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About GITAM GAT 2022
GITAM GATE 2022 - Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management will release the GITAM GAT application form 2022 soon at the official website - gitam.edu. Applicants looking for admissions in GITAM will be able to check the important dates related to GITAM GAT soon through official notification. Candidates are advised to check the GITAM GAT 2022 eligibility criteria before filling the application form. The application process of GITAM GAT 2022 comprises registration, filling application form, uploading documents and payment of fee. GITAM GAT application form 2022 will be available in both offline and online mode. Candidates who fill the application form successfully will be able to download the GITAM GAT admit card 2022 a few days before the commencement of the exam.
Applicants appearing for the exam must check the GITAM GAT 2021 syllabus and exam pattern for their effective preparations. Candidates can also refer to the previous year question papers to ace the exam with a good score.
After the conclusion of the exam, the exam conducting authority will release the GITAM GAT result 2022 at the official website. The result of GITAM GAT 2022 will be released separately for all phases. It should be noted that along with GITAM GAT 2022, JEE Main, TS EAMCET, & AP EAMCET scores will also be considered for B.Tech offered by the Bangalore, Visakhapatnam, and Hyderabad campuses.
What is GITAM GAT?
GITAM GAT exam is the online entrance test conducted by Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM) University for admission to its UG and PG programs of Pharmacy, Technology, and Architecture offered by the University's campus in Bengaluru, Hyderabad, and Visakhapatnam. The GITAM GAT 2022 exam for each stream will be conducted only in online mode (computer-based).
GITAM GAT 2022 Highlights
|Full Exam Name||GITAM Admission Test|
|Short Exam Name||GITAM GAT|
|Conducting Body||GITAM Deemed University|
|Frequency of Conduct||7 times a year|
|Exam Level||University Level Exam|
|Mode of Application||Offline / Online|
|Mode of Exam||Online|
|Mode of Counselling||GITAM GAT UGTP offline|
|Exam Duration||2 Hours|
The exam mentions the eligibility criteria of GITAM GAT 2022 in the official notification. GITAM GAT 2022 eligibility criteria comprises minimum marks required, subjects and other parameters. The eligibility criteria of GITAM GAT will be released separately for UGTP, PGTA and PGP courses. To check the eligibility of various courses offered by GITAM University, candidates can refer to the details below.
GAT UGTP exam is conducted for admission to UG programmes (B.Tech, B.Arch, Dual Degree - B.Tech+M.Tech, and B.Pharmacy) offered at the University. Minimum 60% aggregate marks (50% aggregate marks for B.Arch./B.Pharm.) in Mathematics, Physics & Chemistry and First Class or equivalent grade in the qualifying examination (10+2) from a recognised Board (central/state) and rank obtained in GAT (UGTP) exam.
For B.Arch. programme, candidates should qualify in NATA/JEE (Main) paper-2. Aspirants with Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics/Biology subjects are eligible for B.Tech. Biotechnology (60% aggregate marks in group and equivalent grade) and B.Pharmacy courses.
GITAM GAT PGTA Eligibility Criteria
Minimum 60% aggregate marks (50% aggregate marks for M.Arch.) or equivalent grade in qualifying examination from a recognised university. The rank obtained in the GAT (PGTA) exam will also be considered.
The candidates who have qualified the GATE exam are exempted from appearing for the GAT (PGTA) exam. However, these candidates would need to apply for admission and have to attend the counselling as well.
GITAM GAT PGP Eligibility Criteria
The GAT PGP exam is specifically conducted for admission to M.Pharm. programmes offered at the Visakhapatnam campus of Gitam University.
Candidates must have Passed the B.Pharm. from a recognised university with a minimum of 50% marks or equivalent grade in order to be eligible for the exam.
The rank obtained in the GAT (PGP) exam will also be considered.
GPAT qualified candidates do not need to appear for the GAT PGP exam. However, they would need to apply for admission and will have to attend the counselling session as per the schedule.
Mode of Application : Offline and Online
Mode of Payment : Net Banking | Credit Card | Debit Card | Demand Draft | Other
The exam conducting authority will release the GITAM GAT 2022 application form soon at the official website. Applicants will be able to fill the GITAM GAT application form as per the schedule. The application process of GITAM GAT 2022 comprises registration, filling details in application form, uploading documents and payment off fee. Candidates will also be able to fill the GITAM GAT application form 2022 in offline mode. Applicants who successfully fill the application form before the last date will be able to download the GITAM admit card a few days before the commencement of the examination.
How to fill GITAM GAT 2022 application form (Online Mode)
Applicants appearing for the exam can refer to the steps to fill the GITAM GAT application form from below.
GITAM GAT 2022 Registration:
Applicants need to visit the official website and click on the ‘New Applicant’ button from the homepage.
For GITAM registration, the candidates have to enter their details such as name, email address and mobile number.
After filling all necessary details, applicants need to create a login password of their choice.
Filling GITAM GAT 2022 application form:
The next step is to fill in details in the application form of GITAM GAT. Applicants hae to enter their personal, academic and any other details in the application form. Candidates must enter all the details correctly.
Candidates now need to upload the scanned images of photograph and signature as per the specifications in GITAM GAT application form 2022.
Payment of Fee:
The next step after uploading documents is application fee payment. The application fee of GITAM GAT 2022 is Rs 800. Applicants will be able to pay the application fee in both offline and online mode. For online payment, candidates can use credit/debit or net banking. For the offline payment, applicants have to send their DD of the mentioned amount drawn in favour of GITAM University, payable at Visakhapatnam, to the University's address.
For offline mode of payment:
For offline fee payment, applicants need to take a printout of the application form of GITAM GAT 2022. Candidates need to send the application form through speed post/registered post/courier along with a demand draft (DD) drawn in favour of GITAM payable at Visakhapatnam on any scheduled bank to the Director-Admissions, GITAM Deemed to be University, Gandhinagar Campus, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam-530 045, Andhra Pradesh, Indian before the last date.
NOTE: Candidates should mention their application number at the backside of the demand draft.
How to fill GITAM GAT 2022 Application Form (Offline)
Applicants willing to fill the application form of GITAM GAT 2022 in offline mode either send a DD of Rs 150 to the University to receive the application by post or visit the prescribed branches of Union Bank of India, Indian Bank, and Karur Vysya Bank to get the form.
To access the GITAM GAT 2022 application form through the post, the candidates will have to send their request on a plain paper with their names and mailing address to Director - Admissions, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Gandhi Nagar Campus, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam - 530 045, Andhra Pradesh, INDIA. A demand draft of Rs 150/- drawn in favor of GITAM (Deemed to be University) payable at Visakhapatnam on any scheduled bank should also be attached to the request.
The application form of GITAM GAT 2022 will also be available in various designated banks.
The filled application form has to be sent later to Director-Admissions, GITAM (Deemed to be University), Gandhi Nagar Campus, Rushikonda, Visakhapatnam - 530 045, Andhra Pradesh, India along with a demand draft of Rs 800, drawn in favor of GITAM (Deemed to be University), payable at Visakhapatnam on any scheduled bank.
