UPSC Civil Service Exam consists of three stages-
Preliminary : This is the first Stage , MCQs based exam, it has two papers and each one consists of 200 marks,its numbers ain't added to final list, you just need to score the required cut offs against your category. First is GS Paper-I which consists of the following topic such as History of India and Indian national movement, Indian and World geography, Economic and social development- sustainable development, poverty, inclusion demographics, social sector initiatives etc,Indian polity and governance-constitution,political system,Current Events nationally and Internationally, General Science,General Issues on environmental ecology,biodiversity and climate change. you just need to score the required cut offs against your category. Second Paper is CSAT which is qualifying by nature,you need to score merely 33% which is 66 marks out of 200, it includes following topics such as basic numeracy, comprehension, logical reasoning and analytical ability, general mental ability, decision making and problem solving, interpersonal skills including communication skills.
Mains : This is a second stage which it's more of a subjective type, you are required to write answers for Four General Studies Paper such as
- GS-I includes Indian Heritage and Culture,History and Geography of the World and Society,
- GS-II includes Governance, Constitution, Polity, Social Justice and International Relations,
- GS-III includes Technology, Economic Development, Bio-Diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management,
- GS-IV includes Ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude
- Two Optionals,
- One Essay,
- Two Language Paper
In total there are nine papers in Mains, and each paper is of 250 marks, total adds up to 1750 marks.
Interview : The two stages are further followed by personality test of 275 marks.
In order to initiate your preparation, the first and most important step is to be well acquainted with UPSC Syllabus , learn it by heart as this will enable you to know what to read and what to skip.
As per the recent trends UPSC is framing Prelims questions also based on Mains syllabus, so have an integrated approach for Prelims and Mains .
To cover such a humongous syllabus you will have to make a timetable, set targets on a daily,weekly and monthly basis , that's the only way to complete this extensive syllabus
Newspaper reading is equally essentially part of preparation, you can start with any newspaper like The Hindu, or Indian Express on a regular basis to be updated as well as gaining knowledge which shall be highly useful to you in future exam preparation part. Put a more emphasis on editorial part, it will not only broaden your perspective but help a lot in answer writing, and make sure whatever opinion you form it should be well balanced. You can also make notes of this, it'll be very useful in answer writing.
When it comes to reading books ,start with basics, for each subject, you can do with NCERTs for this. This will build your foundation strong,as you progress, move on to other relevant books as mentioned below;
For Prelims, you can refer the following books:
- NCERT Class XI and XII
- India's Struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra
- For Indian Culture, refer art and culture by Nitin Singhania
- NCERT Class VI to XII
- GC Leong's Physical Geography
- World Atlas
- NCERT Class XI
- Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
International Relations & Polity ;
- NCERT XII Political Science with current affairs
- Indian Polity by Laxmikanth
- Verbal and Non-Verbal Reasoning by RS Agarwal
- M Tyra's Quicker Maths
Coming to Mains Exam, you can refer the following books for four General Studies Paper;
GS I - For History , Class XI NCERT book with India's struggle for Independence by Bipin Chandra,India after Independence by Bipan Chandra,History of Medieval India by Satish Chandra
For Geography refer World Geography and Geography of India by Majid Hussain, GC Leong's Physical and Human Geography with NCERT Class XI book.
For GS II - Polity and International Relations , refer Indian Polity by Lamikanth,India's Foreign Policy by Rajiv Sikri
For GS III - For Economics refer Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh, read ARC report along with Economic Survey and Fiscal Budget .
For GS IV - For Ethics refer a book named Lexicon by Niraj Kumar , also you can go through study material of IGNOU.
Remember to keep your resources minimal, read one book many a times instead of many a book one time, as you have to retain so much of information so rely on only limited yet trustworthy resources and revision is the only key for remembrance.
Writing mains is a huge task, for nine paper it requires immense practice along with knowledge. So, you have to start practicing answer writing in advance, even in a little way, There are many sites which provide questions on daily basis you can avail that. Try to give a holistic viewpoint while answer writing by providing political,economical and social aspect. You can get topper's answer sheet from various sites, try to analyze and study them minutely, you'll get an ideas about what to write, how to express and present viewpoint in organized manner.
Practice previous year question paper which you can get from the site of UPSC,in addition mock papers, and test series which you can get it from any of the sites exclusively dedicated to UPSC, it's highly important to evaluate your performance while doing so.
One of the key thing which is important in cracking UPSC is you need to have the understanding of the basics pretty strong, what I meant you don't have to be an expert but you surely need to have the base/foundation strong in each subject, hence the importance is often emphasized on going with NCERTs first as this will make the base strong, and as I said keep resources limited whatever you choose.
To become in IAS / IPS officer you need to clear UPSC civil services examination.
Before, starting your preparation understand the examination pattern
UPSC civil services examination which has 3 stages listed below :-
*prelims exam :- it is objective paper and is of qualifying nature , so you just need to at least qualify it to be eligible for mains examination, the score /marks obtained by you in your prelims examination is not added up or used in your final merit. Your prelims exam consist of 2 papers: -
-) general studies 1
-) general studies II ( csat )
You get 2 hours for each paper
*Mains exam. :- it is descriptive /written examination . There are a total of 9 papers which are listed below:-
-) compulsory indian language.
-) general studies I
-) general studies II
-) general studies III
-) general studies IV
-) optional I
-) optional II
The compulsory indian language and english are qualifying in nature . You just need to qualify them. The marks obtained by you in these two papers will not be counted towards merit list.
*Interview :- After qualifying mains, you have to go through interview round, and it is more of test of your personality rather than knowledge.
For detailed information , I will recommend you to go through our page the link for the same is provided below
Follow the below tips to prepare well for your UPSC examination :-
To start your preparation first of all go well through syllabus , you can check the complete syllabus at
Top books which you can follow for UPSC examination preparation are listed below subject wise:-
*NCERT XI (Ancient & Medieval)
*NCERT XII (Modern Indian History)
*Facets of Indian Culture Spectrum
*From Plassey to Partition - A History of Modern India
Indian Art & Culture
*Indian Art & Culture - Nitin Singhania
*Indian Polity M Laxmikanth
*NCERT VI X (Old Syllabus)
*NCERT XI, XII (New Syllabus)
*Certificate Physical Geography G C Leong
*The Indian Economy Sanjiv Verma
*Indian Economy by Ramesh Singh
*Economic Development & Policies in India Jain & Ohri
*Class XII Biology (last 5 chapters)
*Environment by Shankar IAS Academy
*NCERT XII (Contemporary World Politics)
*Current Affairs ( read newspaper )
To get the complete list of books go through
*Make a routine or a time table and try to religiously follow it , take short breaks in between your studies.
*Read newspaper daily and keep yourself updated with the current affairs
*Choose your optional subject wisely , choose the subject you have interest in.
*Make short notes for each subject, it will help you in your revisions a lot as syllabus is wide
*Revise :- there's no point of preparing for the exam if you couldn't recall anything in the UPSC Examination so you should stress on revision as well.
*Solve previous year question papers and mock test papers ;- You should solve these , it will give you idea of types of questions asked and their difficulty level and will help you a lot.
*Also work on your communication skills and personality development as it plays an important role in your interview round
For more tips go through
If you have any other doubt then feel free to ask them :) we are always here to help you out and guide you