What is System Analysis
In recent times, the Cloud Computing industry has seen growth in leaps and bounds and has increasingly depended on IT System Analysis specialists to examine the effects of working in the cloud on their computer procedures and infrastructure.
The job of a System Analysis specialist is to examine current technology processes of a company and ensure the efficient running of an organisation and recommending updated or new technology systems as and when required.
System analysts often work in the computer or IT department of a company and periodically design information system solutions to help the company function more effectively.
System Analysis is an emerging career field abound with opportunities. While the job entails large responsibilities, the pay is equally good. Therefore, System Analysis is the ideal job for hardworking candidates with exemplary problem-solving skills, looking to increase their knowledge base and to shoulder the responsibility of a company’s success.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of System Analysis
As mentioned earlier, students who aspire for a career in System Analysis must acquire a BSc or BTech degree in a computer science-related field. The eligibility criteria for any engineering or science degree is, usually:
a.Candidates seeking to pursue System Analysis course must have completed their class 12 qualifying examination from a recognised board or university
b.They must have secured a minimum of 50-60% (cut-off varying from institute to institute) in the said qualifying examination
c.The minimum age of the candidate must be 18 years
D. Core subjects in class 12 must have been Maths, Physics, and Chemistry.
At the postgraduate level, for pursuing MTech or MSc degrees in System Analysis, the eligibility criteria become:
a.Candidates must possess a Bachelor degree in a relevant field (Computer science or its variations, and Information Technology.)
b. The minimum score of candidates in the qualifying examination at the Bachelor level should be 50-55%.
Entrance Exams for Studying System Analysis
To work as a System Analysis specialist, students are required to acquire a Bachelor’s degree either BSc/ B.Tech in Computer Science, BSc/B.Tech in Information Technology, or a related stream. The top entrance exams which students can sit for to apply to these Bachelor programs include:
I.Joint Entrance Examination (JEE Main and JEE Advanced)- The most important and, thereby, a competitive engineering entrance exam for System Analysis course is IIT-JEE. Conducted yearly by anyone of the IITs in two phases- JEE Main and JEE Advanced, the exam renders candidates eligible for admissions into the top engineering colleges in the country. With their JEE scores, students can apply for BTech and B.Sc degrees.
II.Birla Institute of Technology and Science Admission Test (BITSAT)- Birla Institute of Technology and Science is one of the best engineering colleges in the country, which conducts its admission test for aspiring candidates. The BITSAT is conducted in online mode yearly with a difficulty level only slightly lower than that of JEE.
III.West Bengal Joint Entrance Examination (WBJEE)- A state-specific engineering entrance exam, the WBJEE is conducted all over India for students aspiring for admission to any engineering college in West Bengal. The state has a handful of prestigious engineering colleges which accept admissions based on the rank that the aspirant has acquired in the exam.
Aspirants who wish to pursue higher studies to further their career in System Analysis can opt for an MSc in Computer Science, for which the top entrance examination in India is:
I. Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)- As the name suggests, the GATE exam is a national-level aptitude exam for engineering graduates. The exam is highly competitive, filtering out the most suitable candidates to pursue an MSc or an MTech degree in System Analysis from one of the top engineering institutes.
Scope of System Analysis in India and Abroad
If your goal is to build a strong career abroad, System Analysis is one of the best choices to achieve this. System Analysis is a high-demand job with high earning potential, which serves as a great foundation to facilitate your growth up the corporate ladder into management or business.
US News and World Report, in one of their Best Careers reports, has made a list of 25 professions that are expected to continue growing in demand, and System Analysis is one of them. Needless to say, this implies a highly rewarding System Analysis career abroad.
This does not mean that the scope for System Analysis in India is any less than abroad. Candidates who specifically wish to work in India, or who work abroad temporarily but want to settle in India, also achieve enormous career growth up the corporate ladder. The opportunities are plentiful in the field, so anybody who possesses the necessary skills should consider a career in System Analysis.
