What is Software Engineering
The study of software engineering focuses on how software is built, tested and quality is assured for proper usage in all kinds of industries, from finance to education to healthcare to shopping. Software engineering deals with all aspects of software production and maintenance to obtain efficient and reliable machines.
Technology has swiftly evolved especially in the past 40 years, only making humanity more and more dependable on it. Its utilization has just multifariously increased in recent times. The software of a computer controls the critical functions of various technologies. The meadow of software engineering has mushroomed in almost all industries since its humble beginnings in the mid-1940s.
Software has risen from the gamut of the technology world showcasing a variety of opportunities in mankind's daily life, starting from mathematical calculations to Artificial Intelligence. But with growth comes new unsolved complications in its smooth functioning only to be resolved by smart software engineering professionals.
Software engineering branch is expected to have tremendous growth in the upcoming years. It is truly a specialized subdivision of Computer Science. To pursue software engineering career path, one must either get a Bachelor of Technology in Computer Science after 12th standard or get a Bachelor in Computer Applications (BCA) degree from an esteemed institute. B.Tech. is a 4-year (8-semester course) and BCA is a 3-year course.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Software Engineering
The Candidates applying for the examination should ensure that they fulfil all eligibility conditions for admission who wish to pursue software engineering course, be it at graduation or postgraduate level. The admissibility to this field is similar to the standard mentioned for any other engineering course.
Criteria for undergraduates in B.Tech Course:
At least 60% marks in 10+2 to take admission is mandatory for pursuing B.Tech /B.E. in software engineering or diploma courses in the same.
A valid passing scorecard of any of the required entrance exams is compulsory for admission in undergraduate, diploma, postgraduate and doctoral programs.
Criteria for undergraduates in BCA course
Candidates need to possess their High School Examination scorecard or equivalent diploma degree with mathematics as their main subject in the qualifying exam.
The candidate needs to score a minimum of 50% marks to meet the eligibility criteria.
Criteria for Post-Graduation
Candidates must have a passing certificate of graduation level with a minimum aggregate of 50% in software engineering.
Candidates need to meet the cut off mark to qualify the particular entrance test and get admission.
Entrance Exam for Software Engineering
Common Entrance exams for which a student can appear to pursue software engineering at graduation and post-graduation level are mentioned below:
Joint Entrance Exam Advanced (JEE Advanced)- It is an all India examination which provides undergraduates to pursue engineering in the prestigious Indian Institute of Technology (IITs). The top 2.5 lakh scorers of JEE Main are eligible for advanced. Its form is available in December or January. It is conducted once every year, and a maximum of two attempts are allowed.
Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT) - An online entrance exam conducted by the Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani, for admissions to undergraduate engineering courses at its three campuses located at Pilani, Goa and Hyderabad.
Undergraduate Engineering Entrance Exam (UGEE) - The Undergraduate Engineering Entrance Examination is conducted by the International Institute of Information, Hyderabad followed by an interview. It is conducted once every year.
For BCA, some colleges conduct their national level examination every year. Some of them are mentioned below:
KIIT-JEE: Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology Joint entrance exam
IPU CET: Indraprastha University Common Entrance Test
IUET: Integral University Entrance Test
BVP BUMAT: Bharati Vidyapeeth University Management Aptitude Test
The entrance exam for post-graduation:
Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) - It is a national online examination conducted jointly by Indian Institute of Science (IISc) and IITs for seeking admission to Postgraduate programs (Masters and Doctor) and other government scholarships subjecting to criteria of admitting institute. It is conducted once a year, and a candidate can attempt as many times as he/she wants.
Scope of Software Engineering in India and Abroad
Given that the field of Information Technology has expanded its horizon both in India and abroad, so is the career of software engineering professionals. Placements of software engineers and developers are up for grabs in esteemed software companies, in public and private sectors. Apart from that, they work independently or in financial or educational institutes. They may work in consultancies or take up teaching as a profession. The plethora of opportunities in this discipline is exponential, and therefore many students aspire to be software engineering graduates.
