- Computer programmer
Who is a Computer programmer?
Any fool can write code that a computer can understand. Good programmers write code that humans can understand ~ Martin Fowler
A computer programmer is a specialist in one computer programming field, or he or she can write code for software of several kinds. A computer programmer explains the procedure of developing, writing, reviewing, debugging and managing computer program source code. Within a programming language, this source code is composed so that the computer can understand it.
A software developer, software engineer, computer scientist, or software analyst can be referred with the term 'programmer.' In such fields, however, individuals usually have certain skills and knowledge in software development beyond coding. The path to becoming a computer programmer starts with a strong interest in technology, and with utter curiosity about programming languages.
Computer programmer in a Nutshell
Programming primarily refers to the systematic act of writing code and moreover includes wider computer science areas. The word 'programmer' or 'coder' has entered into practice with the growing number of newly self-taught tech-enthusiast. A computer programmer uses designs created by software developers and engineers and transforms them into commands that can be implemented by computers. These commands result in regular usage of social media sites, word processing applications and browsers.
Quick Facts for Computer programmer
Average Salary in India
Male, Female, Others
We notice that certain jobs are gender-specific since only a man or a woman can do that kind of work. But there is no gender obligation in this career. Anyone who has the skill regardless of gender could become a programmer for computers. The gender of an employee is insignificant in this career.
Any special needs
Everyone is suitable, including those with physical disabilities. Most computer programmers will be working on desks and computers. Networking ability is required to function as a computer programmer. Individuals with an impairment can easily work in this field.
Table of Contents for Computer programmer
What is the role of Computer programmer?
If we discuss a computer programmer's job description, then we can certainly mention that he or she develops a graphical user interface because then non-technical users can access the software easily. The graphical user interface serves as a bridge between the software code and the user. A computer programmer writes and reviews code, enabling the proper functioning of computer and software programs. He or she transforms software developer and engineer's program designs into instructions that a computer can follow. If the code does not operate properly, then the computer programmer tests and fixes the code. A computer programmer works in close collaboration with software developers, and his or her role overlaps in certain businesses. When this kind of overlap happens, a programmer can perform the role of a developer by designing software and programs.
Debugging involves running the code step by step in a debugging application such as Visual Studio, to identify the correct point where the programmer made a programming error. He or she knows what adjustments to make in the code, and tools for debugging, it also requires temporary changes to continue running the program. Debugging is a multi-stage process in computer programming and engineering that involves finding a problem, isolating the root of the problem and then either fixing the problem or assessing a way to work around it. The final debugging step is to check the fix or workaround and ensure that it works.
Troubleshooting is a method of problem-solving that is often implemented on a computer or system to repair damaged products or processes. It is a logical, systematic analysis for the root of a problem, and to make the product or process function again. It is used to address hardware problems, software problems, and many other things. The basic concept of troubleshooting is to start with as many general problems as possible, and afterward narrow it down to the specific problem.
The operating system is the most important program running on a computer. Every general-purpose device must need an operating system to run certain software and programs. Computer operating systems perform fundamental tasks such as detecting keyboard input, transmitting data to the display screen, keeping track of files and folders on the storage devices, and managing external devices such as printers. A computer programmer does all the necessary tasks to run the operating system perfectly.
A database management system is a software used to build and maintain databases. The database management system offers a structured way for users and programmers to build, access, update and manage data. These are systems that can be used to manage transactional databases like human resource management, banking. The database management system handles incoming data, organises it and offers ways for users or other systems to change or remove the data. MySQL, PostgreSQL, Microsoft Access, SQL Server, FileMaker, Oracle, RDBMS, dBASE, Clipper, and FoxPro are some examples of the database management system.
Types of a Computer programmer
Software developers: A software developer is a creative mind who creates computer programs. Some developers design applications that enable individuals to perform specific tasks on a computer or device. Some build the underlying systems that operate the devices or that manage the networks. A software developer's work depends on the needs of the company, agency or team on which they are. Many develop and maintain computer and networking systems. Others create applications that enable people to carry out specific tasks on computers, mobile phones or other devices.
Web Developer: A web developer is responsible for the coding, designing and laying up a website according to the specifications of a company. Considering that the task takes user interface and function into account, a certain level of both graphic design and computer programming is expected from a web developer. A web developer develops websites and web applications, creates and manages them. He or she may work both on internet and intranet platforms. He or she is typically hired by software development, IT or computer consulting firms.
Database administrators: Database administrator (DBA) functions with technology, using specific software to process and store data of a client. A database administrator guarantees that the users have access to data and also it is protected from unauthorised access or unintended loss or misuse. The database administrator maintains efficient functioning of the databases. Database administrator stores and organises data such as financial information and customer shipping records. He or she ensures data is accessible to users and also protected from unauthorised access. A database administrator operates in many different fields, including developing computer systems and related technology companies, insurance firms, banks, and hospitals.
