Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum Engineering

Degrees offered: B.E /B.Tech, Diploma, Dual Degree, M.E /M.Tech., M.Phil., M.S, M.Sc.

What is Petroleum Engineering

Petroleum engineering courses are highly interdisciplinary. Petroleum Engineering is the branch of engineering that is involved in the activities associated with the production of various hydrocarbons like natural gas or petroleum. Aspirants can pursue petroleum engineering either directly after 10+2 ( undergraduate degree (B.Tech)) or take one of the other engineering branches and do an M.Tech in petroleum engineering. There is also a huge scope for research-based programs in petroleum engineering upon the completion of post-graduation from a reputable petroleum engineering institute. Some of the major subjects taught in a petroleum engineering course are physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, thermodynamics, computation, applied mechanics, and structural engineering.

A certified petroleum engineer is well equipped with the skills and knowledge of everything pertaining to extracted mineral oil and gas from the earth’s core. Some of the advantages of pursuing this specialized course of engineering apart from the exciting curriculum are the opportunity to stay and work in remote locations like in the middle of the sea or desert or islands, the fact that it is one of the highest-paid branches of engineering and that it has got evergreen job prospects! Read on, to know more about Petroleum Engineering scope, branches, admission process and more: 


Petroleum Engineering-: Course Highlights

Particulars 

Specification

Course Type

UG, PG, Doctoral Level

Admission Process

Entrance exams and academic qualifications

Duration of the program

UG- 4 years

PG- 2 years

Average course fee

Range from Rs. 15,000- 3, 45,000

Average Salary (per month)

Around Rs.4 - 6 lakhs

Career Option

Field operator, Testing manager/professional, Program management analyst, Technician, Junior Engineer position,  Research Associate, Project Associate, Research Engineer position, Grade ‘B’ Engineers, Lecturers Professors, Advisor/Consultants


Petroleum Engineering Degrees and Levels:

Diploma level (3 years courses)- A diploma in petroleum engineering can be pursued after the completion of Class 10th. It equips students with basic engineering skills required for executing entry-level jobs in the petroleum industry.

Undergraduate level (4-year courses)- Candidates can opt for B.Tech or B.E. in Petroleum Engineering (PE), B.Tech or B.E. in Petroleum Reservoir and Production Engineering and  B.Tech or B.E. in Applied Petroleum Engineering

Postgraduate level (2-year courses)- Candidates can opt for M.Tech or M.E. in Petroleum Engineering or M.Tech or M.E. in Petroleum Refinery Engineering

Dual degree covering both undergraduate and postgraduate levels (5-year course)- Specialised B.Tech + M.Tech courses in petroleum engineering provide dual degree exits with a specialization in a sub-field of PE.

Postgraduate level (Research-based)- M.S in PE or related fields can be obtained after a post-graduate level research thesis is completed with minimum course work. The eligibility for enrolling in this postgraduate degree course is graduation in any branch having relevance in petroleum engineering.

Doctoral program (Research-based)- PhD with a specialization in petroleum engineering and related areas can be obtained after writing a novel research thesis in the particular field. This is typically pursued if one is passionate about research and in PE. A postgraduate level qualification is needed in any subfield of PE for this program. A candidate must strive to secure a seat in one of the best petroleum engineering colleges under a central university in order to get a doctoral degree.

Minimum and Maximum Duration of a Petroleum Engineering (in Months)

The course duration of Petroleum Engineering (PE) varies based on the degree and the level. A diploma is pursued immediately after Class 10 and is of minimum 3 years duration. Graduation requires at least 4 years to complete, while post graduation is obtained in a minimum of 2 years. The research-based programs vary based on the progress made in scientific research and publication. It is typically 3 years for M.S and 4-5 years for PhD students.

The maximum duration depends on the PE college where relaxation is provided for graduation. It is typically 4-6 years for diploma and undergraduate level courses of petroleum engineering. The research-based programs can take as long as 7-8 years and depend entirely on the research circumstances, research advisor, and the progress made.  

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Petroleum Engineering

The eligibility for the diploma course in petroleum engineering is a minimum of 55% aggregate marks in the Class 10 board examination. The required percentage of marks is relaxed for SC/ST/PwD category candidates.

