5 Courses and Certifications

Online Geography Courses & Certifications

Rightfully called, "the world discipline" as well as "the bridge between the human and the physical sciences", geography has helped mankind explore the earth and its relationships to all living beings. Man has mapped the planet over the years with the help of geography.

The field equips you with the knowledge of the physical world and what role humans have played in it. It prepares you efficiently for disaster management. Because of all these features geography is well respected in the scientific, education communities. So if you have the passion, then take some of the best geography courses and explore the various roles this field has to offer.

What is Geography?

It is a subset of science, devoted to the study of lands, waterbodies, other features, inhabitants and various phenomena associated with the planet. Hence it gives emphasis to the exploration of the physical properties of Earth's surface as well as the human societies spread across it. The answers geography seeks to find are:

  • Where are things found?
  • How did they get there?
  • How had they developed over time?

It has two branches: human geography and physical geography. The former focuses on how communities, cultures, economies, etc. went hand in hand with the environment across space and time. The latter focuses on the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment such as atmosphere, biosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere.

Who can pursue Geography courses?

  • You are a highschooler who loves mapping the world and learning more about the its physical aspects and how humans interactions have impacted it 
  • You have a thirst for knowledge and wants to simply learn more geography
  • You are already a professional (geographer, scholar, etc.) in a related field and wishes to bridge any gap, if there is any
  • You see endless opportunities globally in this area and find it adventurous.

Does this sound like you? Then geography courses are for you.

Eligibility Criteria for Geography courses

For UG Geography courses, you must have (10+2) qualification with a minimum passing percentage (45-55%). (preferably from humanities stream)

For PG Geography Courses, you must have a bachelor’s in geography with a minimum passing percentage.  

For Research in geography courses, you will need a masters in the relevant discipline with a minimum passing percentage. You might also be required to make a research proposal on the area you wish to pursue research.

Depending on the institute you can take admission either based on merit or through entrance exams.

Entrance exams for Geography Courses

You can also enroll into online Geography courses as they can expand your knowledge and skills.

Important skills for Geography courses

  • Logical and Analytical skills 
  • Research skills
  • Problem solving skills
  • Attention to detail
  • Leadership 
  • Teamwork
  • Perseverance

What will you learn in Geography courses?

The courses aim to teach how the planet has evolved in relation to natural forces as well as interactions of living organisms (mainly humans). While Geography certification courses may equip you with an overview or focus on specific subjects, degree courses aim to teach you the theoretical as well as practical applications of geography. 

For a B. Sc. in Geography

  • Geography 
  • Geography of India 
  • Geomorphology
  • Cartographic techniques
  • Maps and scales
  • Physical Geography 
  • Human Geography 
  • Thematic cartography
  • Representation of Physical Features
  • Representation of Climate Data
  • Climatology
  • Statistical Methods in Geography
  • Maps Protections
  • Environmental Geography
  • Economic Geography
  • Field Work and Research Methodology
  • Regional Planning and Development
  • Distribution Maps and Diagrams
  • Remote Sensing and GIS
  • Evolution of Geographical Thoughts
  • Disaster Management

For an MA in Geography

  • Geomorphology
  • Climatology and Soil Geography
  • Nature of Geography
  • Economic Geography
  • Quantitative Techniques and Digital Data Processing
  • Geohydrology and Oceanography
  • Biogeography
  • Historical and Political Geography
  • Geographical Thought
  • Cartographic Techniques and Map Projection
  • Thematic mapping and Geographical Information System.

Popular Geography certification courses

For a professional, geography certification courses can help enhance their existing knowledge. For the beginner, they can give an overview which can help in choosing whether or not to pursue a career in geography. Here we have compiled some of the best geography certification courses offered by top institutes. 


Offered by



Agricultural Geography

Mysore University via Swayam

12 weeks

Free (charge for certificate)

Geography of India

Offered by Mysore University via Swayam

12 weeks

Free (charge for certificate)

Physical Geography-Climatology and Oceanography

Mysore University via Swayam

12 weeks

Free (charge for certificate)

Vulnerability Atlas of India

SPA Delhi via Building Materials and Technology Promotion Council

Self paced

INR 500/-

Career Opportunities after Geography courses


You develop the map by going through charts, diagrams, conventional maps, spreadsheets, etc. of the area. You work for both the public and private sector.


