- Marine Engineer
Who is a Marine Engineer?
The sea does not reward those who are too anxious, too greedy or too impatient ~ Anne Morrow Lindbergh.
Have you ever wondered how a ship functions? What is the mechanism behind the oil rigs? If you want to be part of the creation of such marine vessels then you can make a career as a marine engineer. It is said that marine engineers work more than a marine engine does. A marine engineer is not just responsible for creating the ship engines but he’s also responsible for the harbour installation or the maintenance of a dock. Seaways are extensively used by merchants for several commercial purposes, not only that but people these days have increased travelling through seaways. There are more and more people getting involved in the bookings of cruise ships. Therefore, due to these reasons, the job opportunities in this field are growing as well.
We often get fascinated by the shape and structure of sea vessels. The designing of massive structures of testing ships, oil rigs, and other sea vessels fills us with astonishment. This charismatic design of the ship and its propulsion through the water is the basic concern of a marine engineer. Mostly marine engineers choose to specialize in a certain area. For example, one might focus his efforts on the maintenance of engines and propulsion systems when ships are in dry dock. On the other hand, another engineer may become an expert marine design engineer, where he’ll spend his major time designing complex machinery using computer-aided design (CAD) software.
Marine Engineer in a Nutshell
Marine engineering deals with the construction, operation and management of mechanical equipment used in the seagoing craft, dock or harbor installations and also maintains vehicles used on or around water. This includes ships, aircraft carriers, submarines, sailboats, tankers and several other marine vessels. Professionals are responsible for the functioning of the ship's internal system which comprises the propulsion, electrical, refrigeration and steering systems.
Quick Facts for Marine Engineer
Average Salary in India
Male, Female, Others
This career is not gender-specific. As long as the person has the right aptitude for the work and all the necessary skillsets, people from all genders can become a marine engineer.
Any special needs
This career requires travel to off-shore and stay there for months. A person with special needs might not be comfortable with traveling and a prolonged stay at sea. It also requires doing physically exhaustive work that may adversely affect candidates with special needs. This career requires good mental and physical health and free from any kind of bodily deformity to fulfill every performance which is necessary.
Table of Contents for Marine Engineer
What is the role of Marine Engineer?
As a marine engineer, you will be required to design, build, test and repair ships, boats, underwater or deep-sea vessels, oil rigs, and drilling platforms and drilling equipment. At times marine engineers are also required to work closely with naval architects, oceanographic engineering or ocean engineering. Marine engineers are technical professionals who design, develop, build, install, inspect and maintain the propulsion systems, engines, pumps and other pieces of technical equipment that make boats and other maritime vessels function effectively. Marine engineers work on all kinds of ships, from ferries, cargo ships and hovercraft to cruise liners and military vessels, such as frigates, warships, and submarines.
Supervising and tests of equipment
A marine engineer conducts environmental, operational or performance tests on marine machinery and equipment. Marine engineers investigate and observe tests on machinery and equipment for compliance with standards. Marine engineers conduct tests on both industrial machinery and instruments and this is described as the main job duty of this profession. Therefore, the variety of inquiries and observations of the equipment is extremely broad.
Components of marine engines will have to be regularly checked to reduce confusion or massive harm caused by vessels leaving charter. Marine engine maintenance is performed by the marine engineer according to his good understanding of the machine, sound knowledge of repairing and appropriate methodologies that used to evaluate and redesign. They maintain and repair marine machinery and equipment for installation.
Their primary written research materials are technical reports. They publish information and observations regarding prototypes, experiments as well as other projects. The object of a technical report is for an engineer to convey knowledge obtained through some kind of technological or experimental manufacturing process. They prepare technical reports for management or sales personnel.
Successful managers can communicate excellently, encourage their team, manage and delegate responsibilities, pay much attention to reviews and then have the adaptability to solve these problems in a changing work environment. Maintains marine facilities and vessel preventive maintenance programs. The marine engineer should supervise other engineers and crewmembers and also train them for routine and emergency duties.
