- Ethical Hacker
Who is a Ethical Hacker?
To beat a hacker, you have to think like one ~ Ethical Hacking Council
The cyber-world functions on the worldwide web. There are numerous official, cooperative websites along with those owned by private businesses. This website contains important files, data, and other information. A hacker tries to find the vulnerabilities in the cyber system to get its authority. If he/she succeeds in it then he/she gets its illegal authority. A hacker then steals the information or deletes the file that could affect the business, functioning, or services of the organization. The illegal act of hacking can result in the worst consequences, the person may get sentenced to years of imprisonment. Ethical hackers are computer experts, they work with companies to prevent cyber attacks. A career as ethical hacker includes hacking into their company’s system to find vulnerabilities and loopholes that make the system weak. It protects the system from hackers who are in the business of illegally hacking systems for their malicious intents. Ethical hackers act as a counterpart of such illegal hackers and help in building the system more secure.
Ethical Hacker in a Nutshell
A career as ethical hacker involves various challenges and provides lucrative opportunities in the digital era where every giant business and startups own its cyberspace on the worldwide web.
Quick Facts for Ethical Hacker
Average Salary in India
Male, Female, Others
A career as ethical hacker is suitable for every gender. The candidate should have a passion for network security to establish a successful career in the industry as a computer hacker.
Any special needs
A career as ethical hacker is suitable for candidates with special needs. The candidate should have excellent intellect. He/she should be able to work on a computer system.
Table of Contents for Ethical Hacker
What is the role of Ethical Hacker?
A white-hat hacker is known as an ethical hacker. Whereas a black hat hacker is an unethical or illegal hacker who hacks for his or her malicious intents such as to gain financial profits from the organization. White hat hackers are professional hackers who hack network security systems to help the organization and counter such black hat hackers. There are also grey hat hackers. Grey hat hackers’ intentions are not that malicious but cause a lot of disturbance. Grey hat hacker hack networks and security systems to have fun. A white-hat hacker is a legal hacker as whatever he or she does is with the permissions and under the knowledge of the organization. They are employed by organizations to verify vulnerabilities of a system and come up with its counter solutions. No network or security system is 100 per cent foolproof. There are always some loopholes left in the system that make an intellect hacker get the authority of the network or security system. A black hat hacker may steal the information, delete the files causing some serious financial loss to the organization. A white-hat hacker or ethical hacker counters all such problems.
An ethical hacker’s job is to scan the systems using various scanning tools such as Nmap or Nessus to find open ports. They study the vulnerabilities of each port and come up with remedial solutions. Vulnerability is a weakness that may lead to the security, credibility or accessibility of an information technology being damaged. Identification of vulnerability aims at identifying vulnerabilities and analyzing them in a specified environment inventory.
Responsibilities of ethical hackers is to examine patch installations. He/she ensures patch installations are not susceptible to exploitations. Examining is a technique employers use to evaluate the hacking process and also the employee's performance. Generally, the supervisor is capable of determining the employee. A conference is often scheduled for discussing the installation's review process.
Applying social engineering concepts
An ethical hacker uses social engineering concepts such as dumpster diving that includes scouring through trash bins to crack passwords, sticky notes, charts or any other thing that contains important information required to generate an attack.
Responsibilities of ethical hackers is to make attempts to evade security systems such as IDS or Intrusion detection systems, firewalls, and honeypots. He/she sniff networks, crack and bypass wireless encryption, hijack web servers and applications.
Responsibilities of ethical hackers involve analyzing security threats and developing countermeasures. Malware is software that gives an attacker maximum or restricted control over the object whenever it reaches the destination server. They could either harm or manipulate host cell configuration to support an intruder capture or damage detailed information.
An ethical hacker’s job is to strengthen network systems to resist threats and vulnerabilities. Network security is the practice of capturing physical and cyber protective actions to safeguard the existing internet infrastructure for illegal disclosure, violation, breakdown, alteration, destruction or unauthorized access while providing a stable environment for machines, users and systems to operate.
Types of a Ethical Hacker
Security Architect: A security architect designs, builds, and implements computer security and networks for an organization. A security architect holds the responsibility of building up complex security structures and ensures its effective functioning.