|SC, General, ST, OBC||PWD||Offline, Online||Transgender, Female, Male||₹ 800|
GITAM GAT UGTP Syllabus
Sets, relations, and functions
|Sets and their representation, union, intersection and compliment of sets, and their algebraic properties, power set, relation, types of relation, equivalence relation, functions, one-one, into and onto functions, composite functions|
|Principle of mathematical induction and its simple applications|
|Statements, logical operations and, or, implies, implied by, if and only if|
|Understanding of tautology, contradiction, converse and contra positive|
Quadratic equations and theory of equations
|Quadratic equations in real and complex number system and their solutions|
|Reminder and factor theorems, common roots, general quadratic expression, finding the range of a function, location of roots, solving inequalities using location of roots|
Theory of equations
|The relation between the roots and coefficients in an equation; solving the equation when two or more roots of it are connected by certain relations; equations with real coefficients, imaginary roots occur in conjugate pairs and its consequences|
|Transformation of equations, reciprocal equations|
Binomial theorem and its simple applications
|Binomial theorem for a positive integral index, general term and middle term, properties of binomial coefficients and simple applications|
Sequences and series
|Arithmetic and geometric progressions, insertion of arithmetic, geometric means between two given numbers|
|Relation between A.M. and G.M.|
|Sum to n terms of special series ∑n, ∑n², ∑n³|
Permutations and combinations
|Definition of linear and circular permutations; to find the number of permutations of n dissimilar things taken 'r' at a time|
|To prove npr= (n-1)pr+r(n-1)pr-1 from the first principles; to find number of permutations of n dissimilar things taken 'r' at a time when repetition of things is allowed any number of times|
|To find number of circular permutations of n different things taken all at a time; to find the number of permutations of 'n' things taken 'r' at a time when some of them are alike and the rest are dissimilar|
|To find the number of combinations of 'n' dissimilar things taken 'r' at a time; to prove i) If ncr = ncx, then n = r+s or r=s ii) ncr + ncr-1 = (n+1)cr|
Matrices and determinants
|Matrices, algebra of matrices, types of matrices, determinants and matrices of order two and three|
|Properties of determinants, evaluation of determinants, area of triangles using determinants|
|Adjoint and evaluation of inverse of a square matrix using determinants and elementary transformations, test for consistency and solution of simultaneous linear equations in two or three variables using determinants and matrices, and rank of matrix|
|Algebra of vectors, angle between two non-zero vectors, linear combination of vectors, geometrical applications of vectors|
|Scalar and vector product of two, three, and four vectors and their application|
Three dimensional geometry
|Coordinates of a point in space, distance between two points, section formula, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two intersecting lines|
|Skew lines, the shortest distance between them and its equation|
|Equations of a line and a plane in different forms, intersection of a line and a plane, coplanar lines|
|Trigonometric ratios, compound angles, multiple and sub-multiple angle, transformations, trigonometric expansions using De Moivre’s theorem|
|Trigonometric equations, inverse trigonometry and heights and distances (only 2D problems)|
Properties of triangles
|Sine rule, cosine rule, tangent rule, projection rule, half angle formulae and area of triangle|
|In-circle and ex-circle of a triangle|
|Pedal triangle, ex-central triangle, geometry relation of ex-centres, distance between centres of triangle|
|M-N theorem, problems and quadrilateral, regular polygon, solution of triangle (ambiguous cases)|
|Definitions, integral power of iota (i), algebraic operations with complex numbers, square root of a complex number, geometrical representation of a complex number, Modz, Arg of Z, polar term of Z, Eulors form of Z, conjugate of Z|
|Properties of conjugate, solving complex equations, De Moivre's theorem, geometrical applications of complex numbers, properties of ³ √1, ⁴√1 , ⁿ√1 , geometrical applications of complex numbers|
Limits, continuity, and differentiability (LCD)
|Real-valued functions, algebra of functions, polynomials, rational, trigonometric, logarithmic and exponential functions, inverse functions|
|Graphs of simple functions|
|Differentiation of the sum, difference, product, and quotient of two functions|
|Differentiation of trigonometric, inverse trigonometric, logarithmic, exponential, composite, and implicit functions; derivatives of order upto two|
Applications of derivatives
|Rate of change of quantities, errors and approximations, tangent and normals, maxima and minima of functions of one variable, mean value theorems (Rolle's, Lagrange's, intermediate value theorem)|
|Fundamental integration formulae, method of integration, integration by parts, integration by substitution, integration of rational and irrational algebraic functions, Integral of the form ∫ xᵐ (a+bxᵑ) ᴾdx integration using Euler's substitution|
|Reduction formulae over indefinite integrals, integration using differentiation|
Applications of integrals
|Integral as limit of a sum|
|Fundamental theorem of integral calculus|
|Problems on all the properties of definite integrals|
|Determining areas of the regions bounded by curves|
|Locus: Definition of locus; equation of locus and its illustration on complete geometry; translation and rotation of axes and its illustrations|
|Different forms of straight lines, distance of a point from a line, lines through the point of intersection of two given lines, angular bisectors of two lines, foot of perpendicular, image point (vs.) point, point (vs.) line, and line (vs.) line|
|Concurrences of lines, centroid, orthocentre, incentre and circumcentre of triangle|
|Equation of a circle-standard form-centre and radius-equation of a circle with a given line segment as diameter-equation of circle through three non-collinear points-parametric equations of a circle|
|Position of a point in the plane of the circle-power of a point-def|
|Of a tangent-length of tangent|
|Position of a straight line in the plane of the circle-condition for a straight line to be a tangent, chord joining two points on a circle, equation of the tangent at a point on the circle, point of contact, equation of normal|
|Chord of contact-pole, polar-conjugate points and conjugate lines, equation of chord with given mid point|
|Relative positions of two circles-circles touching each other, externally, internally, common tangents, points of similitude, equation of tangents from an external point|
|Angle between two intersecting circles|
|Conditions for orthogonalities|
|Concepts of radical axis and radical centre|
Parabola, ellipse, hyperbola, and polar coordinates
|Parabola: Conic sections, parabola-equation of parabola in standard form, different forms of parabola; parametric equations. Equation of tangent and normal at a point on the parabola (Cartesian and parametric)|
|Parabola: Condition for a straight line to be a tangent|
|Ellipse: Equation of ellipse in standard form, parametric equations. Equation of tangent and normal at a point on the ellipse (Cartesian and parametric) condition for a straight line to be a tangent|
|Hyperbola: Equation of hyperbola in standard form-parametric equations, rectangular hyperbola; equation of tangent and normal at a point on the hyperbola (Cartesian and parametric) condition for a straight line to be a tangent. Asymptotes|
|Ordinary differential equations, their order, and degree|
|Formation of differential equations|
|Solution of differential equations by the method of separation of variables, solution of homogeneous, non-homogenous, linear differential equations|
|Bernoulli's equation, orthogonal trajectory|
|Applications of differential equations|
Probabilities, random variables and distributions, and statistics
|Probability: Random experiment, random event, elementary events, exhaustive events, mutually exclusive events, sample space, sample events, addition theorem on probability. Dependent and independent events, multiplication theorem, Baye’s theorem|
|Random variables and distributions: Random variables, distributive functions, probability distributive functions, mean, variance of a random variable; Bernoulli trials and binomial distributions|
|Statistics: Measures of dispersion; calculation of mean, median, mode of grouped and ungrouped data, calculation of standard deviation, variance and mean deviation for grouped and ungrouped data|
Diversity in living world
|What is living? biodiversity, need for classification|
|Three domains of life|
|Taxonomy and systematic concepts of species and taxonomical hierarchy|
|Binomial nomenclature tools for study of taxonomy, herbaria, botanical gardens|
|Five kingdom classifications, silent features and classification of monera, protista, and Fuji into major groups|
|Salient features and classification of plants into major groups|
|Algae (spirogyra) bryophytes (funeria), pteridophytes (pteris), gymnosperms (cycas)|
|Root, stem, leaf, inflorescence, flower, fruit, and seed|
|Histology: Meristems, simple tissues, complex tissues, and special tissues|
|Tissue system: Epidermal, ground and vascular tissue systems|
|Anatomy: Anatomy of dicot and monocot root, dicot and monocot stem, decoct and monocot leaf, secondary growth in dicot stem and dicot root|
|Cell theory and cell as the basic unit of life|
|Structure of prokaryotic and eukaryotic cell, plant and animal cell|
|Cell wall, cell membrane, cell organelles structure and function 1 chromosomes|
|Biomolecules: Structure and function of proteins, carbohydrates, lipids, nucleic acids, enzymes|
|Cell division: Cell cycle, mitosis, and meiosis|
|Introduction: Principles of plant classification, brief account of Bentham and Hooker's system|
|Families: Fabaceae, asteraceae, solanaceae, liliaceae poaceae|
|Reproduction organisms, modes of reproduction|
|Asexual and sexual|
|Asexual reproduction-binary fission, sporulation, budding, gemmule, fragmentation, vegetative propagation in plants|
|Sexual reproduction flowering plants|
|Development of male and female gametophytes|
|Pollination types, agents|
|Out breeding devices, double fertilization, post fertilization changes|
|Development of endosperm, embryo and seed|
|Apomixis, parthenocerpy, polyembryony|
|Bacteria and viruses|
|Microbes in human welfare: In household food processing, industrial production, sewage treatment, energy generation and as biocontrol agents and bio fertilizers|
|Improvement in Food production|
|Plant breeding, tissue culture, single cell protein, mushroom cultivation, bio fortification|