The plan enables marine engineers to focus on improving methodically, and contribute to completing the projects in a very little period. Job schedule helps them use time, money and budget appropriately. A simple strategy gives them a sense of objective and helps them fulfil both the short-term goal and long-term goals as well. Preparing plans, designing and constructing schedules is one of the basic jobs of a marine engineer.
Types of a Marine Engineer
Naval architect: A Naval Architect is a professional engineer responsible for the design, construction, and repair of both civilian and military ships, boats, other marine vessels, and offshore structures. Marine architects plan, build and operate vessels from naval vessels to submarines, from sailing vessels to tankers. Mechanical systems like propulsion and steering are being used by marine engineers. Naval architects focus on the basic layout like hull form and stabilization.
Mechanical engineer: Mechanical engineers design the primary propulsion system, the moving and mechanizing components of the ship's functions like steering, anchoring, cargo handling, heating, ventilation, air conditioning indoor and outdoor communication and other similar concerns. Mechanical engineers build energy production equipment, like electrical generators, internal combustion engines, and gas and steam turbines, and also resource-using equipment.
Oceanographic engineer: Oceanographic engineer is concerned with mechanical, electrical, and electronic, and computing technology deployed to support oceanography. Ocean engineering is the implementation of an ocean system of engineering concepts. It environment's complexity and the ocean frontier challenge make it a fascinating profession for aspiring ocean engineers. Ocean engineering trains people to develop coastal environmental control systems.
Offshore engineer: Offshore engineer or civil engineer for an offshore environment is concerned with the design and construction of fixed and floating marine structures, such as oil platforms and offshore wind farms. Offshore Engineering is the scientific discipline that focuses on the design and upgrading of existing designs to function in an ocean environmentally fixed position. Many offshore facilities are used in the oil and gas sector.
What is the workplace/work environment of Marine Engineer like?
Marine engineers and naval architects typically work in offices, where they have access to computer software and other tools necessary for analyzing projects and designing solutions. They need to research new ships and also construct and develop new vessels and other component parts. Sometimes, they must go to sea to test or maintain the ships that they have designed or built. While working for smaller yachts or fishing ships and others they must involve themselves in designing new models, upgrading the fuel systems. They also take care of the navigation system and steering system also to other systems and equipment. When these engineers are working specifically for the larger boats they need to use the computer-aided programs to make the designing solutions. They are involved in bigger solutions processes. So they need to sail over as well as they have a computer-based job too. It can’t be categorized whether it’s an office job or they have to sail. The workspace of a marine engineer is specifically based on their work type. Or in other words, it is based on the job requirements.
Does Marine Engineer require travelling?
The career of a marine engineer requires travel occasionally to shore. Much of the work can be done in the office but sometimes they need to go offshore. Marine engineers may travel abroad for a long time to inspect how the vessel is working or to gather information or maybe to maintain the oil rigs. Engineers who are specialized in offshoring might spend much of their time on the oil rigs to check the performance or the mechanical systems of the rigs. Sometimes the marine engineer has to stay there for a long time. This career needs a certain type of commitment.
This job doesn’t fall under any specific shift timing. marine engineers might have to do overtime to fulfill the needs of the job. They need to work whenever their job requires it. Like every other job, this job needs a specific commitment regarding work culture or shift timing. This job can’t be done from home and this needs seriousness. It is a full-time job and it does not come with the leisure of work from home or part-time. Marine engineers need to work whenever the job requires it. They might have to do overtime to fulfill the needs of the job. This job of a marine engineer can be both contractual and also permanent. On the basis of commitment and capability, the nature of the employment is based.
The job of a marine engineer can permanent as well as contractual. The nature of employment depends on number of factors such as capability and the availability of the person and the demand by the company. There are shipping companies that hire marine engineers on a full-time basis, while others hire them on a contractual basis.
Marine engineers and naval architects typically work in offices, where they have access to computer software and other tools necessary for analyzing projects and designing solutions. They need to research new ships and also construct and develop new vessels and other component parts.
