What is Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering is a part of modern genetics that is used at a global level for numerous purposes. It is a combination of various technologies and scientific concepts using which scientists can change the genomic data like DNA of a naturally occurring cell to make it commercially useful.
Also called genetic modification, it allows humans to take complete control over the genetic material of any organism. Although currently it is mostly being used to modify the genes of vegetables to make them more resistant to insects and going bad, it can be used in near future once we have enough knowledge about genes to write out genetic conditions like diabetes or increased chances of blood pressure, or even cancer and the hundreds and thousands of other genetic conditions.
Genetic Engineering is a rather new and less explored field of science all over the world, but with the increasing advancement in science and technology, the course is present in almost every major science university. The B.Tech in Genetic Engineering course deals with multiple types of problems related to the medical field, agriculture, and industrial consumption. The resulting organisms are used for various factors such as increasing production, quality enhancement, mineral addition, and hormone production.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Genetic Engineering
For Undergraduate Genetic Engineering Courses
The students need to have at least 50% marks during their 10+2 from a recognised national or state level education board.
Students need to clear national level entrance exams or the entrance exam of the respective institute based on the requirement of the respective college(University).
For Postgraduate Genetic Engineering Courses
Aspirants must have a bachelor's degree in Genetic Engineering with at least 50-60% marks from a reputed institute.
The most common basis of admission into genetic courses is the national level entrance exam scores or the in-house exams of the university based on the requirement of the respective college(University).
Genetic Engineering Entrance Exams
Candidates who wish to pursue genetic engineering, both at UG and PG level will have to appear for entrance exams conducted at state, national and University level.
Joint Entrance Exam (JEE)- JEE is one of the most common entrance examinations for admission into various engineering courses all over India. This is a national level examination, and students can opt for it after completing their 10+2 education. This exam is divided into two phases, JEE Main and JEE Advanced.
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)- GATE is also a national level entrance exam conducted to grant admission in postgraduate courses. It is conducted online in February.
Birla Institute of Science and Technology Admission Test (BITSAT)- Conducted in May, it is an institute level examination for admission in graduate-level courses. This online exam is considered one of the most competitive engineering entrance exams.
VITEEE- The computer-based test is conducted by VIT Vellore for admissions into various undergraduate engineering courses like B.Tech in genetic engineering offered by its participating campuses.
KEAM- The Commissioner of Entrance Examinations (CEE), Kerala conducts the Kerala Engineering, Architecture and Medical (KEAM) entrance exam to offer admission into various engineering colleges in the state.
Scope of Genetic Engineering in India and Abroad
Genetic engineering is one of the most widely pursued courses in India, with numerous career aspects in both private and government sector at various entry levels, wherein an undergraduate or postgraduate student can easily find work as a research assistant or as lab manager, PhD scholars can join the university as lecturers while continuing their postdoctoral training alongside.
To be a genetic engineering scientist, you just need a doctoral degree in biological sciences. On the completion of the program, one can get work in the R&D departments of various Government Institutions.
India being a hub of generic medicines, there are tons of job opportunities in medical and pharmaceutical industries, genetic engineering firms, and chemical industries with salaries varying anywhere between Rs. 8-12 lakhs p.a. (Approx.). If anyone chooses to work in research labs of various reputed universities, one day, you may even be administering a whole research project fully funded by the state.
Course Fees Genetic Engineering
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The diverse range of subjects present in the curriculum of this course are –
Stem Cell Technology
Genetics and Cytogenetics
Recombinant DNA Technology
The post graduation course in Genetic Engineering is also less explored, but it is offered by most of the universities in India. The course is 2 years long and is divided into 4 semesters. Some of the major subjects included in the curriculum are-
Genetics of Bacteria
Gene Expression and Regulation
Molecular Plant Breeding
Animal Cell Culture Techniques
Plant Genetic Engineering
Functional Genomics Technology
Careers in Genetic Engineering
In the past few years, India has become a global hub for the production of generic medicines at a lower price. Due to an increase in demand for medicines, biotech firms in India are increasing day by day, Genetic Engineering sector has a huge scope of expansion and job opportunities.
Investment in this sector increased threefold due to the pandemic. One can also opt for teaching as a career in this field, as more and more colleges and institutions are including genetic engineering in their curriculum, for which they are hiring research scholars and professionals in the field.
