What is Radiology

Radiology involves conducting a series of tests that scan and take pictures of various parts of the body. Radiology helps us diagnose various diseases; it plays an important role in finding out impairment and the malfunctioning of various parts of our body. Those injuries that can’t be spotted by our naked eye and regular testing are diagnosed with the help of radiological scanning and testing. It’s one of the greatest inventions in medical science that has proven to be of great advantage.

Those interested in the medical science field can take up radiology. The radiological department is one of the departments that play a vital role in hospitals. Without radiology, we wouldn’t be able to diagnose any diseases. Diagnosis is crucial for treatment; doctors wouldn’t be able to do their job if radiology didn’t exist. Those interested in the medical science field should look into radiology as one of their options.  There are various ways that you could specialise in Radiology. You can take up a certificate course or do a diploma. Otherwise, you can choose to pursue your undergraduate and postgraduate in this field. The undergraduate programme lasts for a duration of three years, while the postgraduate studies could extend for two to three years.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Radiology

Eligibility Criteria for UG

These are the eligibility criteria for Radiology mentioned in most colleges:

  • The student should have completed 10th and 12th from a recognised board or university.
  • The student should have obtained a minimum of 50% at the 10+2 level.
  • It is compulsory for the student to have a background in science.

Eligibility criteria for PG

The criteria for the postgraduate programme are as follows:

  • The student should have completed 10th and 12th from a recognised board or university.
  • The student should have obtained a minimum of 50% at the 10+2 level, with a background in science.
  • The applicant must also complete their MBBS, or they must have a related medical science degree.
  • A minimum of 55% is expected of the student in their undergraduate.
  • Entrance exams play a crucial role. The candidates must ensure that they perform well in the entrance exams.

These are the few requirements mentioned that the students must ensure that they follow. The students must also ensure that they are updated with all that is mentioned by the respective colleges.

Radiology  Entrance Exams

Entrance exams are conducted for providing admissions to students in Radiology courses. Students have to prepare for these exams and score well in them in order to obtain admission. Entrance exams could be conducted at the national level, state-level or even conducted in respective colleges. These are some of the popular exams conducted for Radiology course:

  • All India Institute of Medical Sciences Radiography Entrance- It is conducted by AIIMS institute. It is one of the top medical science institutes in our country.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education Research Radiography Entrance Exam – Radiology is offered to students here. Those wishing to take up the course must appear for the exam.
  • The Post Graduate Medical Entrance Test of Delhi University- the Delhi University conducts its exams for radiography. The students interested in taking up a course in the college must write the exam.
  • Vinayaka Missions University All India Common Entrance Exam- It is conducted by Vinayaka Missions University. It is a national level exam conducted to provide admission to various programmes.
  • The National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences Radiography Entrance Exam – This exam is specific to the college. Those who want to pursue radiology in this college should write the exam.

Entrance exams are also conducted by Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Mahatma Gandhi University, Dr. Ambedkar Medical College and many other such institutions. The syllabus asked in these exams is usually similar.

Scope of Radiology in India and Abroad

The scope for radiology is extremely good, both in India and Abroad. Since radiology plays an important role in medical science, its importance cannot be undermined. Radiology helps diagnose various diseases and injuries. This helps doctors come out with the right process of treatment.

In India, Radiology is well established. Almost all hospitals have a radiology department. There are super speciality centres with high-end machines. These provide large employment opportunities. These departments recruit those who have extensive knowledge in this field.

Outside India also, this field has great scope. Besides working in hospitals and clinics, a lot of radiologists spend time with research. Research helps the field grow immensely. With the help of research, efficient technology and procedures can be brought into place.