For undergraduate programs, the minimum eligibility into government colleges is 75% in Class 12 with the subjects Maths, Physics and Chemistry. However, some have the eligibility as 60% in both Class 10 and Class 12 from the recognised Examination Board. The eligibility is reduced by 5% for SC/ST/PwD category students. The requirements also vary greatly for private colleges.

The postgraduate (M.Tech) petroleum engineering course(s) has the minimum requirements for admission.The eligibility criteria include an undergraduate B.E or B.Tech degree with a minimum of first-class (60%) marks or 6.0 (out of 10.0) Grade Point Average (GPA) in the disciplines of Petroleum Engineering from an AICTE approved institution or Parliamentary Act approved central or state university.


Admission Criteria for Petroleum Engineering after Class 12

In order to apply for the course, candidates need to qualify the entrance examination apart from having passing grade in class 12. Different universities/colleges accept scores of different entrance examinations for UG and PG courses. Mentioned below is the detail of the entrance exam for petroleum engineering. 


Entrance Examinations for Petroleum Engineering

There are different types of entrance examinations based on the level one aspires to gain admission into. For petroleum engineering diploma programs, individuals have to qualify college-based admission tests. For undergraduate petroleum engineering courses, the score of the Joint Entrance Examination (JEE ) Main is considered valid by many colleges and universities. The JEE Advanced is for getting admission in the Indian Institute of Petroleum Engineering (IIPE) and IITs. It is to be noted here that only very few IITs offer B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering. There is also the University of Petroleum and Energy Studies (UPES), Dehradun, which considers UPESEAT examination scores for admission. For postgraduate programs, the major entrance exam is the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) the score of which is used by almost all reputed colleges.


Fees and Expenses of Petroleum Engineering Courses

The tuition fee and college expenses for popular petroleum engineering courses are as follows:

Diploma level: Total fee is in the range of Rs. 15,000 and Rs. 1,30,000. As of now, there are no government polytechnic colleges for Diploma in PE.

Undergraduate level: Total fee entirely depends on the college and it varies a lot. It is typically between Rs. 45,000 and Rs. 11,00,000 for the 4 years of the program.

Postgraduate and research: The fee for postgraduate programs is often lower compared to the undergraduate courses. And postgraduate students also get a stipend. The fee is in the range of Rs. 1,15,000 to Rs. 3,45,000 for the entire duration of 2 years. There is a decent stipend allocated for MS and PhD students of PE as well; it can be anything between Rs. 12,000 and Rs. 45,000 per month.

Scope of Petroleum Engineering in India and Abroad

As already discussed, the industry for petroleum engineering is vast and is always teeming with opportunities. You have to have the right skills and qualification to grab a sought-after position  in the industry. Now, what makes it so coveted as a profession in India? Well, India has abundant natural resources of crude oil and natural gas. These natural reserves have given rise to a flourishing petroleum industry in the country. 


There are many public and private sector corporations that recruit employees periodically. There is a reasonable amount of job security if one gets to work with a public sector unit. On the other hand, the multinational companies which either import or export petroleum or its components offer huge salaries.


The work of certified petroleum engineers in this industry involves maintaining everything from the identification of crude oil deposits to the extraction and refining of crude oil, minerals and natural gas. The value chain comprises various complicated steps each of which requires in-depth engineering knowledge and a lot of hard work. In India, there are several petroleum refineries in Jamnagar (Reliance and Essar), Cochin, and Dibrugarh, etc. The employability of these refineries is usually high. 


The scope abroad for PE is even bigger with several onshore and offshore projects happening across grids. All these projects require skilled on-site engineers. The Gulf is a major oil exporter and has the maximum number of opportunities and almost all of them are very high-paying. All continents have oil production sites and they require good engineers for their ongoing operations.

