B.Voc (Bachelor of Vocation)
What is Bachelor of Vocation?
“Skill-based education should be the foundation of modern education”, with a similar view, the University Grants Commission (UGC), in 2013, introduced Bachelor of Vocation, commonly known as B.Voc degree programme with multiple entry and exit points. B.Voc is a three-year programme which specifically focuses on skill development and makes the students industry-ready. Today, there are more than 100 disciplines/trades for which the B.Voc degree courses are available. Some of the most popular courses include B.Voc in Retail Marketing, Food Processing, Healthcare, Technology, Renewable Energy.
Bachelor of Vocation is quite different from a common degree programme as the curriculum of B.Voc degrees involves 60 percent practical and 40 percent theoretical learnings. The emphasis given on the practical and training aspect ensures that the students become more skilled and trained in their disciplines.
B.Voc Degree - Highlights
Name of the degree
Bachelor of vocation
Education qualification required
Vocational degree, skill-oriented
40percent general education and 60percent vocational education
Job roles after B.Voc degree
Flexible nature of Bachelor of Vocation degree course
The multiple entry and exit points add to the flexible nature of the B.Voc programme. After completing one year, if the student opts for the exit, he/she is awarded a diploma certificate. Similarly, there are other exit points from where the students can take an advanced diploma or a full-fledged B.Voc degree.
B.Voc Degree - The multiple exit points
Corresponding National Skill Quality Framework (NSQF) level
Certificate is given
Advanced diploma certificate
Types of B.Voc
There are various trades or disciplines that are incorporated under B.Voc degree course, these include the trades related to sectors such as Automobile, Marketing, Entertainment, Construction, Information Technology and others. The UGC has approved 162 universities/institutions for providing vocational courses that are related to different sectors. Some of the most popular UGC approved B.Voc degrees are given below in a table.
B.Voc degree types (Trades)
Tourism and Travel
Fashion Technology and Apparel Designing
Web Technology and Multimedia
Tourism and Service Industry
Software Development and
Paramedical and Health
For studying B.Voc, the candidates must have completed Class 12 from a recognized board or institution with a minimum aggregate of 55 percent marks.
However, the universities may also prescribe some additional eligibility criteria which the candidates must fulfil before applying for the admission.
In general, the admission to B.Voc programmes are offered either on the basis of entrance test scores or through the direct admission process.
In the case of direct admission, the candidates need to apply for admission to the B.Voc course by filling the admission application form of the concerned university. The institute releases the merit list which is prepared after considering the marks scored by the candidates in their qualifying exam (Class 12). Candidates coming within the merit list are given admission provided they fulfil the eligibility criteria.
B.Voc Admission through Entrance Test
There are several university-level entrance tests that are organised to shortlist the candidates for admission to the course. Candidates need to submit the application form and appear in the entrance test. Marks obtained in the entrance test are used for preparing the merit. Those, shortlisted through the entrance examination are offered admission to the course. Some of the most popular B.Voc entrance exams are mentioned in the table given below.
Entrance Exams for B.Voc Admission
Bachelor of Vocation Curriculum
There are two components of B.Voc curriculum namely, general education and skill development. The details of the syllabus are determined either after considering the National Occupational Standards (NOSs) or if the NOS is not available for a specified trade, the syllabus is determined after consulting the industry experts.
The general education section includes the theory subjects and is given a weightage of 40 per cent, while the skill development component is given a weightage of 60 per cent and involves professional training, laboratory works, practicals and others.
The syllabus of B.Voc remains specific to the trade or discipline. For example, the B.Voc degree in mobile communication includes the study of all skill-based subjects related to mobile communication and technology. Similarly, the B.Voc degree in food processing has a syllabus covering the subjects related to food preservation, related chemistry, technology and other subjects. Below the indicative syllabus for B.Voc degree is given for electronic engineering and renewable energy trades.
B.Voc Syllabus - Mobile Communication
Basics of Electrical Engineering
Communication Skills (Common to all disciplines)
Aptitude & Logical Reasoning
Mathematics Foundation for Electronics
Human Values and Professional Ethics
Personality Development & Behavioural Science
Aptitude & Logical Reasoning Lab
Mathematics Foundation for Electronics Lab
Basics of Electrical Engineering Lab
Analog Electronics Lab
Digital Electronics Lab
Electronics Measurements and Instrumentation
Electronics Measurements and Instrumentation Lab
Industrial Electronics Lab
Programming Skills using C Lab
Analog and Digital Communication Lab
Signals and Systems
Web Application and Development
Digital Signal Processing
Internet of things
Network Security Lab
Source - Guru Gobind Singh Indraprastha University
B.Voc Syllabus for Renewable energy
First-year - First semester
Applied Mathematics I
Energy Sources and Energy Scenario
Energy, Ecology and Environment Studies
Bio-energy Conversion Systems
Communication Skills I
Waste to Energy Conversion System
Module RET – 109 Laboratory I
Applied Physics I
Solar Thermal Engineering and Applications
Basic Mechanical Engineering Systems
Concentrating Solar Thermal Power Plants
Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
Power Plant Engineering
Communication Skills II
Engineering Graphics and Drawing I
Second year - Third semester
Applied Physics II
Solar Cell and Photovoltaic Technologies
Material Science for Energy Applications
Electronics and Instrumentation
Engineering Graphics and Drawing II
Communication Skills III
Energy Storage Systems
Data Analysis and Interpretation
Applied Mathematics II
Solar Photovoltaic Power Plants
Basic Electrical Engineering Systems
Smart and Micro-grid
Project Writing I
Wind Energy Conversion Systems
Workshop Practices I
Third year - Fifth semester
Only skill component except project writing
Project Writing II
Mini and Micro Hydro Energy Systems
Energy in Buildings
Other Renewable Energy Systems
Hydrogen Energy and Fuel Cells
Energy Modelling and Project Management
Energy Economics and Planning
Energy Conservation and Management
Workshop Practices II
Semester six (Only skill component)
Source - Lucknow University
Generally, the vocational sectors offer a lot of scope for the specialized workers, hence, having field-specific knowledge and skillset is very important. B.Voc degree course is available for various specializations which provide in-depth knowledge and training of a particular work.
