Political Science

Political Science

Degrees offered: B.A., B.A.(Hons), B.Sc., D.Litt, Diploma, Dual Degree, M.A.

What is Political Science

Political science is a subject falling under the social sciences umbrella, which teaches students about the working of the government, both state and central, and other agencies, and how this knowledge can be implemented practically for the betterment of the country overall. 

India has a rich political history that began with the formation of the Indian National Congress, post-Independence. 

Ever since, the country has seen and been affected by many minor and major politically significant incidents, along with the formation of many thousands of political parties all over India. 

As a result, Political Science has been one of the most opted courses and continues to remain so with growing interest of the new generations in politics.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Political Science

For Undergraduate Courses

Colleges, universities and institutes in India usually have the basic requirement that candidates must have completed their 10+2 from a recognised board with a minimum of 60% marks. There is no specified stream in which students must have studied their 10+2. 

For Postgraduate Courses

For candidates seeking postgraduate admissions in Political Science, the eligibility criteria entail a Bachelor’s degree, in any discipline, from a recognised University with a minimum of 50% marks. 

In both cases, the eligibility criteria hold for candidates sitting for the institute’s entrance examination. Only upon clearing the entrance exam can admission can be granted. 

Scope of Political Science in India and Abroad

According to the UN, India has the largest democracy in the world. The number of political parties is well within the range of thousands and each of these political parties, along with government agencies and services, require countless hands on deck for them to function smoothly. Pursuing a course in Political Science opens up a lot of doors for students in the career field. 

Abroad, in many countries, a degree in Political Science means a lot of scope in jobs like International Relations, Social Services, Embassies, and many others. The career options are plentiful and of various types, meaning there is a lot of room for exploration as well. 

Course Fees Political Science

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
B.A.(Hons) in Political Science at Nilamani Mahavidyalaya, Balasore
B.A.(Hons) in Political Science at Rairangpur College, Mayurbhanj
25.25 Lakhs
B.A.(Hons) in Political Science at Ashoka University, Sonepat
1.49 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Political Science at Cluster University of Srinagar, Srinagar
2.97 K
M.A. in Political Science at NREC College, Khurja
M.A. in Political Science at Government Arts College, Salem
3.30 Lakhs
M.A. in Political Science at MIT School of Government, Pune
1.40 Lakhs
M.Phil. in Political Science at Shyam University, Dausa
33.90 K
Ph.D in Political Science at Seth RCS Arts and Commerce College, Durg
9.21 K
Ph.D in Political Science at Government Dungar College, Bikaner
6.61 Lakhs
Ph.D in Political Science at Bhupal Nobles University, Udaipur
68.71 K
Ph.D in Political Science at Institute for Excellence in Higher Education, Bhopal
Data not available
28.00 K
Diploma in Political Science at Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara
Data not available
28.00 K
Diploma in Political Science at Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda, Vadodara

Course Subjects

With only minor variations from institute to institute, some of the most important subjects taught in Political Science courses, in keeping with the above-specified curriculum, include: 

  • Understanding Political Theory

  • Constitutional Government and Democracy in India

  • Political Processes in India

  • Political Theory-Concepts and Debates

  • Perspectives on Public Administration

  • Introduction to Comparative Government and Politics

  • Perspectives on International Relations and World History

  • Global Politics

  • Public Policy and Administration in India

  • Political Processes and Institutions in Comparative Perspective

  • Classical Political Philosophy

  • Modern Indian Political Thought

  • Colonialism and Nationalism in India

  • India’s Foreign Policy in a Globalising World

  • Dilemmas in Politics

Careers in Political Science

Political science is one of the most versatile social sciences degrees, opening up many career opportunities for graduates. The study of political science helps students inculcate valuable skills in writing and communication, as well as research. 

At the undergraduate level, political science courses help build students’ analytical skills and train them in social science methods. 

Upon reaching the graduate level, pol science students can analyse political documents, conduct original research in areas that interest them, and even publish their findings.

With a degree in political science, students get prepared for careers in academics, and management-level positions in government or politics, in addition to the usual job profiles that many opt for. 

From the perspective of pay, political science graduates earn adequate amounts to maintain comfortable lives, while some even earn generously. With enough earnings to support a lifestyle abroad as well, many political science graduates work in foreign countries in international relations and embassies. 

The prospects in the field are multidisciplinary and multifaceted, and a career in the same can be highly rewarding.  

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

After completing a degree in Political Science either at the Bachelor’s level or higher, one can seek jobs in many organisations in the public and private sector. In the public sector, some popular job profiles that candidates opt for include: 

Job Profile


Civil Services (Indian Administrative Services/Indian Financial Services)

IFS officers are career diplomats who protect and protect India’s interests abroad, IAS officers are in charge of day to day administration work inside India.

Political Scientist

Studying the origin, operation, and development of political systems, researching political ideas and analysing policies, political trends, governments.

Legislative Assistant

Writing, editing, and tracking legislative bills as they undergo the legislative process, responding to constituents, garnering support for proposals, writing speeches for their employers to introduce legislation.