Security Consultant: A cybersecurity expert security expert is known as a security consultant. Security consultants are responsible for identifying cybersecurity risks, problems, and coming up with solutions. Security consultants guide ways to protect physical capital and data.
Chief Information Security Officer (CISO): A chief information security officer is a senior role. He/she is considered as more powerful in their respective department. CISOs are responsible for building security teams, overseeing all activities related to the security of an organization. CISO reports directly to the CEO or CIO.
Data Scientist: Data scientists are generally called as big data wranglers, collecting and analyzing vast collections of data from multiple sources. The job of a data scientist includes computer science, mathematics, and statistics.
Computer Programmer: A computer programmer is a specialist in one computer programming field, or he or she can write code for software of several kinds. A computer programmer explains the procedure of developing, writing, reviewing, debugging and managing computer program source code. Within a programming language, this source code is composed so that the computer can understand it.
Computer Systems Engineer: A computer system engineer is a professional who updates, modifies, installs, tests software programmes and hardware devices in a computer system. He or she is also involved in designing and planning data communication system for computer networks such as LAN, WAN and intranet.
Software Engineer: A software engineer designs several types of software, like operating systems, computer games, business applications and communication systems. A software engineer applies mathematical analysis and computer science concepts to develop and build computer applications.
Also read - Career as software developer
What is the workplace/work environment of Ethical Hacker like?
A career as ethical hacker includes jobs such as security analyst, penetration tester, cybersecurity engineer, network security investigator, and other related roles. Global service providers such as hotels, airlines, financial as well as academic service providers hire certified ethical hackers. In this digital age, people’s lives have become easier but at the same time, it is exposed to cyber threats. It is not limited to individuals using the internet, but the giant companies, organizations, and government departments are also exposed to the digital era’s threats. As the IT industry is rapidly growing, a vast number of people are adapting to digital services. It further increases the opportunities for digital warriors who protect network security. An ethical hacker can also find interesting opportunities to work independently or as a freelancer.
Does Ethical Hacker require travelling?
A career as ethical hacker does not require traveling to remote areas regularly. They may require to travel occasionally to meet the clients.
Full Time, Part Time, Work From Home
A career as ethical hacker is mainly full-time, in an office environment. This career does not come up with an hourly basis or on-call work opportunities. Part-time or work from home is considered in this career.
A career as ethical hacker involves working in permanent as well as contractual terms. It depends on what kind of work they are doing and for whom they are doing. Most government agencies hire ethical hackers on a permanent basis, whereas, private companies usually hire them on a contractual basis.
Office, defense department, artificial intelligence offices, corporate companies, academic institution, IT firms, private companies
A career as ethical hacker involves working in an office environment. They are hired by defense departments, artificial intelligence offices, corporate companies, academic institutions, IT firms, and other private companies. An ethical hacker typically works 8-9 hours a day and 35-40 hours a week. Their work hours may increase amidst deadlines or security threats.
Presence in Geographical Area
Bangalore, Gurgaon, and Noida are the IT hubs of the nation. One can find varieties of employment opportunities in these rapidly developing cities. The ethical hacker receives a good amount of pay in Bangalore. But the daily expenses are higher in the city which makes it cost the same.
Ethical hackers are generally required to work under a lot of time pressure. The job is filled with tight schedules, the urgency to complete tasks along with risk involvement. Hence, ethical hackers are required to manage all these things along with meeting their project deadlines. The work environment involves a lot of time pressure and stress.
Typically, ethical hackers work for nine hours per day. But depending on the deadlines and current situation, they might be required to work overtime. During busy periods and urgency, they are required to put up some extra hours to the work.
Weekly Hours of Work
Min 50 Hours
A career as ethical hacker involves working 8-9 hours a day and 54 hours a week. Their work hours may increase amidst deadlines or security threats.
How to become a Ethical Hacker?
What are the skills and qualities required to become a/an Ethical Hacker?
Computer Skills: Business organizations depend heavily on computerized technology to perform immense quantities of tasks efficiently. Having good computer skills implies that one can complete duties that may not be entirely feasible for candidates. And if we discuss the profession of an ethical hacker then it implies that the duties of an ethical hacker can never be accomplished without using a computer system. A hacker very much requires to have a powerful hold of the computer's functioning. They also need to be allowed to use the Windows command line and edit the database and configure their own networking requirements.