Presence in Geographical Area
Marine engineers work in an office environment that is located in urban areas or semi-urban areas. They may require to travel to shore and stay on deck for weeks.
Time pressure is quite high in the profession as they are required to work for long hours occasionally. In some cases, engineers must have spent 9 to 10 hours a day. Not only this it may vary to 15 to 20 hours a day. Generally, this is not the actual work time but during bunkering, engine maintenance they have to extend their shift timing. The officers need to spend a sleepless night in alternative three weeks. The officers get a day off following that night.
Generally, the working hours for marine engineers are eight to nine hours per day. However, sometimes they’re required to work up to twenty hours per day when involved in bunkering, engine maintenance.
Weekly Hours of Work
Min 40 Hours
Marine engineers may need to extend their shift or working time due to many reasons. They may work for more than forty hours a week. There are many circumstances where the job may get extended. One of the most important criteria of extension is the age of the ship and how many times it faces breakdowns and also on maintenance. The second reason may be the maintenance and lubrication of the spare parts and machinery. Sometimes the industries which are looking at the maintenance of the vessels might not spend that much attention on those and this also leads the engineers in torment. This anguish might be one of the reasons for delaying the work and this will definitely extend the work time. In certain cases, engineers spend close to 12 hours a day. Sometimes the work hours can extend upto 15 to 20 hours a day.
How to become a Marine Engineer?
What are the skills and qualities required to become a/an Marine Engineer?
Science skills: A marine engineer should possess strong science skills. The candidate needs to understand the minute details of the subjects, whether it is chemistry or physics. Physics is one of the core subjects of this profession. The main aim of science skills is to allow the person to use the expertise of scientific methods; in other words, it is being able of comprehending the problems related to them, analyzing , evaluating, making the inference, testing, forming the conclusion, making generalizations and processing the information with the skills and experience.
Attention to safety: A marine engineer must know how to manage extreme conditions and make everyone feel safe on the deck. A marine engineer should not have anxiety issues and should be calm and composed during emergencies.
Problem-solving ability: A marine engineer must possess the problem-solving ability. He should stay with the spirit of finding a solution to every problem. Not only his problems but also he must be able to solve others’ problems on the work floor. A marine engineer might get triggered by several problems at the time of boarding. Problem-solving is beneficial for both employees and companies as it encourages us to exercise control of our environment. Problem-solving provides us with a framework to define these small details, start figuring out why they are damaged and define a plan of action to rectify them.
Time Management: Like every other profession, a marine engineer should also manage his own time and the time of others. Time management is something every professional should follow. It's one of the critical things for a marine engineer to do mainly at the time of sailing. Even to maintain the professional and personal life one should have this quality within themselves. Time management is essential to get greater productivity in the organization. Time management is necessary to reduce stress in the workplace. Time management skills in the workplace are significant for individuals and businesses.
Critical Thinking: Critical thinking is useful because it allows individuals and groups to analyze issues more effectively and to recognize reasonable solutions which at times are not necessarily understandable. Critical thinking allows for resolving workplace problems. A marine engineer should use logic and reasoning to identify the strengths and weaknesses of alternative solutions, conclusions or approaches to various problems. Marine engineers may face various problems during sailing and for that crucial time they should think out of the box to do the work without any interruption.
Listening: Listening helps to increase an employee ’s performance. Staff should feel more energized, concentrated, and less inclined to distraction if they are good listening to participants. A marine engineer should give full attention to what people are saying, understand the points being made by people, asking questions and not interrupting at inappropriate times. In any field first, you have to be a good listener, observer and secondly a good orator or worker. The same goes for a marine engineer. One should listen to his higher authority to maintain a good work culture.
Supervisory skill: A professional should monitor the performance of himself, other individuals, or organizations to make improvements. Monitoring also helps to correct the action plans. Monitoring can give a clear picture so that one must understand what is required in the job or maintain the proper workflow. When employees know that management evaluates their attitude and effectiveness and that managers keep a record of what they're doing with their time, employees prefer to concentrate and less confused in their work, thus enhancing the quality of business efficiency.