Course Fees Radiology

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
24.12 K
B.Sc. in Radiology at Global Open University, Dimapur
3.08 K
B.Sc.(Hons) in Radiology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi
6.25 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Radiology at Sri Ramachandra Medical College and Research Institute, Chennai
4.80 Lakhs
B.Sc. in Radiology at Dr MGR Educational and Research Institute, Chennai
34.10 K
P.G.D in Radiology at CU Shah University, Surendranagar
4.03 K
M.D. in Radiology at Sawai Man Singh Medical College, Jaipur
2.28 Crores
M.D. in Radiology at Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimnagar
29.40 Lakhs
M.D. in Radiology at Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar
1.00 Lakhs
Ph.D in Radiology at Dr D Y Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Pune
6.78 K
D.M. in Radiology at All India Institute of Medical Sciences New Delhi
66.00 Lakhs
D.M. in Radiology at Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai
2.71 Lakhs
D.M. in Radiology at Tata Memorial Hospital, Mumbai
27.00 K
Diploma in Radiology at Sumandeep Vidyapeeth, Waghodia
5.74 K
Diploma in Radiology at Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology Trivandrum
75.00 Lakhs
Diploma in Radiology at MGM Medical College and Hospital, Navi Mumbai
3.40 Lakhs
Diploma in Radiology at Regional Cancer Centre, Thiruvananthapuram

Course Subjects

Below listed are some of the common subjects that we see that are taught in Radiography. These subjects are taught to ensure that the students have a well-established foundation in medical science. These subjects that the students are prepared to take up this field in the future.

  • Human Anatomy
  • Radiological Procedures
  • Pathology
  • Human Resources
  • Physiology
  • Environmental Science
  • Anaesthesia in Diagnosis
  • Generating X-Ray
  • Properties of X-Ray
  • CT Scan
  • Management of healthcare Organisations
  • Radiation Hazards and its Protection
  • MRI
  • Conventional Radiology Equipments
  • Nuclear medicine
  • PET Scans
  • Biostatistics
  • General Radiography
  • Interventional procedures  in Diagnostic Radiology
  • Doppler and Echography
  • Care of Patients in Diagnosis
  • Organisational Behaviour
  • Communication Skills
  • Ultra Sound
  • Personality Development
  • Fundamentals of computer science
  • Principles of Radiographic exposure
  • Advanced technology and Instrumentation
  • Nuclear Medicine imaging

These are just some subjects that you will come across in the course. The list of subjects will be longer.

Careers in Radiology

Careers in this career are limited to hospitals, clinics and such health care centres. Since there are plenty of such institutions all over India, employment wouldn’t be a concern. You could be a technician or a radiographer. Research and development is a prominent option in this field. You could even teach in colleges. The options are many, as there are many specialisations that are coming up. Radiology is an important field for medical science, so it will survive forever. With new developments happening, the demand for this field is increasing.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Job Profiles


Job Profile



X-Ray Technician

An X-Ray technician operates various x-ray equipment. They conduct X-Rays. These technicians are employed across hospitals and scanning centres.



Radiation uses X-rays and other such methods to diagnose and treat patients. Their role is to treat patients with the help of radiation.


Therapy Radiographer

These radiographers are employed in cancer centres and clinics. They use radiation to treat cancer patients.


Radiation Protection Specialist

Radiation protection works in research and development. They find out ways to minimise and prevent radiation damage.


Scientific Assistant

Scientific assistant work in research. They conduct research and studies on various aspects of the field.

Top Recruiters

  • Columbia Asia
  • Apollo Hospital
  • CMC
  • Medanta
  • Fortis Hospital
  • Manipal Hospital

Radiology research centres and scanning centres employ radiologists.

Required Skillset for Radiology

Observational skills- Observational skills are especially important for a Radiologist. They must be observant and understanding in terms of communicating with the patient well.  They should also be attentive to the details.

Medical knowledge- Besides having knowledge about endocrinology, you should have basic medical knowledge. You must know or have a basic foundation in medicine.

Organisational skills- you should be extremely organised when it comes to working. You can’t do things as you wish. You should be able to plan your work well and execute them without being late.

