- Agricultural Engineer
Who is a Agricultural Engineer?
The discovery of agriculture was the first big step toward a civilised life Arthur Keith
Agriculture is usually termed as the science and the art of growing crops and using livestock for various farming purposes. An agriculture engineer is a professional who applies and uses the principles of agriculture and engineering to come up with solutions in the agriculture sector. An agriculture engineer plays a vital role in finding solutions to various agriculture problems and also to meet the agriculture demand of the people. Agriculture engineers design and develop new farming techniques and equipment that help in making farming more efficient in terms of sustainability, safety, and environment- friendly. They increase the efficiency of farming with the help of new and advanced technologies.
Agriculture engineers find new ways of doing things to improve the productivity of the land without harming the environment, and conserve resources. Agricultural infrastructure such as dams, water reservoirs, warehouses, and other structures are also designed and built by them. In short, agricultural engineers work to improve the efficacy and sustainability of agricultural practices with the help of advanced technologies.
Agricultural Engineer in a Nutshell
Agriculture engineering is a discipline of engineering which combines mechanical, civil, electrical, and chemical engineering principles with agricultural principles. Agricultural engineering is concerned with the engineering of agricultural production and processing. Agricultural engineering is the study of designing equipment and developing various eco-friendly methods to improve the productivity of crops with the help of advanced technologies.
Quick Facts for Agricultural Engineer
Average Salary in India
Agriculture engineering also known as Agri engineering is a profession that is suitable for all gender types as the activities and the tasks required to do in this profession can be carried out by all genders.
Any special needs
This career is not suitable for candidates with special needs as it requires the person to travel from one location to the other in order to gather samples and test them in laboratories.
Table of Contents for Agricultural Engineer
What is the role of Agricultural Engineer?
Agricultural engineers are involved in a variety of activities related to farming and the agricultural industry in general. These activities range from aquaculture (breeding, raising, and harvesting fish, shellfish, and aquatic plants) to land farming and forestry. The activities also include developing biofuels and finding better ways to process food. Agriculture engineers design components and agricultural machinery with the help of computer-aided design (CAD) technology. They test agricultural machinery and various types of equipment to ensure that they work properly.
Designing of food processing plants and supervise manufacturing activities is also an important part of their job profile. They plan and supervise the construction of rural electric power distribution systems. Agricultural engineers plan and supervise environmental and land restoration projects in agriculture and related industries. They work with clients, contractors, consultants, and other engineers so that the plans can be evaluated and see whether anything needs to be changed or not.
Agriculture engineers are at the forefront when it comes to designing new agriculture machinery and other equipment. Agriculture engineers also design crop storage facilities, animal farms,crop processing units. They also oversee the construction of such facilities.
Agriculture engineers also test all types of agriculture machinery in order to ensure that the agricultural operations are carried on without any problems. They ensure that the work done is smooth and efficient. Testing is an important part of an agricultural engineer's job profile. Testing helps to minimise risks and maximise the output, which further results in the desired outcome.
Agriculture engineers often conduct educational programmes for farmers and provide them with the relevant information that is needed by them so that there is a rise in their agricultural produce, without affecting the environment.
Agriculture engineers also act as supervisors in food processing and food manufacturing plants. They ensure the quality is not compromised and that everything runs smoothly. It is also their responsibility to supervise their juniors and ensure that seamless work is carried out.
Agriculture engineers often come up with the sketches and drawings of food processing plants or food storage facilities. They also sanction budgets for various agricultural projects. Apart from this they also plan out events and surveys that help to gather raw data for further research. As the agricultural industry in India is quite vast, planning forms an essential part of the job of an agricultural engineer.
Types of a Agricultural Engineer
There are several options for those who have completed their studies in agricultural engineering. From being a plant physiologist to a food supervisor or an agronomist, one can take up any career. Some of the popular careers as agriculture engineers are mentioned below:
Plant physiologist: Plant physiologists study various functions of living plants right down to the cellular level. Agriculture scientists study the entire functions that take place in plants, starting from their growth and till the time they die and understand how they produce fruits.
