- Fees: ₹ 50,400
- Exams: GATE
Degrees offered: B.E /B.Tech, Diploma, Dual Degree, M.A., M.E /M.Tech., M.Phil., M.S
What is petroleum engineering?
Petroleum engineering courses are highly interdisciplinary. Petroleum Engineering is the branch of engineering that is involved in the activities associated with the production of various hydrocarbons like natural gas or petroleum. Aspirants can pursue petroleum engineering either directly after 10+2 ( undergraduate degree (B.Tech) or take one of the other engineering branches and do an M.Tech in petroleum engineering. There is also a huge scope for research-based programs in petroleum engineering upon the completion of post-graduation from a reputable petroleum engineering institute. Some of the major subjects taught in a petroleum engineering course are physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, thermodynamics, computation, applied mechanics, and structural engineering.
A certified petroleum engineer is well equipped with the skills and knowledge of everything pertaining to extracted mineral oil and gas from the earth’s core. Some of the advantages of pursuing this specialized course of engineering apart from the exciting curriculum are the opportunity to stay and work in remote locations like in the middle of the sea or desert or islands, the fact that it is one of the highest-paid branches of engineering and that it has got evergreen job prospects! Read on, to know more about Petroleum Engineering scope, branches, admission process and more:
Petroleum Engineering-: Course Highlights
UG, PG, Doctoral Level
Entrance exams and academic qualifications
Duration of the program
UG- 4 years
PG- 2 years
Average course fee
Range from Rs. 15,000- 3, 45,000
Average Salary (per month)
Around Rs.4 - 6 lakhs
Field operator, Testing manager/professional, Program management analyst, Technician, Junior Engineer position, Research Associate, Project Associate, Research Engineer position, Grade ‘B’ Engineers, Lecturers Professors, Advisor/Consultants
Petroleum Engineering Degrees and Levels:
Diploma level (3 years courses)- A diploma in petroleum engineering can be pursued after the completion of Class 10th. It equips students with basic engineering skills required for executing entry-level jobs in the petroleum industry.
Undergraduate level (4-year courses)- Candidates can opt for B.E. or B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering (PE), B.Tech or B.E. in Petroleum Reservoir and Production Engineering and B.E. or B.Tech in Applied Petroleum Engineering
Postgraduate level (2-year courses)- Candidates can opt for M.Tech or M.E. in Petroleum Engineering or M.Tech or M.E. in Petroleum Refinery Engineering
Dual degree covering both undergraduate and postgraduate levels (5-year course)- Specialised B.Tech + M.Tech courses in petroleum engineering provide dual degree exits with a specialization in a sub-field of PE.
Postgraduate level (Research-based)- M.S in PE or related fields can be obtained after a post-graduate level research thesis is completed with minimum course work. The eligibility for enrolling in this postgraduate degree course is graduation in any branch having relevance in petroleum engineering.
Doctoral program (Research-based)- PhD with a specialization in petroleum engineering and related areas can be obtained after writing a novel research thesis in the particular field. This is typically pursued if one is passionate about research and in PE. A postgraduate level qualification is needed in any subfield of PE for this program. A candidate must strive to secure a seat in one of the best petroleum engineering colleges under a central university in order to get a doctoral degree.
The course duration of Petroleum Engineering (PE) varies based on the degree and the level. A diploma is pursued immediately after Class 10 and is of minimum 3 years duration. Graduation requires at least 4 years to complete, while post graduation is obtained in a minimum of 2 years. The research-based programs vary based on the progress made in scientific research and publication. It is typically 3 years for M.S and 4-5 years for PhD students.
The maximum duration depends on the PE college where relaxation is provided for graduation. It is typically 4-6 years for diploma and undergraduate level courses of petroleum engineering. The research-based programs can take as long as 7-8 years and depend entirely on the research circumstances, research advisor, and the progress made.
Eligibility Criteria for Petroleum Engineering
The eligibility for the diploma course in petroleum engineering is a minimum of 55% aggregate marks in the Class 10 board examination. The required percentage of marks is relaxed for SC/ST/PwD category candidates.
