B.Tech Petroleum Engineering: Course, Admission, Eligibility, Careers
B. Tech in Petroleum Engineering is an interesting field of engineering concerned with activities related to the production of hydrocarbons in the form of natural gas or crude oil. In this program i.e. B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering, one can learn about the physical properties of oil and gas, the process of oil exploration and processing of crude oils. Also, you will study physics, chemistry, mathematics, geology, economics and thermodynamics for starters. With the rapid growth of technology, the need for hydrocarbons as a fuel component is rising day by day. So the demand for petroleum engineers is quite high in this industry. Petroleum engineers who graduate in B.tech in Petroleum Engineering can get an option to work with big companies like ONGC, Reliance Industries Ltd, Essar Oil. The basic qualifications for B.Tech Petroleum engineering 10+2 in the science stream with a minimum of 50% marks.
B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering: Overview
B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering
Type of Course
10+2 or equivalent from a recognized school board (Science stream is mandatory)
Entrance test/ Cut-off
Up to INR 4.5 lakhs for 4 years
B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering has studies related to different methods to extract oil and natural gas deposits below the earth’s surface. The B.Tech course helps to learn design and develop new innovative methods that are efficient in extracting oil and gas deposits below the earth’s surface. B.Tech in petroleum engineering can be divided into two major specializations.
Petroleum Upstream Engineering – This specialization in petroleum engineering deals with the fundamentals of exploration of new potential fields of crude oil & natural gas and it’s production for starters. One will also learn about different processes like drilling exploratory wells and subsequently drilling and operating the wells to recover the crude oil or raw natural gas and processes to bring it to the surface.
Petroleum Downstream Engineering – This specialization of petroleum engineering deals with downstream operations that involve the processes of converting crude oil and natural gas into the finished product. This specialization deals with the processes of refining crude oil and converting it into gasoline, diesel, natural gas liquids, heating oil, synthetic rubber, lubricants, antifreeze, fertilizers & pesticides, plastics, and many other products. This specialization covers all the technical aspects of processing of oil and natural gas, for the production of the petroleum finished product including, costing and budgeting.
Reservoir Engineering:- This specialization related to petroleum engineering is about determining the location and amount of fuel that is reserved underground. The course imparts about different methods to assess oil and gas deposits underground and estimate the reservoirs of the oil and gas. The course also deals with geology and fluid mechanics which will help to determine the location and amount of fuel in underground reservoirs. Reservoir engineers often work with advanced equipment such as imaging programs and computer modeling.
Drilling Engineering:- As the name suggests drilling engineer deals with the process of drilling the well to extract crude oil and natural gas keeping environmental safety in mind. They also do costing and budgeting analysis of drilling and activities related to it.
Production Engineering:- The main function of a production engineer is to evaluate inflow and outflow performance between the reservoir and the wellbore. It also includes designing completion systems, perforating, including tubing selection, sand control, hydraulic fracturing and matrix stimulation. The course related to petroleum engineering helps to learn the designing of the equipment, selection of the equipment to extract crude oil and gas.
Some of the key factors which candidates need to keep in mind if they plan to pursue B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering
The study of the physical properties of petroleum products is a must along with basic knowledge of chemistry especially about the physical and chemical properties of matters.
The course B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering helps learn about the extracting process, refinery process, drilling and converting crude oil into finished products. The study of the working principle of the machinery for these processes requires basic knowledge of mechanics.
Candidates will also learn subjects related to civil engineering which is required to build the infrastructure for the refinery.
How to get admission in B. Tech Petroleum Engineering? (Admission Process)
There are many colleges/universities that offer B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering. The admission process for all the colleges may be different, however, there are several documents that are mandatory and need to be kept ready whenever required during the admission process in B.Tech Petroleum Engineering to any college providing admission for this course.
Marksheets for 10th & 12th standard
Passport size photographs
Passing certificates for 10th & 12th standard
Transfer certificate (in case of going outside hometown to study)
Top Exams to get admission in B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering
There are many engineering entrance exams conducted at university level or national level to give admission in engineering courses for undergraduate programmes. Some universities/colleges that provide admission on the basis of the marks in the 12th board exam also. The list of top 6 engineering entrance exams is given below.
JEE Main - Joint Entrance Examinations Main is an engineering entrance test conducted by National Testing Agency(NTA). The top rankers in this exam will get admission to top tier engineering colleges(NITs) within India. This is also a qualifying exam for JEE Advanced. Students who have passed class 12th science or appear in class 12th science can apply for this exam. This exam gives three chances(one with class 12th appearing and two chances after completing the class 12th) to qualify and get admission in the top engineering colleges in India. This test is held two times(one in January and second in April) every year through online mode.
