- Fees: ₹ 3,085
What is Optometry
Optometry is the healthcare profession that comprises the examination of eyes and visual systems for disorders and abnormalities (eye disease). An optometrist is not a medical doctor but takes care of the vision from sight testing, correction, diagnosis to treatment. Optometry is a good course and a rewarding career with several career options.
Different specialities/areas of interest like geriatric eye care, pediatric eye care, low vision, vision rehabilitation, contact lenses, and ocular disease. Optometry has a wide and unlimited scope. Also, the career is challenging, and students can achieve personal growth, job satisfaction and success.
The demand for the profession will rise to 3.2% between 2015-2025. Many universities in India are offering diploma, bachelor, master and PhD courses in optometry. After an optometry degree, you can establish careers as optometrist, opticians and ophthalmologists.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Optometry
Bachelor of Optometry is a 4-year undergraduate degree pursued by eligible candidates who satisfy the following requirements.
Minimum qualification required is the completion of 10+2 from a recognised board with science as the stream.
The minimum pass percentage is 45% and 17 years or more is the age requirement.
University level entrance exams are conducted for candidates to participate.
After the entrance exams, universities and colleges will release lists containing the names of candidates with their respective ranks.
Based on the ranks and scores further selection process like interview/group discussion takes place.
The overall performance of the candidate is taken into consideration, and admissions are granted for Optometry.
Candidates must have a bachelor’s degree in optometry with a minimum score of 50% from a recognised institution.
Admission for some universities depends upon the candidate’s performance in the entrance exam.
Sometimes the selection process varies from university to university and many colleges.
Entrance Exams for Optometry
EYECET is an entrance exam conducted by Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University to offer admissions to Bachelor of Clinical Optometry course. Eye Common Entrance Exam is conducted every year offline for 3 hours. The exam is for 200 marks, and there is no negative marking for incorrect answers. Qualifying candidates are given admission to the Optometry course.
All India Medical Sciences conducts entrance exams for courses like optometry. The applications are available online from December to January. The exam is offline. Candidates must have 50% marks in 10, +2 equivalents to appear in AIIMS
Candidates should have cleared their 10+2 with science as their stream to appear for
Jawaharlal Nehru University conducts entrance exams for aspirants who want to opt for optometry course. The mode of exam is online, and the duration is 3 hours. This university level examination is conducted to grant admission for both Undergraduate, Postgraduate as well as PhD courses.
Scope of Optometry in India and Abroad
Students who are friendly and possess a caring personality are a good match because it is easier to communicate with patients and give confidence to them. Good organisers and administrators are suitable. Exceptional memory is an advantage it helps in recollecting details about eye conditions and diseases.
Myopia is prevalent in children and ageing population.
Quality optometry students are searched for.
After completion of the course, candidates gain the confidence to provide service to the optical field.
Candidates also get to work with the vision can team of the hospital consisting of ophthalmologists and optometrists to prevent blindness.
Various medical areas employ optometrists for various job positions.
The career opportunities for optometry are wide in India and abroad.
Higher studies in optometry can yield you a post-secondary teacher’s job; private clinics can also be set up by interested optometrists.
Course Fees Optometry
|Minimum Fees||Maximum Fees|
Undergraduate optometry courses are three or four-year courses. Some of the subjects in bachelor of optometry are,
Human Anatomy and Physiology
The fourth year in bachelor of optometry is dedicated for internships only.
Masters in optometry is for two years and includes eye-related structures as well as vision, visual systems, and visual processing in humans. Some of the subjects in postgraduate studies for reference,
Low vision & Rehabilitation
Advanced contact lens studies
Ocular diseases and therapeutics
Careers in Optometry
After an optometry degree, you can make your career as optometrists and ophthalmologists. Ophthalmologists, optometrists and opticians play a prime role in providing eye care to patients.
Optometrists also work as post-secondary teachers, consultants in eye care departments, research in optometry colleges.
Also, they can build a career in sports vision, public health, government and private services. An optometrist can become a solo practitioner or part of a medical group.
As an ophthalmologist one can work as a public health employee, a professor in medical universities and employee in a clinic, and hospital.
Increased Number of Women in Optometry
In 2017, only 38% of women were optometrists. Today, from 65 to 70% of optometry students are women. Although 75% of optometrists are men, the number of women in optometry is expected to grow. Women will grow into skilled optometrists and practice owners.
A positive review from your clients can help Google recognise your services and your reliability, thus increasing your position during a search.
Artificial intelligence is an emerging trend that makes screening, diagnosing and treating eye conditions precisely. The technology is also used in online search engines, speech recognition tools and other smart devices. Now, AI is useful in healthcare too.
Google’s DeepMind AI Platform
This AI technology is currently being developed to review OCT scans. Diagnostic accuracy has already improved, and 50 ocular diseases can be found diagnosed accurately. Over 90% of cases of ocular diseases were accurately diagnosed by DeepMind.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Optometry Job Profiles
One of the most challenging professions in healthcare is optometry. On the dot diagnosis of hidden health care problems and prescription of contact lenses to enhance vision are done by optometrists. The students can find employment in eye care clinics, eye care departments, optical showrooms, and lens manufacturing units. Demand for these professionals is huge.
