What is Energy Engineering
Engineering is the use of scientific knowledge to find solutions to different kinds of problems in the world. Engineering is a very wide concept, and Energy engineering is a small part of it. Energy engineering involves discovering, inventing, designing, manufacturing, and innovating different things to meet the needs and wants of people all over the world. Energy engineering deals with the concept of using various sources of energy to find solutions to problems.
In the area of energy engineering, numerous institutions and universities offer a variety of certifications, degrees, and courses. Therefore, if you are interested in this subject and want to work in the field, this article will provide you every detail you need to know about energy engineering.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Energy Engineering
Under Graduation Level:
Students should have completed a 10+2 or any other equivalent exam from a recognised board.
Students also have to appear for relevant entrance exams and qualify with good marks to get admission to the courses.
Post Graduation Level:
Students must have secured a minimum of 50 per cent aggregate in their bachelor's degree in their relevant field.
Students are also required to qualify in entrance exams as required to pursue a course in their relevant field.
Energy Engineering: Entrance Exams
Courses in the field of energy engineering can be pursued at two levels:
Undergraduate Level – Bachelors of Technology (B.Tech) in Energy Engineering is a course that can be pursued by students willing to make a career in this field at an undergraduate level. These bachelor courses at the UG level are usually for four years long. Students have to opt for and qualify in the top national-level entrance exams such as IIT-JEE to pursue courses in this field.
Joint Entrance Examination (JEE) Main) is a national-level entrance exam that is conducted twice a year. This exam is given by students who want to pursue B.Tech courses and get admission in the top engineering colleges or universities for their relevant course. Students must be from the science stream and should have subjects such as Physics and Mathematics as compulsory subjects.
Postgraduate Level – Masters of Technology (M.Tech) in Energy Engineering is a course that can be pursued by students who are willing to make a career in this field at the postgraduate level (M.Tech). These master's courses are usually for two years. The course and other factors of these courses may vary in different colleges or universities. Students have to opt for and qualify in the top national-level entrance exams such as GATE to pursue courses in this field.
The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is a top national-level entrance exam that is conducted for the students willing to do masters in engineering. Students are admitted into different colleges and universities based on the score in this entrance exam.
Scope of Energy Engineering in India and Abroad
Energy engineering has a wide scope as the entire world is looking for alternatives to various sources of energy. Energy sources are the only thing on which the entire world functions and therefore, companies all over the world are looking for skilled professionals to develop different solutions in this field. Students willing to pursue further studies and take their career in this field should go for engineering in this field. Students have a scope in various sectors such as solar, wind, hydro, nuclear, and others. Energy engineering is all about practising different things with various sources of energy.
Energy engineering courses are also suitable for students who can think critically and develop solutions by examining a particular situation. Students having abilities such as critical thinking, reasoning skills, ability to implement different approaches to different types of problems are suitable for this field. Students should also be patient, good-listener, fast-learner, and activities are perfect for the courses in this field as the work in this field requires the following skills.
Course Fees Energy Engineering
|Minimum Fees||Maximum Fees|
The course syllabus is designed in a way to keep the balance between theory, practice, and projects required to give knowledge to students. So, below is a table showing the subjects covered by the courses in this field at different levels:
Equipment design and control
|Electricity and Magnetism|
Renewable energy technologies
|Data Analysis and Interpretation|
Electrical Energy Systems
|Linear Algebra and Ordinary Differential Equations|
|Basic Electrical Engineering|
Power generation and system planning
|Thermodynamics and energy conversion|
|Introduction to Numerical Analysis|
Advanced Thermodynamics and Heat Transfer
|Heat and Mass Transfer|
Fuels and Combustion
|Computational Heat Transfer|
Advanced Solar Thermal Energy
|Solar and Wind Energy|
Energy Resources, Economics and Environment
|Foundation of Energy Engineering|
Materials and Devices for Energy Application
|Energy conservation and management||Lab Practice|
|Fuel Cell and Hydrogen Technology||Projects|
Careers in Energy Engineering
Courses in the field of energy engineering are one of the best options for students willing to pursue any qualification in the engineering field. It opens up various job opportunities and also provides a wide variety of job profiles to qualified professionals in this field. There is a huge scope of students in the solar, wind, hydro, nuclear, and other energy fields. They can also choose a wide variety of job profiles such as a Design Engineer, Field Service Engineer, Energy Analyst, and Project Consultancy along with a good earning opportunity.
As energy plays a major role in the working of the entire world, it is an important sector that provides great job opportunities to students. As the efficient use of sources of energy is a major concern for every country, various companies and government institutions are looking for professions to find solutions to different problems of the energy sector. Energy is such a sector that has an impact on the economy, agriculture, industrialisation, and almost every other aspect of the country. The opportunities in the energy engineering sector have grown in the past few years and is also expected to grow further in the future.
Therefore, students having relevant skills and qualifications can make a career and earn a decent package of up to Rs. 12 Lakhs p.a. (Approx.) in the energy engineering field.
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Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Below is a table showing different job profiles in the field of energy engineering:
An Energy Auditor's job is to help in consulting and in expanding the efficiency of energy sources of residential and commercial areas.
The job of a project engineer is to look after all the technical and other non-technical activities required to complete any project in the energy sector efficiently.