Decision making skill: - Marine engineer evaluates the relative costs and benefits of opting for the most suitable step. Decision-making is essential management skills and is particularly relevant for leaders. This is also vital in your personal and professional life. Judgment-making is a vital strength in successful leadership styles. Some individuals also do not qualify for leadership positions mainly due to the lack of decision-making ability.
Numerical ability: A marine engineer should be good with numbers as it requires a lot of calculations and measurements for the construction of projects. A marine engineer should be good in mathematics and calculus. They might have to solve several problems related to calculations. Numeracy is vital to the individual people in their daily tasks to develop logical thinking and problem-solving strategies. Competencies in labour numeracy, literacy, and employment opportunities are frequently used in combination with each other.
Leadership: A marine engineer should possess leadership skills to supervise the whole team and coordinate with them effectively. Managing quality is what a marine engineer is needed. He should manage tough situations in the absence of higher authority. Team-work creates an environment that encourages commitment and relationship. Such close-knit partnerships inspire workers and motivate the employees, collaborate and support each other. People possess various skills, limitations, ability to communicate, attitudes and behaviours.
Which certifications and internships can be helpful in becoming Marine Engineer?
Before entering any profession it is advised to do an internship, Internships give a student the exposure of working in the real world. An internship is that time when a student is trained for a particular profession. In the case of a marine engineer during the time of internship, he or she gets the opportunity to polish the skills and apply his or her theoretical knowledge practically. In the field of engineering, a six months internship is compulsory. Therefore, in order to complete a degree, one must do an internship. Candidates can find an internship for themselves either through their college, or online portals, or they could even contact the organisation of their choice directly.
Career Path Progression for Marine Engineer
Fifth Engineer: The fifth engineer is also known as a trainee engineer. They join the deck as an intern. They learn and explore everything onboard the ship. The trainee engineer often learns under the guidance of a 2nd engineer. These engineers are the ones who just passed college and get a chance to enter the industry. They need proper training to indulge themselves in the workday by day. They are being trained by the seniors. They need to learn the basic work culture as they are freshers they might not know how to behave in the office and they need to learn how to work in critical situations.
Fourth Engineer: After the successful completion of the fourth exam and the sea time the trainee engineer becomes the fourth engineer. Which is also known as a third assistant engineer. He/she works onboard ships and does most of the general labor among the officers. They lead the oilers and other engine room crew. Though these people are trained, they do not fully have the hand on every piece of equipment. They mainly focus on the oilers. They need support from their seniors to follow proper career growth.
Third Engineer: This stage of this very profile is not based on any kind of exam or have any certifications. After gaining proper knowledge and understanding of the work fourth engineers are promoted to one higher level; the third engineer. The third engineer is usually in charge of boilers, fuel, auxiliary engines, condensate, and feed systems, and is the third most senior engine officer on board. They can also get a chance to become trainers, who can train the new joiners or the interns.
Second Engineer: After successful completion of sea time and class II exam the third engineers proceed to be second engineers. The second engineer or first assistant engineer is the officer responsible for supervising the daily maintenance and operation of the engine department. These people are basically focused on training the fifth Engineer or junior Engineers.
Chief Engineer: Now coming to the last and topmost position of this job profile. After successful completion of sea timing and class I exam the second engineer becomes a chief engineer. The chief engineer is generally known as chief. He/she is responsible for all operations and maintenance carried out with all machinery and equipment throughout the ship. These people are the higher authority of these profile chains.
Marine Engineer Jobs and Salaries
- Average Salary 40000
- Starting Salary 30000
- Senior Level Salary 150000
The Chief Engineers in this profession are commonly referred to as Chief, are also the higher position in the hierarchy. They are liable for all activities and services performed throughout the ship, including all industrial machinery. ⠀
Chiefs get the highest off of them all. Entry level salary for the Chief Engineers may be six to seven lakhs per year, and may even go up to sixty lakhs per year depending on their skills and experience. The Chief Engineers' career depends on efficiency, or is largely dependent on the required business skills and experience.
