- Exams: NEET PG
What is Community Health Administration
Community health administration is a professional course offered by many premier institutes of India. The course is a component of community health that focuses on the management of the health care facilities, their complex procedures, associated entities like pharmacies and medical insurance companies, and the people associated with the entire system. It oversees the operating programmes which ensure the overall health of the community.
Unlike physicians and health workers who are directly involved with the identification, diagnosis, and treatment of the patients at the community level, community health administrators help to manage and oversee the operations of the system so that every resource needed for healthcare is mobilised properly. This field of work is much elaborate and comprises entities like hospitals, nursing homes, health care centres, diagnostic centres and all the stakeholders of the value chain. Quite logically so, community health administration or community health management as a course is vast too. It has many aspects to it and provides a person with the knowledge and skills to contribute towards community health in a multi-dimensional way.
This article includes the community health administration course details and the job prospects of pursuing such a course.
Eligibility Criteria (UG & PG) of Community Health Administration
The eligibility criteria for community health administration course are as follows:
Eligibility for MD degree:
The candidate must have completed an MBBS degree or provide a provisional MBBS pass certificate. This certificate has to be concurrent with the provisions provided for in the Indian Medical Council Act 1956.
The candidates must also have a permanent/provisional registration certificate of qualifying the MBBS course.
The candidates must also have experience of completing one year of internship.
Candidates must have secured a minimum 50 percentile (40 percentile for SC/ST/OBC, including PWD of SC/ST/OBC and 45 percentile for UR PWD) in NEET-PG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for Post Graduation).
Note: Only meeting all the eligibility criteria determine that a candidate will be considered for counselling. The final admission of the candidate depends on the performance in NEET-PG. Apart from this some colleges also hold group discussions and personal interviews as a part of the admission test.
Eligibility for the diploma course
The candidates must score at least 50% in aggregate in the class 10+2 qualifying exam.
Entrance Examination for Community Health Administration
There is no entrance examination for a diploma degree. But for admission into the MD course, one must qualify the NEET-PG. It is held annually in which thousands of MBBS qualified candidates test out their eligibility for post-graduation courses. It is the most widely accepted test for admissions into post-graduation courses after completion of an MBBS degree. This online test is conducted in 162 cities across India. The time limit for the exam is 210 minutes or 3.5 hours. After qualifying the written test by scoring marks above the cutoff set for the current year, a candidate has to clear group discussion and personal interview rounds satisfactorily to be able to enrol in the MD Community Health Administration course.
Scope of Community Health Administration in India and Abroad
Given below statistics will illustrate the scenario better:
The Indian healthcare sector is estimated to reach a value of Rs19.57 lakh crore by 2020
Till April 2020, the number of sub-health centres was 169,031 and that of primary health centres (PHCs) was 33,987
The hospital sector is forecasted to reach US$372 billion by the end of 2022
The private sector accounts for almost 74% of India’s total healthcare expenditure
The medical tourism market is booming at 18% year-on-year
In Union Budget 2020-21, Government of India has approved Rs34,115 crore under National Health Mission
All these facts indicate a bright scope for students pursuing various community health administration courses.
To practice in countries outside India, the candidate must qualify required exams as specific for the country in question. Lifestyle disorders are on the rise in developing countries like the USA, Canada, and the UK etc. In the US, especially, the population is dominated by baby boomers; as per 2019 data, their numbers are estimated to be around 73 million. More people are entering into their 70’s resulting in a demographic shift which they refer to as a “grey tsunami.” This huge population of elderly people is creating an increased need for community health workers and administrators. The scenario in developing countries and nations impoverished due to war and other socio-political reasons is no better. Healthcare is a burning issue everywhere. Thus the scope of work for community health administration degree holders is quite satisfactory abroad.
Course Fees Community Health Administration
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Community health administration PG programme has a huge syllabus to be covered in the three stipulated years of the course. The broad range of subjects which are taught as part of the course includes:
Basic concepts in community medicine, social medicine and management sciences including:
Social Science and behavioural sciences
Economics in Health and disease
Public and Health Management
Principles of organisation
Relation of public administration with other disciplines
Theories of management
Community diagnosis and community involvement
Dynamics of change
Ways of improving the working of the organisation
Ways of changing individuals and the community for better health.
