Who is a Geneticist?
Genetic engineering is to traditional crossbreeding what the nuclear bomb was to the sword ~ Andrew Kimbrell
We’ve often heard, “If your parents are diabetic so can be you” or “We get a pink rose by mixing the branches of a red and a white rose plant.” It is true, but how do we know this? The genes do have a major role to play when it comes to health and disease. The concept of heredity has been observed from millennia. If genes, genetic variation, and heredity are one of those subjects that interest you or trigger your brain cells then you can think of making a career in the field of genetics. Genetics is a subset in biology where genes, heredity, mutation, genetic variation, and the roles of genetics in aging and disease are studied. A person who studies genetics is known as a geneticist while environmental geneticist studies how environmental factors interact with genes to cause the various diseases or the adaptation of species to it. Genetics is the study of heredity in general and of genes in particular. Genetics forms one of the central pillars of biology and overlaps with many other areas, such as agriculture, medicine, and biotechnology.
Geneticist in a Nutshell
Genetics majorly focuses on hereditary conditions, inherited diseases, as well as the application of genetics research to the development of pharmaceutical and agricultural products. The study of Genetics has created a major breakthrough in branches of cancer research, unborn defects, DNA samples, and many more. A Geneticist works in both medical and scientific fields to gain a better understanding of mutation, reproduction and cell growth. The work of a professional in the field of Genetics typically consists of detecting genotypes, keeping records of genetic ailments, detecting faulty/misfired genes, employing mutation techniques, analysing test results, and many other functions. After having conducted tests or experiments, they prepare reports for clinicians and clients (patients), explaining them the results of their analysis.
Quick Facts for Geneticist
Average Salary in India
In order to pursue geneticist education being gender specific is not required. An individual can become a geneticist doctor irrespective of his or her gender.
Any special needs
Genetics job is not quite apt for specially abled people as it requires physical strength and stamina.
Table of Contents for Geneticist
What is the role of Geneticist?
Geneticists are leaders in biology and are directly involved in unlocking some of the secrets of life. A geneticist has many roles such as putting together the puzzles of heredity and DNA. They spend most of their life looking for the answers to one to several specific questions and are incredibly dedicated to their work. With this devotion, the field of genetics has thrived, advanced, and progressed throughout the years.
As a geneticist, it is the prime responsibility of the individual to evaluate, diagnose, or treat genetic disease or find their cures. In order to keep finding advanced diagnoses, geneticists need to keep researching as well. It also includes detailed medical history such as cancer and pre-neoplastic diagnoses, the construction of a family tree, physical examination, risk assessment, and consideration of genetic testing, including a full discussion of possible genetic discrimination.
Maintain laboratory notebooks that record research methods, procedures, and results of the patient. It also important to know the family history, a complete record means a record of three generations.
Write grants and papers or attend fundraising events to seek research funds. Attend clinical and research conferences and read scientific literature to keep abreast of technological advances and current genetic research findings.
Supervise or direct the work of other geneticists, biologists, technicians, or biometricians working on genetics research projects. Make sure they are doing research properly, using accurate information.
Collaborate with biologists and other professionals to conduct appropriate genetic and biochemical analyses and to achieve business benefits. Collaboration is another way of learning new things.
Types of a Geneticist
There are several types of geneticists career opportunities in the field of biology, biomedical and life sciences. The job opportunity for a genetics degree holder is continuing to expand. The genetic employees are not sufficient now, that’s why the demand for genetics continues to increase. Some of the careers are: Geneticists are in an ever-evolving field and must keep up with current technology such as new methods, tools, and findings from other scientists.
There are a few branches of genetics that the geneticist can specialize in. Each specialization has its own unique and interesting challenges, Some of them are:
Agriculture: Geneticists in this field aim to increase crop yield and to learn about the resistance to all the different diseases that usually affect valuable crops. Agricultural genetics is the applied study of the effects of genetic variation and selection used to propagate valuable heritable trait combinations in crop plants and farm animals.
Biomedicine: The department of biomedical genetics investigates how cell regulation and signaling pathways control complex biological processes, including stem cell maintenance and differentiation, cancer, aging, and organism development. They can be referred to as clinical geneticists also. There is a focus on genetically tractable human disease models analyzing the genetic origin of certain diseases so medication can be created to target the causes of these disorders. They may also seek to invent new treatments for genetic disorders such as sickle cell anemia and more.
Forensics: The branch of genetics that deals with the application of genetic knowledge to legal problems and legal proceedings. Forensic genetics is also a branch of forensic medicine which deals more broadly with the application of medical knowledge to legal matters.DNA tests can be used to verify if a suspect is guilty or innocent. They are also known as laboratory geneticists.
Archaeology: Archaeogenetics is the study of ancient DNA using various molecular genetic methods and DNA resources. A geneticist may be called to assist in the analysis of ancient organic matter.