Biotechnology and its applications
|Principles and process of biotechnology, genetic engineering|
|Application of biotechnology in agriculture and health|
|Human insulin and vaccine production, gene therapy, genetically modified organisms, BT. Crops, transgenic animals, biosafety issues-biopiracy and patents|
|Transport in plants: Movement of water, gases and nutrients; cell to cell transport-diffusion, facilitated diffusion, active transport; plant-water relations, imbibition, water potential, osmosis, plasmolysis; long distance transport of water|
|Transport in plants: Absorption, apoplast, symplast, transpiration pull, root pressure and guttation. Transpiration-opening and closing of stomata; uptake and translocation of mineral nutrients-transport of food, phloem transport, mass flow hypothesis|
|Transport in plants: Diffusion of gases (brief mention)|
|Mineral nutrition: Essential minerals, macro and micronutrients and their role; deficiency symptoms: Mineral toxicity; elementary idea of hydroponics as a method to study mineral nutrition; nitrogen metabolism; nitrogen cycle, biological nitrogen fixation|
|Photosynthesis: Photosynthesis as a means of autotrophic nutrition, site of photosynthesis take place; pigments involved in photosynthesis (elementary idea); photochemical and biosynthetic phases of photosynthesis|
|Photosynthesis: Cyclic and non-cyclic and photophosphorylation; chemiosmotic hypothesis; photorespiration C3 and C4 pathways|
|Factors affecting photosynthesis|
|Respiration: Exchange gases; cellular respiration-glycolysis, fermentation (anaerobic), TCA cycle and electron transport system (aerobic); energy relations-number of ATP molecules generated; amphibolic pathways; respiratory quotient|
|Plant growth and development: Seed germination; phases of plant growth and plant growth rate; conditions of growth; differentiation, dedifferentiation and redifferentiation; sequence of developmental process in a plant cell; growth regulators|
|Plant growth and development: Auxin, gibberellin, cytokinin, ethylene, ABA; seed dormancy; vernalisation; photoperiodism|
|Salient features (3 to 5) and two examples of non-chordate phyla|
|Salient features (3 to 5) and two examples of chordate classes|
Structural organisation in animals
|Cockroach: Brief account of morphology, anatomy and functions of digestive circulatory, respiratory, nervous and reproductive systems|
|Animal tissues: Epithelial, connective, muscular, and nervous tissues|
Human physiology-digestive and respiratory systems
|Digestive system: Alimentary canal and digestive glands; role of digestive enzymes and gastrointestinal hormones; peristalsis, digestion, absorption and assimilation of proteins, carbohydrates and fats; caloric value of proteins, carbohydrates and fats|
|Digestive system: Egestion; nutritional and digestive disorders-pem, indigestion, constipation, vomiting, jaundice, diarrhoea|
|Respiratory system: Respiratory organs in animals (recall only); respiratory system in humans; mechanism of breathing and its regulation in humans-exchange of gases; transport of gases and regulation of respiration; respiratory volumes|
|Respiratory system: Asthma emphysema, occupational respiratory disorders|
Human physiology: circulatory and excretory systems
|Circulatory system: Composition of blood, blood groups, coagulation of blood; composition of lymph and its function; human circulatory system-structure of human heart and blood vessels; cardiac cycle, cardiac output, ECG, double circulation|
|Circulatory system: Regulation of cardiac activity, disorders of circulatory system-hypertension, coronary artery disease, angina pectoris, heart failure|
|Excretory system: Modes of excretion-ammonotelism, ureotelism, uricotelism; human excretory system-structures and function; urine formation, osmoregulation; regulation of kidney function-rennin-angiotensin, atrial natriuretic factor|
|Excretory system: ADH and diabetes insipidus; role of other organs in excretion; disorders; uremia, renal failure, renal calculi, nephritis; dialysis and artificial kidney|
Human physiology-locomotion and movement, and neuro endocrine system
|Locomotion and movement: Types of movement-ciliary, flagellor, muscular; skeletal muscle- contractile proteins muscle contraction; disorder of muscles. Myasthenia gravis, tetany, muscular distrophy|
|Skeletal system and its functions: Joints; disorders of skeletal system-osteoporosis, arthritis, gout|
|Nervous system: Neurons and nerves; nervous system in humans-central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and visceral nervous system; generation and conduction of nerve impulse; reflex action|
|Nervous system: Sense organs: Elementary structure and function of eye and ear|
|Endocrine system: Endocrine glands and hormones; human endocrine system-hypothalamus, pituitary, pineal, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pancreas, gonads; mechanism of hormone action (elementary idea); role of hormones as messengers and regulators|
|Endocrine system: Hypo and hyperactivity and related disorders(example: Dwarfism, acromegaly, cretinism, goiter, exophthalmic goiter, diabetes, Addison's disease)|
|Human reproduction: Male and female reproductive systems; microscopic anatomy of testis and ovary; gametogenesis-spermatogenesis and oogenesis; menstrual cycle; fertilization, embryo development upto blastocyst formation, implantation|
|Human reproduction: Pregnancy and placenta formation (elementary idea); parturition (elementary idea); lactation (elementary idea)|
|Reproductive health: Need for reproductive health and prevention of sexually transmitted diseases (STDS); birth control-need and methods, contraception and medical termination of pregnancy (MTP); amniocentesis|
|Reproductive health: Infertility and assisted reproductive technologies-IVF, ZIFT, GIFT (elementary idea for general awareness)|
|Heredity and variations: Mendelian inheritance; deviation from Mendelism-incomplete dominance, codominance, multiple alleles and inheritance of blood groups, pleiotropy; elementary idea of polygenic inheritance; chromosome theory of inheritance|
|Heredity and variations: Chromosomes and genes; sex determination-in humans, birds, honey bee; linkage and crossing over; sex linked inheritance-hemophilia, colour blindness; Mendelian disorders in humans-thalassemia; chromosomal disorders in humans|
|Heredity and variations: Down's syndrome, Turner's and Klinefelter's syndromes|
|Molecular basis of inheritance: Search for genetic material and DNA as genetic material; structure of DNA and RNA; DNA packaging; DNA replication; central dogma; transcription; genetic code; translation gene expression and regulation-lac operon|
|Molecular basis of Inheritance: Genome and human genome project; DNA finger printing|
|Evolution: Origin of life; biological evolution and evidences for biological evolution from palaeontology, comparative anatomy, embryology and molecular, evidence-Darwin's contribution, modern synthetic theory of evolution, mechanism of evolution|
|Evolution: Variation (mutation and recombination) and natural selection with examples, types of natural selection; gene flow and genetic drift, Hardy-Weinberg's principle; adaptive radiation ; human evolution|
Human health and diseases
|Pathogens; parasites causing human diseases (malaria, filariasis, ascariasis, typhoid pneumonia, common cold, amoebiasis, ringworm)|
|Basic concepts of immunology-vaccines; cancer, HIV, and AIDS|
|Adolescence, drug, and alcohol abuse|
Ecology and environment
|Organisms and environment: Habitat and niche; population and ecological adaptations; population interactions-mutualism, competition, predation, parasitism; population attributes-growth, birth rate and death rate, age distribution|
|Ecosystem: Patterns, components; productivity and decomposition; energy flow; pyramids of numbers, biomass, energy, nutrient cycling (carbon and phosphorous); ecological succession; plant communities; ecological services|
|Ecosystem: Carbon fixation, pollination, oxygen release|
|Biodiversity and its conservation: Concept of biodiversity; patterns of biodiversity; importance of biodiversity; loss of biodiversity; biodiversity conservation; hotspots; endangered organisms, extinction; red data book; biosphere reserves|
|Biodiversity and its conservation: National parks and sanctuaries|
|Environmental issues: Air pollution and its control; water pollution and its control; agrochemicals and their effects; solid waste management; radioactive waste management; greenhouse effect and global warming; ozone depletion; deforestation|
|Environmental issues: Any three case studies as success stories addressing environmental issues|
|Characteristics of electron, proton and neutron, Rutherford's model of atom-nature of electromagnetic theory, Planck's quantum theory, explanation of photoelectric effect-features of atomic spectra, characteristics of hydrogen spectrum|
|Bohr's theory of structure of atom, Bohr's explanation of spectralines, failure of Bohr's theory-wave particle nature of electron, De Broglie's hypothesis, Heisenberg's uncertainly principle, important features of the quantum mechanical model of atom|
|Quantum numbers, concept of orbitals-expressing atomic orbitals interms of quantum numbers, shapes of s, p, and d orbitals, Aufbau principle, Pauli's exclusion principle, Hund's' rule of maximum multiplicity|
|Electronic configuration of atoms, explanation of stability of half-filled and completely filled orbitals|
|Composition of nucleus, isotopes, isotones, isobars, isodiaphers, factors effecting nuclear stability, mass defect, binding energy, N/P ratio|
|Radioactive disintegration and its rate-half life and average life, types of nuclear reactors-fission and fusion with examples one each|
|Radioactive isotopes and their applications-iodine 131, cobalt 60, sodium 24, C14 and P30-properties of α β and γ rays|
|Orbital overlap and covalent bond, ionic bond and Fajan's rules, lattice energy, hybridisation involving s, p, and d orbitals, mot (homo nuclear diatomic species only), H-bond, dipole moment, VSEPR theory and shapes of molecules|
Classification of elements and periodicity of properties
|Concept of grouping of elements in accordance with their properties, the periodic law, the significance of atomic number and electronic configuration as the basis for periodic classification|
|Classification of elements into s, p, d, f, blocks and their main characteristics, classification of elements based on their properties|
Hydrogen and its compounds
|Position of hydrogen in the periodic table|
|Occurrence, isotopes of hydrogen, preparation, properties, and uses (including as fuel) of hydrogen|
|Reactions of hydrogen with different types of elements leading to ionic, molecular and non-stoichiometric hydrides, physical and chemical properties of water and heavy water, hydrogen peroxide-methods of preparation, physical and chemical properties|
