Architecture, Town and Regional Planning

Architecture, Town and Regional Planning

Degrees offered: B.Arch, M.Plan

What is Architecture, Town and Regional Planning

Architecture, Town and Regional Planning- The fundamental process of planning, designing, constructing structures or buildings is known as architecture. It is sometimes referred to as an art because a piece of construction eventually becomes a part of the cultural heritage. However, as a field of study, architecture, town and regional planning is both art and science as it requires both artistic skills and knowledge of science.

Urban planning, also termed as town planning, is more of a technical process of design and development aimed at optimal use of land and building of infrastructure in public areas. The most important concern out here is public welfare along with the protection of the environment. The planning mostly helps to build rural and suburban areas, settling up communities by facilitating the supply of water and other resources. Regional planning is nothing but urban planning but on a broader scale. It covers aspects like the optimal use of land, protection of farmland, creation of industrial space, transportation hubs and cities, etc.

The basic principle of architecture, town and regional planning at the macro level is to resist any kind of development in the floodplains and earthquake vaults and utilize them in some other ways. Allocation of land for different purposes, laying down regional level policies and even-zoning of laws and policies for the best use of the land- all come under the purview of this course.

Architecture, Town and Regional Planning: Degrees and Levels

Undergraduate level (5 years): This course spans over 5 years and can be pursued after the completion of class 12. It is an integrated course. At the end of it, a student is awarded a B.Arch degree in architecture, town and regional planning.

Postgraduate level (2 years): A few institutes offer a full-time 2-year post-graduation course. One has to possess a B.Arch degree to be eligible for getting admission in an M.Arch course. A postgraduate architecture, town or regional planning course trains students with the professional skills required to sustain and shine in the industry.

PhD level: Aspirants can choose from a wide range of subjects from the field of architecture, town and regional planning for doing research and earn a doctoral degree. It is mandatory for a student to have a postgraduate degree to do a PhD. One must choose colleges and courses approved by AICTE, Council of Architecture, New Delhi, and Institute of Town Planners, India for this level of study.

Architecture, Town and Regional Planning- Minimum and Maximum Duration

Bachelor of Architecture (B.Arch.) is an undergraduate programme which is for 5 years i.e., 60 months. The postgraduate course of M.Plan in urban and regional planning is a 24 months’ course which consists of 4 semesters. This is a full-time programme expanding the limits of the town and regional planning theories. P.hD in urban planning is also a 24 months’ (minimum) doctorate programme which conducts research in the town and regional planning field. Some architecture colleges also offer a 3-year course of this degree and it usually has a semester format. 

Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Architecture, Town and Regional Planning

Students must complete 10+2 or equivalent exams from a recognised board with a minimum of 50% marks in total to become eligible for getting admission in a B.Arch programme. Or else, they must complete a 3-year diploma course from a recognised institution, after class 10, in any stream.

To get admission in the master’s degree in urban and regional planning, a candidate must have a B.Arch degree or B.Planning or B.E. in civil engineering. A degree in M.A. /M.Sc or an equivalent degree in geography, economics, statistics or sociology will also render the candidate eligible.

To be eligible for the doctoral programme, one must complete post-graduation in architecture/planning or equivalent. The students who have a master degree in technology with a basic degree in architecture/planning are also eligible for the P.hD course.


Admission Criteria for Architecture, Town and Regional Planning Courses after Class 12

For admission into undergraduate courses, the candidates must have physics, mathematics and chemistry as the subject combination in 10+2 level. The aggregate must be a minimum of 50% of the total marks.

Individuals with a diploma in architecture can also get an admission into the undergraduate course. But in that case, one must complete a 3-year diploma course from an accredited institution, after class 10.

For admission in a postgraduate degree in architecture, urban and regional planning, the candidates must possess a graduate degree in architecture and planning or in civil engineering. The candidates must have scored minimum 55% marks in the graduation.

Those with an M.A. or M. Sc degree in geography, statistics or economics must also have a minimum score of 55% marks in the aggregate to get admission into a post-graduate course of architecture, town and regional planning.

If candidates wish to pursue a P.hD in fields related to architecture, town and regional planning course, they must score 55% in post-graduation from an AICTE or similar body-approved institutes. 


Entrance Examination for the Architecture, Town and Regional Planning Courses    

For admission in an undergraduate course, the marks obtained in class 10+2 level are taken into consideration. However, the National Aptitude Test in Architecture or NATA is held annually as the entrance examination for all UG courses in this subject. The exam has questions from class 12 physics, chemistry and mathematics syllabus. Higher marks in NATA ensures placement in leading architecture, town and regional planning colleges of India.

For admission into postgraduate programmes, an aspirant has to again appear for entrance exams as held by individual institutes, colleges or universities. These exams are generally followed by a personal interview and group discussion.

For P.hD in architecture, urban and regional planning, a candidate must fulfil the required eligibility criteria, the minimum of which is a postgraduate degree in a related field. Only upon meeting the criteria, one can sit for the entrance test conducted by the specific institute. The test is then followed by a round of personal interview. Based on the total marks obtained, admission is granted to the candidate.


