Biochemistry, Biotechnology and Microbiology, Plant & Animal Sciences
Principles and applications of chromatography, spectroscopy, microscopy, electrophoresis, centrifugation, blotting, PCR & radioisotope techniques
2. Chromatin structure and function:
Organization of chromosomes in prokaryotes and eukaryotes, chromatin types, centromere, Telomere and concept of gene
Structure and functions of proteins, DNA, carbohydrates, lipids & vitamins. Bioenergetics, Glycolysis, TCA cycle, Electron Transport System and ATP synthesis, oxidation and synthesis of fatty acid, membrane structure and function
Recombinant DNA technology, principles of gene cloning, applications of biotechnology in medicine, industry and agriculture, animal & plant cell culture,environmental biotechnology
Diversity of microbes, bacterial reproduction, antimicrobial agents, significance of microbes in the industry and agriculture, antigen, antibody, complement systems, immunity, vaccines, plant virus, animal virus and environmental microbiology.
6. Molecular Genetics:
Principles of inheritance, linkage & crossing over, chromosomal aberrations, extrachromosomal inheritance, replication, transcription, translation, DNA repair and population genetics
7. Plant Sciences:
Bryophytes, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms, Angiosperms, Vascular system in plants, Economic important of plants, Photosynthesis, Photoperiodism, Vernalization, and Biogeochemical cycle
8. Animal Sciences:
Characteristics of invertebrates and vertebrates, anatomy and physiology of different system of humans, nerve impulse transmission, endocrinology, human diseases Apoptosis and cancer, inherited diseases, animal cell culture.