Bioinformatics: The raw material of bioinformatics is the genetic data and the related gene expression. A combination of computer science and biology, a geneticist in this field may be involved in analyzing information such as in the human genome project.
What is the workplace/work environment of Geneticist like?
Geneticists can work in many different fields, doing a variety of jobs. There are many careers for geneticists in medicine, agriculture, wildlife, general sciences, or many other fields. Workplace depends on the type of work being done; most research geneticists work in the laboratory of a research facility. On rare occasions, some may go to the field to extract samples, however, this is usually done for them by others. Medical geneticists work in hospitals, medical research facilities, or biotechnological research companies.Professors teach at various learning institutions. Most work at colleges in biology departments with strong concentrations in genetics.
Does Geneticist require travelling?
Most of the time, geneticists work in laboratories or in an office environment, where they do their research work. So in a majority of cases, there is not much travelling required except when there is a survey to be done.
Full Time, Work From Home
Geneticists at most of the times work full time in a company or a firm.
Geneticists often work in offices or laboratories doing some research work or report writings.
Presence in Geographical Area
Most geneticists find employment as research staff at university laboratories, government agencies, and hospitals. These geneticist jobs are available nationwide. Employment in the private sector is fairly rare.
Geneticists work for a minimum of 40 hours a week. They may have work on shifts depending on the requirement of their workplace. Hence, it can be concluded that they might face time pressure occasionally.
Geneticists usually work for forty hours a week during regular business days. Geneticists are unusual to work on public holidays, even late at night on weekends. Moreover, additional hours can take near to deadlines, and when there are issues, an immediate resolution is needed. In situations like these, they are required to stay for long hours and work overtime.
Weekly Hours of Work
Min 45 Hours
How to become a Geneticist?
What are the skills and qualities required to become a/an Geneticist?
Analytical skills: Analytical skills involve the ability to gather and evaluate knowledge, to resolve problems by making choices. Employees that have certain skills which will help solve the challenges affecting business and increase its overall efficiency and performance. Analytical skills could be complicated but in regular tasks, they use all those techniques. As a geneticist one is required to go through volumes of gene data, so it is important to have good analytical skills.
Logic: Logical thinking abilities serve to strengthen in several ways, for instance by requiring analytical self-improvement, and even when measuring one's own success one considers hard facts. These also lead to becoming a stronger team player as it helps to control over judgment, along with the ego. Geneticists also need to have logical skills. These skills are extremely important as there are times when unexpected hurdles will come up, and these hurdles can be crossed if the person has the required skill sets.
Situational Awareness: Situational awareness is knowing what's happening around you and being alert to any changes or threats. Through being even more conscious and attentive at work, all workers will help create a healthy atmosphere and protect the effectiveness of everyone else around them. A geneticist should be well aware of all the current events taking place around him or her. Often this will help the individual to look at a problem from a different perspective.
Communication skills: Communication in the workplace is essential to businesses as it helps organizations to be competitive and work effectively. Workers will experience a rise in morale, efficiency, and engagement if they can interact with an organization. Communication skills form an essential part of a geneticists’ profile. It is important to communicate the correct findings and reports.
Time management: The most basic time management skills is the ability to use your time in a way that suits the objectives. When making choices on what the time will concentrate, one must always be mindful of those goals and how each behavior is intended to always get closer to meeting organizational goals. Time management is an essential skill geneticist should have. Conducting the tests or writing the report on time is important. There are several functions a geneticist might be doing hence, it is important to manage all of them in an efficient manner.
Problem-solving ability: When we speak of problem-solving skills, they almost always relate to the ability to interact with difficult or unexpected workplace situations, and also complex financial difficulties. Companies depend on people who could really analyze both performances and identify quick fixes in a calm manner. Geneticists are problem solvers, the job requires them to be. There are various problems which can and do come in the way of researchers and scientists and they have to find a solution no matter what.
Self-reliant: The existence of individual relations is essential to becoming self-reliant. Self-reliance allows for openness and honesty, a pillar of romantic relationships where mutual experiences are important. Quite often geneticists will work alone or in small teams, hence it is important for them to be self-reliant and should take the initiative to ensure that the work is completed
Which certifications and internships can be helpful in becoming Geneticist?
There are plenty of internship opportunities available for those who want to understand what the job is all about. Practical, hands-on-knowledge acquired through some internship or mini-projects in the test laboratories may increase the person's chances of getting a genetics related job to up to 80 per cent. Get well versed with all the techniques used in the field, rest assured once this is done – that desired job of an individual is not far away. If given an opportunity for some work experience within the industry as well as academia so one can compare the two and decide where the individual wants to work. Temporary – short-term work within a healthcare environment, for example – hospital, may also prove useful in helping explore career ideas. The individual decides to do some volunteering with organizations that specialize in researching genetic conditions or supporting people with inherited disorders.