Countless engineering colleges have opened in all parts of the country to train the students in database systems, electronics, operating systems, web designing, e-commerce & multimedia applications, and principles of programming languages. Software engineering graduates can build their career in numerous domains like artificial intelligence (AI), data analysis and data sciences, web and mobile application development and video game development, ethical hacking, wireless network, animation, and computer graphics. Those who are passionate about new technologies and love working around algorithms and computing should take up this course as the IT sector is rapidly growing and the demand for such software professionals is high in both India and abroad with a lucrative job prospect.
Course Fees Software Engineering
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Software Engineering in India is studied as a subdivision of the Computer Science Engineering curriculum at graduation level. Its papers are comprised of:
Virtualization and cloud computing
Cryptography and Computer Security
The syllabus for the course- M.Tech in Software engineering is divided into four semesters plus some electives. The course gives plenty of opportunities to the postgraduates to be reliable and efficient engineers. Some of its subjects are:
Software Product Management
Database Design and application
Secure software engineering
Careers in Software Engineering
Presently in this world full of technology, we are just so highly hooked on devices, that a future without it seems impossible. This, in turn, means that a very bright future for all professionals in software engineering sector who are computer-friendly and gives them a variety of opportunities to explore and apply their knowledge.
There are plenty of jobs in software engineering both in the public and private sector or in an MNC and a startup. Digitization has only made it smooth for software engineers to sail. Moreover, Information technology is penetrating in all domains like – education, judiciary, and healthcare, finance. Software coding will automate most of their functions in the future only with the effort and help of Software engineers. They know to lead our country to this automate development and advanced future.
The software engineering career span is presumed to be till the age of forty-five, yet if an engineer of software wishes to continue, he/she just to upskill themselves with newer technology. This realm is primarily based on skills learnt and upgraded with time.
In 2018, India had 5.2 million software professionals which conclude that this country is serious about this profession and trusts the growth of it in the future. The popularity of this software engineering is because it pays well and improves the life of a common man. It challenges the competence of an engineer and motivates them to come up with fresh ideas. Some of these ideas which are presently running are – Social Media networking, digital marketing, online shopping portals, food deliveries at home, taxi services, mobile application.
It seems we have covered the spheres of boredom, connecting people, relaxed shopping, easy travelling service and there are so many other sectors to tap on and evolve to benefit the human. And the one who has the key to information and data turns the wheel of fortune. So, one can safely deduce that one who has an interest and is ready to learn, has a bright future in terms of career in software engineering.
Popular Online Engineering Courses and Certifications
In this digitized world, there has been a massive growth in the field of software engineers. We are constantly hooked on to our apps, be it on a computer or mobile phones. As more and more people are getting internet access, the sphere of software engineering is blooming. It can slow down the demand for it in the upcoming ears but with a bit of smart planning and if one keeps honing new technical skills it'll only get better, as new inventions will keep happening. It is quite clear that our country is moving towards automation and gearing up for IT jobs on a larger scale. Government schemes like Make in India and Startup India is also constantly boosting companies for web developers and digital marketing.
Sectors like finance, healthcare, education are all moving in the direction of digitalization, causing more opportunities for software developers. The CEO of Microsoft, Mr Satya Nadella mentioned recently in a meeting– "Every industry, even outside of IT, is hiring engineers while going through the digital transformation. The most important investment organizations are going to make in the next decade is the software engineers that they are going to employ." The future of Software engineering professionals is bright, but the professionals will need to learn to evolve and upgrade their skills as it will only get more complex.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Software Engineering Job Profiles
A software engineer can work in various industries such as at different posts. Some of them are:
They design, create; modify software applications as per client need.
They focus on designing and coding a website based on specifications mentioned primarily and considering how customers use it.
They deal with maintaining and supporting the technical infrastructure.
Technical experts who focus on information technology and help reach targets by teaching how to use technology efficiently.
Full Stack Developers
A developer of software for both user and client and can program a browser and server too.
Quality Assurance Engineer
They monitor the software development process and ensure the quality of the design.
They collect, organize and use data for concrete information.
They are responsible for screening security software to prevent breaches and leaks.