Course Fees Petroleum Engineering

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
UG
1.40 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering at NRI Institute of Technology, Kothur
51.22 K
B.E /B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering at Anna University, Chennai
16.41 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering at School of Engineering, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun
10.12 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology Indian School of Mines Dhanbad
PG
80.00 K
M.Phil. in Petroleum Engineering at OPJS University, Rajgarh
28.95 K
M.E /M.Tech. in Petroleum Engineering at Indian Institute of Technology Madras
8.00 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering at Bharath Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
1.80 Lakhs
M.E /M.Tech. in Petroleum Engineering at Dr MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai
DOCTORAL
2.45 Lakhs
Ph.D in Petroleum Engineering at OPJS University, Rajgarh
---
Data not available
2.45 Lakhs
Ph.D in Petroleum Engineering at OPJS University, Rajgarh
---
Data not available
DIPLOMA
90.00 K
Diploma in Petroleum Engineering at NIMS University, Jaipur
---
Data not available
1.24 Lakhs
Diploma in Petroleum Engineering at Vel's Institute of Science Technology and Advanced Studies, Chennai
---
Data not available

Course Subjects

The list of the major course subjects for both undergraduate and postgraduate PE programs is as follows: 

Basic Subjects in Petroleum Engineering 

  1. English / Language

  2. Applied Mathematics (I)

  3. Engineering Mathematics (II)

  4. Engineering Chemistry            

  5. Applied Mathematics (III)

  6. Engineering Mechanics           

  7. Engineering Physics

  8. Computer Programming and utilization

  9. Elements of Mechanical Engineering

  10. Environmental Studies            

  11. Engineering Drawing

  12. Workshop

  13. Communication and Life Skills 


Specialization in Petroleum Engineering: 

  1. Thermodynamics of Reservoirs

  2. Drilling and Exploration

  3. Geology of Petroleum

  4. GeoMechanics

  5. Engineering Control and Measurement

  6. Strength of materials

  7. Drilling and well completion

  8. Reservoir Design

  9. Reservoir Modelling

  10. Machines and Equipment

  11. Transportation

  12. Production Engineering

  13. Oil recovery science

  14. Pipeline design and engineering

  15. Chemical kinetics

  16. Oil and gas processing system design

  17. Enhanced oil recovery techniques

  18. Deep-Sea production system

Note: This is only a representative list of subjects and is certainly not an exhaustive one. The exact course title and list of subjects vary from college to college.

Careers in Petroleum Engineering

Available Jobs after Completing a Petroleum Engineering Course

The job prospects for freshly passed-out petroleum engineers differ based on the level or degree as stated above. A basic classification of petroleum engineering jobs in the industry looks something like this:

a)Upstream engineering in PE: It involves the initial exploration of petroleum or mineral deposits and identification of various extraction methods possible.

b)Downstream engineering in PE: It is the next step after upstream engineering and it includes processing and refining of crude oil for obtaining final products or petroleum derivatives.

Further, based on the roles, there are various specializations under petroleum engineering. A few major specializations are reservoir engineering, drilling engineering and production engineering. You can scroll down for more details on specific job profiles and other aspects of the PE course.

Certifications for Petroleum Engineering

Certifiation in drilling system
Certification in CAESAR II
Certification in Piping design Engineering
Certification in Piping stress analysis

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Some of the coveted job profiles offered in the petroleum engineering industry are as follows:

  1. Field operator- This is a typical entry-level role for petroleum engineers that involves handling regular engineering equipment. In simple terms, some machinery one works with can be similar to heavy pumps, motors and drilling tools that pull out petroleum and related materials from the earth. All of these are heavy tools and require sound knowledge and skills to be able to handle the job smoothly. One has to be thorough in the practical based courses right from the beginning to master the job.

  2. Testing manager/professional- Similar to a field operator, this is also a field job. Many of the complex machines have multiple components that have to operate at different levels. A testing manager has a supervisory role by leading a tiny team in undertaking the job of executing on field operations of a petroleum refinery.

  3. Project Manager- Usually engages in handling the entire operation and management of a project segment. This is a leadership role that involves coordinating with multiple departments within and outside the company. They are responsible for executing the project in a suitable manner to provide maximum value to the company and the client, it also involves a lot of management skills apart from core petroleum engineering.

  4. Technician- This is another entry level job that often takes diploma or undergraduate student freshers with minimal experience. It involves handling the equipment and machinery at the site of the company’s petroleum refinery. It is a skilled job and requires well trained and knowledgeable people to smoothly run the company’s operations.