Course Fees System Analysis
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Pertaining to the above course curriculum, the many subjects covered over the various 3-year (BSc) or 4-year (BTech) courses necessary for a career in System Analysis have minor variations. Some of the most important subjects, common to these courses, include:
- Problem Solving using Computers,
- Programming in Java,
- Database Management Systems,
- Cloud Computing,
- Analysis of Algorithms and Data Structures,
- Computer Networks,
- Mobile Applications,
- Software Engineering,
- Data Mining,
- E-Commerce Technologies,
- Computer System Architecture,
- Operating Systems,
- Internet Technologies,
- PHP Programming,
- HTML Programming,
- Programming in Visual Basics,
- Android Programming,
- R Programming,
- Software Testing Concepts,
- Multimedia and Applications,
- System Administration and Maintenance,
- XML Programming,
- Office Automation Tools
Careers in System Analysis
Analysis by the US Bureau of Labour Statistics has revealed that career opportunities in the computer system and network administration are expected to grow approximately by 5% from 2018 to 2028. System analysts are in high demand in a variety of industries, in companies of all sizes.
Career opportunities for these candidates in System Analysis, therefore, abound in all industries, though certain industries such as gas and oil extraction, audio and video equipment manufacture, and aerospace parts and products manufacturing have higher salary potential.
The immediate prospects for fresh graduates depend on the type and the size of the organisation they find employment in, and moving between employers is common. System analysts often acquire expertise in a certain business sector, and career progression thereafter depends on their ability to upgrade their skills following growing trends.
Usual career advancements that system analysis graduates go through, are:
- progression to lead or senior analyst, in charge of a team of analysts
- project management, or account and sales management role
- developing specific technical expertise in a technical or systems architect role
- a more strategic business direction, with a consultancy firm or within the same company
In a large organisation, candidates have more opportunity to specialise in a particular group of clients or to move up the corporate structure. They may also get the chance to work with multidisciplinary teams or in the parent group’s overseas branches.
Working in a small organisation profits candidates with rich experience in various associated functions across businesses, feeling closer to and more involved with the front line of business activity.
The world of Information Technology is booming, with new technologies entering the market almost every other day. The progress we have made over the last few years has been beyond comprehension, and this growth is not expected to slow down any time soon.
Some of the most recent trends in System Analysis that have been taking the IT industry by storm recently are:
1.Cloud Computing for Infrastructure: Cloud computing, soon after its conception, became everyone’s favourite owing to its highly convenient and reliable storage abilities. Cloud vendors like Amazon, Google and Microsoft have started offering cloud services at very affordable prices, and as a result, not only large corporations (as large as Pentagon) but also small businesses and start-ups have begun to rely on the technology. The more security-concerned and conservative companies in industries like Healthcare, Mining, Insurance, Banking, and government organisations, too, have started relying on cloud computing technology.
2. Containerisation: Kubernetes, Mesos, and Docker Swarm are the top three in the contained orchestration field; of which Kubernetes has recently emerged the winner. While the cloud is an increasingly popular Distributed System Analysis technology, Kubernetes is its Operating System. Kubernetes foresees no decline anytime soon and is expected to become the backbone of the Cloud Native movement.
3.Microservices in Software Architecture: In the paradigm of Software Architecture, recent trends have shown Microservice Architecture as the emerging mainstream. As Cloud continues to grow dominantly in the storage domain, Microservice architecture, too, will continue to gain popularity because it is a perfect fit with Cloud technology.
4.Python as a Popular Programming Language: Java and C programming languages have, for long, been the programmer’s favourite but a new competitor is quickly gaining ground on them: Python. In all the fast-emerging technologies like Machine Learning, Data Analytics and Processing, Enterprise Software Development, and Web Development; Python has become the most preferred language. Its striking simplicity as opposed to traditional programming languages combined with a rich library collection making it super easy to program complex systems has led to marvellous growth in popularity of the language in 2019 alone.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
There are many different types of job roles that System Analysis affords. Some of the most common of these are:
Computer Systems Analyst
Improving the organisation’s processes by analysing and understanding technology-related problems and implementing solutions.
Specialising in risk management, the study data to make recommendations about the organisation’s insurance, investments, personnel policies, and pension plans.
