What is Sociology

"Man is a social being." all of us have heard this at some point in our lives, and rightfully so.  As the word explains, sociology is the study of society. A society encompasses people, their relationships with one another, and their behaviour towards different communities and groups.

This behavioural element is carefully taken up under several contexts and settings. This setting is openly influenced by various components like Urban and Rural environment, ethnicity, religion, and culture, etc.

Sociology includes the study of these interlinked components of the society and analyses them concerning various personal, political, environmental, and economic matters.

Some common examples of these matters are gender identity, education, community conflicts, poverty and wealth allocation, migration, overpopulation, and many more.

The purpose of studying sociology is to devise methods, theories, and connections between numerous variables working related to each other and understanding their working.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Sociology

The essential requirement for entry into any college for the sociology are given below: 

Eligibility Criteria for Undergraduate Sociology Courses

  1. Successful completion of class 12th from a recognised board with subjects of the arts/humanities stream, preferably. Some universities, however, do not have a restriction about streams taken up in intermediate school. 

  2. Candidates should have minimum aggregate marks 40-50%.

  3. Undergraduate Degrees for Sociology courses majorly includes a Bachelor of Arts in sociology. The admission for the BA sociology course is usually given on a merit basis.

Eligibility criteria for a postgraduate Sociology course

  1. Candidate must have completed an undergraduate degree in Bachelor of Arts sociology from recognised institutions with at least 50% aggregate marks. 

  2. To secure admission in Master of Arts in sociology, candidates must have cleared the entrance exam conducted by their respective universities.

  3. Universities like Tata Institute of Social Sciences conduct a group discussion, and personal interview after the candidates cleared the sentence exam. a provisional list is released by the institute revealing the names of candidates selected for the program

Entrance Exams for Sociology

  • TISSNET- Tata Institute of Social Sciences National entrance exam is conducted by TISS for students to get admission into various Masters programs. They are located in Mumbai, Tuljapur, Guwahati, Hyderabad, and more. The applications are released in mid-October.

  • IPU CET- Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test is conducted by GG IPU for students to secure admission in various post-graduation programs. The applications usually begin in March.

  • PUCET- Punjab University Common Entrance Test is a State level entrance exam for candidates looking forward to securing admission in various colleges of Punjab University. The applications usually begin in March.

  • JNUEE- Jawaharlal Nehru University entrance examination is conducted by the National testing agency for interested candidates to secure admission in Masters programs taught at JNU. The applications usually begin in March.

Scope of Sociology in India and Abroad

This course is suitable for people with good communication skills and an interest in digging into the complexities of society. Community outreach is a significant parameter in ascertaining the depth that follows sociology.

Another prerequisite is the statistical abilities to segregate the data qualitatively and quantitatively. The scope of sociology is vast because it branches into almost all departments. The functions of sociologists fit into diverse job profiles.

There is a considerable demand for people who are generously versed with data Research and Analysis, especially in domains like public relations, market researching, and insurance, etc.

The scope of sociology persists a great deal in India because human beings cannot separate themselves from social functions, integration, and interaction. This social function expands to corporations, and that's where the role of sociologists comes into play.

Their job also involves regulating these functions within the organisation as well as help in strengthening the client-employee relationship.

Course Fees Sociology

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
1.18 K
B.A.(Hons) in Sociology at Jagdish Nandan College, Madhubani
1.09 K
B.A.(Hons) in Sociology at Government General Degree College, Gopiballavpur II
25.25 Lakhs
B.A.(Hons) in Sociology at Ashoka University, Sonepat
1.29 Lakhs
B.A.(Hons) in Sociology at Bharat Ratna Dr BR Ambedkar University, Delhi
1.20 K
M.A. in Sociology at Queen Mary's College, Chennai
M.A. in Sociology at Government Rajeevlochan College, Rajim
4.00 Lakhs
M.A. in Sociology at Techno Global University, Shillong
1.40 Lakhs
M.Phil. in Sociology at Shyam University, Dausa
12.00 K
Ph.D in Sociology at Sri Agrasen Kanya PG College, Varanasi
14.00 K
Ph.D in Sociology at Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi
6.61 Lakhs
Ph.D in Sociology at Bhupal Nobles University, Udaipur
40.55 K
Ph.D in Sociology at University of Hyderabad, Hyderabad
3.10 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Sociology at SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
2.50 K
Diploma in Sociology at Government Bilasa Girls PG College, Bilaspur
3.10 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Sociology at SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Chennai
4.00 K
Diploma in Sociology at Serampore College, Serampore