What is the workplace/work environment of Computer programmer like?
Computer programmer designs and reviews code for running computer applications and programs. He or she turns ideas into workable code from the software developers and engineers. Most of his or her time, a computer programmer spends in the office setup. It is a regular job and employees prefer to work in an office desk, and in a safe atmosphere in particular.
Does Computer programmer require travelling?
A computer programmer's work does not require much travel. At least not during the initial stages of the career. It arises when a computer programmer requires to go to meet the client at the client's workplace. A computer programmer travels frequently both globally and domestically to provide guidance and supervision to other coders.
Full Time, Part Time
People do work both full-time and part-time. But a computer programmer generally chooses this career on a full-time basis. Most computer programmers are working full-time, although schedules can differ based on roles and responsibilities and duration. A computer programmer normally works 40 hours a week, with increasingly complex tasks typically requiring additional changes. However, a computer programmer who is involved in projects can spend more than 40 hours a week.
The employment of employing a computer programmer may be either permanent or contractual. A computer programmer has to work within organisations as part of a team. He or she interacts with the superiors about tasks or interacts with customers around the world. He or she will have to be able to travel to meet customers, and the requirements of employment can differ depending on the geographic area of the company. Often he or she can be employed for a certain period of time, but a computer programmer typically works as a permanent worker.
A computer programmer upgrades or enhances the existing system code or test programmes for bugs, and also discovers and fixes incorrect code lines. In the workplace setting, he or she carries out all those tasks. The work requires not too much physical labour, but knowledge and mental strength.
Presence in Geographical Area
In rural areas, a computer programmer has fewer prospects than in urban or semi-urban areas. A computer programmer operates mostly in urban areas as there are many multinational corporations based in metropolitan centres.
A computer programmer performs tasks for a company or person in a given time-span. This job takes a lot of time and mental energy because we know that without hard work nothing positive can be accomplished. In a limited time, a computer programmer is expected to code.
A computer programmer works for multinational companies, and they work for usually nine hours a day, often independently. Yet he or she has to work about fifteen hours a day while working on big projects. Some tasks may require more focus, in such situations he or she needs to stretch the duration of his or her shifts to complete it in time.
Weekly Hours of Work
Min 45 Hours
A computer programmer works around nine hours a day, about forty-five hours a week. A computer programmer's job comes under certain shifts, while he or she may work more hours in various types of projects to solve the problem. He or she works for nine to ten hours a day in huge projects to fix the issue.
How to become a Computer programmer?
What are the skills and qualities required to become a/an Computer programmer?
Programming skills: A computer programmer uses programming languages such as SQL, Java, C++, or Python to write codes. He or she is not supposed to learn every programming language though it would be helpful to know a minimum of two languages to be able to enhance the opportunities and career prospects. Many computer programmers usually select a specialisation area, and afterwards, learn the programming language that is best suited to that field.
Mathematical skill: A thorough understanding of computer programming, software and related technologies is required to be a computer programmer. Appropriate methodological approaches and principles can be applied to solve the problem and emerge to be more impactful. A computer programmer often uses mathematical calculations and formulas in the work; he or she does need to have a comprehensive understanding of mathematics, including calculation and statistics. Many programming aspects require an understanding of mathematics beyond the fundamental level. He or she ought to have a deep understanding of algebra and arithmetic to become an expert in programming.
Problem Solving Ability: Firstly, a computer programmer provides an approach to the problems, and then a code. Computer languages, algorithms, and frameworks are the keys to understand the computer system and software. Nevertheless, problem-solving is complicated and difficult to determine even by constant training. Problem-solving is primarily about identifying and providing possible solutions to the problems. A computer programmer is responsible for programming languages from beginning to the end, he or she has to be able to solve problems that occur in the development process. Code is mostly written for the purpose of resolving a problem. A computer programmer needs the ability to recognise problems and find the most effective ways to address them by programming.
Communication skills: Good communication can lead to an increase and opportunities. Good communication helps people develop trust, which typically leads them to have more opportunities, such as introducing the workers in front of customers or attending conferences. Generally, a computer programmer spends much of his or her time operating alone with a computer. However, several circumstances require him or her to interact with other programmers and members of a team, particularly when working on large or complicated projects. Good communication skills will help a computer programmer to work efficiently and exchange ideas and solutions with others.
Which certifications and internships can be helpful in becoming Computer programmer?
Internship is an opportunity that an organisation provides to aspiring students to work for a specific period of time. Interns are typically students or graduates and most training opportunities last from one month to three months or maybe six months. Interns are often partnered with computer programmers who serve as their advisor or guide. When an organisation is smaller, an intern may not have an assigned host, but they will have a person or group of people whom they can go for assistance. The responsibilities of computer programming interns differ between companies but computer programming interns get the opportunity to write code, conduct demanding projects, and help create innovative products. Computer programming interns are usually assigned to a project, or they might choose from a predetermined project list.
