take measures for the betterment of the same.

Top Recruiters:

  • ISDC Services India Pvt. Ltd, Bangalore

  • Hindustan Academy

  • ICAT Design and Media

  • Arunachal University of Studies

  • International Institute of Information Technology

  • Geological Survey of India (GSI)

  • Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)

  • Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM)

  • Coal India Ltd.

  • Minerals and Metals Trading Corporation (MMTC)

  • Central Ground Water Board (CGWB)

  • TATA Communications

  • Amazon

  • NDMA

  • Vardan EnviroNet

  • Aeron Systems

  • Mineral Exploration Corporation Ltd

  • Bharat Gold Mines Ltd

  • Hindustan Zinc Ltd

  • Steel Authority of India Ltd

  • Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals Ltd

Questions related to Geology

Showing 608 out of 608 Questions

please tell me.. aber ki jadavpur university geology department aa admission niber jorno admission test dite hobe? ami west Bengal board ar student

Manidipa Kundu Student Expert 7th Jul, 2020


see right now there is no notifications for 2020 bsc admission in jadavpur university. last years students is shortlisted based on 12th score i.e Chemistry, Physics, Mathematics (300 marks) : (Score out of 300), shortlisted students called for interview rounds, based on performance in interview final list is produced. last year there is no admission test. however I suggest you to follow the official website for more information.


please tell me..... ASUTOSH college aa admission niber jorno kono admission test dite hoy ki?for general line like physices or chemistry or geology

S. Saha Student Expert 6th Jul, 2020
No, Asutosh College, Kolkata doesn't conduct any entrance test for admission to BSc, BA courses. The admission is based on merit obtained in the qualifying examination. A merit list will be prepared based on marks obtained in top four subjects of the qualifying exam of the applicants. Based on the merit list admission will be provided. For Physics and Chemistry, the minimum eligibility criteria is that the candidate must have passed 10+2 with 50% marks in aggregate and Physics (Chemistry for Chemistry hons)with 45% marks and have passed Maths and Chemistry (Maths and Physics for Chemistry hons.). For Geology, passed 10+2 with PCM with 50% aggregate marks.

Do we need to be good in maths and physics if we want to take geology?

Mayank Chowdhary 1st Jul, 2020


Geology is a study of earth and its phenomenon like climate change, Landscape, formation and also many natural disasters.

Geology includes some concepts of Physics and Maths though one can pursue geology without any fear.

You can work in following areas after completion a proper education in Geology -

Risk Analyst




Software tester

Research associate

Here is the link to some colleges-


Thank you


Can a biology student opt for bsc in geology?

Mayank Chowdhary 1st Jul, 2020


You can apply for Bsc geology. A person with PCM/B combination can apply for Geology. Make sure you have good academic background and knowledge.

Here is the list to some colleges -

National college, Tiruchirappali

JN college, Ranchi

Presidency college, Chennai

Parul institute of applied science, Vadodara

Here is the link to some colleges


Thank you


Are physics chemistry and mathematics necessary subjects in undergraduate/ bsc course of geology?

Mayank Chowdhary 2nd Jul, 2020


Yes these subjects are necessary according to the eligibility criteria for the Bsc in Geology. One need to have good marks along with the subjects like Physics, Chemistry, Biology or/and Maths.

Check out this link for morw information


Check out this link for colleges


Thank you

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