For undergraduate programs, the minimum eligibility into government colleges is 75% in Class 12 with the subjects Maths, Physics and Chemistry. However, some have the eligibility as 60% in both Class 10 and Class 12 from the recognised Examination Board. The eligibility is reduced by 5% for SC/ST/PwD category students. The requirements also vary greatly for private colleges.
The postgraduate (M.Tech) petroleum engineering course(s) has the minimum requirements for admission. The eligibility criteria include an undergraduate B.E or B.Tech degree with a minimum of first-class (60%) marks or 6.0 (out of 10.0) Grade Point Average (GPA) in the disciplines of Petroleum Engineering from an AICTE approved institution or Parliamentary Act approved central or state university.
In order to apply for the course, candidates need to qualify the entrance examination apart from having passing grade in class 12. Different universities/colleges accept scores of different entrance examinations for UG and PG courses. Mentioned below is the detail of the entrance exam for petroleum engineering.
Entrance Examinations for Petroleum Engineering
There are different types of entrance examinations based on the level one aspires to gain admission into. For petroleum engineering diploma programs, individuals have to qualify college-based admission tests. For undergraduate petroleum engineering courses, the score of the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE ) Main is considered valid by many colleges and universities. The JEE Advanced is for getting admission in the Indian Institute of Petroleum Engineering (IIPE) and IITs. It is to be noted here that only very few IITs offer B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering. There is also the University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, which considers UPESEAT examination scores for admission. For postgraduate programs, the major entrance exam is the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) the score of which is used by almost all reputed colleges.
The tuition fee and college expenses for popular petroleum engineering courses are as follows:
Diploma level: Total fee is in the range of Rs. 15,000 and Rs. 1,30,000. As of now, there are no government polytechnic colleges for Diploma in PE.
Undergraduate level: Total fee entirely depends on the college and it varies a lot. It is typically between Rs. 45,000 and Rs. 11,00,000 for the 4 years of the program.
Postgraduate and research: The fee for postgraduate programs is often lower compared to the undergraduate courses. And postgraduate students also get a stipend. The fee is in the range of Rs. 1,15,000 to Rs. 3,45,000 for the entire duration of 2 years. There is a decent stipend allocated for MS and PhD students of PE as well; it can be anything between Rs. 12,000 and Rs. 45,000 per month.
Scope of Petroleum Engineering in India and Abroad
As already discussed, the industry for petroleum engineering is vast and is always teeming with opportunities. You have to have the right skills and qualification to grab a sought-after position in the industry. Now, what makes it so coveted as a profession in India? Well, India has abundant natural resources of crude oil and natural gas. These natural reserves have given rise to a flourishing petroleum industry in the country.
There are many public and private sector corporations that recruit Petroleum Engineering graduate periodically. There is a reasonable amount of job security if one gets to work with a public sector unit. On the other hand, the multinational companies which either import or export petroleum or its components offer huge salaries.
The work of certified petroleum engineering graduates in this industry involves maintaining everything from the identification of crude oil deposits to the extraction and refining of crude oil, minerals and natural gas. The value chain comprises various complicated steps each of which requires in-depth engineering knowledge and a lot of hard work. In India, there are several petroleum refineries in Jamnagar (Reliance and Essar), Cochin, and Dibrugarh, etc. The employability of these refineries is usually high.
The scope abroad for Petroleum Engineering is even bigger with several onshore and offshore projects happening across grids. All these projects require skilled on-site engineers. The Gulf is a major oil exporter and has the maximum number of opportunities and almost all of them are very high-paying. All continents have oil production sites and they require good engineers for their ongoing operations.