Architecture, Town and Regional Planning- Fees and Expenses

The average course fee for a bachelor in architecture is Rs.4-8 lakhs. But it depends on the colleges also. Mentioned below is the fees and expenses of various colleges and universities:

College/Universities Name

Fees and Expenses

IIT Roorkee

Rs.10.51 lakhs

School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi

Rs.5.08 lakhs

Manipal University 

Rs.18.45 lakhs

BMS College of Architecture, Bangalore 

Rs.20 lakhs 

The average course fee for 2 years’ master degree is Rs.50, 000 - Rs.3,60,000. 

Arvindbhai Patel Institute of Environmental Design, Gujrat 

Rs.1,00,000 per year

BIT Ranchi 

Rs.4,80,000

CEPT University, Ahmedabad 

Rs.1,80,000 per semester

The course fee for the PhD programme in urban and regional planning varies from the range of Rs.60,000- Rs.1.5 lakhs.

School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi

Rs.78,100 

Jawaharlal Nehru Architecture and Fine Arts University, Hyderabad 

Rs.75,000 

Amity University, Gurgaon 

Rs.1.60 lakhs

Scope of Architecture, Town and Regional Planning in India and Abroad

The knowledge and skill acquired from the academic process whether it is a UG programme or PG, scope of the architecture, urban and regional planning course is wide both in India and abroad. A certified architect in India is provided with a lot of opportunities in the town planning sector. Due to the increase in population, the demand for real estate is increasing but only 700 urban planners are produced every year from Indian institutes. So, the demand for urban and regional planning experts is slated to rise exponentially.

Population explosion is not only happening in India but across the globe. Thus, the demand for these degree holders is increasing in first world countries like the USA, Canada and Germany etc. Australia is also coming up as a country with an increased population. In fact, most of the population in Australia consists of expats. With multinational companies opening up branches in various countries around the world, the requirement of urban managers in these companies is also increasing. They can help in managing development projects for clients. Thus the scope of this course is ample abroad too.

Course Fees Architecture, Town and Regional Planning

Minimum Fees Maximum Fees
Private Government Private Government
UG
10.75 Lakhs
B.Arch in Architecture, Town and Regional Planning at Impact College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Bangalore
---
Data not available
10.75 Lakhs
B.Arch in Architecture, Town and Regional Planning at Impact College of Engineering and Applied Sciences, Bangalore
---
Data not available
PG
2.09 Lakhs
M.Plan in Architecture, Town and Regional Planning at Mody University of Science and Technology, Lakshmangarh
---
Data not available
2.09 Lakhs
M.Plan in Architecture, Town and Regional Planning at Mody University of Science and Technology, Lakshmangarh
---
Data not available

Course Subjects

Following are the subjects taught in various semesters of architecture, urban and regional planning course:


Semester 1 

  • Architectural design

  • Building construction 

  • Computer applications 

  • Model making

  • Visual arts and basic design

  • Professional communications

  • Environmental studies

  • Professional communications


 Second 2

  • Climate responsive design

  • Sociology and culture 

  • Surveying and levelling

  • Advanced studies  


Semester 3 onward there are more advanced-level subjects

  • Water, waste and sanitization 

  • Site Planning and landscape studies

  • Research elective 


Semester 4

  • Electrification lighting and acoustics

  • Energy system and renewables

  • Passive systems 

  • Solar active 

  • Design methodology

  • HVAC mech. mobility and fire safety, 


Semester 5

  • Green system integrations

  • Contemporary architecture

  • Architectural Theories

  • Sustainable urban habitats


The next semester consists of a more practical approach to the subjects and more advanced research.

PG Semester 1 includes 

  • Physical planning

  • Town/Area planning schemes

  • Development Plan 

  • Planning techniques (GIS/RS)

  • Evolution of human settlements, 

  • Interaction with planning officials. 


Semester 2

  • Land economics and location theory

  • Project formulation and EIA 

  • Research methods 

  • Urban finance 

  • Planning legislation

  • Summer internship


 Semester 3 

  • Dissertation approval

  • Infrastructure planning

  • Housing policies and finance

  • Urban management

  • Infrastructure planning

  • Field trip to metro city & documentation

  • Legal issues and professional practice and 

The last semester consists only of dissertation work along with seminars and electives.


In a PhD programme, the following subjects are covered:

Semester 1

  • Development plans

  • Mapping the city and various components 

  • GIS-based planning

  • Land management

  • Preparation of DPRs 

  • Financial mechanisms

  • Investment planning 


Semester 2

  • City and metropolitan planning

  • Sustainable planning and development

  • Infrastructure planning

  • Land use and transport planning

  • Urban information system and spatial analysis

  • City governance


Semester 3

  • Urban risk and disaster management 

  • Urban design 

  • Community planning and participation

  • Heritage 


Semester 4

  • Planning legislation and professional practice

  • Urban development policies 

  • Thesis 

Careers in Architecture, Town and Regional Planning

Bachelor in architecture has a lot of options for their career growth in the field of architecture, town and regional planning in private organisations like Arcop Associates, Greenply Industries, DLF, Jindals, L&T, etc. with major job profiles like that of an architectural engineer, art director, building contractor and researcher, landscape architect and even interior designer. There are also various jobs and prospects in government organisations like the National Institute of Urban Affairs, Public Service Commission, Ministry of Defence, City Development Corporation, Archaeological Department and many more.