Food supervisor: A food supervisor looks after the overall food hygiene and safety. A food supervisor ensures that standards are being met. A food supervisor monitors and supervises all the food handlers to make sure that all the food handling tasks are carried out in an efficient manner.
Agricultural inspector: They are responsible for inspecting farms and other agricultural organisations. Agricultural inspectors inspect the products and equipment, and sites to ensure that everything is according to the government regulations. Most of the agricultural inspectors are employed by the state and central governments.
Agricultural specialist: Agricultural specialists are in charge of enforcing the rules and regulations about the export and import of various agricultural items across the border. They study to gain information on the various agricultural products and act as Customers and Border Protection officials.
Agronomist: They work to find various ways to produce more food and increase soil productivity. Agronomists often work as planners and managers and frequently conduct soil testing and land appraisal procedures. Agronomists also work to improve the nutritional value of crops and seeds.
Soil scientists: Soil scientists study soil resources as they not only contribute to agricultural production but also affect the quality of the environment. Soil scientists are the right professionals to inspect the soil and interpret it. Their readings and interpretation help to come up with solutions that help protect the environment and ensure that human health is not compromised.
What is the workplace/work environment of Agricultural Engineer like?
Agricultural engineers spend time at a variety of worksites, both indoors and outdoors. Working conditions for agricultural engineers depends on the kind of the activity they perform. Some of their tasks may be performed in laboratories, offices, or at fields. They might need to investigate farm operations, survey land use and conditions or test new equipment.
Does Agricultural Engineer require travelling?
Agriculture engineers work in a variety of settings that include outdoor and indoor worksites. Travelling is not necessary for every agricultural engineer, as depends on the nature of their work. Engineers working in offices do not require to travel as they perform their tasks in the buildings. Whereas agricultural engineers like soil scientists have to inspect the soil so they need to travel from one site to the other.
This career includes mostly working full time in an organisation. There are some companies that hire agricultural engineers on a part-time basis also. Schedules may vary due to weather conditions and other complications. The nature of employment does not require candidates to work from home as agriculture engineers have to be physically present in laboratories to research and analyse the reports.
Agricultural engineers usually work in a regular shift of nine to five on weekdays. However, depending on the specialisation in the career the shift timings may vary. Engineers working in office premises are likely to work on a regular shift. Whereas, engineers working on different sites require travelling so the shift timings do not matter in such cases. Time taken in travelling from one site to another adds up to the hour of the shift.
The nature of employment is on a permanent basis in this profession. Most companies hire individuals on a permanent basis as employees get more efficient at their jobs through familiarity with the processes. It is not necessary that every industry hire agricultural engineers on a permanent basis, they might hire engineers on a contractual basis according to their needs. In short, companies look to hire more agricultural engineers on a permanent basis than contractual basis.
Private Offices Factory, On-Field, Laboratory
Working conditions for agricultural engineers depend on the kind of the activity they perform. Some of their tasks may be performed in laboratories, offices, or at fields.
Presence in Geographical Area
The offices and laboratories are mostly situated in urban areas. However, sites are situated mostly in rural or semi urban areas. The job role of agricultural engineers vary due to the specialisation that they opt for. As this profession involves the study related to the agriculture industry the work sites are mostly situated in urban cities.
Agricultural Engineers often must be available to address problems that may come up in manufacturing operations or rural construction projects. Some outdoor projects may require favourable conditions so weather also plays an important role in their work schedules.
Agricultural engineers sometimes work overtime because of the nature of agricultural projects. During the harvest season they might also assist the local agricultural body, hence end up working overtime.
Weekly Hours of Work
Min 45 Hours
Agricultural engineers usually work in a regular shift of nine to five on the weekdays. However, depending on the specialisation in the career the shift timings may vary.
How to become a Agricultural Engineer?
What are the skills and qualities required to become a/an Agricultural Engineer?
Analytical Skills: Agricultural engineers often design systems that are part of a larger agricultural or environmental system, so they must possess the analytical skills to propose solutions in order to interact well with co-workers, machinery and equipment, and the environment.