|Oxidation, reduction, decomposition and disproportionate and addition reactions|
Alkali and alkaline earth metals
|General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, anomalous properties of first element in each group, diagonal relationship, trends in properties like ionisation enthalpy, atomic and ionic radii, reactivity with oxygen, hydrogen|
|Halogens and water|
|Preparation and properties and uses of the compounds sodium hydroxide, salts of oxoacids, sodium carbonate, sodium hydrogen carbonate, sodium chloride, biological importance of sodium and potassium, preparation and uses of CaO, CaCO₃, and CaSO₄|
|Industrial uses of lime and limestone-biological importance of Mg and Ca|
States of matter: gases and liquids
|Grahams law of diffusion, Dalton's law of partial pressures, Avogadro's law|
|Ideal behaviour, empirical derivation of gas equation, ideal gas equation|
|Kinetic molecular theory of gases, kinetic gas equation (no derivation) and deduction of gas laws from kinetic gas equation, distribution of molecular velocities-types of molecular velocities, behaviour of real gases, deviation from ideal behaviour|
|Compressibility factor vs. pressure diagrams of real conditions for liquefication of gases, critical temperature, liquid state-properties of liquids in terms of intermolecular attractions, vapour pressure|
|Viscosity and surface tension (quantitative idea only. No mathematical derivation)|
Chemical thermodynamics: Thermodynamics
|Concepts of system, types of systems, surroundings, work, heat, energy, extensive and intensive properties, state functions, first law of thermodynamics-internal energy and enthalpy, heat capacity and specific heat, exothermic and endothermic reactions|
|Measurement of U and H, enthalpies of bond dissociation, combustion, neutralization, formation, atomization, sublimation, phase transition, ionization and dilution, thermo-chemical equations|
|Hess's law of constant heat summation, driving force for a spontaneous process, thermodynamic representation of criteria of spontaneity in terms of entropy, entropy as a state function, Gibbs free energy, Gibbs free energy change for spontaneous|
|Non spontaneous process and equilibrium process|
|Classification of solutions, molarity normality, molality, mole fraction, dilute solutions, vapour pressure, Raoult's law, limitations of Raoults law colligative properties, relative lowering of vapour pressure, elevation of boiling point|
|Depression in freezing point, osmosis and osmotic pressure, theory of dilute solutions, determination of molar masses using colligative properties, abnormal molecular mass|
|Lowry-Bronsted acids and bases theory, Lewis theory, limitations of Lewis theory, ionic equilibrium, ionization of acids and bases, strong and weak electrolytes, degree of ionization, ionic product of water|
|Concept of ph, hydrolysis of salts (elementary idea), hydrolysis constant, buffer solutions, solubility product and common ion effect with illustrative examples|
|Equilibrium in physical and chemical process, dynamic nature of equilibrium, law of mass action, equilibrium constant, factors affecting equilibrium, relation between Kp and Kc, Le-Chatelier's principle|
|Applications to the industrial processes like (i) ammonia-Haber's process, (2) H₂SO₄-contact process|
|Classification of solids based on different binding forces such as molecular, ionic, covalent solids and metallic solids, treatment of metallic bond and metallic/ solids, amorphous and crystalline solids|
|Unit cell in two-dimensional and three-dimensional lattices, seven crystal systems and Bragg's equation, X-ray study of crystal structure, Bragg's method|
|Calculation of density of unit cell, packing in solids, number of atoms per cubic unit cell|
|Point defects-Schottky and Frenkel defects|
|Electrical and Magnetic properties|
|Adsorption, physical and chemical adsorption|
|Adsorption of gases on solids, factors affecting the adsorption-pressure (Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms) and temperature, catalysis-types of catalysis, autocatalysis|
|Colloidal state-colloidal solutions, classification of colloidal solutions, protective colloids and gold number emulsions-classification of emulsions, micelles, cleansing action of soap, properties of colloids-Tyndall effect, Brownian movement|
|Concept of reaction rate, factors affecting reaction rates, rate law, units of rate constant, order and molecularity, methods of determination of order of reaction, integrated rate equations and half lives for zero and first order reaction|
|Collision theory of reaction rates (elementary ideas), concepts of activation energy (Arrhenius equation)|
|Conductance in electrolytic solutions, specific and molar conductance's-variation of conductance with concentration, Kohlrausch's law, application to calculation of equivalent conductance of weak electrolytes|
|Electrolytes and non-electrolytes, redox reactions, electrolysis-some typical examples of electrolysis Viz; fused NaOH, brine solution, fused MgCl₂, Faraday's laws of electrolysis|
|Galvanic and voltaic cells representation and notation of electrochemical cells with and without salt bridge, standard hydrogen electrode and electrode potentials, electro chemical series, EMF of cell, Nernst equation and its applications|
|Calculation of EMF of electro chemical cells, primary cell-dry cell/ Leclanche cell, secondary cells-fuel cells, hydrogen, oxygen fuel cell|
|General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous properties of first element of the group, boron: Physical and chemical properties, uses|
|Some important compounds: Borax and boric acid|
|Boron hydrides, aluminium-uses, reactions with acids and alkalies, alums|
|General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, variation of properties, oxidation states, trends in chemical reactivity, anomalous behaviour of the first element of the group carbon-catenation, allotropic forms|
|Physical and chemical properties and uses|
|Similarities between carbon and silicon, uses of oxides of carbon, important compounds of silicon-silicon dioxide and a few uses of silicon tetrachloride, silicones, silicates and zeolites (elementary ideas)|
|Fuel gases : Manufacture and uses of producer gas and water gas|
Group-18 elements (zero group elements)
|General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence, isolation trends in physical and chemical properties, uses, compounds of xenon oxides and xenon fluorides (structures only)|
Group-15 elements (VA group elements)
|Occurrence-physical states of nitrogen and phosphorous; allotropy, catenation|
|Electronic configuration, oxidation states, general characteristics of hydrides, structure of hydrides, general characteristics of oxides, general characteristics of halides, oxyacids of nitrogen, oxyacids of phosphorous|
|Preparation and uses of nitric acid and ammonia, superphosphate of lime|
Group-16 elements (VI group elements)
|Occurrence, electronic configuration, oxidation states, physical states of oxygen and sulphur and their structure, allotropy, general characteristics of hydrides, oxides and halides, structural aspects of oxyacids of chalcogens, ozone, uses of ozone|
|Sodium thiosulphate, sulphuric acid-industrial process of manufacture|
Group-17 elements (VII A group elements)
|Occurrence, electronic configuration and oxidation states, physical states of halogens, I.P values, electro negativity and electron affinity, bond energies, chemical reactivity, oxidizing power of fluorine, chlorine|
|Structural aspects of oxy acids of chlorine, preparation, properties, and uses of fluorine, chlorine and bleaching powder, interhalogen compounds-structures only|
|General introduction, electronic configuration, occurrence and characteristics of transition metals, general trends in properties of first row transition elements-metallic character, ionization energy, variable oxidation states, atomic and ionic radii|
|Colour, catalytic property, magnetic property, interstitial compounds, alloy formation|
|Preparation and properties of KMnO₄, K₂Cr₂O₇, Ag₂O, AgNO₃, Ag₂S₂O₃|
|Electronic configuration, variable oxidation states, chemical reactivity and lanthanide contraction|
|Introduction, ligands, coordination number, Werner's theory of coordination compounds, shapes of coordination compounds, valence bond theory, IUPAC nomenclature of mono nuclear coordination compounds, bonding, isomerism, EAN rule|
|Importance of coordination compounds in qualitative analysis, extraction of metals, biological systems (chromo proteins, haemoglobin, chlorophyll structures only)|
General principles of metallurgy
|Principles and methods of extraction-concentration, reduction by chemical and electrolytic methods and refining, occurrence and principles of extraction of copper, zinc, iron, and silver|
|Process of molten electrolysis to extract Al, Mg, and Na|
|Extraction of gold and lead|
Principles of qualitative analysis
|Group I to V (only Ag⁺, Hg²⁺, Cu²⁺, Pb²⁺,Bi⁺, Fe³⁺, Cr³⁺, Al³⁺, Ca²⁺, Ba²⁺, Zn²⁺, Mn²⁺, and Mg²⁺); nitrate, halides (excluding fluoride), sulphate and sulphide|
|Some basic principles and techniques: General introduction, methods of purification, quantitative and qualitative analysis|
|Classification and IUPAC nomenclature of organic compounds|
|Electronic displacements in a covalent bond, inductive effect, electrometric effect, resonance and hyper conjugation, fission of a covalent bond-homolytic and heterolytic fissions, Types of reagents: Electrophiles, nucleophiles and free radicals|
|Types of reagents: Examples and reactive intermediates, common types of organic reactions-substitution, addition|
|Elimination and rearrangement reactions with examples|
|Shapes of simple organic molecules|
|Structural and geometrical isomerism; optical isomerism of compounds containing up to two asymmetric centres (R, S and E, Z nomenclature excluded)|
|Classification of hydrocarbons, alkanes-nomenclature, isomerism conformations (ethane and butane), methods of preparation of ethane, physical properties, chemical reactions including free radical mechanism of halogenation|
|Combustion and pyrolysis of ethane, cycloalkanes: Preparation and properties of cyclohexane, Alkenes: Nomenclature, structure of double bond (ethene), physical properties, methods of preparation of ethylene, physical properties|
|Chemical reactions: Addition of hydrogen, halogen, water|
|Hydrogen halides (Markovnikov's addition and peroxide effect), ozonolysis, oxidation, mechanism of electrophilic addition|
|Reaction with Baeyer's reagent|
|Akynes-preparations and properties of alkynes|
|Acidity of alkynes|
|Introduction-IUPAC nomenclature, benzene, resonance, aromaticity chemical properties: Mechanism of electrophilic substitution-nitration, sulphonation, halogenation, Friedel-Crafts alkylation and acylation|