They are responsible for the technical load related to cloud computing.
One who is responsible for building and designing JAVA related applications.
Designs and develops new age video games.
Solves business problems using information technology.
Software Engineering Top Recruiters
Listed below are some of the top companies in India that hire Software Engineers:
Cisco System Inc
Remuneration of software engineering professionals is different based on qualification, experience and job profile. At the entry-level, software engineers can expect a salary around Rs. 18000 – 22,000 per month. Those who have work experience of over a year or two might be offered between Rs. 4 to 8 lakh per annum.
Application Software Engineer
Rs. 8.5 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 7 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
System Software Engineer
Rs. 12 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 6 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Full Stack Developers
Rs. 7.75 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Quality Assurance Engineer
Rs. 7.20 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 10 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 10 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 8 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 12 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 5.5 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 8 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 4.6 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 8 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 6.5 Lakh p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Software Engineering
Headhunters of a company looking for skills on one's resume gauging performance in a job. Hard skills are taught, through courses, or in previous work experience. Hard skills required to be a successful software engineer are:
Proficient in languages – C, C++, JAVA
Proficient in SQL, Python, R
Good knowledge in Computer-Aided Engineering tools.
Debugging and problem-solving skills
Soft skills are interpersonal skills or desirable personality traits that revolve around the characteristic of the employee.
Communication – Clear communication with all colleagues, including non-technical for the smooth functioning of work is a requirement.
Curiosity – Always ready to acquire and pick up more and more knowledge. This will make one more capable and efficient.
Open-mind and Adaptable - It's important that a developer keeps up with technological advances and familiarize quickly with the evolution.
Creativity – knowledge is the fuel to innovation and one must be creative to figure out different possible ways to different problems
Empathy - Working in a team can be stressful but having a bit of empathy and seeing the problems from your teammate's shoes would help expand your viewpoint.
Course Curriculum for Software Engineering
The course of software engineering is designed in such a way to help students understand and apply their theoretical knowledge into practical one without any glitch.
The curriculum intends to:
Help students design processes with engineering tools and methods efficiently.
Research and apply new concepts in developing and quality assurance projects effectively.
Optimize and digitize components and devices.
Be able to comprehend the fundamental methods of logic, number theory and algebra.
To understand and use various data structures in applications.
To understand the functionality of the various modules of a computer system.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What are the key responsibilities of a software engineer?
The responsibilities of a software engineer include –
Retrieve data and analyze it
Design and code, as directed by heads and as per client needs
Review the coding
Fix bugs or debug
Testing the code tuning
Monitor the application
Assure the quality and check abnormalities
Question: How can one improve as a software engineering professional?
As technology is advancing day by day, software engineers have to constantly upskill themselves. They have to be aware of the new technology and learn how to use it. This constant upgradation will make one a proactive and reliable engineer.
There are several certificate courses available online. One can take these classes and upskill. Being a good team player also takes an engineer a long way considering most projects are team-based. This even helps one build leadership skills.
Question: What are the top colleges to pursue software engineering in India?
Top colleges in India for software engineering are –
Indian Institute of Technology
National Institute of Technology
Birla Institute Technology and Science, Pilani
Institute of Technology – Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi
Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru
Question: Which programming languages a software developer should know to work on?
Many programming languages vary from each other depending upon the use. Some of them which come quite handy to a software developer are:
Python – easy for debugging
JAVA – A safe programming language and ability to be used on cross platforms.
C Programming – simple to learn
LISP – best for software testing
MATLAB – allows easy execution of algorithms testing
SQL – Interactive Language most commonly used
Question: Which one is better- BCA or BTech in Computer Science, to be a software engineer?
This is a question many students have after qualifying their board exams. Both have advantages and are slightly different when taught.
BCA or Bachelor of Computer Application is the study of computer applications and adept at the application level of computers only. It is a three-year undergraduate degree, designed in a manner to build programming skills for developing resource software and websites.
On the other hand, B.Tech. in Computer Science is a four-year undergraduate degree which trains students at a technical level (Software, Hardware, applications). It is more focused on making new technology and mathematical skills and concepts.