What is Food Processing
Food Processing - Food is an essential commodity in our lives, as we all need it to survive. For human beings to sustain, we need food. But what are the ways in which we can ensure that proper food is being given to both human beings and animals? The answer to this is Food Processing. When we think of food, the first thing that comes to our mind is whether it can be consumed directly or after processing. Not all foods are to be consumed directly- some need to be processed before consumption. Thus, food processing is a branch of food science where the students are taught to process raw materials and make them consumable by both humans and animals.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Food Processing
The eligibility criteria of the food processing course are similar to all the other courses. Only by satisfying the criteria can you get to the most popular colleges or universities.
For Undergraduate Food Processing Courses
Candidates must have required marks or a 55% percentile in their 10+2 exam.
Although different colleges/universities have their preferred percentile, in general, the candidate must have at least 50% in their 10+2 exam.
For Postgraduate Courses
Candidate who wants to pursue PG in Food Processing Technology has to be a graduate from a recognized university.
Candidates must also have the required percentile in the graduation as mandated by the college/university.
Food processing Entrance Exams
There are various entrance exams for students who aspire to take up food processing as a profession. It is compulsory to pass the following exams to get into eminent institutions. They are:
- JEE Main: JEE Main or Joint Entrance Test Main Exam is conducted all over the country for the selection of eminent candidates into various engineering institutes. It is organized by the National Testing Agency in India. The student can attempt at least three times for the JEE Main paper.
- JEE Advanced: Formerly known as Indian Institute of Technology Joint Entrance Examination, JEE advanced examination is conducted annually. It is conducted by one of the seven IITs with the help of a joint admission board. There are a maximum of two attempts that you can make to qualify this exam.
- GATE: It is the Graduate Aptitude Test which is conducted for postgraduate program students who are willing to pursue the food processing course and make it their profession.
Scope of Food Processing in India and Abroad
The scope of food processing is vast compared to other courses. The concept of food processing must be done while simultaneously ensuring that the nutrients are retained. People who are well aware of the basics of food processing can apply for posts related to food processing like canning, dairy and food processing, food packaging, frozen food/refrigeration and thermal-processing. Some of the sub-sectors where you can look for jobs are Fruits and Vegetable processing, Fisheries, Milk and Milk Products, Meat and Poultry. The job opportunities in food processing are directly connected to agriculture and food production. In this field, one can expect his or her salary to range from approximately 5 to 7 lakhs per annum.
Course Fees Food Processing
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There are lots of Subjects in the Food Processing course, and by learning these subjects, you can easily get a place in popular companies. The subjects are as follows:
B.Tech. in Food Processing
- Food Biochemistry
- Applied Mechanics and Strength of Materials
- Food Microbiology
- Food Processing
- Food and Vegetable Processing
- Crop Processing Technology
- Refrigeration and Air Conditioning
- Dairy Plant Engineering
- Post-Harvest Physiology of Fruits and Vegetables
- Fat and Oil processing
- Biochemistry of Processing and Preservation
- Meat and Poultry Processing Technology
B.Sc. in Food Processing
- Fundamentals of Food Processing
- Food Microbiology
- Food Hygiene and Sanitation
- Food Analysis
- Concentrated and Dehydrated milk products
- Bakery and Confectionary Products
- Principles of Fruits and Vegetable Technology
- Technology of Spices and Plantation products
- Introduction to Business Laws and Ethics
M.Sc. in Food Processing
- Food Chemistry
- Food microbiology
- Dairy Technology
- Technology of Cereals
- Packaging Technology
- Technology of Beverages
- Food Additives
- Bioprocess Technology
- Fermentation Technology
Careers in Food Processing
The food industry is filled with a vast number of opportunities, and once you are qualified enough for the posts, you are instantly selected. There is huge scope in the field of food processing as the population is increasing by the day and people are in need of good quality food. It is the responsibility of the food industry to cater to the needs of the people’s demand. There is also a need for a huge labour force for the organization to work properly in spite of other essential machines to do the work. Additional manpower will help in increasing the production, and this will, in turn, bring out the profits.
With the increasing demand of the people for various organic food items and clean food technologies such as Cold press, HPP, Vacuum frying and Sugar Reduction Technology, people can now enjoy the food exactly how they want it. Listed below are some of the new trends or demands more likely in the food processing industry –
- Hygiene Oriented Food
- Immunity Boosting Food
- Good Quality Food
- Air Frying
Each day people are opting for different brands of product that suit their demand and is of the best quality. Earlier, not many were bothered by the quality of ingredients, but the Pandemic has changed the way people see their lives.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Food Processing Job Profiles
After the completion of the Food Processing course, there is a huge opportunity in the food industry as people are looking for candidates who meet their requirements and are also well qualified. With an increase in the population and demand of the people, there is a high requirement for people in the food industry, to cater to these needs as per their demands. Everyone is aware that both quality and quantity are important. To ensure a sufficient quantity of food products, there is a need for more labour in the field. Some of the job profiles for food processing courses are mentioned below.
The bacteriologist monitors the ecology and reproduction of these organisms. They work closely with other scientists to conduct research and experiments.
The toxicologist studies the effect of chemicals on living organisms. When it comes to food items, they study the chemical effects on food.
Food Technologist is the one who determines the quality of food.