|Directive influence of functional group in mono substituted benzene carcinogenicity and toxicity|
|Effect of O, M, P directing groups in mono substituted benzene|
|Nomenclature, nature of C-X bond, ethyl chloride and chloroform, preparation, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of substitution reactions SN1 and SN2 reactions|
|Reactions of Grignard reagent|
|Nature of C-X bond, chlorobenzene substitution reactions (directive influence of halogen for mono substituted compounds only)|
|Nucleophilic aromatic substitution in haloarenes|
Alcohols, phenols, and ethers
|Alcohols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation of ethyl alcohol, physical and chemical properties (of primary alcohols only), identification of primary, secondary, tertiary alcohols, mechanism of dehydration. Uses of some important compounds|
|Phenols: Nomenclature, methods of preparation of phenol, physical and chemical properties, acidic nature of phenol, electrophilic substitution reactions, uses of phenols. Comparison of acidic nature of substituted phenols|
|Ethers: Nomenclature, methods of preparation of diethyl ether, physical and chemical properties, uses|
Alcohols, phenols and ethers
|Alcohols: Methanol and ethanol|
Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxylic acids
|Aldehydes and ketones: Nomenclature, nature of carbonyl group, methods of preparation of acetaldehyde and acetone, physical and chemical properties, mechanism of nucleophilic addition, reactivity of alpha-hydrogen in aldehydes, uses|
|Aldehydes and ketones: Distinction of aldehydes and ketones. Reactions of benzaldehyde|
Aldehydes, ketones, and carboxyllic acids
|Carboxylic acids: Nomenclature, acidic nature, methods of preparation of acetic acid, physical and chemical properties, uses. Comparison of acidic strength of aliphatic and aromatic acids. Preparations and properties of benzoic acid|
Organic compounds containing nitrogen
|Preparation and properties of nitro compounds|
|Amines: Nomenclature, classification, structure, methods of preparation of aniline, physical and chemical properties, uses, identification of primary, secondary, and tertiary amines and aromatic amine (aniline)|
|Amines: Comparison of basic strength of aliphatic amines and substituted anilines|
|Diazonium salts: Preparation, chemical reactions, and importance in synthetic organic chemistry, uses of azodyes. AZO coupling reactions of diazonium salts of aromatic amines|
Practical organic chemistry
|Detection of elements (n, s, halogens); detection and identification of the following functional groups: Alcoholic and phenolic, aldehyde and ketone, carboxyl, amino and nitro|
|Chemical methods of separation of mono-functional organic compounds from binary mixtures|
|Classification of polymers, addition, condensation, copolymerization, natural rubber, vulcanization of rubber, synthetic rubber, molecular weights of polymers-number average and weight average molecular weights (definitions only)|
|Biopolymers, biodegradable polymers, some commercially important polymers like polythene, nylon, polyesters, and bakelite|
|Carbohydrates: Classification (aldoses and ketoses), monosaccharides (glucose and fructose), oligosaccharides (sucrose, lactose, maltose), polysaccharides (starch, cellulose, glycogen) and importance|
|Amino acids and proteins: Elementary idea of amino acids, peptide, polypeptides, proteins primary structure, secondary structure, tertiary structure and quaternary structures (qualitative ideas only)|
|Amino acids and proteins: Denaturation of proteins, enzymes|
|Vitamins: Classification, functions in bio systems|
|Nucleic acids: Types of nucleic acids, primary building blocks of nucleic acids, chemical composition of DNA and RNA, structure of DNA, genetic code|
Chemistry in everyday life
|Uses of chemicals in medicine: Analgesics-narcotics (morphine, codeine), non-narcotics (aspirin, ibuprofen); antipyretic (analgin, phenacetin, paracetamol), tranquilizers (barbituric acid, luminal, seconal, valium, serotonin)|
|Antiseptics (chioroxylenol, bithional), disinfectants (formalin, formaldehyde), anti-microbials (lysozyme, lactic acid, hydrochloric acid in stomach)|
|Antifertilitydrugs, antibiotics (pencillin, chloramphenicol, sulphadiazine), antacids (omeprazole, lansoprazole), antihistamines (histidine), chemicals in food preservatives (sodium benzoate, potassium metabisulphite etc)|
|Artificial sweetening agents (aspartame, alitane, sucralose)|
|Definition of terms: Air, water, and soil pollution|
|Oxides of carbon-carbon monoxide, oxides of sulphur and nitrogen, chlorofluorocarbons, chemical reactions in atmosphere, smogs, major atmospheric pollutants, acid rains, ozone and its reactions, effects of depletion of ozone layer|
|Green house effect and global warming, pollution due to industrial wastes, green chemistry as an alternative tool for reducing pollution|
Units and dimensions
|Units for fundamental and derived quantities; systems of units; SI system of units-rules for writing unit, derived units, multiple units and sub multiple units in SI system; measurement for quantitative study|
|Accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors due to external causes-constant type, systematic type and environmental type; errors due to imperfections in experimental techniques/ procedure/ personal/ observation-random errors, gross errors|
|Absolute errors, mean absolute error and relative error percentage error; errors due to addition, subtraction, multiplication division and powers of observed quantities; significant figures, dimensions of physical quantities|
|Dimensional formulae, applications and limitations of dimensional analysis|
Elements of vectors
|Classification of physical quantities as vectors and scalars geometrical representation of vectors-addition and subtraction of vectors|
|Laws of addition of vectors-equal and null vectors|
|Unit vectors-unit vectors in Cartesian coordinate system, position vector and its magnitude|
|Parallelogram law of vectors-expression for the resultant vector|
|Triangle law and polygon law of vectors-concept of relative velocity, application to relative motion of a boat in a river|
|Multiplication of a vector with a scalar-scalar product with examples of work and energy, vector product with examples of torque and angular momentum, vector and scalar product of unit vectors|
|Force and inertia, Newton's law of motion, momentum, impulse|
|Concept of resultant force, equilibrium of concurrent forces|
|Force of friction, types of friction, types of coefficient of friction|
|Angle of friction, angle of repose|
|Motion of a body on a smooth and rough horizontal surface|
|Motion of a body on a smooth and rough inclined plane|
|Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications|
|Motion in a straight line, speed, and velocity|
|Uniform non uniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity, uniformly accelerated motion|
|Position-time graph, velocity-time graph, acceleration-time graphs relation for uniformly accelerated motion|
|Motion of freely falling body, vertically projected body|
Work, power, energy
|Work done by a constant force and a variable force|
|Power, types of energies: Mechanical energy, potential energy, and kinetic energy|
|Work energy theorem|
|Conservative and non-conservative forces|
|Conservation of mechanical energy|
|Potential energy of a spring|
Centre of mass
|Introduction, centre of mass, difference between centre of mass and centre of gravity|
|Coordinates of centre of mass|
|Centre of mass of particles along a line, center of mass of system of particles in a plane, center of mass of system of particles in space|
|Centre of mass of rigid body with homogenous distribution of mass of a thin rod, circular ring, disc and sphere|
|Motion of centre of mass (velocity and acceleration of center of mass) characteristics of centre of mass, laws of motion of the centre of mass, velocity and acceleration|
|Explosion-motion of the centre of mass of earth, moon system|
|Introduction-elastic and inelastic collisions|
|Collisions in one dimension (elastic and inelastic) body at rest, bodies moving in same direction and opposite directions|
|Coefficient of restitution definition|
|Equation for height attained for freely falling body after number of rebounds on floor|
|Two dimensional collision|
|Introduction, uniform circular motion, concept of angular displacement, angular velocity and angular acceleration, relation between linear velocity and angular velocity, centripetal acceleration and centripetal force, torque, couple|
|Moment of inertia: Perpendicular axis theorem|
|Parallel axis theorem|
|MI of a thin rod, uniform disc, rectangular lamina, solid and hollow spheres, circular ring and cylinder|
|Angular momentum: Relation between angular momentum and torque, law of conservation of angular momentum with examples|
|Motion in vertical circle|
|Rolling without shipping and toppling|
|Basic forces in nature; the universal law of gravitation; nature of gravity; relation between universal gravitational constant (G) and acceleration due to gravity(g); variation of ‘g’ with altitude, depth, latitude and shape of earth|
|Limitations of Newton's third law|
|Idea of inertial and non-inertial frames, inertial and gravitational masses, gravitational potential and gravitational potential energy|
|Escape velocity, orbital velocity and relation between them-geostationary satellites, their uses|
|Elasticity and plasticity-stress and strain, Hooke's law, moduli of elasticity (y, n, k), Poisson's ratio, definition and its limit; behaviour of wire under gradually increasing load, elastic fatigue, strain energy|
|Surface tension-definition and applications, molecular theory of surface tension, surface energy|
|Angle of contact, capillarity determination of surface tension by capillary rise method-theory and experiment|
|Effect of temperature on surface tension, excess pressure in liquid drops and soap bubbles|
|Introduction, principle of buoyancy, pressure due to fluid column|
|Pascal's law and its applications|
|Stream line flow, turbulent flow, Reynolds number, Bernoulli's theorem|
|Applications-aerodynamic lift, motion of a spinning ball|
|Viscosity, coefficient of viscosity, effect of temperature on viscosity, Poiseuille's equation|
|Motion of objects through fluids, Stoke's law, terminal velocity|
Thermal properties of matter
|Temperature and heat, measurement of temperature|
|Thermal expansion of solids, liquids, and gases|
|Specific heat capacity, colorimetry, change of state, latent heat, triple point|
|Heat transfer, conduction, convection, and radiation|
|Black body radiation, Stefan's law, Wien's displacement law, Newton's law of cooling|
|Thermal equilibrium, zeroth law of thermodynamics|
|Heat internal energy and work|
|First law of thermodynamics|