For example, the automobile sector is huge and requires specialized labour in the work fields like engine testing, vehicle testing, vehicle quality and others. These specific works are covered under B.Voc specialization. A UGC approved list of sector specific specializations are given below.
B.Voc Specialization - Sector-wise
Auto Electricals and Electronics
Farm Equipment and Machine
Theatre and Stage Craft
Contemporary Western Dance
Farm Machinery and Power Engineering
Green House Technology
Processing and Food Engineering
Soil and Water Conservation
Tourism and Service Industry
Printing and Publishing
Bachelor of Vocation - Fee Structure
The fee for the B.Voc course varies from college to college. Candidates are required to pay the fees at the start of the academic year or at the beginning of each semester. The B.Voc fees for some popular colleges are given below in a table.
Bachelor of Vocation course fees
Renewable Energy Technology
6,000 per semester
20,743 per annum
G B Pant Institute of Technology
25,000 per annum (approx)
Guru Nanak Dev Institute of Technology
25,000 per annum (approx)
Aryabhatt Institute of Technology
Refrigeration and Air-conditioning
25,000 per annum (approx)
Scope of B.Voc
Though B.Voc is a vocational degree course, it is still considered a full-fledged degree. The higher education options always remain open after completing B.Voc. Traditionally, for higher education after B.Voc, there is an M.Voc (Master of Vocation) degree which is generally a two-year post graduation degree course. Similarly, there are various PG diploma courses for skill enhancement that can be taken up after completing the B.Voc degree.
Some other options are also available for higher education for B.Voc graduates. For example, If a student completes B.Voc. in Tourism and Travel Management, he/she can pursue an MBA course in Hospitality and management. Similarly, if the student completes B.Voc in Information and Technology, the higher education options will always remain open just like any other IT degree.
Careers Opportunities after B.Voc
Enhancing the employability of the graduates and meeting the industry requirements was one of the many objectives behind introducing a Bachelor of Vocation degree course.
The course not only prepares the students for getting employment but also provides them with entrepreneurship skills. The career options after completing B.Voc degree are trade-specific and are vast. Some of the job profiles available after completing B.Voc degree are mentioned below.
Electric Maintenance Engineer - The job profile of an electric engineer revolves around the maintenance of electronic systems, work in the power sector, supervising the electric work and others.
Computer operator - A computer operator is prominently seen looking after the software and hardware of the computers, laptops even in mobiles. The work includes maintenance of the computer programmes, files, repair and maintenance of equipment, software development and web designing and others.
Food processing Executive - In this role, the executive supervises the work related to food processing, maintenance of the food standards and others. The job also includes preservation of food on a large scale by cold storage technology, managing food production and some others.
Business development manager - Contacting clients for business development, identifying new prospectus for development, managing different business opportunities are some of the key roles of a business development manager.
Accountant - In this job role, the work includes providing financial information to the management, preparing assets, liability and capital account and related work.
Retail manager - A retail manager is generally the head of a retail store who oversees all the work and also manages different administrative activities related to the store.
B.Voc degree - Salary Details
The Bachelor of Vocation graduates earn handsome salaries when recruited by the top recruiters. Generally, the salary of a B.Voc graduate depends on what trade or discipline he/she has mastered. The average package offered at the entry level starts from around 3LPA - 4LPA. It should be noted that completing a B.Voc degree means a person is eligible for a job of NSQF level 7, which means, the salary can go as high as 5.64 LPA.
B.Voc Degree - Top recruiters
Almost all labour intensive sectors such as retail, automobile, manufacturing, construction are open for the B.Voc graduates. The companies who recruit the B.Voc graduates range from multinational companies to the small scale businesses. The names of some top recruiters for B.Voc degree graduates are given below.
Top Recruiters for B.Voc
Nestle India Ltd
Tata Motors Ltd.
Maruti Suzuki India Ltd.
Britannia Industries Ltd
Mahindra & Mahindra Ltd.
Ashok Leyland Ltd
Tata Consultancy Services
Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - B.Voc (Bachelor of Vocation)
Question: Can I pursue B.Voc after completing intermediate from commerce background?
Yes, candidates from commerce/arts background are eligible to pursue B.Voc degree course.
Question: What educational qualification is required for pursuing a B.Voc degree?
For pursuing Bachelor of Vocation , the candidate must have completed senior secondary education from a recognized board.
Question: What type of diploma is given if a candidate leaves the programme after completing two-years?
After completing two-years of the degree, if the candidate leaves the course, he/she is given an advanced diploma.
Question: Can I complete my B.Voc degree later after leaving it once?
Yes. you can complete the B.Voc degree even after leaving college. You can again take admission and start from where you left.
Question: What are some of the popular specialisations in Bachelor of Vocational Studies?
There are several fields for which B.Voc specialisation is provided, some of the most popular are B.Voc in software development, information technology, food processing, automobiles and others.