Course Subjects

Subjects studied by students pursuing sociology revolve around the existence and importance of sociological elements in domains like politics, economics, media, and education, etc. A list of the few subjects studied by students pursuing Sociology is given below:

  1. Social Anthropology

  2. Sociology of Education

  3. Sociology Development

  4. Social Institutions

  5. Economic Sociology

  6. Life Skill Education and Women's Studies

  7. Sociology of Mass Media and Mass Communication

  8. Political Sociology

  9. Social Stratification

  10. Social Challenges and Movements

  11. Change Development and Globalisation

  12. Classical Sociological Theories

  13. Methods of Sociological Research

Careers in Sociology

The application of sociology fits into all the departments of all organisations, whether private or government.

Big Corporation houses make efficient use of data gathered and analysed by sociologists and further build their policies based on those findings. There is a wide range of companies that feed off of these data, which makes it a crucial element.

All of this work is undertaken by candidates who are well versed in Sociology and have a knack to explore further. A Sociologist can also consecrate their knowledge to teach sociology in schools and colleges and take up jobs in the education sector.

Community research work and family counselling are also some great ways to devote learnings directly to society. Campus placements also helped a great deal in employing postgraduates in Sociology.

These aspects make it very feasible for candidates to acquire jobs in a plethora of companies, thereby widening the career options of sociology.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Careers in sociology majorly include direct interpersonal communication with numerous segments of the society to obtain miscellaneous data. What is further done with the data determines the job profile of a sociologist.

These data are majorly used in sectors like corporate research, public relations, education sector, communication development sector, insurance sector, publishing sector, social servicing sector, and many more.

The range of work in each sector is diverse with varying perks and immense potential for growth in the work. The following are some of the Job profiles under Sociology. They include:

Job profile

Job description


The job of a Sociologist includes studying behaviour within communities, research on diverse social norms, studying Complex structures, and reaching the roots of various social changes.

Policy analyst

The job profile of policy analysts includes making various policies in affiliation with the government after conducting proper research on social issues like health, safety, etc.


The job profile of researchers includes collecting, organising, studying, and analysing data to forecast upcoming trends and solve diverse social problems.

Public Relations specialist

The job profile of a Public Relations Specialist to establish a company's presence in the minds of the clients. PR specialists help in maintaining smooth communication between employers and clients.


An administrator adds in the smooth functioning of a business. The range of jobs includes managing inquiries, visits, maintaining files and documents, keeping records, etc.


The basic job of a counsellor is to work with people individually and in a group to promote mental health and provide support and Rehabilitation services.

Census worker

The job of a census worker is to work closely with people and conduct research by studying the demographics and collecting data.


Top Recruiters in Sociology

The scope of sociology has set its foot in almost all the departments in an organisation. Various renowned International, as well as government organisations, have started looking up for persons who are invested in researching the market and generating useful data even the corporate sector has put forth their requirements for assessing information that can help them increase their scope of business.

Other factors include political organisations that are keen to know the inclination of society toward a particular political organisation. Even the hospitality sector demands sociologists to act as the face of the institution because of their skill set.

This widens the number of recruiters in the market thereby increasing the demand for sociologist's Sociologist medley finding and analysing the data is not now a significant part of work includes generating about the findings and penning information down in an organised and a decipherable manner.



  3. WHO

  4. Deloitte

  5. The ministry of statistics

  6. Excelsoft

  7. Educomp solutions

  8. Government Agencies

  9. Indian Defence Services

  10. Infosys

Required Skillset for Sociology

The skills required for different job profiles vary vastly from one organisation to another. However, in the case of sociology, these can be categorised into three umbrella terms given as follows:

  1. Communication skills: Studying sociology includes direct fieldwork and communicating with vast masses of people, convincing them to take part in surveys, researching questionnaires, observation, interviews, etc. Hence communication skills play a vital role in shaping the candidate's career as a sociologist.