|Thermodynamic processes-isothermal, adiabatic, isobaric, isochoric, quasi static processes|
|Second law of thermodynamics; reversible and irreversible processes|
|Carnot engine and refrigerator|
Kinetic theory of gases
|Gas laws, ideal gas equation, kinetic theory of gases-assumptions, pressure of an ideal gas|
|Kinetic interpretation of temperature, RMS speed of a gas molecule|
|Degree of freedom, law of equi partition of energy|
|Specific heats of gases|
|Mean free path, Avogadro's number|
Simple harmonic motion
|Periodic motion-period, frequency, displacement as a function of time|
|Simple harmonic motion and its equations, phase|
|Oscillations of simple pendulum, oscillations of a spring-restoring force and force constant|
|Energy in S.H.M-kinetic and potential energies|
|Free, forced and damped oscillations, resonance|
|Longitudinal and transverse waves, equation for a progressive wave, principle of superposition of waves, reflection of waves|
|Formation of stationary waves on a stretched string|
|Characteristics of sound-speed of sound in solids, liquids and gases standing waves in organ pipes-open pipes, closed pipes, fundamental frequency, overtones, harmonics, beats|
|Doppler effect: Applications and limitations of Doppler effect|
Ray optics and optical instruments
|Reflection of light, reflection of light at plane and spherical surfaces, mirror formula|
|Reflection of light, Snell's law, total internal reflection|
|Lens formula, magnification power of a lens, combination of lenses, culling of a lens, silvering of a lens|
|Refraction through a prism|
|Microscope and astronomical telescope and their magnifying powers|
|Huygens principle and wave front|
|Law of reflection and refraction using Huygens principle|
|Interference of light, young's double slit experiment, fringe width|
|Diffraction of light, diffraction due to a single slit, width of central maxima|
|Resolving power of a microscope and telescope|
|Polarization of light, plane of polarized light|
|Polaroids and their uses|
Electrostatics and capacitors
|Charges-conservation of charge and additive property of charges|
|Coulomb's law: Permittivity of free space and permittivity of medium-force between two point charges|
|Force due to multiple charges-principle of superposition with examples|
|Electric field-electric lines of force, their properties, electric intensity definition, electric intensity due to isolated charge and due to, multiple charges|
|Electrostatic potential-definition of electrostatic potential in an electric field, potential due to single charge, multiple charges, electrostatic potential energy, relation between electrostatic potential and electric intensity|
|Electric flux definition, Gauss' law- statement of Gauss' law, application of Gauss' law to find electric intensity and electrostatic potential due to continuous charge distribution of infinite long wire, infinite plane sheet and spherical shell|
|Capacitance-definition of electrical capacity of a conductor, capacitance, dielectric constant, definition of condenser, its uses-parallel plate condenser, formula for capacitance of parallel plate condenser, dielectric-dielectric strength|
|Effect of dielectric on capacitance of capacitors|
|Capacitors in series and in parallel-derivation of the equivalent capacitance for the above cases|
|Energy stored in a condenser-effect of dielectric on energy of condenser, types of capacitors-their uses|
|Electric current-flow of electric charges in a metallic conductor, drift velocity and mobility, relation between electric current and drift velocity|
|Ohm's law: Ohmic and non Ohmic elements with examples, conductance, specific resistance, variation of resistivity with temperature, variation of resistance with temperature, thermistors, colour code for resistors|
|EMF of cell-internal resistance and back EMF, difference between EMF of a cell and potential difference|
|Electrical energy, power definition of KW hr|
|Kirchhoff's laws: Statement of Kirchhoff's voltage law, Kirchhoff's current law, application to Wheatstone bridge, condition for balancing, meter bridge, determination of resistance of a conductor using meter bridge|
|Principle of potentiometer determination of internal resistance and EMF of a cell using potentiometer|
|Series and parallel combination of cells-derivation of equivalent EMF for the above cases|
CR circuits (DC only)
|Growth of charge in C-R series circuit|
|Decay of charge in C-R series circuit|
|Time constant of C-R circuit|
|Biot-Savart law-ampere law, magnetic field near a long straight wire and magnetic field at the center of a circular coil carrying current (with derivation), field on the axis of a circular coil carrying current (with expressions only) tangent galvanometer|
|Principle and working-definition of reduction factor, force on a moving charge in a magnetic field, force on a current carrying conductor in a magnetic field, force between two long straight parallel conductors, carrying current, definition of ampere|
|Definition of ampere, Fleming's left hand rule, current loop as a magnetic dipole, force and torque on current loop in a uniform magnetic field|
|Magnetic dipole moment of a revolving electron-principle, construction, and working of a moving coil galvanometer, conversion of moving coil galvanometer into ammeter and voltmeter-comparison of M.C.G with T.G.|
|Magnetic moment, magnetic moment of bar magnet|
|Magnetic induction on the axial and equatorial line of a bar magnet|
|Couple on a bar magnet in a magnetic field|
|Elements of earth's magnetism dip, declination|
|Dia-, para-, ferro magnetic substances|
Electromagnetic induction and AC circuits
|Faraday's Law, induced EMF, and induced current|
|Lenz's Law, Fleming's right hand rule|
|Self induction, mutual induction, motional EMF|
|Peak, RMS and average values of AC and AV|
|Series L-R, C-R, L-C, and L-C-R Circuit|
|Resonance of L-C-R circuit|
|Quality factor, power in AC circuits, transformers|
Dual nature of matter and radiation
|Dual nature of radiation|
|Photoelectric effect, Hertz's and Lenard's observation|
|Einstein's photoelectric equation particle nature of light|
|Matter wave's and De-Broglie's theory, Davison-Germer experiment|
Atoms and nuclei
|Rutherford's alpha-particle scattering experiment|
|Bohr's atomic model, hydrogen spectrum, energy levels|
|Composition of nucleus, atomic mass unit, isotopes, isobars, isotones|
|Radioactivity, radioactive disintegration law α, β, and γ decay|
|Mass defect, binding energy, average binding energy|
|Binding energy curve|
|Mass energy relation|
|Nuclear fission and fusion|
Semiconductor devices and communication systems
|Intrinsic and Extrinsic semiconductors (n and p type) junction diode-p-n junction, depletion layer and barrier potential, forward and reverse bias-current voltage characteristics of junction diode-p-n diode as half wave and full wave rectifier|
|Zener diode as a voltage regulator-I-V characteristics of LED (only qualitative treatment), photodiode, solar cell and Zener diode, transistor, function of emitter, base and collector-p-n-p, n-p-n transistors, biasing of transistors, current|
|Voltage-characteristics of transistor in CE configuration, transistor as common emitter amplifier (qualitative treatment)|
|Logic gates (OR, AND, NOT, NAND, and NOR)-communication systems; elements of communication systems (block diagrams only), bandwidth of signals (speech, TV, and digital data) bandwidth of transmission medium|
|Propagation of electromagnetic waves in the atmosphere, sky and space wave propagation, modulation, need for modulation|
GITAM GAT PGTA Syllabus
Decimal and fractions
HCF and LCM
Problems on ages
Profit and loss
Ratio and proportion
Sequence and series
Time and distance
Work and time
Clocks and calendars
Cubes and dice
Inserting the missing character
Logical sequence of words
Idioms and phrases
GITAM GAT PGP Syllabus
|States of mater, physical properties of drug molecules, pH, buffers and isotonic solution, solubility phenomena, surface tension, interfacial phenomenon, kinetics, theology, micromeretics and powder flow, diffusion and dissolution, colloids|
|Complexation and protein binding|
|Stoichiometry, fluid flow, heat transfer, evaporation, distillation, drying, size reduction, size separation, mixing, material handling system, filtration and centrifugation, crystallization, humidification, air conditioning and refrigeration|
|Material of plant construction, corrosion, and plant lay out|
|Professional pharmacy, pharmaceutical jurisprudence including drugs and cosmetics act 1940 and rules 1945|
|Pharmacy act 1948, code of pharmaceutical ethics|
|Prescription: Definition, various parts of prescription and their functions, handling of prescription, sources of errors, care required in dispensing procedures including labeling of dispensed products|
|Preliminary knowledge of important Latin terms used in the prescriptions and their translation in to English|
|Posology: Definition, factors affecting dose selection|
|Calculation of children and infant doses|
|Principles, formulation, ingredients, method of manufacture, evaluation, quality control tests, labeling and packaging of following class of product: Solid dosage forms-tablets, coating, capsules, microcapsules, powders, granules etc|
|Liquid dosage forms-solutions, suspensions, emulsions, semisolid dosage forms-ointment, creams, gels, suppositories, parenterals-injections small volume, large volume, ophthalmic preparations and pre-formulation studies|
|Stability studies and pharmacopoeal specifications for various formulations|
|Formulation of cosmetics preparation like lipstick, shampoo, creams, nail preparations and dentifrices, powers etc|
Biological pharmacy and pharmaceutical biotechnology
|Principles and methods of microbiological assays of the pharmacopoeia|
|Methods of preparation of official sera and vaccines|
|Serological and diagnostics tests|
|Applications of microorganisms in bio conversions and in pharmaceutical industry|
Biopharmaceutics and pharmacokinetics, and their importance in formulation
|Introduction to biopharmaceutics: Drug absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination. Compartment model-definition and scope. Pharmacokinetics of drug absorption-zero order and first order absorption rate constant|
|Introduction to biopharmaceutics: Determination of pharmacokinetic parameters|
|Bioavailability and bioequivalence: Measures of bioavailability, Cmax, tmax, Kel and area under the curve (AUC); review of regulatory requirements for conducting bioequivalent studies|
|Bioavailability and bioequivalence: Biopharmaceutical classification system (BCS) of drugs|
Pharmaceutical analysis and quality assurance
Fundamental of pharmaceutical analysis, theoretical consideration, and application in drug analysis and quality control