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Subjects Covered Under Petroleum Engineering Course
The list of the major course subjects for both undergraduate and postgraduate PE programs is as follows:
Basic Subjects in Petroleum Engineering
English / Language
Applied Mathematics (I)
Engineering Mathematics (II)
Applied Mathematics (III)
Computer Programming and utilization
Elements of Mechanical Engineering
Communication and Life Skills
Specialization in Petroleum Engineering:
Thermodynamics of Reservoirs
Drilling and Exploration
Geology of Petroleum
Engineering Control and Measurement
Strength of materials
Drilling and well completion
Machines and Equipment
Oil recovery science
Pipeline design and engineering
Oil and gas processing system design
Enhanced oil recovery techniques
Deep-Sea production system
Note: This is only a representative list of subjects and is certainly not an exhaustive one. The exact course title and list of subjects vary from college to college.
The job prospects for freshly passed-out petroleum engineers differ based on the level or degree as stated above. A basic classification of petroleum engineering jobs in the industry looks something like this:
a) Upstream engineering in PE: It involves the initial exploration of petroleum or mineral deposits and identification of various extraction methods possible.
b) Downstream engineering in PE: It is the next step after upstream engineering and it includes processing and refining of crude oil for obtaining final products or petroleum derivatives.
Further, based on the roles, there are various specializations under petroleum engineering. A few major specializations are reservoir engineering, drilling engineering and production engineering. You can scroll down for more details on specific job profiles and other aspects of the PE course.
Some of the coveted job profiles offered in the petroleum engineering industry are as follows:
Field operator- This is a typical entry-level role for petroleum engineers that involves handling regular engineering equipment. In simple terms, some machinery one works with can be similar to heavy pumps, motors and drilling tools that pull out petroleum and related materials from the earth. All of these are heavy tools and require sound knowledge and skills to be able to handle the job smoothly. One has to be thorough in the practical based courses right from the beginning to master the job.
Testing manager/professional- Similar to a field operator, this is also a field job. Many of the complex machines have multiple components that have to operate at different levels. A testing manager has a supervisory role by leading a tiny team in undertaking the job of executing on field operations of a petroleum refinery.
Project Manager- Usually engages in handling the entire operation and management of a project segment. This is a leadership role that involves coordinating with multiple departments within and outside the company. They are responsible for executing the project in a suitable manner to provide maximum value to the company and the client, it also involves a lot of management skills apart from core petroleum engineering.
Technician- This is another entry level job that often takes diploma or undergraduate student freshers with minimal experience. It involves handling the equipment and machinery at the site of the company’s petroleum refinery. It is a skilled job and requires well trained and knowledgeable people to smoothly run the company’s operations.
Junior Engineer position- This is a beginning level position in most of the public sector undertakings(PSUs). They take in highly qualified undergraduate students from across the country. One needs to be excellent in academics with industrial experience in order to secure a PSU/ Government job. The role of a junior engineer is to handle the technical problems related to the ground level execution of the project. It can be either design or implementation of the structures. It requires heavy training.
Research Engineer position- The role of a research engineer is typically handled by professionals with a basic engineering in petroleum engineering and further postgraduate or doctoral research experience. The job is highly challenging which requires a lot of research which is finding out answers to complicated problems in unique ways.
Grade ‘B’ Engineers- Similar to the other engineering roles, this also is offered among the PSUs. This is a higher level job that requires experience. Postgraduate in petroleum engineering with sufficient experience in the industry can help you get the job. It is a job that needs constant monitoring and evaluation of the entire project.
Graduate Engineer Trainee- It is offered as a trainee position to provide industrial experience. The role involves a rich exposure of the working conditions of a typical engineer. It involves mentorship under a lead engineer for a short assignment to a specific problem. It will help you evaluate and understand the profile better.
Research Associate / Project Associate- It is another temporary role like a trainee. The role of research associate (RA) is usually to enable one gain experience of a research environment. The role seeks for working on short research assignments related to petroleum engineering. It enables one to gain academic mentorship apart from working on the project under your research guide, typically a professor or research organisation.
Scientist - Geologist, Mineralogist- The role of scientist is very different from that of an engineer role, it requires one to work on research projects that provide outputs that can be further taken up by industries and collaborators. It requires a doctoral degree or a postgraduate research experience, the problems solved by researchers are often very new problems that have never been solved.
