Food Processing

Food Processing

Degrees offered: B.A., B.A.(Hons), B.E /B.Tech, B.Sc., B.Sc.(Hons), B.Voc., Diploma

What is Food Processing

Food Processing - Food is an essential commodity in our lives, as we all need it to survive. For human beings to sustain, we need food. But what are the ways in which we can ensure that proper food is being given to both human beings and animals? The answer to this is Food Processing. When we think of food, the first thing that comes to our mind is whether it can be consumed directly or after processing. Not all foods are to be consumed directly- some need to be processed before consumption. Thus, food processing is a branch of food science where the students are taught to process raw materials and make them consumable by both humans and animals.

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Food Processing

The eligibility criteria of the food processing course are similar to all the other courses. Only by satisfying the criteria can you get to the most popular colleges or universities.

For Undergraduate Food Processing Courses

  • The student has to complete his/her 10+2 exam from a well-recognized board in India in subjects that include Physics, Chemistry and Math or Physics, Chemistry and Biology.

  •  Candidates must have required marks or a 55% percentile in their 10+2 exam.

  • Although different colleges/universities have their preferred percentile, in general, the candidate must have at least 50% in their 10+2 exam.

For Postgraduate Courses

  • Candidate who wants to pursue PG in Food Processing Technology has to be a graduate from a recognized university.

  • Candidates must also have the required percentile in the graduation as mandated by the college/university.

Food processing Entrance Exams

There are various entrance exams for students who aspire to take up food processing as a profession. It is compulsory to pass the following exams to get into eminent institutions. They are:

  • JEE MainJEE Main or Joint Entrance Test Main Exam is conducted all over the country for the selection of eminent candidates into various engineering institutes. It is organized by the National Testing Agency in India. The student can attempt at least three times for the JEE Main paper.

  • JEE AdvancedFormerly known as Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination, JEE advanced examination is conducted annually. It is conducted by one of the seven IITs with the help of a joint admission board. There are a maximum of two attempts that you can make to qualify this exam.

  • GATE: It is the Graduate Aptitude Test which is conducted for postgraduate program students who are willing to pursue the food processing course and make it their profession.

Scope of Food Processing in India and Abroad

The scope of food processing is vast compared to other courses. The concept of food processing must be done while simultaneously ensuring that the nutrients are retained. People who are well aware of the basics of food processing can apply for posts related to food processing like canning, dairy and food processing, food packaging, frozen food/refrigeration and thermal-processing. Some of the sub-sectors where you can look for jobs are Fruits and Vegetable processing, Fisheries, Milk and Milk Products, Meat and Poultry. The job opportunities in food processing are directly connected to agriculture and food production. In this field, one can expect his or her salary to range from approximately 5 to 7 lakhs per annum.

Course Fees Food Processing

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
4.60 K
B.Sc. in Food Processing at Queen Mary's College, Chennai
6.00 K
B.Sc. in Food Processing at Government Bilasa Girls PG College, Bilaspur
10.80 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Food Processing at School of Smart Agriculture, University of Petroleum and Energy Studies, Dehradun
13.33 Lakhs
B.E /B.Tech in Food Processing at Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical University, Bathinda
1.20 K
M.Sc. in Food Processing at Queen Mary's College, Chennai
1.54 K
P.G.D in Food Processing at Government DB Girls PG Autonomous College, Raipur
6.30 Lakhs
Dual Degree in Food Processing at Jayoti Vidyapeeth Women's University, Jaipur
9.02 Lakhs
M.B.A in Food Processing at National Institute of Food Technology Entrepreneurship and Management, Sonepat
60.00 K
Ph.D in Food Processing at Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences, New Delhi
14.00 K
Ph.D in Food Processing at Indira Gandhi National Open University, New Delhi
6.80 Lakhs
Ph.D in Food Processing at Jayoti Vidyapeeth Women's University, Jaipur
2.02 Lakhs
Ph.D in Food Processing at Kerala University of Fisheries and Ocean Studies, Kochi
10.00 K
Diploma in Food Processing at CMJ University, Shillong
5.84 K
Diploma in Food Processing at Ghani Khan Choudhury Institute of Engineering And Technology, Malda
2.13 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Food Processing at Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra
2.25 Lakhs
M.Sc. in Food Processing at SNDT Womens University, Mumbai