|Acid base titrations: Acid base concepts, ionization, law of mass action, common ion effect, ionic product of water, pH, hydrolysis of salts, Henderson-Hasselbach equation, buffer solutions, neutralization curves, acid-base indicators|
|Acid base titrations: Theory of indicators, choice of indicators, mixed indicators, polyprotic systems polyamine and amino acid systems, amino acid titrations|
|Oxidation-reduction titrations: Concepts of oxidation and reduction, theory, redox indicators, oxidation-reduction curves, iodometry, precipitation titrations: Principles, procedures of precipitation reactions|
|Complexometric titrations: Complexing agents used as titrants, indicators, types of complexometric titrations, masking and demasking; non-aqueous titrations: Acidic and basic drugs, solvents used, indicators|
|Gravimetry: Precipitation techniques, colloidal state, supersaturation, co-precipitation, post-precipitation, digestion, washing of the precipitate, thermogravimetric curves|
|Miscellaneous methods of analysis: Diazotization titrations, Kjeldahl method of nitrogen estimation, Karl-Fischer aquametry, oxygen flask combustion method, gasometry|
|Potentiometry: Electric potential, electrochemical cell, reference electrodes, indicator electrodes, measurement of potential and pH, construction and working of electrodes, potentiometric titrations, method of deduction of end-point|
|Conductometry: Conductance, conductivity cell, conductometric titrations, applications|
|Polarography: Instrumentation, DME, residual current, diffusion current and limiting current, polarographic wave, Ilkovic's equation, effect of oxygen on polarographic wave, polarographic maxima and suppressors, applications|
|Amperometry: Introduction, types of electrodes used, reference and indicator electrode, instrumentation, titration procedure, advantages and disadvantages of amperometry over potentiometry, pharma applications|
Chromatographic methods of pharmaceutical analysis
|Principles of separation, theory, instrumentation and applications of column chromatography, paper chromatography, ion exchange chromatography, TLC and HPTLC, HPLC and gas chromatography|
Instrumental methods of pharmaceutical analysis
|Theoretical aspects, basic instrumentation, elements of interpretation of spectra, and applications (quantitative and qualitative) of ultraviolet and visible spectrophotometry, fluorimetry, infrared spectrophotometry|
|Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (proton technique only), mass spectrometry (EI and CI only), flame photometry, atomic absorption spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction analysis, thermal methods (TGA, DSC, DTA), radio immunoassay|
|GLP, ISO 9000, TQM, validation, quality audit, quality of equipment, validation of equipment and validation of analytical procedures|
Pathophysiology of common diseases; basic principles of cell injury and adaptations
|Causes of cellular injury, pathogenesis, morphology of cell injury, adaptations and cell death|
|Basic mechanisms involved in the process of inflammation and repair: Vascular and cellular events of acute inflammation, chemical mediators of inflammation, pathogenesis of chronic inflammation, brief outline of the process of repair|
|Immunopathophysiology: T and B cells, MHC proteins, antigen presenting cells, immune tolerance, pathogenesis of hypersensitivity reactions, autoimmune diseases, AIDS, Amyloidosis|
Fundamentals of general pharmacology
|Dosage forms and routes of administration, mechanism of action, combined effect of drugs, factors modifying drug action, tolerance and dependence; pharmacogenetics; principles of basic and clinical pharmacokinetics, absorption, distribution|
|Metabolism and excretion of drugs, adverse drug reactions; bioassay of drugs and biological standardization; discovery and development of new drugs, bioavailability and bioequivalence studies|
Pharmacology of peripheral nervous system
|Neurohumoral transmission (autonomic and somatic), parasympathomimetics, parasympatholytics, sympathomimetics, adrenergic receptor and neuron blocking agents, ganglion stimulants and blocking agents, neuromuscular blocking agents, local anesthetic agents|
Pharmacology of central nervous system
|Neurohumoral transmission in the C.N.S., general anesthetics, alcohols and disulfiram, sedatives, hypnotics, anti-anxiety agents and centrally acting muscle relaxants, psychopharmacological agents (anti-psychotics), anti-maniacs, and hallucinogens|
|Antidepressants, anti-epileptics drugs, anti-Parkinsonian drugs, analgesics, antipyretics, narcotic analgesics and antagonists, C.N.S. stimulants, drug addiction and drug abuse|
Pharmacology of cardiovascular system
|Drugs used in the management of congestive cardiac failure, antihypertensive drugs, anti-anginal and vasodilator drugs, including calcium channel blockers and beta adrenergic antagonists, antiarrhythmic drugs, anti-hyperlipedemic drugs|
|Drugs used in the therapy of shock|
Drugs acting on the hemopoietic system
|Hematinics, anticoagulants, vitamin K and hemostatic agents, fibrinolytic and antiplatelet drugs, blood and plasma volume expanders|
Drugs acting on urinary system
|Fluid and electrolyte balance, diuretics|
|Histamine, antihistaminic drugs, 5-HT- its agonists and antagonists, prostaglandins, thromboxanes and leukotrienes, angiotensin, bradykinin and substance P and other vasoactive peptides|
Drugs acting on the respiratory system
|Anti-asthmatic drugs including bronchodilators, anti-tussives and expectorants, respiratory stimulants|
Drugs acting on the gastrointestinal tract
|Antacids, anti-secretory and anti-ulcer drugs, laxatives and anti-diarrhoeal drugs, appetite stimulants and suppressants, emetics and anti-emetics, miscellaneous: Carminatives, demulcents|
|Protectives, adsorbents, astringents, digestants, enzymes, and mucolytics|
Pharmacology of endocrine system
|Hypothalamic and pituitary hormones, thyroid hormones and anti-thyroid drugs, parathormone, calcitonin and vitamin D, insulin, glucagons, incretins, oral hypoglycemic agents and insulin analogs, ACTH and corticosteroids, androgens and anabolic steroids|
|Estrogens, progesterone and oral contraceptives, drugs acting on the uterus|
|General principles of chemotherapy, bacterial resistance; sulfonamides and cotrimoxazole, antibiotics-Penicillins, cephalosporins, aminoglycosides, chloramphenicol, macrolides, tetracyclines, quinolones, fluoroquinolones and miscellaneous antibiotics|
|Chemotherapy of tuberculosis, leprosy, fungal diseases, viral diseases, HIV and AIDS, urinary tract infections and sexually transmitted diseases, malaria, amoebiasis and other protozoal infections and anthelmentics|
|Chemotherapy of malignancy and immunosuppressive agents|
Principles of toxicology
|Definition of poison, general principles of treatment of poisoning with particular reference to barbiturates, opioids, organophosphorous and atropine poisoning, heavy metals and heavy metalantagonists|
Pharmaceutical inorganic chemistry
|An outline of methods of preparation, uses, sources of impurities, tests for purity and identity, including limit tests for iron, arsenic, lead, heavy metals, chloride, sulphate gastrointestinal agents: Acidifying agents, antacids|
|Sulphate gastrointestinal agents: Protectives and adsorbents, cathartics; topical agents: Protectives, astringents and anti-infectives|
|Gases and vapours: Oxygen, anesthetics (inorganic) and respiratory stimulants; dental products: Dentifrices, anti-caries agents; complexing and chelating agents used in therapy; miscellaneous agents: Sclerosing agents, expectorants, emetics|
|Miscellaneous agents: Inorganic poisons and antidotes|
|Pharmaceutical aids used in pharmaceutical industry: Anti-oxidants, preservatives, filter aids, adsorbents, diluents, excipients, suspending agents, colorants; acids, bases and buffers: Buffer equations and buffer capacity in general|
|Bases and buffers: Buffers in pharmaceutical systems, preparation, stability, buffered isotonic solutions|
Pharmaceutical organic chemistry
|Structure, nomenclature and stereochemistry of drug molecules|
|Structure, nomenclature, classification, synthesis, SAR and metabolism of the following category of drugs, which are official in Indian pharmacopoeia and British pharmacopoeia|
|Hypnotics and sedatives, analgesics, NSAIDs, neuroleptics, antidepressants, anxiolytics, anticonvulsants, antihistaminics, local anaesthetics, cardio vascular drugs? antianginal agents vasodilators, adrenergic and cholinergic drugs, cardiotonic agents|
|Diuretics, antihypertensive drugs, hypoglycemic agents, antilipedmic agents, coagulants, anticoagulants, antiplatelet agents|
|Chemotherapeutic agents? antibiotics, antibacterials, sulpha drugs|
|Antiproliozoal drugs, antiviral, antitubercular, antimalarial, anticancer, antiamoebic drugs|
|Preparation and storage and uses of official radiopharmaceuticals, vitamins and hormones|
|Eicosonoids and their application|
|Introduction to drug design|
|Biochemical role of hormones, vitamins, enzymes, nucleic acids, bioenergetics|
|General principles of immunology|
|Metabolism of carbohydrate, lipids, proteins|
|Methods to determine, kidney, and liver function|
|Systematic pharmacognostic study of the followings: Carbohydrates and derived products: Agar, guar gum, acacia, honey, isabagol, pectin and tragacanth. Lipids: Bees wax, castor oil, codliver oil, shark liver oil and wool fat|
|Systematic pharmacognostic study of the followings: Resins: Colophony, podophyllum, jalap, cannabis, capsicum, myrrh, asafoetida, balsam of tolu, balsam of peru, benzoin, turmeric, ginger|
|Systematic pharmacognostic study of the followings: Volatile oils-mentha, coriander, cinnamon, cassia, lemon peel, orange peel, lemon grass, citronella, caraway, dill, clove, fennel, nutmeg, eucalyptus, chenopodium, cardamom, sandal wood|
|Systematic pharmacognostic study of the followings: Fibers-cotton, silk, wool, nylon, glass-wool|
|Study of the biological sources, cultivation, collection, commercial varieties, chemical constituents, substitutes, adulterants, uses, diagnostic macroscopic and microscopic features and specific chemical tests of following groups of drugs|
|Cardioactive glycosides: Digitalis, squill, strophanthus and thevetia, anthraquinones: Aloe, senna, rhubarb and cascara, alkaloid containing drugs: Pyridine-piperidine: Tobacco, areca, and lobelia, tropane: Belladonna, hyoscyamus, datura, duboisia|
|Tropane: Coca and withania. Quinoline and Isoquinoline: Cinchona, ipecac, opium. Indole: Vinca alkaloids, ergot, rauwolfia, catharanthus, nux-vomica and physostigma|
|Steroidal: Kurchi. Purines: Coffee, tea, and cola|
|Enzymes: Diastase, papain, pepsin, trypsin, pancreatin|
GITAM GAT 2022 Exam Pattern
The GAT UGTP exam covers three subjects - A. Maths/Biology, Physics, and Chemistry. The exam has a total of 100 questions with 40 in section A and 30 each in section B & C.