Creating applications and systems that can run on computers. Often work for firms in computer systems design.
Computer and Information Systems Manager
Planning and implementing the organisation’s technological needs.
Computer Network Architect
Creating and maintenance of hardware systems supporting network data communication.
Top Recruiters for System Analysis graduates
- IBM India
- Robert Bosch
While there may be many variations depending on the size of the organisation, location, and job level; the average estimated yearly salaries of different job roles in System Analysis are:
AVERAGE ANNUAL SALARY
Computer Systems Analyst
RS. 6.49 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
RS. 15-20 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
RS. 5.89 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Computer and Information Systems Manager
RS. 6.00-14.80 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Computer Network Architect
RS. 18.60 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for System Analysis
System Analysis involves a great deal of responsibility. Hence, a very specific skill set is imperative to success in the field. Some of the skills necessary for aspirants to possess include:
Problem-Solving Skills: Needless to say, excellent problem-solving skills are essential for a career in System Analysis. Candidates must possess the ability to determine the best, most efficient, and the most cost-effective solutions to business problems. In addition to just coming up with the solutions, a certain knowledge of how the implementation should be done is also required.
Creativity: More important than plain knowledge, creativity is what determines an indispensable candidate from other ordinary ones. Candidates pursuing a System Analysis course should try to approach a problem in less conventional ways, exploring other possibilities and the implications of each. For this quality, a natural inquisitiveness is required; candidates must have a curiosity regarding the different ways in which solutions can be arrived at.
Effective Communication Skills: After having determined the best, most economical solution that can be implemented, a System Analysis student must communicate this solution, in detail, to colleagues or employers. In case the person or team of persons to whom this solution is being pitched does not possess a strong technical background, excellent communication skills are required to translate advanced technical terms into simpler language.
Investigation and Analysis: Various data sources provide businesses with large collections of data, the analysis of which is performed by System Analysis specialists for interpretation. They must then decide the appropriate course of action, such as installing new software or doing a performance upgrade. After the project has been deployed, they must evaluate the causes behind failure or success of the venture, and use these conclusions in future projects.
Course Curriculum for System Analysis
A career in System Analysis begins with a Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science or related fields. These courses aim for the student’s all-round development in the theoretical and practical aspects of Computer Science. Various technologies, software and hardware, programming skills, problem-solving skills and implementation of projects are part of the course curriculum. A graduate from a Computer Science background is expected to be well-versed in coding skills and understanding of how computer systems work.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the most challenging aspect of being a System Analysis student?
A holistic understanding of a system is the biggest challenge. Many of the systems that these professionals have to work with include software and hardware components, and it becomes a little complicated in the field of System Analysis to understand all the inputs, outputs and the integration of everything together.
Question: What does a typical career trajectory in System Analysis look like?
After earning your degree in System Analysis , if you can start with an opportunity-rich organisation, your career trajectory can take off in an upward direction quite rapidly with numerous opportunities cropping up at every level.
A few years into work, you may choose to pursue a Master’s to open up new roles and paths for yourself, particularly if you wish to go into program management. If not, you can continue to work and still achieve a significant level of seniority in core technical domains.
Question: What are some of the best ways to gain experience outside primary education?
Real-world experience is critical to any profession. If you wish to benefit from mentorship and work experience, then there are many ways to go about it.
Mentorship helps you identify your areas of growth while teaching you how to navigate non-technical challenges in your career. Hands-on experience without the burden of employment can help one learn better.
Question: What advice can newcomers to the profession benefit from?
As a newcomer, one of the primary things to focus on is where your strengths and interests lie. System analysis offers so many different aspects to the role, and newcomers must identify their domain to find a direction to grow in, either through job opportunities or further education.
Question: How challenging is it to find a job in the field of System Analysis?
With your priorities defined, you should not face difficulty at all in finding jobs that you like in System Analysis. Coming out of college, you must already know exactly what you would like to do, and how to go about it.
Although real understanding of one’s potential is revealed on the job, knowing what you are passionate about beforehand makes it easier for you to make the right decisions for yourself.