  5. Junior Engineer position- This is a beginning level position in most of the public sector undertakings(PSUs). They take in highly qualified undergraduate students from across the country. One needs to be excellent in academics with industrial experience in order to secure a PSU/ Government job. The role of a junior engineer is to handle the technical problems related to the ground level execution of the project. It can be either design or implementation of the structures. It requires heavy training.

  6. Research Engineer position- The role of a research engineer is typically handled by professionals with a basic engineering in petroleum engineering and further postgraduate or doctoral research experience. The job is highly challenging which requires a lot of research which is finding out answers to complicated problems in unique ways.

  7. Grade ‘B’ Engineers- Similar to the other engineering roles, this also is offered among the PSUs. This is a higher level job that requires experience. Postgraduate in petroleum engineering with sufficient experience in the industry can help you get the job. It is a job that needs constant monitoring and evaluation of the entire project.

  8. Graduate Engineer Trainee- It is offered as a trainee position to provide industrial experience. The role involves a rich exposure of the working conditions of a typical engineer. It involves mentorship under a lead engineer for a short assignment to a specific problem. It will help you evaluate and understand the profile better.

  9. Research Associate / Project Associate-    It is another temporary role like a trainee. The role of research associate (RA) is usually to enable one gain experience of a research environment. The role seeks for working on short research assignments related to petroleum engineering. It enables one to gain academic mentorship apart from working on the project under your research guide, typically a professor or research organisation.

  10. Scientist - Geologist, Mineralogist- The role of scientist is very different from that of an engineer role, it requires one to work on research projects that provide outputs that can be further taken up by industries and collaborators. It requires a doctoral degree or a postgraduate research experience, the problems solved by researchers are often very new problems that have never been solved.

  11. Lecturers/Professors- Another job typically suited for people who have finished doctoral study is that of a professor or lecturer. In an academic environment, the role is tasked with teaching college and university students.

  12. Advisor/Consultants- It is suited for very experienced personnel in the field of petroleum engineering. The people who have higher studies and work experience can take up the role of a consultant or advisor. The role involves providing technical and expert advice for solving major problems. 


The major recruiters in this space, in India, are: 

  1. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)    

  2. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)

  3. Oil India Limited (OIL)

  4. Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited (BPCL)

  5. Gujarat State Petroleum Corporation (GSPC)

  6. Hindustan Petroleum Corporation Limited (HPCL)    

  7. Oil and Natural Gas Corporation (ONGC)       

  8. Halliburton

  9. Shell

  10. Schlumberger

  11. Reliance Industries Ltd ( Reliance Energy)


For any course to remain relevant in the future, major breakthroughs in technology are required. These breakthroughs help a branch of study remain aligned with the changes that keep happening from time to time. The same is applicable to petroleum engineering. However, given the fact that petroleum is one of the major sources of energy that is used in the 21st century, the career prospects in this field are expected to remain bright and attractive for many more years to come.

Required Skillset for Petroleum Engineering


  • Strong technical skills- Petroleum engineers typically work with fundamental engineering problems and this requires solid foundation in core engineering areas. It includes some background in physics, mathematics and chemistry, which can be developed in the course.

  • Team working skills- The heavy project environment of petroleum engineering always requires the tasks to be broken down into small pieces and handled by team members. Team working skills become very important when solving engineering problems that are hard to crack individually.

  • Problem-solving skills- In order to pursue any core engineering related courses, the ability to analytically think and solve problems is very essential. The ability to come up with solutions to challenges is an everyday task for petroleum engineers.

  • Ability to work under pressure- Career prospects of petroleum engineering are often field assignments and they require ability to cope up pressure and on-field demands. The field tasks can be often very demanding and it is required to be ready to face challenges and be able to solve problems under pressure.

  • Drive and enthusiasm- Any professional commitment is difficult to pursue without an interest for it, more so for petroleum engineers because of the work environment and demanding nature of it. So the drive and enthusiasm to carry forward with passion and dedication to the field are very important.

  • Numerical and analytical skills- As an engineer, the routine tasks often involve rigorous mathematical computations which need one to be quick and accurate over numerical calculations. Complex problem solving often requires strong analytical skills.

  • Good health and fitness- The nature of the job, being an on-field role demands your body to be able to be sound and healthy. Locations of work can be either remote deserts or off the shore in sea, these kinds of adventurous on field jobs require your full fitness.