What is the job outlook for Marine Engineer?
There is a wide range of career opportunities in marine engineering depending on the specialization. Marine engineers not just oversee construction and maintenance but at senior positions, they are responsible for entire project management and control. Marine engineers work for the public as well as private shipping companies. There are lots of opportunities abroad as well. The marine engineers are offered various roles such as sales engineer, engineering manager, dock engineer, submarine designer, structural engineer, onshore marine coordinator, and marine equipment designer.
The four key areas which are being operated by marine industries are commercial, naval, leisure and offshore renewable energy. Transport business is almost based on the marine industries. UK’s 95 per cent of export and 75 per cent of import is based on the maritime industry. It plays a major role in the UK's economy. The marine industry aims to expand the current capabilities, research on the wave energy devices and also in expanding the national and international customer base in leisure craft and the commercial shipping markets. An aspiring marine engineer can get into several specializations. These are research laboratories, managing technical projects, undertaking concept designing and also working at sea or undertaking site surveys for energy offshore wind farms. Marine industries have an exciting future based on the capability of the candidate or may be based on the courses they have done. In this profession, engineers might get opportunities for international travel during work. The people with a mind to explore can get the best opportunity during the work itself. This profession has a perfect scope to make a positive difference in environment, economy, and safety.
Frequently Asked Questions for Marine Engineer
Que. What exactly does a marine engineer do?Ans.
A marine engineer is someone who designs, builds, tests and repairs ships, yachts, underwater craft, offshore platforms, and drilling equipment. Marine engineers often work closely with naval architects to design everything from small yachts and fishing boats to submarines and aircraft carriers.
Que. What is a marine engineer’s salary?Ans.
A Marine Engineer gets an average salary that can range from Rs. 64,000 to Rs. 96,000 depending on experience and domain knowledge. Marine Engineers receive salaries of Eighty-Five thousand dollars per annum.
Que. Who was the first marine engineer?Ans.
Archimedes is regarded as the first marine engineer, having developed a number of marine engineering systems. Modern marine engineering dates back to the beginning of the Industrial Revolution (the early 1700s).
Que. Are marine engineers in demand?Ans.
Marine Engineers are expected to continue growing as fast as the national average for all careers. As oil companies continue to move offshore to drill, marine engineers will also be needed to design and service these rigs.
You might also be interested in
Career in Defence after Engineering - Check out all the ways through which the aspirant...
Career in Information Technology - Find the best IT career for you. Know what is Inform...
Career after ITI - Check out career options after engineering and non engineering ITI c...
Career after Polytechnic - Get complete details about career options after polytechnic...
Career options after B. Tech ECE - Check here the career and job opportunities that you...
Career options after B.Tech CSE - Check here the career and job opportunities that you ...
Career options after B.Tech - Know all about career, scope, jobs, salary and exams aft...
Questions related to Marine Engineer
What i have to do to become a marine engineer
In order to become a Marine Engineer, all you need is a minimum educational qualification of 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics as compulsory subjects. Even if you have completed a three year diploma in marine engineering, you can apply for UG course in marine engineering. Your age limit should be 17-25 years. The length of the graduate course of engineering may vary slightly in some countries, but in general it is 4 years, wherein the student undergoes comprehensive training in both theoretical as well as practical aspects of the science.
Hope this helps!
does a marine engineer has to stay 6months in sea?
Yes. It Depends on rank, nationality and company.
In general, higher the rank, lower the contract period.
Crew may have a contract duration of 7 to 9 months. Junior officer's, 6 to 8 months. Senior officer's 4 to 6 months.
So you can visit your family and head for vacation at the end of your contract tenure.
Apart from this, some companies allow some officer's to have their spouse and children onboard
Select your reason of reporting