Each question will have 4 marks. So, for every correct answer candidates will get 4 marks and 1 mark will be deducted for every incorrect response. There will be no negative marking for unattended questions. The total marks for the exam are 400.
The duration of the exam is 2 hours (120 minutes). All the questions will be objective (multiple choice questions) in nature.
GITAM GAT PGTA Exam Pattern
The GAT PGTA exam is conducted for admission to M.Tech, M.Arch, and M.Pharm. programmes.
The duration of the GAT PGTA exam is 2 hours and the exam carries only objective(multiple choice questions).
The exam has three sections - Quantitative Aptitude (40 questions), Verbal Ability (30 questions) and Reasoning (30 questions). Each question carries 4 marks making it a total of 400 marks for the entire exam.
The exam conducting authority will release the GITAM GAT 2022 admit card soon after the conclusion of the application process. The details required to download the admit card of GITAM GAT 2022 are application number, gender, and date of birth. Along with the GITAM GAT admit card, applicants must also carry one valid ID proof at the exam centre on exam day. In case of any discrepancy in GITAM GAT 2022 admit card, candidates must contact the exam conducting authority before the commencement of the exam.
How to download the GITAM GAT 2022 admit card
Visit the GITAM official website -
Click on the direct link to download GITAM GAT admit card
Enter the login credentials in the required fields.
Check all details mentioned in the admit card.
Download GITAM GAT admit card 2022 for future reference.
Gandhi Institute of Technology and Management (GITAM) University will commence the GITAM GAT slot booking at the official website. Before downloading the admit card, applicants have to complete the slot booking of GITAM GAT. Candidates have to choose exam date, exam time slot and exam centre during GITAM GAT slot booking. In case any candidate fails to complete slot booking then details will be automatically generated. After successful GITAM GAT slot booking 2022, applicants will be able to download their admit card through login credentials.
How to complete GITAM GAT 2022 slot booking
Visit the GITAM GAT official website -
Click on the direct link to complete the slot booking.
Enter the login credentials in the required fields.
Enter preferred exam date, exam time slot and exam centre.
Preview and submit all the details.
GITAM GAT 2022 Exam Centers
Documents Required at Exam
- Admit card
- Photo identity proof
The exam conducting authority will release the GITAM GAT 2022 result at the official website after the conclusion of the exam. The login details required to check the GITAM GAT result are hall ticket number and date of birth (DOB). The result of GITAM GAT will be released separately for all the phases. GITAM GAT 2022 result comprises subject-wise scores, total scores, rank secured and others.
Steps to check GITAM GAT result
Visit the GITAM official website -
Click on the direct link to check GITAM GAT 2022 result.
Enter the login details in required fields.
Check all details mentioned in the scorecard.
Download GITAM GAT scorecard and result for future reference.
Applicants who will be declared qualified in the GITAM GAT 2022 result will be called for the counselling process. The counselling of GITAM GAT will be released separately for all the phases. Candidates first need to complete the GITAM GAT counselling registration form the official website. After successful registration, applicants have to complete the slot booking and document verification in online mode. On the basis of choice filled by candidates, the exam conducting authority will release the GITAM GAT seat allotment result. GITAM 2022 seat allotment will be done on the basis of merit, preferences filled by candidates and seat availability. The exam authorities will confirm the allotment once the required course fee is paid by aspiring candidates.
GITAM GAT 2022 Counselling Centres Location
GITAM School of Technology, Bengaluru
GITAM School of Technology, Hyderabad
GITAM Institute of Technology, Visakhapatnam
GITAM GAT 2022 Counselling Centers
GITAM GAT UGTP Counselling Centers
Documents Required at Counselling
GITAM GAT UGTP Documents Required
- GITAM GAT 2021 counselling call letter
- Passing certificate of class 10 or equivalent
- Passing certificate of class 12 or equivalent
- Marks sheet of class 12 or equivalent
- Transfer certificate
- Aadhaar card
- Medical certificate, if applicable
- Integrated community certificate (in case of SC/ST candidates)
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question:What is the eligibility criteria of GITAM GAT 2022?
Candidates must have passed 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized state/central Board with at least 60% aggregate marks in Mathematics, Physics, and Chemistry. Candidates appearing in 10+2 are also eligible to apply.
Question:How can I apply for GITAM GAT 2022?
Candidates will beable to apply in both online and offline mode. Candidates wish to apply in online mode will have to completely fill the application form on the official website and pay the application fees through debit/credit card or internet banking.
For offline applications, candidates will have to send a written request along with a DD of Rs 150 (charges) to the authorities through the post. Candidates can also obtain the offline form from the designated bank branches of Union Bank Of India, Indian Bank, and Karur Vysya Bank.
Question:What is the application fee of GITAM GAT 2022?
The application fee of GITAM GAT 2021 is Rs 800.
Question:What is the total time duration of GITAM GAT 2022?
GITAM GAT 2022 will be held as a computer-based exam of 2 hours.
Question:What are the topics asked in GITAM GAT 2022?
The exam will have questions from the three sections of the exam- Physics, Chemistry and Mathematics.
Question:What is the marking scheme of GITAM GAT 2022?
Candidates will be awarded 4 marks for each correct answer and there is a deduction of 1 mark for each incorrect answer.
Question:How can I download GITAM GAT Hall Ticket 2022?
The authorities will release the GITAM GAT 2022 hall ticket in online mode. Candidates have to log in to the website using valid credentials to download the admit card.
Question:How can I check GITAM GAT result 2022?
Candidates will be able to check the GITAM GAT 202w result online mode by logging into the result portal using their application number and mobile number.
Question:Is there any counselling fee of GITAM GAT 2022?
Yes, candidates have to pay a non-refundable counselling fee of Rs 1000 to participate in the process.
Questions related to GITAM GAT
Hi, I am bsc computer science passedout, am planning to do MCA , can you please let me know the procedure. GAT exam is there any specific rank to get placement into MCA
To pursue MCA degree , you need to appear for any one entrance exam of your preferred institute and need to clear the individually required cut off to get admission at that specific institute/institutes.
Well, some of the well known MCA entrance exams are as follows :
- MAH MCA CET
- IPU CET
- UPSEE and others
To get placement in MCA , you just need to hold good CGPA and core knowledge .
To know about GITAM GAT exam related details , you may refer to this link:
To know more about MCA course , you can go through this too:
Hope this helps !
HELLO ; I HAVE COMPLETED MY CLASS 12 IN 2021 IN AP STATE BOARD.THISS YEAR I DID NOT ATTEMPT GITAMS GAT ENTRANCE EXAM . AM I ELIGIBLE TO WRITE GAT ENTRANCE EXAM IN 2022??
GITAM University sets eligibility criteria for candidates willing to get admission in the B.Tech courses offered by the university.
GITAM GAT 2022 Eligibility Criteria
Qualifying Examination Marks and Subjects
First Rank Holders of the central and state board exam in will be eligible to get direct admission without appearing for the GITAM GAT.
So provided that you have completed your senior secondary education this year, you can surely appear for gitam gat next year.
Hope it helps!!
what is eligibility criteria for gitam GAT ??
Candidates must have passed intermediate or 10+2 or equivalent examination from a recognized state/central Board in 2020.
Candidates appearing in the 10+2 or equivalent examination in 2021 are also eligible to apply.
Candidates must have secured at least 60% aggregate marks in Mathematics, Physics & Chemistry and first class or equivalent grade in the qualifying examination.
For B.Tech in Biotechnology, candidates must have secured at 60% aggregate marks in Mathematics/ Biology, Physics & Chemistry and first class or equivalent grade in the qualifying examination.
First Rank Holders of the central and state board exam in 2021 will be eligible to get direct admission without appearing for the GITAM GAT 2021.
for more details kindly refer
Hope this helps!
when is gitam gat exam in 2022 ?and from when will registrations start ?
Applications for gitam gat 2022 is likely to begin from 1st week of November till March. The exam is most likely to be conducted in either April or May 2022.
how to check our GAT entrance exam result
The steps required for accessing the GAT result is as follows:
- First, go on the Official GITAM website.
- Search for gat.gitam.edu (//gat.gitam.edu)
- GITAM GAT result may be seen by clicking on the link.
- Students must input their GITAM GAT 2021 hall ticket number and the Date of Birth(DOB).
- Click the 'Submit' button.
- Afterwards GITAM University entrance test results of 2021 will be displayed on the screen.
- Download the result and keep it for further reference.
- The result will display the subject specific score, total score obtained, candidates rank in the exam among other details like your name, registeration number, DOB and photograph of candidates.