Course Subjects

There are lots of Subjects in the Food Processing course, and by learning these subjects, you can easily get a place in popular companies. The subjects are as follows:

B.Tech. in Food Processing

  • Food Biochemistry
  • Applied Mechanics and Strength of Materials
  • Food Microbiology
  • Food Processing
  • Food and Vegetable Processing
  • Crop Processing Technology
  • Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
  • Dairy Plant Engineering
  • Post-Harvest Physiology of Fruits and Vegetables
  • Fat and Oil processing
  • Biochemistry of Processing and Preservation
  • Meat and Poultry Processing Technology

BSc. in Food Processing

  • Fundamentals of Food Processing
  • Food Microbiology
  • Food Hygiene and Sanitation
  • Food Analysis
  • Concentrated and Dehydrated milk products
  • Bakery and Confectionary Products
  • Principles of Fruits and Vegetable Technology
  • Technology of Spices and Plantation products
  • Introduction to Business Laws and Ethics

M.Sc. in Food Processing

  • Food Chemistry
  • Food microbiology
  • Dairy Technology
  • Technology of Cereals
  • Packaging Technology
  • Technology of Beverages
  • Food Additives
  • Bioprocess Technology
  • Fermentation Technology

Careers in Food Processing

The food industry is filled with a vast number of opportunities, and once you are qualified enough for the posts, you are instantly selected. There is huge scope in the field of food processing as the population is increasing by the day and people are in need of good quality food. It is the responsibility of the food industry to cater to the needs of the people’s demand. There is also a need for a huge labour force for the organization to work properly in spite of other essential machines to do the work. Additional manpower will help in increasing the production, and this will, in turn, bring out the profits.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Food Processing Job Profiles

After the completion of the Food Processing course, there is a huge opportunity in the food industry as people are looking for candidates who meet their requirements and are also well qualified. With an increase in the population and demand of the people, there is a high requirement for people in the food industry, to cater to these needs as per their demands. Everyone is aware that both quality and quantity are important. To ensure a sufficient quantity of food products, there is a need for more labour in the field. Some of the job profiles for food processing courses are mentioned below.

Job profile

Job description


The bacteriologist monitors the ecology and reproduction of these organisms. They work closely with other scientists to conduct research and experiments.


The toxicologist studies the effect of chemicals on living organisms. When it comes to food items, they study the chemical effects on food.

Food Technologist

Food Technologist is the one who determines the quality of food.

Food Batch Makers

A food batch maker creates large batches of food products and generally works for manufacturing food.

Food Cooking Operators

Food cooking operators work towards preserving food items by checking the temperature, quality and processing of food.

Top Recruiters of Food Processing

When you complete your course of food processing, you get a vast number of opportunities to work in the food industry where you will need to cater to the needs and the demands of the people and work towards achieving success. These are some of the top recruiters:

  • MTR Foods Limited
  • Dabur India Limited
  • PepsiCo India
  • Nestle India Private Limited
  • Agro Tech Foods
  • Perfetti India 
  • Cadbury India Limited
  • Gits food products private Limited
  • Amul
  • Godrej Industrial Limited
  • Britannia Industries Limited
  • ITC Limited
  • Parle Products Private Limited
  • Hindustan Unilever Limited
  • Coca Cola 

Required Skillset for Food Processing

There are few skill sets required for the candidates who aspire to have a profession in the field.The skills required for food processing course are mentioned below.

  • Advanced Mechanics – With the advancement of technology, mechanics have replaced traditional manufacturing. People who look for a profession in the food industry should have knowledge in facilities of design, lean manufacturing and work measurements.

  • Electronics – Labor shortage has been replaced with automation technology. Those who are into this field must know how the machine works and be efficient in the field.

  • Computation – This is another skill set required by you to be the best in the profession. Programming and writing applications that can manipulate the data and assist operations in the food industry are very important.

  •  Communication – This is the most important skill set that is required for an aspiring candidate. This is because, even in the food industry, you must convey the best part of the food product both with the customer and the employer.

  • Safety – As per FSMA or Food Safety and Modernization Act, there need to be certain safety measures required for all the food products and people who are a part of the industry. 