There are diverse career paths after M.Plan in architecture, town and regional planning. General work areas include Centre and state government bodies, private organisations, city municipalities, World Bank, UNESCO, WHO and MNCs.

Many of the candidates also choose to complete their PhDs. They can work in research organisations, planning and architecture companies, town planning organisations, etc.

Job Profiles and Top Recruiters

Individuals with a bachelor degree in architecture have a lot of options to choose from in the field of architecture, town and regional planning. The major major job profiles in the industry are:

Architectural engineer: They put the mathematical and scientific skills and principles to practice in designing buildings, towns etc. The structural integrity is put to test for evaluation and improvement. Architectural engineers can again specialise in various sectors like ventilation, plumbing etc.

Building contractor: Building contractors oversee and monitor the whole action of construction irrespective of old and new building projects. Each and every sector of a building site is organised and managed by them. An eye for detail and enthusiasm to work at a construction site are necessary skills for this particular job.

Interior designer: They have to develop designs that meet the clients’ desires, collect materials and products within the budget as stated by the client, visualise the whole outcome and work accordingly. They also have to inspect the whole construction activities to ensure that the demands of clients are met.

Art director: Art directors can work in advertising, theatre, publishing etc. After completing architecture, town and regional planning one can become an art director with private farms and offer counselling or opinion to clients so that their vision is turned into reality.

Landscape architect: They are the ones who design public gardens, parks for children or common people, playgrounds etc. Landscape architects also design and develop college campuses, residential areas etc. Location of a fountain within a campus, trees, shrubs, walkways etc is also decided by them.

Urban plannerUrban planners meet with developers, public officials and the public for chalking out development plans and use of available land. Government urban planners see to it that government plans and policies are rightly implemented so that land use is optimised. It is their duty to collect market research data and analyse them.

Urban manager: In town and regional planning sectors urban managers are vested with the responsibility of managing the whole construction works and identifying areas that need improvement in terms of labour supply, the supply of raw materials, interaction with clients etc.

GIS expert: They mainly design, develop and implement various systems and collected databases so that geospatial data can be stored and accessed as per requirement. They analyse the spatial and non-spatial information using the GIS software. GIS experts can also be cartographers, GIS technicians and GIS analysts.

Top recruiters for people with an undergraduate or postgraduate degree in architecture, town and regional planning include:

  • Public Service Commission 

  • Ministry of Defence 

  • National Institute of Urban Affairs

  • City development corporation 

  • Archaeological department 

  • Centre and state government bodies 

  • City municipalities 

  • MNCs 

  • Private organisations

  • UNESCO 

  • World Bank 

  • WHO  

  • Arcop Associates

  • Greenply Industries 

  • DLF Limited 

  • Jindals

  • L&T

  • IBI Group 

  • ICF 

  • All India Institute of Local Self-Government 

  • CIDCO 

Many of the candidates also choose to complete PhD for better career prospects so that they can work in research organisations, planning and architecture companies, town planning companies as an urban planner, urban designer, city planner, survey researchers, transport planner, etc. 

Required Skillset for Architecture, Town and Regional Planning

  1. Creativity and designing skill: Building and planning is all about designing from scratch. A whole building or a complete town must be developed with minutely calculated designs. The design skill should be inclusive of both to-the-point and accurate design and elegance at the same time.

  2. Skill in science and math: Though architecture, town and regional planning jobs are all about design, it is based on the scientific skills of the engineer and his mathematical skills as well. The individual should be apt in algebra, geometry, principles of physics, programming, engineering etc.

  3. Team building: After completing architecture, town and regional planning courses, aspirants have to work with others in a diverse work environment. Engineers, designers, other architects all will be a part of a team handling projects. Thus an aspirant must possess the skill of being a team member and a leader altogether.

  4. Problem-solving skills: Analytical skills and that of problem-solving are essential. With these skills, problems can be identified and ways to fix them can also be modulated.

  5. Communication skill: A diverse workforce to work with, different working environments, projects of various levels of complexity call for excellent communication skills. Communicating with people to continue the flow of information, acquiring knowledge etc can be achieved through effective and active communication skills.

Course Curriculum for Architecture, Town and Regional Planning

The syllabus for the 5-year UG programme B. Arch is prepared to enhance the skills of the candidates by making the foundation strong. There are ten semesters in the 5-year course. M. Plan in urban and regional planning has four semesters in the 2-year course. PhD in architecture, town and regional planning also has four semesters in the 2-year course.

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