The job of a field engineer is to find solutions and help people troubleshoot various problems arising in the field or a manufacturing site.
Engineering Project Manager
The job of an engineering project manager involves responsibilities such as design, plan, formulate, implement methods, train, and also direct others.
The job of a regional manager is to direct, supervise, and work with the marketing team. He also has to create budgets and coordinate with top-level management to ensure that all the duties are carried out smoothly.
The job of a Project Consultant is to plan, forecast, and make budgets. And also develop and assign different works to the subordinates.
The job of a design engineer is to analyse, examine, and develop designs to improve the efficiency of current products.
The job of a trainee engineer is to train the freshers and subordinates in every aspect and teach them with every detail to work efficiently.
Senior Piping Engineer
The work of a senior pining engineer is related to design the piping system by collecting data, creating graphs, charts, and calculating different things.
The job of an energy analyst is to analyse various factors and provide useful solutions relating to the energy market.
Field Service Engineer
The job of a field service engineer is to introduce newer concepts for the manufacturing of tools.
The job of a networking engineer is to work on various aspects of IT.
In the table below, we have mentioned some of the top recruiters in the field of energy engineering:
|Hindustan domestic oil and gas|
Bureau of Energy Efficiency
|Goldwyn ltd.||SE power ltd.|
|NCML Industries Ltd.|
TD power systems Ltd.
|The Energy & Resource Institute|
Society of Energy Engineers & Managers
Globus power generation ltd.
|Atomic Energy Commission||Epic energy|
Below is a table showing the average salary per annum offered in different job roles in the field of energy engineering:
Rs. 5 – 7 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 3 – 4 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 2 – 4 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Engineering Project Manager
Rs. 11 – 12 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 9 – 10 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 7 – 8 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 6 – 7 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 5-6 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Senior Piping Engineer
Rs. 4 – 5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Rs. 4 – 5 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Field Service Engineer
Rs. 2 – 3 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
2 – 3 lakhs p.a. (Approx.)
Required Skillset for Energy Engineering
Below is some skills which a student should have to pursue the energy engineering courses and make a career in this field:
Good communication skills – The student must have good communication and interpersonal skills to interact with people of different profiles.
Important qualities – The student must be a good listener, patient, critical-thinker, ability to adapt things, fast-learner, and hard-working individual.
Relevant interest – Must have an interest and willingness to learn and implement new things.
English fluency – The students should also be good at both spoken and written English language.
Additional qualities – A good analysing power, strategic mindset, ability to manage, and hunger to go in-depth in this field are plus points in this field.
Course Curriculum for Energy Engineering
The curriculum in this field deals with elements such as study, application, conservation, manufacturing, and understanding of different sources of energy. Course in the field of energy engineering is provided with in-depth knowledge about the energy sector through theoretical knowledge, practical assignments, and projects. In the undergraduate courses, students are at first given in-depth knowledge about energy engineering and thermal energy. Then they are taught with the tools, techniques, and other methodologies required in the field of energy engineering.
Programs and courses at the masters level provide candidates with in-depth knowledge about the field required by the students to work and find solutions in the field. Students are taught to implement methods and adopt different approaches to solve the problems relating to price and pollution in the energy sector. The courses through their curriculum make sure that the students are efficient enough and get all the knowledge required to work and grab the best career opportunities in this field.
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What is the difference between environmental and energy engineering?
Environmental engineering deals with ways to minimise the environmental impacts caused due to the growth of human activities and technologies. On the other hand, Energy engineering deals with usage, manufacturing, and developing various sources of energy.
Question: Which are the famous Energy Engineering Institutions in India?
Below are some names of the top engineering institutes in India providing specialisation in the energy sector: IIT Kharagpur, IIT Jodhpur, National Institute of Technology – NIT Calicut, Anna University, Chennai, Aryabhatta Knowledge University, Bihar, University of Petroleum & Energy Studies.
Question: What is the working hour of an Energy Engineer?
The working hours vary according to different job roles or work. But, generally, engineers who work off-field have to work for appx. Eight hours a day and engineers who work on-field have to work by shifts.
Question: What are the responsibilities of an Energy Engineer?
An energy engineer may have a variety of responsibilities, including designing, developing, inventing, and developing renewable energy technology. In order to find quick solutions, they must also do various surveys, inspections, and examinations.
To find solutions for massive energy sources, energy engineers must also execute several field operations, projects, and lab experiments. It is their duty to develop new and improved energy sources in addition to improving the currently available ones.
Question: Is pursuing engineering in the field of energy engineering a good career option?
Pursuing engineering is a perfect way to solve the problem of pollution by finding various solutions to produce a cheap, clean, and better source of energy. Students get great exposure to different types of work roles such as designing, manufacturing, managing, directing, and a lot more. Students willing to work in colleges or universities can become lecturers after completing their post-graduation in this field.
Questions related to Energy Engineering
what are the startup opportunities in renewable energy sector for an indian ?
As the pollution level is increasing you can do startup of
Electrical vehicles which is nowadays is very popular in market has the Highest possibility of business boom. You must have heard only few names like Tesla motors who are making world class cars.
Also you can go for solar pannel manufacturing, energy efficient machines etc. Startup in this field is profitable as Government gives various subsidy.