Career Path Progression for Geneticist
Most geneticists are drawn to the fields of medicine, agriculture, crime and education
Laboratory Geneticist: The field that most geneticists choose to enter. This role involves the application of genetic technologies. Clinical Laboratory Geneticists are certified to perform and interpret genetic tests that are important for diagnosing and managing genetic diseases. They primarily work in genetic testing labs that are part of either academic or research institutions, hospitals, or private diagnostic companies
Genetic Counselor: A field where geneticists work as consultants or as a nurse. This role involves working closely with parents who are at risk of conceiving children with birth defects. They also play a crucial part in consulting with healthcare and insurance companies regarding new medical technologies. Genetic counselors are professionals who have specialized education in genetics and counseling to provide personalized help patients may need as they make decisions about their genetic health. Today, there are close to 5,000 certified genetic counselors.
Medical Genetics: Medical Genetics work in hospitals, medical facilities, or biotechnological facilities. Medical genetics is any application of genetic principles to medical practice. This includes studies of inheritance, mapping disease genes, diagnosis and treatment, and genetic counseling.Medical genetics is the branch of medicine that involves the diagnosis and management of hereditary disorders
Professor: They work at learning institutions such as colleges and universities, where they teach the principles of genetic studies to future geneticists. This also a good option for those who are interested in teaching and research at an academic level. Quite often the college or the institution funds the research, which is of great help.
Also read - Career as a bioinformatics scientists
Geneticist Jobs and Salaries
- Average Salary 40000
- Junior Level Salary 25000
- Senior Level Salary 50000
Laboratory Geneticists are trained to conduct and analyze genetic tests that are critical for genetic condition diagnosis and management. They operate mainly in genetic testing laboratories which are either part of academic or research institutions, laboratories, or private diagnostic companies.
Laboratory Geneticists' salaries might vary based on their skills, and experience. Laboratory Geneticists' average salary structure is more than Rs. four lakhs per annum, the initial payment could be up to Rs. three lakhs per year. Several organizations are paying higher salaries to the qualified and experienced Game designers, who could earn more than Rs. 50,00,000 per year.
What is the job outlook for Geneticist?
The study of Genetics has extensive scope in the government and private sector. The M.Sc. genetics candidates may find geneticist jobs in the medical, agriculture sector, and pharmaceutical industries and the research and development departments of government. Those interested in pursuing this career should major in genetics, biology, environmental science, or any other related disciplines in order to have a good geneticist job outlook. The most important courses to have a career in environmental genetics are biology, population biology, ecology, chemistry, math, statistics, and computer science. Although a bachelor’s degree is enough for an entry-level job, the advancement and long-term prospects necessitate advance study and continued professional development. Independent research positions or academic positions in genetics will generally require a doctoral degree.
As of the 2015 examination, there are 1,594 clinical geneticists, 333 clinical biochemical geneticists, 770 clinical cytogeneticists, 685 clinical molecular, 49 clinical biochemical and molecular (examination only offered one year), and 63 medical biochemical geneticists (Number of ABMG‐certified specialists in Medical
According to new research by Market Research Future (MRFR), the global human genetics market is predicted to expand at 11.5 per cent CAGR over the forecast period (2017-2023) owing to the growing number of patients with genetic diseases. Genetics is the study of genes, their effects, and their functions.
While in India it is still a new concept, focusing mainly on diseases like cancer and other extreme diseases. Patients are being more and more proactive towards their health care and that has driven the labs and hospital towards innovating. The Healthcare industry has embraced some of the applications of genetic testing for diagnostic and disease prevention and thus solving a million problems. There are about 20 plus hospitals and labs doing research work on many extreme diseases. Apart from that, there are a number of start-ups working on personal genomics and DNA sequencing. Genomics and genetic testing is slowly finding its liking among the youth in India with a continuously evolving offering from start-ups. Today, healthcare and wellness are important for people and they are willing to use the tech available to ensure their family’s wellbeing. Genetics has opened a floodgate for a number of possibilities. Every player is using different applications of it to tap into the ocean of opportunities in the genetic industry.
Frequently Asked Questions for Geneticist
Que. What is Gene and genetics?Ans.
A gene is the basic physical and functional unit of heredity. Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. However, many genes do not code for proteins. In humans, genes vary in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than two million bases.
Que. How does genetics affect our daily life?Ans.
Genes affect our chances of having several common illnesses, like heart disease, asthma and diabetes but so do many other factors, such as diet and lifestyle. It is like betting on a horse race the horse, rider, course and weather can all affect the outcome in a way that is hard to predict.
Que. Genetic counsellor. Pharmacologist. Plant breeder/geneticist. Research scientist (life sciences)Ans.
Geneticist jobs where the degree would be useful include:
Clinical scientist, physiological sciences, Epidemiologist, Medical sales representative, Physician associate, Scientific laboratory technician, Science writer.
Que. Is genetics a good career?Ans.
There are a lot of career opportunities in the field of biology, biomedical and life Sciences. The job opportunity for a genetics degree holder is continuing to expand. The genetic employees are not sufficient now, that's why the demand for genetics continues to increase.
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