Genetic Engineering is a rather new branch of modern science, but despite that, it has managed to establish itself as one of the most important fields in the modern world. There are infinite possibilities available in this sector and have piqued the interests of a wide section of scientists which is responsible for making it an extensive research area. This sector is relatively the most evolving sector which discovered many new methodologies and equipment. Some of the upcoming trends observed in Genetic Engineering are –
Exterminating Gene Expression Using RNA Interference
Expression of Added Genes
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Job Profiles After Genetic Engineering Course
The easiest way for students to decide their future degree is to analyse the placement options available in that sector. Due to the establishment of the field of Genetic Engineering in recent times, it is less popular than other relatively old science fields, but the career opportunity in this domain is higher.
The advancement of the Genetic Engineering sector has taken place very quickly, and the introduction of many new technologies and lab techniques has risen the recruitment. The industry seeks students who have the vision to improve this field and contribute to the advancement of the sector. Having a proper education from a good university or institute along with the required skills allows the candidates to get a good job position with a handsome salary.
Some of the highest recruiters include many government agencies as well as other private sectors like pharmaceutical research, and the prosthetics industry. The recruitment is often done every year, and the main factors for selection included the experience, skills, and field knowledge exhibited by the candidates.
Some of the highly preferred job profiles present in the field of Genetic Engineering are mentioned in the following table. The given job description can tremendously help aspirants to choose a specific field to apply for.
A Professor of Genetic Engineering teaches graduates at the university level regarding their respective specialisation.
A Genetic Engineer is responsible for using their field knowledge and innovating new health systems or products essential from the commercial and scientific perspective. They play a major role in managing artificial organs to instrumentation involved in the field.
The role of a Geneticist is to examine patients with hereditary genetic disorders and provide them with suitable and relatively safe treatment procedures.
A Genomics' job is to identify the presence of any type of alteration in their genomic sequences to predict the possibility of acquiring or transferring genetic disorders in the future.
A Research Writer, as the name suggests, is involved in proofreading, editing, and publishing various scientific research papers that contain data from clinical studies to statistical reports.
Information Security Engineer
An Information Security Engineer creates and monitors security protocols to secure any type of research data and systems from security breaches.
A Biophysicist carries out experiments to identify the effect of various substances like preservatives, hormones, or other commercial products onto living organisms and the environment.
Top Recruiters in Genetic Engineering Sector
The field of Genetic Engineering combines multiple specialisations and sectors which overall results in diversifying the job profiles. Major sectors like medical, pharmaceuticals, education, and even military offer recruitment to qualified candidates.
And with the involvement of government organisations and NGOs, the employment rate for professionals is increasing steadily. Some of the major institutes and industries offering recruitment to Genetic Engineering students are –
The National Institute of Immunology
Fresenius Medical Care
Biochemical Engineering Research and Process Development Centre
Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
Amneal Pharmaceuticals Inc
The Institute of Genomic and Integrative Biology
The job profiles in genetic engineering require precision and patience. And sometimes the candidates also have to work in dangerous work conditions; thus, the average starting salary offered in this field is comparatively higher than others. To help students in deciding their specialisations in the field, they can take reference from the following table determining the average salaries of various job profiles. The amount given is estimated and may differ depending on the experience, organisations, or level of education.
Rs. 5-7.5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 4.5-7 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 5-8.5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 3.5-6.5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 2.5-6 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Information Security Engineer
Rs. 4-8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 3.5-5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Genetic Engineering
Genetic Engineering is not merely a theoretical field in which students can easily learn and excel in their performance. The field is highly practical; thus, it has a very high demand for professionals who are not only good in the academic part but as well as have the ability to handle the practical aspect of the field. Some of the technical yet crucial skills demanded in the field of Genetic Engineering includes-
Patience- Most of the techniques and methodologies involved in Genetic Engineering require substantial amounts of time and precision so aspirants should be able to perform these techniques without any error.
Lab Handling skills – The work of a genetic engineer takes place mostly in a lab where they are supposed to handle sensitive equipment and having an idea about lab equipment along with their handling is an essential component.
Computer skills – Much computer-aided design (CAD) programs are used in these experiments and research methods, so knowing about the basic use of CAD improves the selection chances of a candidate.
Research skills – Genetic Engineers often work on projects which are completely new and unexplored. One should be able to identify the type of information required and have the research skills to collect data.
Course Curriculum for Genetic Engineering
The course of Genetic Engineering introduces the study of genes at a broader level. Students are taught about living organisms from plants to human beings at a genetic level.
From advanced lab equipment to modern gene-editing techniques, the curriculum covers all the aspects to make aspirants ready for the field of Genetic Engineering.