  2. Analytical skills: Candidates should understand the prominence of analysing data, filtering it, segregating it into distinct findings as well as critically evaluating the causes behind the responses. Hence the ability to analyse and bring outcomes is indispensable.

  • Writing skills: Being a Sociologist merely finding and analysing the data is not enough. A significant part of work includes generating reports about the findings and penning information down in an organised and a decipherable manner.

Course Curriculum for Sociology

The curriculum designed for pursuing a course in sociology includes various realms of sociology, ranging from environmental sociology to political sociology.

It also includes subjects like social anthropology where the candidates dig a little deeper into the dynamics of how society originated and evolved.

The curriculum also includes necessary electives like social stratification, social segmentation, Sanskritization and many more.

Apart from data collection, it revolves around the emergence of various systems in society and their after-effects. It also studies the amalgamation of diverse cultures and religion in one country and how these cultures have been sustaining in accordance with each other since the beginning.

The curriculum is designed in a manner that generates interest in the minds of candidates as the units are progressive.

Questions related to Sociology

Showing 315 out of 315 Questions

Bihar board 12 sociology sample paper

Aditya Kumar Student Expert 2nd Apr, 2021


You can download class 12th Bihar board sociology sample paper by visiting our page the link for which is provided below


For sample papers of other subject visit


These  papers will help you to understand the examination pattern, types of questions which are asked in exam, difficulty level of the examination, you will also get an idea of  the important topics which are covered in the exam by practising them so that you can accordingly prepare for the exam , you will also get to know your preparation level

Best of luck for your 12th bihar board exam preparation.

If you have any other query then you can always reach us to get them cleared  :) we are always available to help you out and guide you.

Thank you


Rajagiri college have BA sociology

Soham sengupta 1st Apr, 2021

Hello student,

Sorry to say you but you have not specified about which rajagiri College you are talking about.

About rajagiri College of social science Ernakulam, you should know it is a private good autonomous college which provides about 17 courses. But they does not provide any BA sociology courses rather the provides Bachelor of social work degree. Click on the link below to know more



sir tell me that i have done my graduation pcm subject and preparing for upsc cse and i confused to select Optional in history / sociology and i want take admission in MA (history/sociology) sir please solve my dought thankyou

Soham sengupta 1st Apr, 2021

Hello STudent,

First of all you should determine whether you go for Union Public Service commission civil service examination or for your masters. Because you cannot prepare for or two of this together. UPSC CSE or IAS exam is one of the toughest examination in India. So you should prepare well for this if you have a clear view target. You have to practice again and again.

As you are coming from Science background, both sociology and history is new for you. If you choose history it will be a safe option. Because you just have to go through NCERT fundamental books thoroughly to score the highest marks in history.

Go to the link below to have a better idea



How sociology helps to physiotherapist

Pankhuri Kumari 16th Mar, 2021
Sociology directly links to understanding associations of people, groups, and their behaviour. Physiotherapy relates to healing touch with different exercises and treatments. So, the relation between sociology and physiotherapy is quite evident.  If the doctor is socially Interactive or apt, he/ she will be automatically be able to understand the pain, discomfort, etc., Of the patient. This will make him/her efficient, and will help in providing better treatment to the people.
Hope this helps.
Good luck!

can I do a major in sociology at the graduate level according to the NEP

dandeharitha 17th Mar, 2021

Hello aspirant,

NEP hasn't been implemented yet. And there is no problem in pursuing BA major's in Sociology unless you fulfill the eligibility criteria. The eligibility criteria for the Course states that the candidate must have passed class 12th with minimum 45-50% marks in any subject stream from a recognised board of education.

The Union Budget 2021-22 has already set the ball rolling with the announcement to qualitatively strengthen 15,000 schools across India to implement NEP. ... Going forward, the education sector must harness the forces of technology and pedagogy to further bolster the benefits accruing from NEP.


The question have been saved in answer later, you can access it from your profile anytime. Access now

Explore Universiy colleges in other popular locations

Download the Careers360 App on your Android phone

Regular exam updates, QnA, Predictors, College Applications & E-books now on your Mobile

Careers360 App
  • 150M+ Students
  • 24,000+ Colleges
  • 500+ Exams
  • 1500+ E-books
  • Economic Times
  • Financial Express
  • Firstpost
  • Livemint