Independent primary healthcare professionals specialised in eye care and visual systems. Prescribe eyeglasses and contact lenses.
A physician who specialises in the surgical and medical care of eye and vision. Complete eye care services are offered by them.
Teach students studying in undergraduate and postgraduate optometry courses.
Prepares articles, reports and presentations as instructed by the supervisor or project assigned. Administrative duties are carried out by a research assistant.
Uses a prescription that is written by an optometrist or ophthalmologist. A technician designed to make glasses, lens and frames for eyes.
Manage the day to day patient’s daycare services.
General Practice Doctor
Responds to a patient's health problems by referring to their history and carrying out a diagnosis.
Optometry professionals find jobs in lens industries or hospitals. Some of the top recruiters for optometry are,
- Carl Zeiss
- Government Eye Department
- Ophthalmic Lens Industry
- Private Eye Department
- Private Clinics
- Indian Red Cross Society
- Indian Nursing Council
- Kailash Hospital
- Metro Hospital
- Shroff Eye Hospital
Salary is the fundamental thing students get to check before choosing a career in that domain. The average salaries of good job profiles in optometry are given for reference.
Rs. 3-5 lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 2-3 lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 7-12 lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 4-6 lakh p.a. (Approx.)
General Practice Doctor
Rs. 6-9 lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 3-12 lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 3-5 lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Optometry
The primary requirement for an ophthalmologist is listening. It is essential to understand patients and respond to it with proper treatment and medications. Detailed eyesight is necessary to meticulously detect the defect in the eye.
Communication skills are needed in Optometry to converse clearly with your patients. Outstanding speaking skills make it possible.
Interpersonal Skills and Critical Thinking
Instructing patients and persuading them after noticing their actions can be done only with strong interpersonal skills. Identifying problems and solving them needs critical thinking/problem-solving skills.
An interest in the health and welfare of others and desire to elevate people’s lives is essential. An optometrist has to be concentrated when performing many tasks. Well organised behaviour, being adaptable to new changes, equipment, and techniques is needed. Must possess the ability to work with nervous patients with ease.
Active learning involves knowing, which is important for workers in this profession. Learning cannot go without effective communication in a career like an optometrist. Active learning increases the number of practitioners who embrace emerging technologies. It is an important skill for every sphere.
Supervisory skills prevent injuries and mishaps, which causes serious injury to the career of an optometrist. A supervisor allows team members to work effectively with less pressure and constructs confidence to finish the task. Monitoring yourself and the others make significant changes in the work.
Course Curriculum for Optometry
The curriculum of optometry is designed to help students understand the refractive conditions of a human eye, visual aids, prescription of glasses and contact lenses, and other services. The 4-year degree shapes an individual to assist the specialist in various procedures.
Three years of education and one year of internship is the way the optometry curriculum works. It helps the students to diagnose the infections in the eye and treat them. Topics like optics, anatomy, and physiology are involved in the course.
Skills to be friendly with people and handling modern machines are taught.
Information regarding the manufacturing and production of contact lenses and spectacles are also included in optometry.
Popular Optometry Entrance Exams in India
Application Process: 14 Dec, 2020 - 28 Sep, 2021
Popular Optometry Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: Is optometry a good option for a career?
Optometry is a great career choice because it offers job satisfaction and respect in society. It gives them opportunities to help others and grow. For women, the job is too rewarding and satisfactory.
Question: What is the difference between optometrist and ophthalmologist?
Optometrists carry out eye tests and come to aid when you think of an eye doctor. They prescribe glasses or contact lenses for patients. Optometrists diagnose eye diseases and problems. An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor who is licensed to perform eye surgery.
Question: Is it hard to study optometry?
Optometry course is not as difficult as medical school, it’s just focusing on the eyes and issues related to it. Optometry is learning about the eyes only whereas medical school teaches about the whole body.
Question: What can I do with an optometry degree?
There are more career paths in optometry than people think. Majority of optometrists are involved in clinical practices, working in government or private sectors. There is a wide spectrum of opportunities abroad for optometrists. Job profiles are different and numerous for an optometry graduate.
Question: What are the types of jobs for an optometrist?
Optician is of two types: dispensing optician sells eyeglasses to the public and manufacturing optician makes eyeglasses. Optometrists administer eye tests and diagnosis problems. An ophthalmologist performs eye surgery with a license. Orthoptists focus on problems that affect the eyes. Defects like binocular vision and depth perception. They assist ophthalmologists in surgeries.
Question: Explain the employment shifts of an optometrist.
Optometrist works in offices of optometry. Optometrists mostly have to work full time and in evenings. Sometimes the work is on weekends according to the patient’s needs. They also can work in doctors’ offices, optical good stores and some are already self-employed.