Career Path Progression for Computer programmer
Computer systems engineer: Computer systems engineer is capable of finding solutions to real problems in software, system administration or network problems. He or she works closely with clients or internal departments to identify network requirements and works collaboratively with developers to find suitable solutions. This is another profession in programming, suitable for business-savvy individuals.
Software quality assurance engineer: To provide timely and accurate feedback, software quality assurance engineer reviews product requirements and technical design documents. He or she generates accurate, systematic and well-structured test plans and cases. The individual determines, prioritises, plans and schedules strategies for quality assessment. Software quality assurance engineer, also termed as QA engineer, tracks a product's production cycle through beginning to end. He or she supervises the development, checks each part before moving to the next step to ensure it meets company requirements.
Network system administrators: Network system administrator maintains computing environments in business networks by creating backup data and minimizing failures. He or she offers network security and preventing viruses are the main tasks, along with ensuring that codes are error-free and securing both the computer's network and hardware. The network system administrator arranges, installs, and manages computing programmes. Most network system administrators work in computer systems designing industry, education, and information sectors. There are also several different types of organisations that can provide jobs to a network system administrator.
Computer programmer Jobs and Salaries
Computer systems engineer
- Average Salary 50000
- Junior Level Salary 20000
- Senior Level Salary 90000
A computer systems engineer designs, tests, and analyses software and personalised computers by integrating his or her engineering, computer science, mathematics and analysis skills. Every employee needs a stable personal computer with great networking so that the job can always proceed successfully.
Salaries in this profession vary depending on the company and the position an individual occupies. For a computer systems engineer, an average salary is up to six lakhs a year. He or she receives more than Rs. two lakhs a year at the beginning of the training which increases in senior positions to even more than Rs. nine lakhs a year.
Software quality assurance engineer
- Average Salary 40000
- Junior Level Salary 25000
- Senior Level Salary 80000
Software quality assurance engineer starts developing software by identifying bugs, develops tests and produces new development manuals. He or she tests programme prototypes for enhancements and potential complications.
Software quality assurance engineer’s earnings depend on career growth or rely entirely on given field experience. The salary of software quality assurance engineers is primarily dependent on the company experience. The software quality assurance engineer receives on average more than Rs. four lakhs a year. At the early stage, he or she gets more than Rs. three lakhs a year but eventually receive more than Rs. nine lakhs at the senior rank.
Network system administrator
- Average Salary 50000
- Junior Level Salary 30000
- Senior Level Salary 90000
Network system administrator develops, operates and maintains technical networks. He or she works within organisations and government agencies to manage local area networks, large area networks, network segments, and other data transmission systems as necessary.
The more expertise a network system administrator gains in the field, the better salary and incentive he or she will be able to make in the business. Network system administrator earns more at the early stage of jobs which is better than most other occupations which are roughly Rs. three lakhs per year but eventually earn more than ten lakhs at senior management level.
What is the job outlook for Computer programmer?
We are living in a digital age where everything and all the businesses have a digital presence on various platforms and different capacities. In order to run these businesses, digitally, computer programmers are needed. Hence, the job market scenario for a computer programmer is quite good. However, due to the onset of the COVID-19 Pandemic there has been a slight decline in the demand, as a number of businesses have ceased their operations temporarily. Yet, there is a lot of speculation and experts believe that the job market will evolve in the near future as even small players will go digital. Due to this, there will be a greater need of computer programmers, to keep the systems running.
The sheer volume of contactless interaction and transaction, will increase the demand for computer programmers. Companies, especially e-payment portals will need a lot of computer programmers, just to keep the portals running without a hitch.
Frequently Asked Questions for Computer programmer
Que. What do you need to be a computer programmer?Ans.
Most employers expect programmers to hold at least a bachelor's degree in fields like computer science, math or information technology. For this, four years of work experience is appropriate instead of a bachelor's degree. Some employers also demand a master degree in computer science.
Que. Is a computer programmer a good career?Ans.
Working with others to solve complicated problems is undoubtedly rewarding. Programming is a profession far more exciting than other alternatives out there. A career in computer programming is a high paying profession. You can make a lot of money, get straight out of high school and do a job with a decent salary.
Que. Can computer programmers make video games?Ans.
A game programmer is a software developer, programmer, or computer engineer who explicitly designs codebases for video games or related applications, such as tools for game creation. Game programming has many different areas, many of which comes under the discipline of computer programming.
Que. What is the average IQ of a programmer?Ans.
Computer programming often requires strong analytical reasoning and quick learning skills. To become an average level programmer you would need to have an IQ of more than 110 points. But if you want to become one of the best, you need to have more than 120 points.
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