JEE Advanced - Joint Entrance Examinations (JEE) Advanced is an engineering entrance test conducted by one of the seven zonal IITs to give admission to the IITs/ISM. This test is held annually through online mode. The students who have qualified in the JEE main and have minimum qualifying percentage in the class 12th(Science stream) are eligible to appear in this exam. It gives you two chances (One with 12th class, second after completing class 12th) to get admission in the IITs for b.tech courses. In this exam, you will have 2 papers on the same day with 2.5 hours of the gap in between. The time duration for each paper is 3 hours. This is one of the toughest exams in the world because of the level of the question and exam pattern
VITEEE - Vellore Institute of Technology Entrance Exam is conducted by Vellore University to give admission to all the campuses of VIT for b.tech courses. This test is conducted through online mode in April every year. The Time duration of this exam is 150 mins in which you have 125 questions to solve.
BITSAT - Birla Institute of Technology and Science admission test is conducted by Birla Institute to give admission to all three campuses BITS Pilani, BITS Goa, and BITs Hyderabad for b.tech courses. This test is conducted around mid of May every year through online mode.
SRMJEEE- SRM joint engineering entrance exam is conducted by SRM University to provide admission for b.tech courses in all campuses of SRM universities. The mode of the exam is online, which is conducted in mid-April every year.
MET - Manipal entrance test is conducted by the Manipal Academy of Higher Education (earlier known as Manipal University) at the national level to provide admissions in b.tech courses of Manipal Academy of Higher Education. This test is conducted annually through an online mode.
Eligibility Criteria for B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering
Things which every candidate needs to keep in mind are:
The student should pass 10+2 (Science stream a must) or its equivalent from any recognized board
The qualifying examination should be with Physics, Chemistry, Maths and an extra subject of the students' choice
Students should secure at least 50% in their aggregate percentage
Top Institutes for B.Tech in Petroleum Engineering
B. Tech in Petroleum Engineering - Career Prospects
After completing B. Tech in Petroleum Engineering, there are numerous career options available in the petroleum and refinery industry. Candidates who are interested in studying the extraction process of oil and gas and possess analytical and conceptualization skills may get a chance to work with some recognized refinery like ONGC(Oil and Natural Gas Company), OIL(Oil India Limited), Reliance Refinery, Essar (Jamnagar), Cochin Refinery and many more. Some of the positions listed below where petroleum engineers are working in the petroleum and refinery industry.
PNG, CNG Operation & Distribution Engineer
Natural Gas Modeling & Simulation Engineer
Pipeline Transportation Engineer
Chemists and Materials Scientists
You can also pursue M.Tech in petroleum engineering after the successful completion of your graduation.
Top Institutes/Colleges for B.Tech. in Computer Engineering
B. Tech in Petroleum Engineering - Salary Trends
The petroleum engineers are among the highest-paid engineers across the various specializations. The average petroleum engineering salary for petroleum engineers is 8 lakhs per annum INR in India. You can earn around 60k per month INR with some additional perks in PSUs. As the experience and knowledge will increase, the pay package will increase along with increments and promotions too. Salary and the position of a candidate totally depends on the knowledge and skills of respective individuals. Variations in petroleum engineering in India salary are always there, as here are many factors which are considered before agreeing on a salary scale.
petroleum engineering salary Salary Scale of Petroleum Engineers
INR 35,000 - INR 2,00,000 per month
Principle Process Engineer
Up to INR 25,00,000 per annum
INR 80,000 - INR 1,50,000 per month
INR 15,00,000 - INR 25,00,000 per annum
INR 5,00,000 - INR 9,00,000 per annum
P.S. The above-mentioned salary figures are just for reference purposes. Please treat them only as reference figures and not actual salaries as such.
B. Tech in Petroleum Engineering - Conclusion
As the demand of hydrocarbons as fuel is continuously growing with the high pace, the demand for petroleum engineers is quite high. The petroleum and refinery companies recruit the candidates from b.tech petroleum engineering to develop efficient methodology for extracting petroleum products from the earth and seafloor. The salary of the petroleum engineer is also quite high and you can get a job very easily in the petroleum companies just after completing your graduation.
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Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) - B.Tech Petroleum Engineering: Course, Admission, Eligibility, Careers
Question: Q. What is the duration of BTech in Petroleum engineering course?
BTech in Petroleum is a four-year undergraduate course offered to students who have passed 10+2 examinations with Science stream.
Question: What are the career options available after completion of BTech in Petroleum engineering?
After completing BTech in Petroleum engineering, many career options are available such as production engineer, reservoir engineer, natural gas modeling & simulation engineer, and refinery manager.
Question: What is the average salary offered to students having BTech in Petroleum engineering?
The average salary offered to students who have completed BTech in petroleum engineering is 60k per month, however, it significantly depends on the total work experience and work profile.
Question: What is the fee structure for BTech in Petroleum Engineering?
The fees for BTech in petroleum engineering is upto INR 4.5 lakhs for 4 years, however, it varies from one institute to another.
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