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Rightfully called, "the world discipline" as well as "the bridge between the human and the physical sciences", geography has helped mankind explore the earth and its relationships to all living beings. Man has mapped the planet over the years with the help of geography.
The field equips you with the knowledge of the physical world and what role humans have played in it. It prepares you efficiently for disaster management. Because of all these features geography is well respected in the scientific, education communities. So if you have the passion, then take some of the best geography courses and explore the various roles this field has to offer.
What is Geography?
It is a subset of science, devoted to the study of lands, waterbodies, other features, inhabitants and various phenomena associated with the planet. Hence it gives emphasis to the exploration of the physical properties of Earth's surface as well as the human societies spread across it. The answers geography seeks to find are:
- Where are things found?
- How did they get there?
- How had they developed over time?
It has two branches: human geography and physical geography. The former focuses on how communities, cultures, economies, etc. went hand in hand with the environment across space and time. The latter focuses on the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere.
Who can pursue Geography courses?
- You are a highschooler who loves mapping the world and learning more about the its physical aspects and how humans interactions have impacted it
- You have a thirst for knowledge and wants to simply learn more geography
- You are already a professional (geographer, scholar, etc.) in a related field and wishes to bridge any gap, if there is any
- You see endless opportunities globally in this area and find it adventurous.
Does this sound like you? Then geography courses are for you.
Eligibility Criteria for Geography courses
For UG Geography courses, you must have (10+2) qualification with a minimum passing percentage (45-55%). (preferably from humanities stream)
For PG Geography Courses, you must have a bachelor’s in geography with a minimum passing percentage.
For Research in geography courses, you will need a masters in the relevant discipline with a minimum passing percentage. You might also be required to make a research proposal on the area you wish to pursue research.
Depending on the institute you can take admission either based on merit or through entrance exams.
Entrance exams for Geography Courses
You can also enroll into online Geography courses as they can expand your knowledge and skills.
Important skills for Geography courses
- Logical and Analytical skills
- Research skills
- Problem solving skills
- Attention to detail
What will you learn in Geography courses?
The courses aim to teach how the planet has evolved in relation to natural forces as well as interactions of living organisms (mainly humans). While Geography certification courses may equip you with an overview or focus on specific subjects, degree courses aim to teach you the theoretical as well as practical applications of geography.
For a B. Sc. in Geography
- Geography of India
- Cartographic techniques
- Maps and scales
- Physical Geography
- Human Geography
- Thematic cartography
- Representation of Physical Features
- Representation of Climate Data
- Statistical Methods in Geography
- Maps Protections
- Environmental Geography
- Economic Geography
- Field Work and Research Methodology
- Regional Planning and Development
- Distribution Maps and Diagrams
- Remote Sensing and GIS
- Evolution of Geographical Thoughts
- Disaster Management
For an MA in Geography
- Climatology and Soil Geography
- Nature of Geography
- Economic Geography
- Quantitative Techniques and Digital Data Processing
- Geohydrology and Oceanography
- Historical and Political Geography
- Geographical Thought
- Cartographic Techniques and Map Projection
- Thematic mapping and Geographical Information System.
Popular Geography certification courses
For a professional, geography certification courses can help enhance their existing knowledge. For the beginner, they can give an overview which can help in choosing whether or not to pursue a career in geography. Here we have compiled some of the best geography certification courses offered by top institutes.
Mysore University via Swayam
Free (charge for certificate)
Free (charge for certificate)
Mysore University via Swayam
Free (charge for certificate)
SPA Delhi via Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council
Career Opportunities after Geography courses
You develop the map by going through charts, diagrams, conventional maps, spreadsheets, etc. of the area. You work for both the public and private sector.
You conduct meticulous research and analysis on factors such as climatology, topography, economic, political and regional geography, etc. in order to provide solutions to different problems in the society (business, agriculture, urban and regional planning) You also design and interpret graphs, diagrams, maps and related geographic information. You assist governmental, non - governmental organizations in assessing geographic conditions, phenomena, anomalies, etc. of different regions.
You design concepts, plans and preliminary engineering budgets after conducting an assessment on the proposed region. You analyse factors such as population requirements, features of the region etc. to come with a budget for infrastructure. You also analyse and forecast financial impacts and costs of various strategies.
- Urban Planner
- Forest Manager
- Agriculture Specialist
- Indian Forest Service Officer
- Zoning Investigator
- Development Surveyor
- Land Use Analyst
- Coastal Zone Manager
- Geographics Information Specialist
Geography is a respected field both in public and private sectors. As it goes hand in hand with sustainable development, the field offers roles which have great compensation. With skills and experience you can look forward to a consistent salary hike as well. Here is a list of professions related to Geography and their average Base salaries (entry level)
Average Base Salary p.a.
Geographics Information Specialist
** Source of Salary Details: Payscale
Note: The given salary details may vary depending on experience, skill, company, location etc.
Scope after Geography courses
If you are a qualified professional in the field of geography, then you can find plenty of opportunities not only in the private and public sector of your country, but abroad as well. Here are the fields that will require your expertise:
- Population Analysis
- Urban planning
- Rural planning
- Nature Conservation Sanctuaries
- Climate Analysis
- Environmental Science
- Travel and Tourism
So if you are an aspiring candidate, then definitely go for it. Take some of the best geography courses to enter into this rewarding field.
Government research institutes
Environmental protection agencies
Gas exploration company
GIS and Remote sensing
Q: Is it difficult to pursue geography courses?
A: The vast amount of knowledge can become tedious if your heart's not into geography. But if you are passionate about it, geography won’t become difficult for you. Take some basic online geography courses to get an idea, if you have doubts choosing a degree in college.
Q: What is the duration for different geography courses?
A: UG and PG geography courses last for 3 and 2 years respectively. Research in geography can take anywhere from 2 to 8 years. You can complete geography certification courses in a few months.
Q: How can I pursue online geography courses?
A: Whether you are a beginner looking for an overview or a professional looking for more knowledge, online geography courses can be of great help. Top institutes are offering online geography courses. Take for example, the Swayam initiative by the Indian government where many institutes such as IITs. provide geography certification courses.
Q: How much will it cost to learn different geography courses?
A: The fees can vary depending on the course as well as the institute. Undergraduate geography courses can cost from 2,330/- to 3.78 lakhs (private) and 1,080/- to 1.54 lakhs (public) respectively. For a diploma it can cost upto 2 lakhs. (approx) For Postgraduate geography courses, it can range from INR 1,000/- to 2.13 lakhs (private) and INR 890/- to 1.40 lakhs (public) For research it can range from INR 85,000/- to 6.61 lakhs (private) and INR 1,530/- to 3 lakhs (public). For a diploma in geography courses, it is around INR 12,400/-. Most geography certification courses are free of cost.
Q: What is the necessity for geography courses?
A: Man has always mapped his world. Geography is crucial to have clarity on matters such as land ownership of individuals, companies, states and at the global level, the countries. All of this is possible because of qualified professionals in the field. Hence the prominence of geography courses.
Q: What are some of the best institutes for pursuing UG/PG geography courses?
A: Here are some of the top institutes that offer geography courses:
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