Food Batch Makers
A food batch maker creates large batches of food products and generally works for manufacturing food.
Food Cooking Operators
Food cooking operators work towards preserving food items by checking the temperature, quality and processing of food.
Top Recruiters of Food Processing
When you complete your course of food processing, you get a vast number of opportunities to work in the food industry where you will need to cater to the needs and the demands of the people and work towards achieving success. These are some of the top recruiters:
- MTR Foods Limited
- Dabur India Limited
- PepsiCo India
- Nestle India Private Limited
- Agro Tech Foods
- Perfetti India
- Cadbury India Limited
- Gits food products private Limited
- Godrej Industrial Limited
- Britannia Industries Limited
- ITC Limited
- Parle Products Private Limited
- Hindustan Unilever Limited
- Coca Cola
The salary package for each job description depends on your qualification and is also based on how much you can work for the company. Here are some of the average salaries based on the job description.
Annual Income (in Rs.)
Food batch makers
Food cooking operators
**The salary figures mentioned anywhere in this article is just for reference purposes. Please treat them as such. Actual salaries may vary depending on respective candidates, employer, job location and numerous other factors
Required Skillset for Food Processing
There are few skill sets required for the candidates who aspire to have a profession in the field.The skills required for food processing course are mentioned below.
Advanced Mechanics – With the advancement of technology, mechanics have replaced traditional manufacturing. People who look for a profession in the food industry should have knowledge in facilities of design, lean manufacturing and work measurements.
Electronics – Labor shortage has been replaced with automation technology. Those who are into this field must know how the machine works and be efficient in the field.
Computation – This is another skill set required by you to be the best in the profession. Programming and writing applications that can manipulate the data and assist operations in the food industry are very important.
Communication – This is the most important skill set that is required for an aspiring candidate. This is because, even in the food industry, you must convey the best part of the food product both with the customer and the employer.
Safety – As per FSMA or Food Safety and Modernization Act, there need to be certain safety measures required for all the food products and people who are a part of the industry.
Course Curriculum for Food Processing
The curriculum of the course differs with the university/college. However, the structure of the course is similar across colleges. It includes the fundamentals of food processing wherein the candidate gets an idea as to how food processing works. There are several different subjects in the curriculum that helps in understanding the basics of the course.
Popular Food Processing Entrance Exams in India
Popular Food Processing Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the role of the food industry in our country?
The main role of the food industry in our country is to cater to the needs of the increasing population of the country. Especially with the rise of the pandemic, the demand for good quality food has increased and their responsibility to cater the needs of the people.
Question: How does salary/payment work in the food industry?
The salary of the job profile depends on the way you work for the company and what you invest in the work. If you have a degree in food processing, then you do get paid, but if you have post-graduation in the subject, then you get paid more.
Question: What is Food Processing?
It is a branch of the food sciences course which deals with the processing of food items from raw materials available and that which is available for consumption for people and animals.
Question: Is Food processing tough?
Food Processing as a subject can be easy or tough based on the calibre of the student.
Question: What are the top colleges for Food Processing?
Some of the top colleges for food Processing in India are -
Karunya Institute of Technology and Sciences
M S Ramaiah University
Questions related to Food Processing
on AP eamcet 2021 I got 19500 rank and local rank is 7500 I am belongs to caste bc-d and I am eligible for farmers quotaa did there is any chance to get bsc food technology or horticulture could u plzz reply
At first I congratulate for attending EAMCET and trying your level best. I think you are eligible for courses related to food technology and horticulture. The previous year closing rank was 12000 for Female category under OU. 11000 for AU. I Hope this information is useful
i have completed the health inspector course next iwll study food technology sir
I hope you are doing well.
Food technology is a field of science that deals with the techniques involved in the production of food, both organic and inorganic. The techniques of food productions included in the food technology course are production, preservation, processing, quality management, packaging, labelling, and the distribution of food products. It is among the most rapidly expanding areas of science and technology.
Given below are few important points to remember for eligibility.
In their 10+2 test, candidates must attain the requisite marks or 55 percentile.
Each college/university has its own cutoff percentile, the applicant must score at least 50 per cent on their 10+2 examination in order to get admission at their preferred colleges.
Candidates also need to appear for the entrance examination.
Top Entrance Exams for UG Courses
For more information just click on the link given below:
How Many marks I need in mhtcet for getting admission for b.tech food technology in VNMKV ,parbhani ?
what is the last rank to get seat in bsc food technology or btech food technology for bc-d candidate
Hope you are doing great as per the question asked by you as you have not mentioned about the name of the entrance or college or university you are talking about so nothing can be said. You should certainly mention about the name of the entrance or college or university then only required information can be shared.
Hope you found this answer useful.Stay motivated stay positive.
All the best!
I completed my bachelors in food technology am I eligible for M.tech dairy Engineering in this college & are there any entrance exams for m.tech entry candidate
Dear candidate it's great that you have completed Bachelor's degree in Food Technology, now to enter into M.Tech courses you need to apply for GATE Examination and qualify it. The difficulty level of the exam is moderate to high but if you prepare well you can make it. After qualifying GATE you would get 12400 rs fellowship every month during your M.Tech studies. While applying for GATE Examination, you can select M.Tech in Diary Engineering and pursue your M.Tech accordingly if you score is good.