Course Curriculum for Food Processing

The curriculum of the course differs with the university/college. However, the structure of the course is similar across colleges. It includes the fundamentals of food processing wherein the candidate gets an idea as to how food processing works. There are several different subjects in the curriculum that helps in understanding the basics of the course.

Questions related to Food Processing

Showing 969 out of 969 Questions

sir is btech food technology and btech food processing different course?

Shruti Smaranika 21st Oct, 2020

Hello aspirant,

Yes, absolutely. Bachelor in Food Technology and Bachelor in Food Processing are not different to each other in case of the terms, but also in meanings.

Food Technology is the pinnacle course of food science that brings the focus on the production processes of making foods consisting of selection, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution, storage, usage of safe and clean food. The food technologists keep on researching in developing the nutritional value of the food and fields such as quality control, safety control, food nutrition are related to it.

Food Processing Engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the unit process and operations on the manufacturing of food. The engineers help in designing and developing the latest machineries and systems for mass production of food so as to meet the needs of the customers. They are placed in machinery of food manufacturing units, food marketing units, process managing and control.

Hope, now you understood the difference and got your answer.


what should I do to become food inspector? after completing my graduation in Bsc Food Technology

debolinadawn 20th Oct, 2020

Dear aspirant,

Hope you are doing well. As per your query candidates who aspire to become food inspectors are required to be permanent residents of India. They must be minimum 21 years when they apply for the exam also you should check age limit before applying as it may change . In order to write the food inspector examination, the candidates must be graduates in the field of food safety/food technology. Those who have taken chemistry, biology or agriculture are also eligible to appear. There are numerous entrance exams that are being carried out for the recruitment of Food Inspectors like UPSC Entrance Exam, All India Food Inspector Entrance Exam, and Punjab Food Supplies Department Entrance Exam. Food Inspectors are given a salary in between of Rs.35,000/- to Rs. 40,000/- initially with some perks. Please click on the link below for more information and updates. Hope you find this helpful. Thank you.


is there jam exam for food technology?

Srishti Sarkhel 20th Oct, 2020


These are the subjects for which IIT Jam is conducted and the these are subject for M.Sc and dual degree( PhD)

1. Biotechnology

2. Chemistry

3. Geology

4. Mathematics

5. Mathematical statistics

6. Physics

I hope this was helpful. Thank you!


which is best.bsc biotechnology or bsc food technology?

Saunkita Mallick 19th Oct, 2020

Hello, hope you are doing well!

B.Sc. Biotechnology or Bachelor of Science in Biotechnology is an undergraduate Biotechnology course. Biotechnology is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring by-products.

  • This degree course enables the students to go for various Biotechnologies and as Lab technician one of them that includes cleaning and maintaining equipment used by scientists and working on the various pieces of lab equipment as instructed.
  • The degree course provides a good base for a higher degree program in respective subjects, e.g. Masters’ degree and research work.
  • The course is beneficial as it provides opportunities to the candidates for becoming a research scientist who involves designing and carrying out experiments and writing reports for future publication.
  • Jobs- Research Associate, Marketing Manager, Sales Officer, Assistant Research Analyst, Biotech Product Analyst, Research Associate, etc.

B.Sc. Food Technology or Bachelor of Science in Food Technology is an undergraduate Food Technology course. Food Technology is the application of food science to the selection, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution, and use of safe, nutritious, and wholesome food.

  • It is beneficial to provide professionals with knowledge of the development, preservation, processing, packaging, distribution and usage of safe, nutritive and healthy foods.
  • The course provides depth knowledge and practical skills to students regarding food preparation, entrepreneurship and food manufacturing and baking industries.
  • The course is also beneficial for further studies such as M.Sc., M.E./M.Tech., M.Phil. and Ph.D.
  • Self-employment opportunities also exist in the form of dynamic delivery networks for those who want to work on their own.
  • Jobs- Food Microbiologist, Food Standards Officer, Food Technologist, Food Scientist, Process Engineer, Project Manager, Research Technician, etc.

So, now this totally depend on you which course is better for you as both these courses are different in terms of future professions. You have to select your bachelors' stream depending on your interest and future plans for your career. Therefore, it totally depends on your career plans. All the best! Take your time and choose wisely.

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