Studying the Health organisation
Problems in human relations
Economics of health and disease
The economic aspect of planning
Budget and fiscal policy
Theories of economic growth
Quality management in health administration
Health management improvement systems
Epidemiology, research methodology, biostatistics and statistical methods and demography including:
Advanced statistical methods
Statistics and demography
Research method in the administration
Biostatistics and epidemiology
Community health administration including health programmes and health laws
The philosophical basis for community work
The historical and philosophical basis for community health work
Health service history and development
A natural history of diseases, disorder and injury
Evaluation of healthcare programmes
Man and his environment
Role of epidemiology in the administration of non-communicable diseases
Community and its environment
Ecology of health and diseases
Administration of other health services
Basic health services
Emergency and disease service
Law in Community Health administration
International assistance in health development
Health and welfare education
Medical care and hospital administration
History and development of hospitals
Medical care and hospital administration
Hospital organisation and management
General principles of hospital administration
The hospital administrator
Evaluation of hospital care
Medical care administration and scope and concept of medical care
Social security and medical care
The organisation of medical care
Planning and evaluation of medical care
The syllabus for the Psychometric domain includes:
Microbiology applied to public health
Public health chemistry
Epidemiological exercise including case studies with families illustrating principles and practices related to community health
Diet and nutrition survey of a community
Exercise in public health administration
Study of sanitation problems to illustrate the principles and practices of community health administration
Study of the environment and its influence on health
Visiting important community health administration offices
Careers in Community Health Administration
After the completion of a diploma or post-graduation in community health administration, the aspirants can get various jobs. The widely available jobs can be in the following fields:
Hospital and clinical administration
Front office management
Patient relation management
Insurance desk job
Accounting and billing
Health insurance desk job
Supply chain management in medical equipment and pharma companies
Sales and marketing in pharma companies
Public health inspection in rural areas
Health services in the NGO sector
Health programme managers in the governmental and non-governmental sectors
Teaching in any community health administration college
Research in community health management
Due to changes in lifestyles and social trends, the field of practising medicine has also evolved rapidly. The field of community health administration has not fallen behind in this respect. Some of the major trends and topics in the field of CHA are listed below.
Digitization of healthcare: New technologies like patient-focused Customer Relationship Management (CRM) solutions have played a big part in improving patient satisfaction as well as the overall level of care. This form of data aggregation can also be helpful for managing economies of organisations. Such technologies help organisations to cut the cost of treatment by identifying and treating patients’ health issues as soon as possible. Technologies like real-time data analytics can give doctors or healthcare professionals a glimpse of a patient’s health. This enables the doctor or health care professional to identify the illness at an early stage. This, in turn, can lead to early intervention. Thus, by early treatment, the cost of advanced disease treatment may be reduced.
Telemedicine: The social norms had to undergo massive change due to the corona pandemic. Social distancing and quarantine pushed a lot of people to turn to telemedicine for healthcare. Although telemedicine was in use in India, it was not a form of practice that attracted a lot of patients.
Due to this lockdown and pandemic, people have largely turned to telemedicine for the treatment of their illness. In regions of the country like Bangalore, Delhi and so on telemedicine has started being integrated into regular practice.
Job Profiles and Top Recruiters
Some of the jobs available after completion of the course in a community health administration college are listed below:
Hospital administrator: They plan various departmental activities, create, implement and reevaluate policies from time to time, oversee enlisting of doctors and nurses and evaluate them along with other employees, act as main decision-makers in the purchasing of important equipment for hospital infrastructure, look into the quality assurance matters, supervise public relations and patient services, and actively participate in community health planning and fund-raising.
Patient relation executive: A patient relation executive plays a very vital role in promoting patient relations. As a part of their job, they are required to meet the patient every day and enquire about the standard of care they receive. They are also required to make daily reports on their findings and resolve patient complaints.
Healthcare programme coordinator: They work in a wide range of settings from public healthcare units and nonprofits to assisted living facilities and corporate hospitals. They plan, execute and manage everyday operations and ensure the improvement of the health of the participants of the programme.
Medical representative: A medical representative is mainly focussed on sales. It is their job to represent their company and their products /services. They should be well versed with the drug information, safety standards, market competition and so on. Their main role is to promote their company and improve sales.
Researcher: Researchers are very important in the field of community health. They are the ones working with new problems, finding better solutions and working to improve already functional work models. Their work is pivotal to the growth of the community. They are required to gather information, perform experiments on various models, develop a hypothesis and prove new theories.