You conduct meticulous research and analysis on factors such as climatology, topography, economic, political  and regional geography, etc. in order to provide solutions to different problems in the society (business, agriculture, urban and regional planning) You also design and interpret graphs, diagrams, maps and related geographic information. You assist governmental, non - governmental organizations in assessing geographic conditions, phenomena, anomalies, etc. of different regions.

Urban Planner

You design concepts, plans and preliminary engineering budgets after conducting an assessment on the proposed region. You analyse factors such as population requirements, features of the region etc.  to come with a budget for infrastructure. You also analyse and forecast financial impacts and costs of various strategies. 

Other careers

  • Urban Planner
  • Climatologist
  • Forest Manager
  • Agriculture Specialist
  • Forester
  • Indian Forest Service Officer
  • Zoning Investigator
  • Development Surveyor
  • Land Use Analyst
  • Coastal Zone Manager
  • Geographics Information Specialist

Salary Trends

Geography is a respected field both in public and private sectors. As it goes hand in hand with sustainable development, the field offers roles which have great compensation. With skills and experience you can look forward to a consistent salary hike as well. Here is a list of professions related to Geography and their average Base salaries (entry level)


Average Base Salary p.a.


INR 6,02,736/-


INR 3,00,000/-

Urban Planner

INR 4,98,472/-


INR 9,13,132/-

Geographics Information Specialist

INR 4,67,692/-

** Source of Salary Details: Payscale

Note: The given salary details may vary depending on experience, skill, company, location etc. 

Scope after Geography courses

If you are a qualified professional in the field of geography, then you can find plenty of opportunities not only in the private and public sector of your country, but abroad as well. Here are the fields that will require your expertise: 

So if you are an aspiring candidate, then definitely go for it. Take some of the best geography courses to enter into this rewarding field.

Top Recruiters

Government research institutes


Environmental protection agencies

Agriculture research


Gas exploration company

Mining Industries


GIS and Remote sensing


Q: Is it difficult to pursue geography courses?

A: The vast amount of knowledge can become tedious if your heart's not into geography. But if you are passionate about it, geography won’t become difficult for you. Take some basic online geography courses to get an idea, if you have doubts choosing a degree in college.

Q: What is the duration for different geography courses?

A: UG and PG geography courses last for 3 and 2 years respectively. Research in geography can take anywhere from 2 to 8 years. You can complete geography certification courses in a few months.

Q: How can I pursue online geography courses?

A: Whether you are a beginner looking for an overview or a professional looking for more knowledge, online geography courses can be of great help. Top institutes are offering online geography courses. Take for example, the Swayam initiative by the Indian government where many institutes such as IITs. provide geography certification courses.

Q: How much will it cost to learn different geography courses?

A: The fees can vary depending on the course as well as the institute. Undergraduate geography courses can cost from 2,330/- to 3.78 lakhs (private) and 1,080/- to 1.54 lakhs (public) respectively. For a diploma it can cost upto 2 lakhs. (approx) For Postgraduate geography courses, it can range from INR 1,000/-  to 2.13 lakhs (private) and INR 890/- to 1.40 lakhs (public) For research it can range from INR 85,000/- to 6.61 lakhs (private) and INR 1,530/- to 3 lakhs (public). For a diploma in geography courses, it is around INR 12,400/-. Most geography certification courses are free of cost.

Q: What is the necessity for geography courses?

A: Man has always mapped his world. Geography is crucial to have clarity on matters such as land ownership of individuals, companies, states and at the global level, the countries. All of this is possible because of qualified professionals in the field. Hence the prominence of geography courses.

Q: What are some of the best institutes for pursuing UG/PG geography courses?

A: Here are some of the top institutes that offer geography courses:

Career Category
Job Role


Geography of India

Offered by


Geography of India

Geography, in general, is the study of lands, people, and all the phenomena which take place on Earth. In this course, the focus is the country of India. The Geography of India course by Swayam provides a more detailed perspective about the formation of the physiography and the physiographic features situated throughout India. The course also details various details about the natural features of India including its changing topography, the composition of different types of soil, study about various landforms, water bodies such as rivers and their tributaries, basins, and so on. Geography does not only deal with physical features but it also deals with ecological features. 