The course not only takes the concepts from science but other subjects also have a major part in this field such as mathematics, and chemistry. The curriculum also equips students with theoretical as well as practical knowledge via lab experiments, including all the essential technology of today's time.
Popular Genetic Engineering Entrance Exams in India
Popular Genetic Engineering Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: Is the Genetic Engineering course offered by IITs?
Students can take up the Genetic Engineering course in IITs but only at the post graduation level. They need to have a graduation degree in either Biotechnology or in Life science.
Question: What are some of the major fields interlinked with the Genetic Engineering sector for placements?
After the completion of their education, students can get placements into various industries and sectors, including prosthetics, military, pharmaceuticals, gene therapy, agriculture, organ transplant, vaccine production, and research.
Question: Is Genetic Engineering a good career option? What is the starting salary in this field?
Genetic Engineering is a very reputed field with surplus job opportunities not limited to the mainstream medical field. With job opportunities in both public and private sectors, aspirants can also work in many NGO's.
Due to the advancements made in this field, the scope and employment opportunities are on the rise. The starting salary in this domain is relatively higher than any other scientific sector with an average starting salary of Rs. 4 to 5.5 lakhs per annum and experienced professionals earn up to Rs. 15 to 20 lakhs every year.
Question: What is the average amount of time taken to complete educational qualification for becoming a Genetic Engineer?
After completion of 12th standard education, students often give national level examination for admission process for various institutes in Genetic Engineering or related subjects which are of 4 years duration.
Then depending on the students, they can pursue a postgraduate degree to increase their chances for better job opportunities in this field, these courses are of 2 years duration. After this, students can either opt for a job in their respective specialisation or go for a PhD in Genetic Engineering that takes up additional 4 years. Thus, on average it may take a total of 4-6 years for most students.
Question: Which countries are considered best for placements in the field of Genetic Engineering?
Some of the countries which are the most advanced in the field of genetic Engineering include Switzerland, Scotland, the USA, and England.
Questions related to Genetic Engineering
Can I do M.tech in genetic engineering after B.Sc in biotechnology..?
No, you cannot study Master of Technology (M.Tech) in Genetic Engineering after completion of Bachelor of Science (B.Sc) in Biotechnology because both are two different things, one is Engineering and the other is normal degree. You can study M.Sc in Genetics or M.Sc Genetic Engineering.
Top Universities offering M.Sc Genetic Engineering are listed below.
- University of Delhi, New Delhi
- Bangalore University, Bangalore
- Andhra University, Andhra Pradesh
- Parul University, Vadodara
- University of Calcutta, Kolkata
- Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
- Garden City University
- Osmania University, Hyderabad
- University of Mysore, Mysore
- Vellore Institute of Technology, Vellore
Hope this information was helpful
Best of Luck!!
which career option is best genetic engineering Or bsc statistics Or b- pharmacy for me
If you are confused on what to choose among B.sc statistics, Genetic engineering and B.Pharmacy I would like to suggest you to go with Genetic engineering. If we compare the future scopes of the courses, B.pharmacy alone cannot provide you with a good career, you also need to do PG after that to get a good position in Pharmacy. B.sc statistics also has limited career options. Coming to the genetic engineering, with the increasing advancements and innovations in life sciences, Genetic engineering provides you to make a career in both public and private sector. So, According to my experience and knowledge I would suggest you to go with Genetic Engineering.
Hope this information helps you.
Bsc genetic engineering colleges
Here are the top list of Bsc genetic engineering colleges,
- AWH Special College, Calicut
- Chettinad Academy of Research and Education, Kelambakkam
- GNIPST kolkata
- Kakatiya University, Warangal
- Dyal singh College, Karnal
- Brindavan College, Banglore
For college details and more refer the below link,
Also for Engineering colleges with Genetics, refer the below link,
Hope this information will help you, good luck!!!
Can a PCM student take genetic engineering ? Is it possible for PCM student to study genes which is major portion of biology?
It is very difficult to tell that a PCM student can opt genetic engineering. It will mainly depend on the University or the College where you want to pursue. And also it is very difficult for a student to do genetic engineering without biology in their 12th.
Hope this information will help you,
Hello sir/mam I have completed my graduation in b tech genetic engineering but im interested to do msc biotechnology is that possible
You can go for M.Sc. Biotechnology after completing B.tech in Genetic Engineering. You can also go for a Master's in Technology. Some of the good colleges are listed below.
- The Oxford College of Science.
- The University of Hyderabad.
- Integral University.
- Loyola College, Chennai.
- Indian Institute Of Technology, Delhi.
- Indian Institute Of Technology, Madras, etc.
All the best.