Tech Savvy: The understanding of information security and also technologies is also a necessary skill. A candidate who seems to have a firm grip on security could regulate the security administrators' built hurdles. Skills such as Public Key Infrastructure, Secure Sockets Layer, Intrusion Detection System, Firewalls, and more are also essential for a hacker to learn. Safety involves protecting, and also the safety or preventive actions are taken. Security Concepts significantly decrease the risk of falling victim to cyber-attacks and disruption by businesses. Security Concepts help guard your computers against harmful spyware. It also guarantees the safety and security of data sharing.
Programming skills: Almost all of the ethical job duties of hackers will indeed require programming skills associated with the framework. Ethical hacking is a demanding task and offers interesting jobs in the modern age, where almost every multinational corporation uses a variety of programming languages to own the virtual space on the world wide web. An ethical hacker must be trained in one language and have some additional professional skills. An ethical hacker must know coding programming languages such as C/ C++, HTML, SQL, R, Python, Java, JSP, ASP, and other computer languages.
Technical skills: Technical skills are very important needed to perform multiple activities that require expertise. They are also most popular in information technology, mechanics, engineering, science, financial services, maths. Often it takes technical skills to perform machinery, tools, software, and software development. An ethical hacker must have sound technical knowledge. Some of the technical skills that an ethical hacker should possess are given below.
Which certifications and internships can be helpful in becoming Ethical Hacker?
We have mentioned below various certification courses that aspiring individuals can opt to upgrade their skills for an ethical hacker's role.
One can find many internship opportunities through online recruitment websites such as indeed.com, lets intern, and other online platforms. The individuals get hands-on experience through internships. Most internships are offered by institutes that charge for the training. Students practically learn the skills required for cybersecurity such as secure coding, malware analysis, cryptography, password cracking and guessing, DNS spoofing and other skills.
Career Path Progression for Ethical Hacker
Information security analyst: An information security analyst aims at securing the company’s sensitive information and data from any kind of cyber theft or cyber attack. They make sure that none of the information is stolen or damaged by coming up with solutions that avoid any sort of compromise in data.
Mobile application security executive: With an increase in mobile internet usage, several tests are performed for mobile apps. The job of a mobile application security executive is to work with his or her team and conduct several tests for the applications in order to avoid any sort of data breach from the user’s cell phone.
Security Consultant: A security consultant checks several software, computer systems as well as the network used for any kind of vulnerabilities which can cause a data breach. They also plan and design security solutions for the company or organisation they work for in order to avoid any sort of compromise of the company’s data.
Chief Information Security Officer: A chief information security officer also known as CISO is at the senior level executive post of the company or the organisation. They have a team under them which aims at protecting the several data assets of the company from any kind of cyber theft by creating a security strategy.
Ethical Hacker Jobs and Salaries
- Average Salary 35000
- Junior Level Salary 30000
- Senior Level Salary 70000
A security consultant is a specialist in safety catch-all. They analyze and monitor cybersecurity threats, challenges for various organisations in securing and protecting their external resources and data. The role could also be related to an information security consultant in terms of work responsibility.
Security consultants might start their careers by earning up to four lakhs annually. With the increase in experience, the salary can be anything around Rs. eight lakh per year and above.
What is the job outlook for Ethical Hacker?
A career as an ethical hacker has vast upcoming opportunities. There is an expected 75 per cent job growth in the industry for ethical hackers. It is extremely higher as compared to all the other occupations. Any company that is connected to cyberspace or the web provides employment opportunities for ethical hackers. Academic institutions such as MIT and other private companies whether it is related to logistic services or data warehousing require an ethical hacker. The ethical hacker jobs also include defense systems such as military and intelligence agencies such as NSA, Mossad and CIA. Cybersecurity is the most important aspect of the IT industry. There is tremendous growth in jobs related to cybersecurity since 2017. According to the Bureau of Statics (functioning in the US), the period between 2012 -2017 has created whooping jobs with a seventy-five per cent growth in the industry. TAs per the data, seventy per cent of jobs are offered to candidates holding certifications, twenty-five per cent of job vacancies demand candidates having expertise in programming languages. Twenty-two per cent of job vacancies want candidates who can perform security checks.
Frequently Asked Questions for Ethical Hacker
Que. I did not have computer science in 10+2. Am I eligible to pursue a bachelor of science in information security?Ans.