Social Media Manager

Planning, managing, and implementing social media strategy of the organisation/party/institution they work for to increase awareness.

Political Consultant

Promoting the election of certain candidates, public relation specialists, managing political strategy.

Policy Analyst

Influencing political and social events, evaluating the effects of proposed legislation, reporting on findings, analysing current policies, raising public awareness on important issues.

Public Relations Specialist

Handling an organisation’ s/party’s communication with the general public, investors, reporters, consumers, and media specialists, and keeping the public informed about the activities of government agencies and officials.

Top Recruiters in Political Science

  • United Nations

  • Indian Administrative Service

  • Indian Financial Service

  • BPSP HR Solutions Pvt. Ltd. and many others in the public and private sectors. 

Average Salary

While salaries vary enormously based on years of experience, job profile and several other factors, the average annual salaries for some political science job profiles have been estimated as follows: 

Job Profile

Average Annual Salary

Civil Services (Indian Administrative Services/Indian Financial Services)

Rs. 6.73 – Rs. 30.00 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Political Scientist

Rs. 6.00 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Legislative Assistant

Rs. 2.76 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Social Media Manager

Rs. 9.60 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Political Consultant

Rs. 5.56 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Policy Analyst

Rs. 5.50 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Public Relations Specialist

Rs. 4.50 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)

Required Skillset for Political Science

In addition to gathering a wealth of knowledge about politics and the governments, both in India and abroad, a course in Political Science teaches students a few other important skills which are essential to a successful career in the field. Candidates must also strive to polish their skills in a few additional areas to top it all off. 

Some of the necessary elements of a Political Science degree skills are:

  • Communication Skills: Political Science students should be able to understand written information with slightly complex vocabulary, understand spoken information clearly, speak clearly so that listeners can understand, listen well and ask relevant questions, and read and understand work-related material.

  • Reasoning and Problem-Solving Skills: Candidates should have the ability to analyse ideas and make use of relevant logic to determine the strengths and weaknesses, use reasoning to find solutions to various kinds of problems, understand the nature of a problem, come up with new ideas, combine several pieces of information to conclude, develop rules that can group items in different ways, concentrate and not easily get distracted, follow guidelines effectively, and judge the costs and benefits of taking any particular action.

  • Management Skills: Candidates require exceptional skills in managing themselves and other people with whom they have to work. Piles of work, sometimes, have to be dealt with such good time and work management skills are essential, too.

  • Working with People: When working with other people, candidates need to develop a certain etiquette and work demeanour. They should try to understand others’ reactions and analyse the probable causes, notice changes in behaviour with relation to certain actions, be persuasive in altering others’ approaches for better results, and be able to teach others how to do certain things.

Course Curriculum for Political Science

Most courses in Political Science, at any level of study, have a few common objectives around which their curriculum is shaped. The study of Political Science is to help students:

  • Comprehend the sources of political information,

  • Understand the nature and scope of political science theory,

  • Acquaint with the approaches, theories, concepts, and principles of political theory,

  • Evaluate the theories of the origin of the state,

  • Understand the philosophies of Indian constitutions,

  • Learn the origins of Law, power, legitimacy, and authority,

  • Critically analyse the theories of monism and pluralism,

  •  Understand the elements and factors of state and the meaning of sovereignty,

  • Identify the causes and impacts of British rule in India,

  • Understand the various Government of India acts, their reforms and provisions,

  • Acquaint with International organisations and international relations,

  • Identify various challenges and issues in international relations 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Question: Why study Political Science?

Answer :

The study of Political Science gives students a deep insight into and understanding of policies and laws of the land. While a political science degree opens up many opportunities for candidates in terms of employment, those who opt for higher studies in the same can pursue very lucrative careers.

Question: What are the major topics under Political Science?

Answer :

The many branches and sub-branches of the Political Science subject include Political Economy, State Politics, Political Philosophy, Comparative Politics, and International Relations.

Question: Is studying Political Science difficult?

Answer :

With a genuine interest in the laws and policies of the country as well as politics and its works, it is extremely interesting to study Political Science. The basics of the subject are covered in the school itself for those who opt for the subject, making sure that students have some fundamental preparation to study the subject at the degree level.

Question: What are my options immediately after a BA(Hons.) in Political Science?

Answer :

After a Bachelor’s degree in Political Science, candidates have plenty of job opportunities to launch their career in. If, however, they wish to pursue higher studies, the next step would be to go for a Master's and specialise in any particular course.

Question: Why is Political Science so important, especially in today’s date?

Answer :

Over the past decade we have seen an increasing amount of influence social media has on not only an individual but community as well, which has in recent history been used countless times by world leaders, celebrities and even regular people to not only influence but manipulate their user base. 

And not only through their posts, through the exceeding amount of control one can get on these websites which collect your information like Facebook, Instagram and Twitter which use an immense amount of information of every single person on their platform for targeted advertising. 