In this course, the candidate will also gain knowledge about the climate, developments across many regions, irrigation systems, agriculture throughout the country, settlements in rural and urban areas, how the demography is formed, and the presence of migrants, trades, commodities, and industrialization at different scales. The main goal of this course is to gain a very in-depth understanding of Geography as a whole, specifying India.

...Read More
12 Weeks
Skills Covered:
Knowledge of Geography


The certificate programme in Biogeography is a 12-week online course by Swayam, offered at the undergraduate level. Candidates can also pick this online programme as an elective. Moreover, Dr P.T. Bharathi instructs the online programme. She is the Principal Investigator and course coordinator for the Biogeography course under Massive Open Online Courses.

The Biogeography certification programme by Swayam will teach the candidates about flora and fauna of a region. Also, they will learn about the geographic factors that affect the natural inhabitants of an environment or surrounding, including world climate zones, type & distribution of forests, natural vegetation & ecosystem, among others. 

Furthermore, the online course has a vast and extensive curriculum which covers core topics like Darwin’s theory of evolution, along with other topics like human races, the relationship between man & environment, Glaciations cycles, and population & settlement.

Upon successful completion, candidates will acquire expertise in the world biomes. Also, a certificate in Biogeography by Swayam can lay a concrete base for a career in Biogeography. 

...Read More
12 Weeks
Skills Covered:
Knowledge of Geography
Agricultural Geography

Offered by


Agricultural Geography

Agriculture as activity started 10,000 to 12,000 years ago when humans began to domesticate animals and grow plants for their subsistence. Before this, they were hunters and gatherers. Agriculture appeared simultaneously across the world through trial and error methods. Learn about the history of agriculture in Agricultural Geography Training.

The course on Agricultural Geography by Swayam provides the fundamental knowledge on various types of agricultural practices like horticulture, subsistence, specialised, commercial farming, etc. candidates will also undergo training and appear for various assessments throughout the course duration to test their knowledge.

The Agricultural Geography Certification Syllabus traces the history of agriculture from the Neolithic period to the present-day scenario. You will cover topics like the secondary, primary, tertiary, and quaternary activities conducted by man with a keen emphasis on agricultural marketing and statistics in India. Candidates will also learn about geographical tools used in developed nations like GIS, GPS and remote sensing.

...Read More
12 Weeks
Skills Covered:
Knowledge of Agricultural practices
Physical Geography-Climatology and Oceanography

Offered by


Physical Geography-Climatology and Oceanography

Swayam’s Physical Geography-Climatology and Oceanography programme has a total of 30 modules. These modules are designed by keeping in mind the current industry practices and standards. Every week, you will learn three modules that will focus on three different topics. The Department of Geography at the University of Mysore, Mysore, is offering this programme over Swayam.

The Physical Geography-Climatology and Oceanography course will let you explore everything about the hydrosphere and atmosphere. This self-paced training enables you to juxtapose the two to draw conclusions and how it determines the climate. The course will also teach you the factors that impact pressure and temperature distribution. 

Additionally, the Physical Geography online programme by Swayam has interactive videos with background graphics for each topic. You will receive assignments, quizzes, summary, presentations, and other learning aids. For clarification of doubts, you can post your queries on the Swayam portal. Moreover, you will have the flexibility to learn according to your schedule and convenience.

...Read More
12 Weeks
Skills Covered:
Knowledge of Geography

Certificate course on Vulnerability Atlas of India

A certificate course in Vulnerability Atlas of India is an e-learning programme that will offer you an insight into the natural hazards occurring in our country and identify the regions that have a higher vulnerability to these hazards like Cyclones, earthquakes, floods and landslides etc. 

The course will help you specify the intensity of damage risk to the prevailing housing stock in every district. 

The programme offers candidates to equip themselves with the tools needed to effectively mitigate and manage disasters in civil engineering, Architecture, Housing, regional & urban planning, building materials research and infrastructure planning.

This course will help stakeholders to be better equipped for natural disasters and prevent loss of life and property by proactive and futuristic measures. 

This course will help candidates in creating the much-required awareness and develop a knowledge of managing the disasters and increasing such preparedness. Upon the completion of the course, candidates will be offered a certification that will add value to their resume.

...Read More
Skills Covered:
Disaster Management


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