Empathy- In this area, empathy is something you have to hone. You should be able to position yourself and consider their issues in their shoes.

Communication- You need to be able to communicate well to be in this area. Without misleading the other person, you should be able to put out your thoughts and opinions.

Problem-solving skills- You can find that with a lot of problems, people always come to you. You might only be listening to people most of the time. Therefore, you need to constantly come up with ideas and suggestions that assist others.

Medical knowledge- You should have basic medical knowledge in addition to gaining knowledge of endocrinology. In medicine, you have to know or have a basic basis.

Analytical skills- Radiology requires you to analyse details of your work. It makes you look at the minute details and provide your analysis.

These are some of the basic demands of the Radiology field. Those who wish to work in this field must ensure that they develop these skills.

Course Curriculum for Radiology

The undergraduate programme is for three years. At the end of three years, the student is awarded a B.Sc. Degree. For the postgraduate programme, the course could be for either two or three years, depending on the college and the course the student opts for. The student could either opt for an M.Sc. degree, or they could pursue an MD or MS in Radiology. That latter can only be taken up if the candidate has completed their MBBS. During the Radiology course, they are made to understand human anatomy, and they learn to interpret images and scans. They are trained during the entire duration of the course so that they are prepared to start a full-fledged career in Radiology. The student is also provided with internships, which is considered compulsory by some institutions.

Questions related to Radiology

Showing 653 out of 653 Questions

Which course is best in BSc MLT or BSC Radiology. Which of the two courses has more scope and salary ???

Prachi Pant 20th Jan, 2021

Hello student,

B.Sc MLT Scope

  • Medical Laboratory Technician
  • Clinical Laboratory Technician
  • Clinical Laboratory Technologist
  • Medical Laboratory Technologist

Average salary is around 10k to 4 Lakhs per annum.

B.Sc Radiology Scope

  • X-Ray Technician
  • Physiotherapist
  • Radiation Protection Specialist

Average salary is around 7k to 10k initially.

Hope it helps you. Thank you.


which are the colleges provide bsc and MSc integrated radiology course in India . which are some college that provide this ?

Subhrajit Mukherjee 19th Jan, 2021

There are very few colleges providing such kind of courses.

You can visit 'Sri Ramchandra Institute of Higher Education & Research, Chennai' website, which avails an Integrated MSc course.

I hope my answer helps. All the very best for your future endeavors!


which are the government colleges for MSc radiology .

daniasufian2000 19th Jan, 2021
Hello Candidate!
You can refer to the following article for all the information regarding your query..

Hope this helps you!

I complete Bsc in radiology in2008 I need higher education in radiology please suggest me some courses

darshita 10th Jan, 2021


There is a lot of scope of radiology and it is increasing by the day.

After pursuing a degree in this field you can become Radiologist (MD), Radiology Technologists/ Radiographer, Radiology Technicians, Ultrasound Technician/ Diagnostic Medical Sonographer, MRI Technician, CT Tech/ CAT Scan Technologist/ CT Scan Technologist.

You can also pursue an MSc in radiology which is a 2- year postgraduate course that studies the application of technology for viewing, analyzing, and interpreting such a non-uniformly composed object as the human body.

The course covers subjects such as Anatomy, Physiology, Radiation Physics, Imaging Physics and Radiographic Positioning, Pharmacology, Microbiology, Medicine, Orthopedics, ENT, special radiographic procedures.


You can refer to this link for more information

Hope this helps!!


what is the entrance exam for radiology theripist diploma course after bsc physics? i want to know the syllabus for entrance exam. Also cutoff and complete process in tmc college in mumbai

Neha Kanwar 12th Jan, 2021

Hello Soman,

Diploma in Radiology Therapist is a 2 year +1 year mandatory internship course in TMC College. To get admission in this course you need to clear your B.Sc. with 50% marks.

Selection will be based on the evaluation which comprises of performance in the interview and the marks obtained in entrance examination.

Hope it helps.

Good Luck!

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