Which is then used to create numerous fake accounts to create a perception of that group being better even though that is not the case and is pure manipulation of impressionable individuals making the knowledge of Political Science very important. 

Questions related to Political Science

Showing 1419 out of 1419 Questions

Sir, I want to apply for BA Hons. political science in Lady Shree ram college , Delhi university . Can you please provide me information regarding this??

Virat Srivastava 14th Jun, 2021

Admission Procedure:

  1. Registration on the UG portal (https://ug.du.ac.in/) . You need an e-mail id to register. Applicants who do not have a valid e-mail ID must create an e-mail ID before proceeding. The applicants will be eligible to take admission in all the colleges and courses provided they satisfy the cut-off of the colleges and the eligibility for the selected courses. Please fill the application form carefully.
  2. Payment of the registration fees. The application form will be deemed submitted only when the applicant has paid the relevant registration fee. When the applicant has successfully submitted the registration fee online, they are advised to keep records of the payment’s transaction ID, Credit Card/Debit card/Net Banking details and date of transaction as proof for future reference.
  3. Reopening of the portal. The application will be allowed to update the marks and make minor corrections in the form during this window provided to them. This will only be a one time process.
  4. Declaration of Cut-off. The University shall declare a minimum of five Cut-Offs. In case, there are still some vacant seats left, further Cut-Offs may be announced by the University. There will be a special Cut-Off only for those candidates who could not/ did not take admission in the initial five Cut-Offs.
  5. Selection of Course and College. At a time, during cut-off list, the applicant is required to log-in and is allowed to choose only one course and one college. Multiple simultaneous admissions are not permitted. Please note selection of applicant’s college and course can be made only online through their own Dashboard on the UG admissions portal. There will be no physical visit to the colleges at this point in the process. Students have to complete this process in a limited time given.
  6. An online verification process will be done by respective colleges . In case of lack of necessary documents, candidate to be contacted on email/phone so that the same may be provided. The admission would be declined if candidate not responded.
  7. Payment of fees to confirm admission . Once the Principal of the College has approved their admission, the applicant will receive a link on their Dashboard on the UG Admissions portal through which they must submit the college/course fees due. It is extremely important that applicants pay the fee within the timeframe allocated, failing which it will be concluded that the applicant is not interested in the course of study at that college, and the admission will be automatically cancelled. Once the applicant has gained admission, they will have to sign an online declaration
  8. Physical verification of the original documents. The uploaded documents will be verified by the respective colleges. If at this stage it is found that the information given by the applicant is not supported by the documents presented, the admission will be immediately cancelled. No fees will be refunded in such cases.

For other information, you can click here ( https://lsr.edu.in/admissions/admission-procedure/ )


Merit is based on 12th score. 2020 final cutoffs for LSR political science (BA HONS.) were:

General   98.75

EWS         96.50

OBC         96.75

SC             95.25

ST             95

Pwd          91.75

Hope, it helps!

All the best.


Does jadavpur offers honours degree in political science or simply BA degree?

Aditi Yadav 11th Jun, 2021
Yes,Jadavpur University offer BA hons. course.
And you are free to choose your combination.

If you are interested in Political Science select a combination include political science.

eg. Political Science- History - Sociology

And in your last year you have to study only one subject which is your honours subject.

So , you can choose only political science .

Fees- Rs.2400

Eligibility - Candidates who have passed the 10+2 level exam are eligible to apply for B.A. (Honours) courses in various subjects.

Feel free to ask if you have any more queries.

Best wishes from Career360.

How many success rate in political science for wbcs exam?

Srishti 11th Jun, 2021

Dear Aspirant,

The success rate of the students giving WBCS exam is around 0.5%. But one should not get disheartened or feel less motivated by looking at these statistics. These are mere numbers which depend on various factors (for eg. the number of candidates who appear in exam, number of vacancies etc.). Nowadays competition has become inevitable part of people's lives that's the case.

I am providing you some links which should help you gain more clarity. Do check these out: https://www.careers360.com/question-wbcs-optional-political-science-syllabus


Hope this Helps!

Good Luck


How many seats are there for political science in JNU

tanishqgiri.goswami 10th Jun, 2021


In JNU under the school of International studies, the course offered is M.A. in Politics (with specialization in International Studies) which has 92 seats for the year 2021.

  • The JNU 2021 application form will be released in June.
  • Candidates who wish to fill the application form of JNU 2021 can visit the official website of NTA JNU and can do the same till the last date of submission.
  • The mode of application will be only online.

Hope this helps,

All the best!


Is in this college , junior college for arts where subjects like history ,. political science are available in English language ?

Aditi More 12th Jun, 2021

Hello Shreyas,

As your profile says you are from Maharashtra,so here are some colleges that has subjects like history, political science in English:

  • St. Xavier's College,Mumbai
  • Ferguson College, Pune
  • Mithibai College of Arts,Mumbai
  • Symbiosis Society's College of Arts and Commerce,Pune
  • Wilson College, Mumbai
  • SNDT Karve Road,Pune
  • Elphinstone College,Mumbai

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