Lecturers/Professors- Another job typically suited for people who have finished doctoral study is that of a professor or lecturer. In an academic environment, the role is tasked with teaching college and university students.
Advisor/Consultants- It is suited for very experienced personnel in the field of petroleum engineering. The people who have higher studies and work experience can take up the role of a consultant or advisor. The role involves providing technical and expert advice for solving major problems.
Top Recruiters in Petroleum Engineering Field
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
Oil India Limited (OIL)
Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)
Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation (GSPC)
Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)
Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)
Reliance Industries Ltd ( Reliance Energy)
For any course to remain relevant in the future, major breakthroughs in technology are required. These breakthroughs help a branch of study remain aligned with the changes that keep happening from time to time. The same is applicable to petroleum engineering. However, given the fact that petroleum is one of the major sources of energy that is used in the 21st century, the career prospects in this field are expected to remain bright and attractive for many more years to come.
Average Salary After Petroleum Engineering Course
The average expected starting-level salary varies depending upon the qualification. The salary range for the diploma or certified petroleum engineering graduates is around Rs.4 - 6 lakhs, while for undergraduate engineers, it is around Rs. 5 - 10 lakhs. Candidates having a postgraduate degree can expect salary within a range of Rs 6 - 12 lakhs.
Strong technical skills- Petroleum engineers typically work with fundamental engineering problems and this requires solid foundation in core engineering areas. It includes some background in physics, mathematics and chemistry, which can be developed in the course.
Team working skills- The heavy project environment of petroleum engineering always requires the tasks to be broken down into small pieces and handled by team members. Team working skills become very important when solving engineering problems that are hard to crack individually.
Problem-solving skills- In order to pursue any core engineering related courses, the ability to analytically think and solve problems is very essential. The ability to come up with solutions to challenges is an everyday task for petroleum engineers.
Ability to work under pressure- Career prospects of petroleum engineering are often field assignments and they require ability to cope up pressure and on-field demands. The field tasks can be often very demanding and it is required to be ready to face challenges and be able to solve problems under pressure.
Drive and enthusiasm- Any professional commitment is difficult to pursue without an interest for it, more so for petroleum engineers because of the work environment and demanding nature of it. So the drive and enthusiasm to carry forward with passion and dedication to the field are very important.
Numerical and analytical skills- As an engineer, the routine tasks often involve rigorous mathematical computations which need one to be quick and accurate over numerical calculations. Complex problem solving often requires strong analytical skills.
Good health and fitness- The nature of the job, being an on-field role demands your body to be able to be sound and healthy. Locations of work can be either remote deserts or off the shore in sea, these kinds of adventurous on field jobs require your full fitness.
The course curriculum for diploma and undergraduate programs of petroleum engineering includes lessons from the following branches of science and engineering- mostly introductory in nature. One can opt for any of these branches for specialization at the postgraduate level -
Introductory science courses
Introductory mathematics and applied mathematics
Basic engineering courses
Introduction to other fields like civil engineering and electrical engineering
Introduction to Chemical Engineering
Introduction to geology and earth science
Materials science and advanced materials engineering
Fluid mechanics ( drilling, well compilation )
Equipment design and management
Environmental science and engineering
The curriculum for the postgraduate studies in PE depends on the specialization opted. It mostly consists of advanced level subjects and topics providing in-depth knowledge in various aspects of petroleum engineering.
Exam Date: 06 Apr, 2023 - 15 Apr, 2023
Application Process: 30 Apr, 2023 - 08 May, 2023
Application Process: 08 Mar, 2023 - 07 Apr, 2023
Application Process: 15 Feb, 2023 - 24 Apr, 2023
Exam Date: 01 Apr, 2023 - 15 Apr, 2023
Bihar Combined Entrance Competitive Examination Board (BCECEB) conducts competitive examinations every year for admissions in various professional courses of Medical, Engineering and Agricultural streams in the Institutions of the state of Bihar.
So, this year almost 3000 students have been appeared for the examination.
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