Listening Skills: They must have good listening skills to seek out information from clients, workers, and other professionals working on a project. Also, agricultural engineers must be able to communicate the information to people who will be using the systems and solutions they design.
Mathematical Skills: This is one of the most important skills as the agriculture engineering job requires a lot of calculations based on the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work.
Problem-Solving Skills: They work on problems affecting many different aspects of agricultural production, from designing safer equipment for food processing to water erosion. Agricultural engineers must be able to apply general principles of engineering to new circumstances and solve these problems.
Communication Skills: Agriculture engineers must understand the verbal and written information provided to them. They need to read and understand work-related materials. They need to listen carefully to others and ask questions in order to resolve the queries of coworkers. Agriculture engineers must speak and write clearly so that people can understand the information they want to convey.
Reasoning Skills: They analyse ideas and logic to combine information to come to a conclusion that is beneficial for the people. They recognise the nature of the problem and judge the cost to be incurred to solve it. They need to identify what must be changed in order to achieve the goal. They think of new ideas and follow the guidelines to arrange objects to make the ideas real.
Scientific Skills: They need to master the mathematical and scientific skills to solve problems. They need to be accurate with the calculations in order to gain the desired solutions to problems that they come across.
Managerial Skills: They need to manage themselves and their coworkers to achieve the desired targets within the given timeframe. They must have the managerial skills to motivate, direct and develop people.
Decision-making Skills: This is one of the vital skills that must be possessed by managers in this profession. They need to make the right decisions at the right time to enhance the performance which results in the success of the organisation. Effective and the correct decisions help in the effective and smooth functioning of an organisation.
Delegation Skills: This is the act of passing on tasks related to work to employees or subordinates working in an organisation. They should assign tasks to employees that suits them in order to maximise the outcome and meet the deadlines. The proper delegation of work helps in getting quick and easy results.
Conceptual Skills: These skills help in understanding the complex situation in order to develop creative and successful solutions. A creative mind sees a problem from different angles which helps to get a solution to complex situations. Everyone might have an opinion but not all have the capability to implement the ideas, so the ability to conceptualise the ideas is crucial. Abstract thinking is highly effective at top managerial positions.
Which certifications and internships can be helpful in becoming Agricultural Engineer?
Internship is an important step towards finding a job after completing graduation. Internships are great opportunities for students in learning more about themselves and the companies they might work for. There are several agricultural engineering projects for engineering students. Gaining a real-world experience helps the students to understand how theoretical knowledge works. Agricultural engineering internships are available with companies all over the world. Internships are a great way to enhance one’s resume, make professional connections and get recommendation letters to use for future job applications. With the help of the internship a student will also understand what is meant by agriculture?
Internships for agricultural engineering are easily available in different agricultural industries. The internships are offered in different durations ranging from two months to six months depending on the needs of the industry.
Career Path Progression for Agricultural Engineer
Agricultural engineering is a vast field of engineering related to farming and the resources available from the environment. Junior engineers usually work under the supervision of experienced engineers. As they gain knowledge and experience, beginning engineers move to more difficult projects with greater independence to develop designs, solve problems, and make decisions. Those who work in the industry may become top managers for their company. Some open their own consulting firms.
Junior agricultural engineer: Juniors or the associates in agricultural engineers are involved in various functions, including farming and agribusiness associated activities, like every other profession. They not only just assist the seniors but also do some of the specific work. They use computer-aided technology for designing or developing equipment or other machinery which are used in farming.
Agricultural inspectors: Agricultural inspectors inspect or monitor the farms as well as other agricultural organisations to understand the details of the business, productivity and they also give attention to the laws and regulations. They are mainly liable to check if all the products, equipment, and forums are officially legal and comply with government rules and regulations.
Agricultural engineering manager: Managers are basically the supervisor of any department, whether it is a corporate firm or a governmental body. Now if we talk about the agricultural engineering managers, the very name implies that they supervise the subordinate agricultural engineers. They also work with the landowners and government agencies and implement many strategies regarding increase of the agribusiness. Management teams of agricultural engineering or the managers finalize and report policies and procedures according to departmental goals.