If you have passed 10+2 in physics-chemistry-maths or subjects related to science with an aggregate of 50 percent of marks or equivalent to it. Then you are eligible for a bachelor of science or BSc in information security.
Que. I want to pursue a B.Tech in computer science. Will it help me to establish a career as an ethical hacker.Ans.
Yes, it will help you to establish a career as an ethical hacker. You will learn the technical aspect of computer science that will further help you to verify vulnerabilities of the system and cracking password, DNS spoofing, and other skills.
Que. Is there any online certification course that can help me learn the skills while sitting back at home?Ans.
Yes, there are various certification courses offered by online academies. The certifications of the EC-council are considered valuable to bag a job. Udemy and Simplilearn also offer their online certification courses of ethical hacking.
Que. Is an academic degree required to become an ethical hacker?Ans.
No, an academic degree does not require to become a professional ethical hacker. Ethical hacking is a skill-based career. Most hackers claim that they learned to hack on their own. But it’s a fact that they accept that they have some computer science classes.
Que. How much certified ethical hacker exam cost?Ans.
Students must pass the Certified Ethical Hacker test which is approximately Rs. 37,000. Students will pay an additional Rs. 7,500 application fee for self-study graduates, and apply a record of two years of work experience relevant to cyber security approved by the employer.
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Questions related to Ethical Hacker
to become a ethical hacker which is best b.sc oe b tech in computer science
Being a ethical hacker is a dream for many. But practically there are no courses which can train you to be a hacker (any degree programs). So you have to learn by your own and online sources about Ethical Hacking.
Now I think BTech Computer Science will be better for you because from the course work you will learn a lot about programming and software which will help you to become a hard foundation. Later wise if you start studying ethical hacking then you will really feel easy to coup up. And as you have a good background you will face no problem to get a job in the field.
Some of the JD's you may consider being an ethical hacker are:
- Information Security Analyst
- Security Analyst
- Certified Ethical Hacker (CEH)
- Ethical Hacker
- Security Consultant, (Computing / Networking / Information Technology)
- Information Security Manager
- Penetration Tester
To know more about Ethical Hacking visit the link below:
I hope my answer helps. All the very best for your future endeavors!
can I become ethical hacker after BCA and MCA without taking maths subject in 12
Yes, Ofcourse you can become an ethical hacker after BCA and MCA wothout maths also, you don't necessarily need maths for either BCA or MCA . After your MCA, since you're already equipped with computer knowledge it will be useful for you to do an Ethical Hacking certification course. Just like a bonus point.
Eligibility for ethical hacking is : Bachelors degree in the field of IT and work experience in some cases.
Hope this helps
All the Best!
i am a STD 10 student , which course to choose after 10 to be an ethical hacker
It depends on your Board, what programming language you are going to learn. If you are from CBSE then you might get option of C++ or Python. And if you from ICSE Board then you might study Java or Core Java.
But any programming language will help. At least you will understand that how a program is created or how it works. These skills are necessary if you want to do Reverse Engineering stuff( part of ethical hacking). You don't have to think much if you are in 10th class. But after 12th make sure that you do something related to computer or cyber security. Until then no need to worry.
Focus on you 11 and 12th studies as well. They are really important to set a good foundations in any field in future.
Feel free to ask if you have any more queries.
All the best!
what is good , CS or IT in B.Sc for becoming an ethical hacker ?
All are good, but mostly students go for b.sc IT, who are not able to get B.Tech IT or B.tech CS, and similarly for IT and CS. B.tech Computer science is top branch among these three . Well you can become good ethical hacker by study any of these courses. But B.sc focus less on practical than b.tech courses. For being a ethical hacker you have to take any particular course for that either online or from Institute you can go for cyber security also. For more information go through this links:-
I took PCB in 12th can I join Ethical hacking cource in my colleage. Will any college offer Ethical Hacking course without maths?
see in 12th course you may get options to select subjects among biology, statistics, computer science etc. since you are interested for ethical hacking you should choose computer science as 4th subject taking physics, chemistry and mathematics as a mandatory subject. however the syllabus may not have ethical hacking , it would depends on the board of education and their prescribed syllabus , however you may learn by yourself by watching the you tube video or taking course in udemy, coursera like platforms.
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