Course Curriculum for Petroleum Engineering

The course curriculum for diploma and undergraduate programs of petroleum engineering includes lessons from the following branches of science and engineering- mostly introductory in nature. One can opt for any of these branches for specialization at the postgraduate level - 

  1. Introductory science courses

  2. Introductory mathematics and applied mathematics

  3. Basic engineering courses

  4. Introduction to other fields like civil engineering and electrical engineering

  5. Introduction to Chemical Engineering

  6. Introduction to geology and earth science

  7. Polymer science

  8. Energy resources

  9. Materials science and advanced materials engineering

  10. Fluid mechanics ( drilling, well compilation )

  11. Equipment design and management

  12. Environmental science and engineering

  13. Safety techniques

The curriculum for the postgraduate studies in PE depends on the specialization opted. It mostly consists of advanced level subjects and topics providing in-depth knowledge in various aspects of petroleum engineering.

Questions related to Petroleum Engineering

Showing 939 out of 939 Questions
16 Views

Obc rank is 16886 mujhe is rank pe Kon si college MIL sakti hai NIT, IIIT, GFTI

kumarabhishek11112001 28th Sep, 2020
Hello aspirant. On your rank you can get nit srinagar in special round which is very good at this rank. And you can get iiit and gfti which rank is low and fee is too much so i think nit srinagar will be good chioce. And which iiit and gfti you can get please check by clicking on the link below
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11 Views

THE INCOME CERTIFICATE REQUIRED FOR NEET 2020 COUNSELLING WO KISKE NAME PE AAYEGA MEANS PARENTS OR ME BECAUSE I HAVE NO SOURCE OF INCOME? WHEN THE INCOME CERTIFICATE IS REQUIRED DURING REGISTRATION FOR COUNSELLING OR DURING REPORTING AFTER GETTING INTO A GOVT. MEDICAL COLLEGE ?

Anurag Khanna 27th Sep, 2020

Hello Aspirant,

See income certificate can be issued on your name and for this you don't need any income proof because for this you can use an income proof of your parent's. Some relevant documents need to be submitted at your nearest Common Service Centre for Income Certificate on your name. Those documents are :-

  • Your AADHAR card issued by UIDAI
  • Two photographs
  • A declaration issued by the local head of your area if you don't have ITR (Income Tax Return)/any other proof of income.

I hope this information helps you.

Good Luck!!

17 Views

Is Petroleum engineering is a Good career option

Shivani sunil kakde 27th Sep, 2020

Dear Aspirant,

A degree in petroleum engineering can generate a number of career paths.Petroleum engineers are demanded globally.Plenty of jobs are available for the candidates in this field.Many petroleum and gas agencies offers jobs to applicants in this field.

Petroleum engineers are also offered jobs in government sector.Companies that comes under government and offer jobs to engineers are :

1.Oil and Natural gas corporation limited.

2.Hindustan petroleum corporation limited.

3.Bharat petroleum corporation limited.

4.Indian oil corporation limited.

5.Chennai petroleum corporation limited.

6.GAIL

7.Hindustian oil exploration corporation limited.

8.Essar oil

Petroleum engineers will get an attractive pay.In India,an average salary of a petroleum engineer is Rs. 6,99,000 per annum.As you gain experience your salary also gets increased.Remuneration in the field is offered high in foreign

So petroleum engineering is a good field to pursue.

Thank you

21 Views

kya du me admission keep time pe hamara original tc, migration and character certificates jama Ho jayega ya sirf uski photo copy

amisha547khetwal 25th Sep, 2020

Hey!

At the time of admission in any college your original  TC,migration certificate and character certificate are submitted.So there will be no photo copy submission of these documents.

All the best!!!

13 Views

260 marks pe Koi BAMS government ya semi-goverment college Mila sakata hai kaya

stutijain2224 25th Sep, 2020

Hello student.

Hope you are doing well.

So first of all you have not told me about your category assuming you are of general category and as per last year cut offs it is very difficult to get a government or semi government bams college for 260 marks. But you might find yourself a suitable college and can use this link,

https://medicine.careers360.com/neet-college-predictor?icn=QnA&ici=qna_answer

Hope you have a brighter future.

Good luck!!

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