Agricultural Engineer Jobs and Salaries
Agricultural engineering manager
- Average Salary 50000
- Junior Level Salary 30000
- Senior Level Salary 100000
Agricultural engineering managers offer resources and expertise to collaborate with landowners, and government organizations to introduce and sustain a range of management activities. Agricultural engineering managers finalise and review operational policies and procedures according to the goals of the department.
The average pay structure of agricultural engineering managers is Rs. six lakhs per annum, the initial pay can be as high as two lakhs per annum. Several organizations offer higher to trained and skilled agricultural engineering managers, who could receive nearly twelve lakhs a year.
Junior Agricultural Engineer
- Average Salary 40000
- Junior Level Salary 20000
- Senior Level Salary 70000
Junior agricultural engineers are employed in a number of tasks related to agriculture and agribusiness in general. They design equipment and farming machinery using computer-aided engineering technology. Junior agricultural engineers check farming equipment to guarantee they function properly.
A junior agricultural engineer's salary might vary based on their expertise, skills, and experience. Junior agricultural engineers' average salary structure is Rs. four lakhs per annum, the initial pay may be up to two lakhs per year. Most companies / organizations are paying more for highly qualified and experienced junior agricultural engineers, who could earn nearly eight lakhs a year.
What is the job outlook for Agricultural Engineer?
The demand of agriculture engineers is more as the Indian economy is heavily dependent on agriculture, so there is no dearth of agricultural engineering jobs in India. So there is a good scope of agricultural engineering in India. With the increase of technology and scientific inputs in this industry, the requirement of manual labourers has decreased. Both the private and public sectors hire agricultural engineers offering good opportunities to students who become agriculture engineers.
Employment in this field is expected to grow five per cent between 2012 to 2022. The growth rate is not fast if we compare it to other professions. India is expected to grow its farm income at a double rate by 2022. The agricultural sector in India is expected to increase investments in agriculture infrastructures like irrigation facilities, warehousing and cold storage in the next few years to create better momentum in this sector. Indian farmers would be definitely benefited from the use of genetically modified crops.
The Indian Government has taken many initiatives to help the farmers which in return helps in the growth of the jobs for agricultural engineers. The reason behind this is the increase of initiatives due to which it is projected that the requirement of technical experts would rise leading to the growth of job opportunities for students pursuing agricultural engineering.
The growth of the population is one of the major factors that would create employment opportunities in this field. With the increase of population, the demand for food would also increase which would require engineers to use their skills to produce more food(crops) with the help of the advanced technologies. They would also be responsible for designing new farm equipment to improve the efficiency of the crops.
These factors would definitely increase jobs for agricultural engineers in the coming years. So choosing this as a career would definitely help students in the future in getting several job opportunities.
Frequently Asked Questions for Agricultural Engineer
Que. What is meant by agricultural engineering?Ans.
Agricultural engineering is a branch of engineering which deals with agricultural production. It is an amalgamation of principles and disciplines of mechanical, civil, chemical engineering and food science. From designing the farm machinery to planning the location of the farm. Everything comes under agricultural engineering.
Que. Is Agricultural Engineering a good career?Ans.
Agricultural engineering offers good opportunities, but it is a small occupation, and engineers trained in other fields, such as civil or mechanical engineering, also may compete for these jobs.
Que. Is Maths compulsory for Agricultural Engineering?Ans.
No, Maths is not a mandatory subject required to pursue agriculture engineering.
Que. What is the average salary of Agricultural Engineers?Ans.
The average salary of agriculture engineers is between Rs. 2.5-4.5 lakhs per year.
Que. What do agricultural engineers do?Ans.
Agricultural engineers design agricultural machinery components and equipment, using computer-aided design (CAD) technology. They also test agricultural machinery and equipment to ensure that they perform properly. They design food-processing plants and supervise other operations in a firm.
Que. What do food engineers do?Ans.
The primary responsibility of a food engineer is to design and develop.
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