Top recruiters of candidates passing out from community health administration institutes are:
1. Fortis Healthcare
2. MAX Healthcare
3. Care Hospitals
4. Indian Council of Medical Research
5. Apollo Hospitals
6. Kailash Hospital
7. Adecco India Private Limited
8. Jaypee Healthcare Limited
9. Meditrina Hospitals Private Limited
10. Health services or research organisations
11. State or central health services
12. UN & NGOs
13. Medical research organisations
14. Pharmaceutical industries
15. Healthcare or health maintenance organisations
16. Medical colleges
17. Public health schools
After completion of community health administration courses, candidates can either pursue research or can work in various healthcare facilities also.
Students completing a community health administration course are exposed to huge opportunities. Each job profile has a salary range of its own. The expected minimum and maximum salary of a community health administrator depend on the exact job and that the candidate secures and of course, the organisation he joins. The minimum salary after a diploma course in community health administration is Rs.50, 000 per month and the maximum salary can go up to Rs. 5 lakhs per annum for fresher postgraduates.
Required Skillset for Community Health Administration
Proper understanding of medicine as a subject: The person must have a clear and proper understanding of medicine. This includes various disciplines like general medicine, pathology, physiology, biochemistry, molecular biology and so on.
Awareness about public health issues: The person must be aware of the issues that the people in a particular community has to deal with on an everyday basis and practise monitoring and control accordingly.
Proper communication skills: As mentioned earlier, as a part of the course, candidates are required to interact with the community and spread awareness. This is only possible if the candidates have proper communication skills.
Cognitive ability: This particular skill includes-
Knowledge of social and behavioural sciences
Knowledge of national health laws and regulations.
Knowledge of national population policy
Teamwork: Candidates must know how to work with co-workers and as a part of a team. This helps them contour to the hospital management architecture.
Compassion: One should be empathetic towards the patients and be able to address their health issues in the best way possible.
Course Curriculum for Community Health Administration
The course can be pursued as a degree or diploma course. Throughout the course, formative assessment will take place simultaneously. The course assessments are focussed on testing the knowledge of the candidates in community medicine and as well as administration.
The quarterly assessment takes place through the following modes:
Self-directed learning and teaching
External outreach activities
Department and interdepartmental learning activities
The annual assessment takes place through theory exams. The theory exams are divided into four parts. At the end of the community health administration course, each student is required to submit a thesis for earning the postgraduate degree.
Popular Community Health Administration Entrance Exams in India
Popular Community Health Administration Colleges in India VIEW ALL
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
Question: What are the areas that one can get a job in after completing a community health management course?
The most common areas of getting placed in are:
Drug regulatory affairs
Speech and language pathology
Medical lab technology
Nutrition and dietetics
Question: Which colleges offer diplomas in community health administration?
The top colleges offering diploma in CHA in India are:
Aryabhatta Knowledge University (AKU), Bihar
Brilliant Education, Gujarat
All India Institute of Public and Physical Health Sciences (AIIPPHS), New Delhi
BN Bandodkar College of Science, Mumbai
Tata Institute of Social Sciences (TISS), Mumbai
National Institute of Health and Family Welfare, Delhi
All India Institute of Management Studies, Chennai
Institute of Public Health and Hygiene (IPHH), New Delhi
Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune
Institute of Technology and Management, Chennai
Shreemati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey Women’s University- SNDT Women’s University Churchgate, Mumbai
Question: Which colleges offer MD in community health administration in India?
The top colleges offering MD in community health administration in India are:
Alluri Seetharama Raju Academy of Medical Sciences
Bakson Homeopathic Medical College and Hospital, Greater Noida
Pt Jawahar Lal Nehru Memorial Medical College, Raipur
PD Jain Homeopathic Medical College, Parbhani
Major SD Singh Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital, Farrukhabad
Yashwant Ayurvedic Medical College, Kolhapur
Dr J K Patel Institute of Management, Vadodara
Dr B D Jatti Homeopathic Medical College, Dharwad
Burdwan Medical College, West Bengal
Question: What are the salaries of some of the job profiles as available after community health administration courses?
A few of the commonly available jobs and their per annum salaries are tabulated below:
Salary per annum
Emergency response manager
Front office administration
Question: What are the average fees in public and private colleges offering community health administration diploma courses?
The average fee in government colleges for diploma or degree is Rs 10,800 and the average fee in private colleges is Rs 31,200 approximately.